#!/usr/bin/env perl

use strict;
use warnings;

our $home;

  use FindBin;

  $home = ($ENV{NETDISCO_HOME} || $ENV{HOME});

  # try to find a localenv if one isn't already in place.
  if (!exists $ENV{PERL_LOCAL_LIB_ROOT}) {
      use File::Spec;
      my $localenv = File::Spec->catfile($FindBin::RealBin, 'localenv');
      exec($localenv, $0, @ARGV) if -f $localenv;
      $localenv = File::Spec->catfile($home, 'perl5', 'bin', 'localenv');
      exec($localenv, $0, @ARGV) if -f $localenv;

      die "Sorry, can't find libs required for App::Netdisco.\n"
        if !exists $ENV{PERLBREW_PERL};

  use Path::Class;

  # stuff useful locations into @INC and $PATH
  unshift @INC,
    dir($FindBin::RealBin, 'lib')->stringify;

# for netdisco app config
use App::Netdisco;
use Dancer qw/:moose :script/;

use Try::Tiny;
use Pod::Usage;
use Scalar::Util 'blessed';
use NetAddr::IP qw/:rfc3021 :lower/;

use App::Netdisco::Backend::Job;
use App::Netdisco::JobQueue 'jq_insert';
use App::Netdisco::Util::Device 'get_device';

use Getopt::Long;
Getopt::Long::Configure ("bundling");

my ($port, $extra, $debug, $quiet, $queue_only, $rollback);
my ($devices, $infotrace, $snmptrace, $sqltrace) = ([], 0, 0, 0);

my $result = GetOptions(
  'device|d=s@' => \$devices,
  'port|p=s'   => \$port,
  'extra|e=s'  => \$extra,
  'debug|D'    => \$debug,
  'enqueue'    => \$queue_only,
  'quiet'      => \$quiet,
  'rollback|R' => \$rollback,
  'infotrace|I+' => \$infotrace,
  'snmptrace|S+' => \$snmptrace,
  'sqltrace|Q+'  => \$sqltrace,
) or pod2usage(
  -msg => 'error: bad options',
  -verbose => 0,
  -exitval => 1,

my $CONFIG = config();
$CONFIG->{logger} = 'console';
$CONFIG->{log} = ($debug ? 'debug' : ($quiet ? 'error' : 'info'));

$ENV{INFO_TRACE} ||= $infotrace;
$ENV{SNMP_TRACE} ||= $snmptrace;
$ENV{DBIC_TRACE} ||= $sqltrace;
$ENV{ND2_DB_ROLLBACK} ||= $rollback;

# reconfigure logging to force console output
Dancer::Logger->init('console', $CONFIG);

info "App::Netdisco version $App::Netdisco::VERSION loaded.";

# get requested action
(my $action = shift @ARGV) =~ s/^set_//
  if scalar @ARGV;

unless ($action) {
      -msg => 'error: missing action!',
      -verbose => 2,
      -exitval => 2,

# create worker (placeholder object for the action runner)
  package MyWorker;
  use Moo;
  with 'App::Netdisco::Worker::Runner';
my @hostlist = ();
foreach my $device (@$devices) {
  my $net = NetAddr::IP->new($device);
  if ($device and (!$net or $net->num == 0 or $net->addr eq '')) {
    info sprintf '%s: error - Bad host, IP or prefix: %s', $action, $device;
    exit 1;
  push(@hostlist,$net->hostenum) if defined $device;

my @job_specs = ();
my $exitstatus =  0;

if (scalar @hostlist > 512) {
    info sprintf '%s: aborted - unwise to attempt %s jobs at once', $action, (scalar @hostlist);
    exit 1;

# some actions do not take a device parameter
@hostlist = (undef) if 0 == scalar @hostlist;

foreach my $host (@hostlist) {
  my $dev = $host ? get_device($host->addr) : undef;
  if ($dev and not (blessed $dev and $dev->in_storage) and $action !~ m/^discover/) {
    info sprintf "%s: error - Don't know device: %s", $action, $host->addr;

  # what job are we asked to do?
  push @job_specs, {
    action => $action,
    device => $dev,
    port   => $port,
    subaction => $extra,
    username => ($ENV{USER} || 'netdisco-do'),

if ($queue_only) {
  jq_insert( \@job_specs );
  info sprintf '%s: queued %s jobs at %s',
    $action, (scalar @job_specs), scalar localtime;
else {
  foreach my $spec (@job_specs) {
    my $worker = MyWorker->new();
    my $job = App::Netdisco::Backend::Job->new({ job => 0, %$spec });

    my $actiontext = (
      ($job->device ? ('['.$job->device->ip.']') : '') .
      ($job->action eq 'show' ? ('/'. ($job->subaction || 'interfaces')) : '')

