Ted Pedersen

NAME

Text::NSP::Measures::2D::CHI::phi - Statistical library package to calculate the square of the Phi Coefficient.

SYNOPSIS

Basic Usage

``````  use Text::NSP::Measures::2D::CHI::phi;

my \$phi = Text::NSP::Measures::2D::CHI::phi->new();

my \$npp = 60; my \$n1p = 20; my \$np1 = 20;  my \$n11 = 10;

\$phi_value = \$phi->calculateStatistic( n11=>\$n11,
n1p=>\$n1p,
np1=>\$np1,
npp=>\$npp);

if( (\$errorCode = \$phi->getErrorCode()))
{
print STDERR \$erroCode." - ".\$phi->getErrorMessage();
}
else
{
print \$phi->getStatisticName."value for bigram is ".\$phi_value;
}``````

DESCRIPTION

This function computes the the square of the traditional formulation of the Phi Coefficient.

Assume that the frequency count data associated with a bigram <word1><word2> is stored in a 2x2 contingency table:

``````          word2   ~word2
word1    n11      n12 | n1p
~word1    n21      n22 | n2p
--------------
np1      np2   npp``````

where n11 is the number of times <word1><word2> occur together, and n12 is the number of times <word1> occurs with some word other than word2, and n1p is the number of times in total that word1 occurs as the first word in a bigram.

`` PHI^2 = ((n11 * n22) - (n21 * n21))^2/(n1p * np1 * np2 * n2p)``

Note that the value of PHI^2 is equivalent to Pearson's Chi-Squared test multiplied by the sample size, that is:

`` Chi-Squared = npp * PHI^2``

We use PHI^2 rather than PHI since PHI^2 was employed for collocation identification in:

Church, K. (1991) Concordances for Parallel Text, Seventh Annual Conference of the UW Centre for the New OED and Text Research, Oxford, England.

calculateStatistic() - method to calculate the Phi Coefficient

INPUT PARAMS : \$count_values .. Reference of an hash containing the count values computed by the count.pl program.

RETURN VALUES : \$phi .. phi value for this bigram.

getStatisticName() - Returns the name of this statistic

INPUT PARAMS : none

RETURN VALUES : \$name .. Name of the measure.

AUTHOR

Ted Pedersen, University of Minnesota Duluth <tpederse@d.umn.edu>

Satanjeev Banerjee, Carnegie Mellon University <satanjeev@cmu.edu>

Amruta Purandare, University of Pittsburgh <amruta@cs.pitt.edu>

Bridget Thomson-McInnes, University of Minnesota Twin Cities <bthompson@d.umn.edu>

Saiyam Kohli, University of Minnesota Duluth <kohli003@d.umn.edu>

HISTORY

Last updated: \$Id: phi.pm,v 1.9 2006/06/15 16:53:02 saiyam_kohli Exp \$

BUGS

``````  @inproceedings{GaleC91,
author = {Gale, W. and Church, K.},
title = {A Program for Aligning Sentences in Bilingual Corpora},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting of the
Association for Computational Linguistics},
year = {1991}
url = L<http://www.cs.mu.oz.au/acl/J/J93/J93-1004.pdf>}``````

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ngram/

http://www.d.umn.edu/~tpederse/nsp.html

Copyright (C) 2000-2006, Ted Pedersen, Satanjeev Banerjee, Amruta Purandare, Bridget Thomson-McInnes and Saiyam Kohli

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to

``````    The Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.``````

Note: a copy of the GNU General Public License is available on the web at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.txt and is included in this distribution as GPL.txt.