Name

sqitch-environment - Environment variables recognized by Sqitch

Description

Sqitch supports a number of environment variables that affect its functionality. This document lists them all, along with brief descriptions of their purposes and pointers to relevant documentation.

Sqitch Environment

SQITCH_CONFIG

Path to the project configuration file. Overrides the default, which is ./sqitch.conf. See sqitch-config for details.

SQITCH_USER_CONFIG

Path to the user's configuration file. Overrides the default, which is ./.sqitch/sqitch.conf. See sqitch-config for details.

SQITCH_SYSTEM_CONFIG

Path to the system's configuration file. Overrides the default, which is a file named sqitch.conf in the directory identified by sqitch --etc. See sqitch-config for details.

SQITCH_TARGET

The name or URI of the database target to connect to. Overrides values stored in the configuration, but not command-line options or arguments.

SQITCH_USERNAME

Username to use when connecting to a database, for those database engines that support authentication. Overrides values stored in a target URI or the configuration. See sqitch-authentication for details.

SQITCH_PASSWORD

Password to use when connecting to a database, for those database engines that support authentication. Overrides values stored in a target URI or the configuration. See sqitch-authentication for details.

SQITCH_FULLNAME

Full name of the current user. Used to identify the user adding a change to a plan file or deploying a change. Supersedes the <user.name> sqitch-config variable.

SQITCH_EMAIL

Email address of the current user. Used to identify the user adding a change to a plan file or deploying a change. Supersedes the user.email sqitch-config variable.

SQITCH_ORIG_SYSUSER

Username from the original system. Intended for use by scripts that run Sqitch from another host, where the originating host username should be passed to the execution host, such as this Docker script.

SQITCH_ORIG_FULLNAME

Full name of the original system user. Intended for use by scripts that run Sqitch from another host, where the originating host user's identity should be passed to the execution host, such as this Docker script. This value will be used only when neither the $SQITCH_FULLNAME nor the user.name sqitch-config variable is set.

SQITCH_ORIG_EMAIL

Email address of the original user. Intended for use by scripts that run Sqitch on a separate host, where the originating host user's identity should be passed to the execution host, such as this Docker script. This value will be used only when neither the $SQITCH_EMAIL nor the user.email sqitch-config variable is set.

SQITCH_EDITOR

The editor that Sqitch will launch when the user needs to edit some text (a change note, for example). If unset, the core.editor configuration variable will be used. If it's not set, $VISUAL or $EDITOR will be consulted (in that order). Finally, if none of these are set, Sqitch will invoke notepad.exe on Windows and vi elsewhere.

SQITCH_PAGER

The pager program that Sqitch will use when a command (like sqitch log) produces multi-page output. If unset, the core.pager configuration variable will be used. If this is also not set, the PAGER environment variable will be used. Finally, if none of these are set, Sqitch will attempt to find and use one of the commonly used pager programs like less and more.

Engine Environments

In addition to Sqitch's environment variables, some of the database engines support environment variables of their own. These are not comprehensive for all variables supported by a database engine, but document those supported by Sqitch's implementation for each engine.

PostgreSQL

All the usual PostgreSQL environment variables should be implicitly used. However, the following variables are explicitly recognized by Sqitch:

PGUSER

The username to use to connect to the server. Superseded by $SQITCH_USERNAME and the target URI username.

PGPASSWORD

The password to use to connect to the server. Superseded by $SQITCH_PASSWORD and the target URI password.

PGHOST

The PostgreSQL server host to connect to. Superseded by the target URI host name.

PGPORT

The PostgreSQL server port to connect to. Superseded by the target URI port.

PGDATABASE

The name of the database to connect to. Superseded by the target URI database name.

SQLite

SQLite provides no environment variable support.

MySQL

Sqitch recognizes and takes advantage of the following MySQL environment variables:

MYSQL_PWD

The password to use to connect to the server. Superseded by $SQITCH_PASSWORD and the target URI password.

MYSQL_HOST

The MySQL server host to connect to. Superseded by the target URI host name.

MYSQL_TCP_PORT

The MySQL server port to connect to. Superseded by the target URI port.

Oracle

Sqitch's Oracle engine supports a few environment variables:

ORACLE_HOME

Required to point to the Oracle home directory, and contain both the SQL*Plus client and the shared libraries with which the Perl Oracle driver was compiled.

TNS_ADMIN

The directory in which the Oracle networking interface will find its configuration files, notably tnsnames.ora. Defaults to $ORACLE HOME/network/admin if not set.

TWO_TASK

The name of the Oracle database to connect to. Superseded by the target URI.

LOCAL

The name of the Oracle database to connect to. Windows only. Superseded by the target URI.

ORACLE_SID

The System Identifier (SID) representing the Oracle database to connect to. Superseded by the target URI, TWO_TASK and LOCAL on Windows.

In addition, the Oracle engine in Sqitch explicitly overrides the NLS_LANG and SQLPATH environment variables. The former is set to AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8 to ensure that all database connections use the UTF-8 encoding. The latter is set to an empty string, to prevent SQL*Plus executing SQL scripts unexpectedly.

Firebird

The Sqitch Firebird engine supports the following environment variables:

ISC_USER

The username to use to connect to Firebird. Superseded by $SQITCH_USERNAME and the target URI username.

ISC_PASSWORD

The password to use to connect to Firebird. Superseded by $SQITCH_PASSWORD and the target URI password.

Vertica

Sqitch provides explicit support for the following Vertica environment variables:

VSQL_USER

The username to use to connect to the server. Superseded by $SQITCH_USERNAME and the target URI username.

VSQL_PASSWORD

The password to use to connect to the server. Superseded by $SQITCH_PASSWORD and the target URI password.

VSQL_HOST

The PostgreSQL server host to connect to. Superseded by the target URI host name.

VSQL_PORT

The PostgreSQL server port to connect to. Superseded by the target URI port.

VSQL_DATABASE

The name of the database to connect to. Superseded by the target URI database name.

Exasol

The Sqitch Exasol engine supports no special environment variables. It does, however, override THE SQLPATH environment variable, to prevent EXAplus executing SQL scripts unexpectedly.

Snowflake

Sqitch provides explicit support for the following Snowflake environment variables:

SNOWSQL_ACCOUNT

The name assigned to the snowflake account. Superseded by the target URI host name.

SNOWSQL_USER

The username to use to connect to the server. Superseded by $SQITCH_USERNAME and the target URI username.

SNOWSQL_PWD

The password to use to connect to the server. Superseded by $SQITCH_PASSWORD and the target URI password.

SNOWSQL_ROLE

The role to use when connecting to the server. Superseded by the target URI database role query parameter.

SNOWSQL_HOST

The PostgreSQL server host to connect to. Superseded by the target URI host name.

SNOWSQL_PORT

The PostgreSQL server port to connect to. Superseded by the target URI port.

SNOWSQL_DATABASE

The name of the database to connect to. Superseded by the target URI database name.

SNOWSQL_REGION

The snowflake region. Superseded by the target URI host name.

SNOWSQL_WAREHOUSE

The warehouse to use. Superseded by the target URI database warehouse query parameter.

See Also

Sqitch

Part of the sqitch suite.