    # do job
    try {
      info sprintf '%s: %s started at %s',
        $action, $actiontext, scalar localtime;
    catch {
      $job->log("error running job: $_");

    if ($job->log eq 'failed to report from any worker!' and not $job->only_namespace) {
        -msg => (sprintf 'error: %s is not a valid action', $action),
        -verbose => 2,
        -exitval => 3,

    info sprintf '%s: finished at %s', $action, scalar localtime;
    info sprintf '%s: status %s: %s', $action, $job->status, $job->log;
    $exitstatus = 1 if !$exitstatus and $job->status ne 'done';

exit $exitstatus;

=head1 NAME

netdisco-do - Run any Netdisco job from the command-line.


 ~/bin/netdisco-do <action> [-DISQR] [--enqueue] [--quiet] [-d <device> [-p <port>] [-e <extra>]]


This program allows you to run any Netdisco poller job from the command-line.

=head1 ACTIONS

Note that some jobs (C<discoverall>, C<macwalk>, C<arpwalk>, C<nbtwalk>)
simply add entries to the Netdisco job queue for other jobs, so won't seem
to do much when you trigger them. Everything else happens in real-time.

However the "C<--enqueue>" option will force the queueing of the job,
regardless of type. This may be useful for cron-driven actions, or for actions
working across large IP spaces.

For any action, if you wish to run one of its individual worker stages, then
pass C<action::stage> as the first argument to C<netdisco-do>, for example

Any action taking a C<device> parameter can be passed either a hostname or IP
address of any interface of a known or unknown device, or an IP prefix
(subnet) which will cause C<netdisco-do> to run the action on all addresses in
that range.

The C<device> parameter may be passed multiple times. In this case, all
addresses (after expanding IP Prefixes) will be handled one by one.

=head2 discover

Run a discover on the device (specified with C<-d>).

 ~/bin/netdisco-do discover -d

Run a discover on two different devices (specified with C<-d>).

 ~/bin/netdisco-do discover -d -d

=head2 discoverall

Queue a discover for all known devices.

=head2 macsuck

Run a macsuck on the device (specified with C<-d>).

 ~/bin/netdisco-do macsuck -d

=head2 macwalk

Queue a macsuck for all known devices.

=head2 arpnip

Run an arpnip on the device (specified with C<-d>).

 ~/bin/netdisco-do arpnip -d

=head2 arpwalk

Queue an arpnip for all known devices.

=head2 delete

Delete a device (specified with C<-d>). Pass a log message for the action in
the C<-e> parameter. Optionally request for associated nodes to be archived
(rather than deleted) by setting the C<-p> parameter to "C<yes>" (mnemonic:

 ~/bin/netdisco-do delete -d
 ~/bin/netdisco-do delete -d -e 'older than the sun'
 ~/bin/netdisco-do delete -d -e 'older than the sun' -p yes

=head2 renumber

Change the canonical IP address of a device (specified with C<-d>). Pass the
new IP address in the C<-e> parameter. All related records such as topology,
log and node information will also be updated to refer to the new device.

Note that I<no> check is made as to whether the new IP is reachable for future

 ~/bin/netdisco-do renumber -d -e

=head2 nbtstat

Run an nbtstat on the node (specified with C<-d>).

 ~/bin/netdisco-do nbtstat -d

=head2 nbtwalk

Queue an nbtstat for all known nodes.

=head2 expire

Run Device and Node expiry actions according to configuration.

=head2 expirenodes

Archive nodes on the specified device. If you want to delete nodes, set the
C<-e> parameter to "C<no>" (mnemonic: B<e>xpire). If you want to perform the
action on a specific port, set the C<-p> parameter.

 ~/bin/netdisco-do expirenodes -d
 ~/bin/netdisco-do expirenodes -d -p FastEthernet0/1 -e no

=head2 graph

Generate GraphViz graphs for the largest cluster of devices.

You'll need to install the L<Graph::Undirected> and L<GraphViz> Perl modules,
and possibly also the C<graphviz> utility for your operating system. Also
create a directory for the output files.

 mkdir ~/graph
 ~/bin/localenv cpanm Graph::Undirected
 ~/bin/localenv cpanm GraphViz

=head2 show

Dump the content of an SNMP MIB leaf, which is useful for diagnostics and
troubleshooting. You should provide the "C<-e>" option which is the name of
the leaf (such as C<interfaces> or C<uptime>).

