MR::IProto - iproto network protocol client


IProto client can be created with full control of its behaviour:

    my $client = MR::IProto->new(
        cluster => MR::IProto::Cluster->new(
            servers => [
                    host => '',
                    port => xxxx,

Or without it:

    my $client = MR::IProto->new(
        servers => ',',

Messages can be prepared and processed using objects (requires some more CPU):

    my $request = MyProject::Message::MyOperation::Request->new(
        arg1 => 1,
        arg2 => 2,
    my $response = $client->send($request);
    # $response isa My::Project::Message::MyOperation::Response.
    # Of course, both message classes (request and reply) must
    # be implemented by user.

Or without them:

    my $response = $client->send({
        msg    => x,
        data   => [...],
        pack   => 'xxx',
        unpack => sub {
            my ($data) = @_;
            return (...);

Messages can be sent synchronously:

    my $response = $client->send($response);
    # exception is raised if error is occured
    # besides $@ you can check $! to identify reason of error

Or asynchronously:

    use AnyEvent;
    my $callback = sub {
        my ($reply, $error) = @_;
        # on error $error is defined and $! can be set
    $client->send($request, $callback);
    # callback is called when reply is received or error is occured

It is recommended to disconnect all connections in child after fork() to prevent possible conflicts:

    my $pid = fork();
    if ($pid == 0) {


This client is used to communicate with cluster of balanced servers using iproto network protocol.

To use it nicely you should to implement two subclasses of MR::IProto::Message for each message type, one for request message and another for reply. This classes must be named as prefix::*::suffix, where prefix must be passed to constructor of MR::IProto as value of "prefix" attribute and suffix is either Request or Response. This classes must be loaded before first message through client object will be sent.

To send messages asyncronously you should to implement event loop by self. AnyEvent is recomended.



Prefix of the class name in which hierarchy subclasses of MR::IProto::Message are located. Used to find reply message classes.


Instance of MR::IProto::Cluster. Contains all servers between which requests can be balanced. Also can be specified in servers parameter of constructor as a list of host:port pairs separated by comma.


Max amount of simultaneous request to all servers.


Max amount of request retries which must be sent to different servers before error is returned.


Delay between request retries.


new( [ %args | \%args ] )

Constructor. See "ATTRIBUTES" and "BUILDARGS" for more information about allowed arguments.

send( [ $message | \%args ], $callback? )

Send $message to server and receive reply.

If $callback is passed then request is done asyncronously and reply is passed to callback as first argument. Method must be called in void context to prevent possible errors. Only client errors can be raised in async mode. All communication errors are passed to callback as second argument. Additional information can be extracted from $! variable.

In sync mode (when $callback argument is skipped) all errors are raised and $! is also set. Response is returned from method, so method must be called in scalar context.

Request $message can be instance of MR::IProto::Message subclass. In this case reply will be also subclass of MR::IProto::Message. Or it can be passed as \%args hash reference with keys described in "_send".

send_bulk( \@messages, $callback? )

Send all of messages in \@messages and return result (sync-mode) or call callback (async-mode) after all replies was received. Result is returned as array reference, which values can be instances of MR::IProto::Response or MR::IProto::Error if request was passed as object, or hash with keys data and error if message was passed as \%args. Replies in result can be returned in order different then order of requests.

See "_send" for more information about message data. Either $message or \%args allowed as content of \@messages.


Class method used to disconnect all iproto-connections. Very useful in case of fork().


BUILDARGS( [ %args | \%args ] )

For compatibility with previous version of client and simplicity some additional arguments to constructor is allowed:


host:port pairs separated by comma used to create MR::IProto::Cluster::Server objects.

timeout, tcp_nodelay, tcp_keepalive, dump_no_ints

Are passed directly to constructor of MR::IProto::Cluster::Server.


Is passed directly to constructor of MR::IProto::Cluster.

See "BUILDARGS" in Mouse::Manual::Construction for more information.

_send( [ $message | \%args ], $callback? )

Pure asyncronious internal implementation of send.

$message is an instance of MR::IProto::Message. If \%args hash reference is passed instead of $message then it can contain following keys:


Message code.


Depending on this value balancing between servers is implemented.


Message data. Already packed or unpacked. Unpacked data must be passed as array reference and additional parameter pack must be passed.


First argument of pack function.


Code reference which is used to unpack reply.


Message have no reply.


Is retry is allowed. Values of attributes "max_request_retries" and "retry_delay" is used if retry is allowed.


Callback used to determine if server asks for retry. Unpacked data is passed to it as a first argument.


MR::IProto::Cluster, MR::IProto::Cluster::Server, MR::IProto::Message.