=head1 NAME

Changes - Changes in FormBuilder 3.0, please also see the README

=head1 COMPATIBILITY

FormBuilder 3.x should be completely compatible with FormBuilder 2.x,
with the singular exception that you can no longer use the shortcut
autoload style of getting to fields:

    $form->field(name => 'category', options => \@opt);
    $form->category(options => \@opt);      # WRONG

In order to allow the second form, you must specify the C<fieldsubs>
option to C<new()>.

=head1 VERSION 3.06

Maintenance release with a couple new features: support for "charset: utf8"
in C<Source::File>, add_before_option/add_after_option c/o Victor Porton,
and support for HTML5 type names c/o Wolfgang Radke.

=head1 VERSION 3.0501

Bugfix release to repair a memory leak and a few "other" field edge cases.

=head1 VERSION 3.05

Just a short time after 3.04, several new features evolved very quickly:

=head2 Fieldset support

A new C<fieldsets> option to C<new()> and a C<fieldset> option to
the C<field()> method can be used to organize your form into sections.
Currently works with the built-in C<< <table> >> and new C<< <div> >>
renderer only, but template support is in the works.

=head2 Div rendering

In addition to the builtin C<< <table> >> rendering module, a new
C<Div> rendering template has been included as well. If you select
this, you get a table-free form which you can manipulate using
stylesheets:

    $form->new(template => {type => 'div'});

This provides a couple additional benefits, like separate divs
for every submit button.

=head2 Additional classes

A couple additional CSS classes were added, wrapping around the
fields as a unit for better styling. The C<< <form> >> tag now
gets a C<.fb_form> style as well.

=head2 Fixed HTML::Template support

A couple bugs were introduced in 3.04 that have been fixed, and 
more tests added.

=head1 VERSION 3.04

In addition to the below features, a new Catalyst FormBuilder plugin
is available on CPAN, C<< Catalyst::Plugin::FormBuilder >>.

=head2 New $form->prepare() method

You can now use C<< $form->prepare() >> to get back an expanded
hashref just before C<< $form->render() >> is called. This allows
you to use FormBuilder with Catalyst or other frameworks more
easily, where the rendering is done elsewhere:

    my %expansion = $form->prepare;

This could be passed directly to, say, Template Toolkit without
having to use FormBuilder's Template Toolkit support.

=head2 New "inflate" option to field()

This is used the convert fields on the fly into objects or other
values. For example, you could convert a "date" field into a 
DateTime object. Nice patch from Mark Hedges, check it out.

=head2 Turkish messages

Thanks to Recai Oktas.

=head2 Added "missing" property for fields

This can be queried in templates. To see if a field is missing altogether,
you can check "field.missing" or "missing-field" depending on your
template engine of choice.

=head2 Removal of custom C<puke> and C<belch>

FormBuilder now uses C<Carp> and C<@CARP_NOT> to handle its errors.
As such, you will probably notice some differences in error output.
The benefit is that setting C<debug> will give you a stack trace
on fatal errors.

=head2 CGI::FormBuilder::Template::Builtin

Moved the C<render_builtin()> method to the above module, to
unify the rendering schemes.

=head2 New FORMBUILDER_DEBUG environment variable

Setting this has the same effect as using the C<debug> option.

=head2 Removal of excess documentation

Removed all the stub docs from C<Field::*> and C<Messages::*>
to make CPAN happy.

=head1 VERSION 3.0302

This is a bugfix release to repair these main items:

    - optgroups bugfix for complex arrays
    - removal of HTML::Entities support due to utf8 issues
    - new es_ES Messages module with better translations
    - a patch from Mark Hedges to enable plugin modules for mailresults()

The rest of the features remain the same as below.

=head1 VERSION 3.03

=head2 Subclassable Fields

Each field is now rendered by its own class, named for the field type.
For example, text fields are rendered by C<CGI::FormBuilder::Field::text>.
This allows you to create custom field types and plugging them in by 
creating your own C<CGI::FormBuilder::Field::whatever_you_want> module.
Thanks to Peter Eichman for his contributions to this scheme.

=head2 Messages Localization

All messages are now handled in a similar way to field types: They are
delegated to C<CGI::FormBuilder::Messages::locale> where "locale" is
the appropriate string such as "en_US" or "da_DK". A number of localizations
are included as part of the standard distribution.