If you wish to test with a device class other than that discovered, prefix the
leaf with the class short name, for example "C<Layer3::C3550::interfaces>" or
"C<Layer2::HP::uptime>". Using "C<::>" as the start of the prefix will test
against the base "C<SNMP::Info>" class.

As well, SNMP OID names can be used as an argument for "C<-e>", so you can
use C<ifName> for example, which will use the netdisco-mibs files for

All "C<-e>" parameters are case sensitive.

 ~/bin/netdisco-do show -d -e interfaces
 ~/bin/netdisco-do show -d -e Layer2::HP::interfaces
 ~/bin/netdisco-do show -d -e ::interfaces
 ~/bin/netdisco-do show -d -e ifName

A parameter may be passed to the C<SNMP::Info> method or SNMP object in the
"C<-p>" parameter:

 ~/bin/netdisco-do show -d -e has_layer -p 3
 ~/bin/netdisco-do show -d -e ifName -p 2

The "C<-e>" parameter C<specify> will show the used configuration for the
specified device.

 ~/bin/netdisco-do show -d -e specify

=head2 psql

Start an interactive terminal with the Netdisco PostgreSQL database. If you
pass an SQL statement in the C<-e> option then it will be executed.

 ~/bin/netdisco-do psql
 ~/bin/netdisco-do psql -e 'SELECT ip, dns FROM device'
 ~/bin/netdisco-do psql -e 'COPY (SELECT ip, dns FROM device) TO STDOUT WITH CSV HEADER'

=head2 stats

Updates Netdisco's statistics on number of devices, nodes, etc, for today.

=head2 location

Set the SNMP location field on the device (specified with C<-d>). Pass the
location string in the C<-e> extra parameter.

 ~/bin/netdisco-do location -d -e 'wiring closet'

=head2 contact

Set the SNMP contact field on the device (specified with C<-d>). Pass the
contact name in the C<-e> extra parameter.

 ~/bin/netdisco-do contact -d -e 'tel: 555-2453'

=head2 portname

Set the description on a device port. Requires the C<-d> parameter (device),
C<-p> parameter (port), and C<-e> parameter (description).

 ~/bin/netdisco-do portname -d -p FastEthernet0/1 -e 'Web Server'

=head2 portcontrol

Set the up/down status on a device port. Requires the C<-d> parameter
(device), C<-p> parameter (port), and C<-e> parameter ("up" or "down").

 ~/bin/netdisco-do portcontrol -d -p FastEthernet0/1 -e up
 ~/bin/netdisco-do portcontrol -d -p FastEthernet0/1 -e down

=head2 vlan

Set the native VLAN on a device port. Requires the C<-d> parameter (device),
C<-p> parameter (port), and C<-e> parameter (VLAN number).

 ~/bin/netdisco-do vlan -d -p FastEthernet0/1 -e 102

=head2 power

Set the PoE on/off status on a device port. Requires the C<-d> parameter
(device), C<-p> parameter (port), and C<-e> parameter ("on" or "off").

 ~/bin/netdisco-do power -d -p FastEthernet0/1 -e on
 ~/bin/netdisco-do power -d -p FastEthernet0/1 -e off

=head2 makerancidconf

Generates rancid configuration for known devices. See
L<App::Netdisco::Worker::Plugin::MakeRancidConf> for configuration needs.

 ~/bin/netdisco-do makerancidconf

=head2 dumpconfig

Will dump the loaded and parsed configuration for the application. Pass a
specific configuration setting name to the C<-e> parameter to dump only that.

Some configuration items like device_auth are evaluated against the ACL first.
Pass a device in C<-d> to display them:

 ~/bin/netdisco-do dumpconfig -d -e device_auth


The flag "C<-R>" will cause any changes to the database to be rolled back
at the end of the action.

The flags "C<-DISQ>" can be specified, multiple times, and enable the
following items in order:

=over 4

=item C<-D>

Netdisco debug log level.

=item C<-I> or C<-II>

L<SNMP::Info> trace level (1 or 2).

=item C<-S> or C<-SS> or C<-SSS>

L<SNMP> (net-snmp) trace level (1, 2 or 3).

=item C<-Q>

L<DBIx::Class> trace enabled.


In case of issues with the colored output, setting the environment variable
C<ANSI_COLORS_DISABLED> can be used to suppress it.