Text::NSP::Measures::2D::CHI - Perl module that provides error checks for the Pearsons chi squared, phi coefficient and the Tscore measures.


Basic Usage

  use Text::NSP::Measures::2D::CHI::x2;

  my $npp = 60; my $n1p = 20; my $np1 = 20;  my $n11 = 10;

  $x2_value = calculateStatistic( n11=>$n11,

  if( ($errorCode = getErrorCode()))
    print STDERR $errorCode." - ".getErrorMessage()."\n"";
    print getStatisticName."value for bigram is ".$x2_value."\n"";


This module is the base class for the Chi-squared and Phi coefficient measures. This module provides error checks specific for these measures, it also implements the computations that are common to these measures.

Pearson's Chi-Squared
  x2 = 2 * [((n11 - m11)/m11)^2 + ((n12 - m12)/m12)^2 +
           ((n21 - m21)/m21)^2 + ((n22 -m22)/m22)^2]
Phi Coefficient
 PHI^2 = ((n11 * n22) - (n21 * n21))^2/(n1p * np1 * np2 * n2p)
 tscore = (n11 - m11)/sqrt(n11)

Note that the value of PHI^2 is equivalent to Pearson's Chi-Squared test multiplied by the sample size, that is:

 Chi-Squared = npp * PHI^2

 Although T-score seems quite different from the other two measures we
 have put it in the CHI family because like the other two measures it
 uses the difference between the obseved and expected values and is also
 quite similar in ranking the bigrams.
getValues() - This method calls the computeMarginalTotals(), computeObservedValues() and the computeExpectedValues() methods to compute the observed and expected values. It checks thes values for any errors that might cause the PHI and x2 measures to fail.

INPUT PARAMS : $count_values .. Reference of an hash containing the count values computed by the program.

RETURN VALUES : 1/undef ..returns '1' to indicate success and an undefined(NULL) value to indicate faliure.

computeVal() - Computes the deviation in observed value with respect to the expected values

INPUT PARAMS : $n ..Observed value $m ..Expected value

RETURN VALUES : (n-m)^2/m ..the log of the ratio of observed value to expected value.


Ted Pedersen, University of Minnesota Duluth <>

Satanjeev Banerjee, Carnegie Mellon University <>

Amruta Purandare, University of Pittsburgh <>

Bridget Thomson-McInnes, University of Minnesota Twin Cities <>

Saiyam Kohli, University of Minnesota Duluth <>


Last updated: $Id:,v 1.13 2006/09/15 23:27:03 saiyam_kohli Exp $




Copyright (C) 2000-2006, Ted Pedersen, Satanjeev Banerjee, Amruta Purandare, Bridget Thomson-McInnes and Saiyam Kohli

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to

    The Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
    59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
    Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA.

Note: a copy of the GNU General Public License is available on the web at and is included in this distribution as GPL.txt.