There are two ways to use these messages: Either the 'auto' messages
mode or by specifying a specific locale:

    my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(messages => 'auto');   # check client
    my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(messages => ':da_DK'); # specified

You can create your own messages by copying C<_example.pm> and modifying
it for your language. When using messages in this way, the HTTP Charset
is changed to C<utf-8>.

=head2 Select optgroup support

By using the C<field()> option C<optgroups>, you can now cause select
fields to automatically generate optgroup tags:

    $form->field(name => 'browser', options => \@opt, optgroups => 1);

See the documentation on C<optgroups> for more details.

=head2 Data::FormValidator Support

Thanks to another great patch from Peter Eichman, C<Data::FormValidator>
is supported as a validation option to C<new()>, just by passing it in
as an object. See the documentation on C<validate> for more information.

=head2 Option sorting by LABELNAME or LABELNUM

You can now sort options by C<LABELNAME> or C<LABELNUM>, similar to
the value-based sorting of C<NAME> and C<NUM>. See the documentation
for more details.

=head2 XHTML Compliance

Generated code now validates against L<http://validator.w3.org>.
This includes stuff like lowercase C<get> and C<post> methods, 
lowercase C<onchange> and C<onsubmit> actions, and so on.

=head1 VERSION 3.02

=head2 Multi-Page Form Support

A new module, C<CGI::FormBuilder::Multi>, has been added to handle the
navigation and state of multi-page forms. A multi-page form is actually
composed of several individual forms, tied together with the special
CGI param C<_page>:

    my $multi = CGI::FormBuilder::Multi->new(
                     # first args are hashrefs per-form
                     \%form1_opts,
                     \%form2_opts,
                     \%form3_opts,

                     # remaining options apply to all forms
                     header => 1,
                     method => 'POST',
                );

    my $form = $multi->form;    # current form

    if ($form->submitted && $form->validate) {

        # you write this
        do_data_update($form->fields);

        # last page?
        if ($multi->page == $multi->pages) {
            print $form->confirm;
            exit;
        }

        $multi->page++;          # next page counter
        $form = $multi->form;    # fetch next page's form
    }
    print $form->render;

For more details, see L<CGI::FormBuilder::Multi>.

=head2 External Source File

Inspired by Peter Eichman's C<Text::FormBuilder>, the new C<source>
option has been added to C<new()> which enables the use of an external
config file to initialize B<FormBuilder>. This file takes the format:

    # sample config file
    method: POST
    header: 1
    submit: Update, Delete

    fields:
        fname:
            label: First Name
            size:  50
            validate: NAME
        lname:
            label: Last Name
            size:  40
            validate: NAME
        sex:
            label:    Gender
            options:  M=Male, F=Female
            jsclick:  javascript:alert("Change your mind??");
            validate: M,F

    required: ALL

    messages:
        form_invalid_text:  Please correct the following fields:
        form_required_text: Please fill in all <b>bold</b> fields.

You can even pre-parse this file, and generate a module from it
which you can then reuse in multiple scripts using the C<write_module()>
function. For more details, see L<CGI::FormBuilder::Source::File>.

=head2 "Other" Fields

The new C<other> option has been added to C<field()>. If specified,
a text box will be added to the right of the field, and its value
will be used if the main field is not filled in. It will be subject
to the same required and validation checks as the main field:

    $form->field(name     => 'favorite_color',
                 options  => [qw(Red Green Blue)],
                 validate => 'NAME',
                 other    => 1);     # allow "other"

This would create HTML something like this:

    Favorite Color: []Red []Green []Blue []Other: [____________]

The text "Other:" is controlled by the message C<form_other_default>.

=head2 Growable Fields

Thanks to a patch from Peter Eichman, C<field()> now also accepts
a C<growable> option. This option enables some JavaScript hooks
that add an "Additional [label]" button on text and file fields:

    Data File: [______________] [Additional Data File]

When you click on the "Additional Data File" button, another box will be
appended, allowing you to add more files. The values are then retrieved
in the usual fashion:

    my @files = $form->field('data_file');

Like "other" fields, all elements are subject to validation checks. The
text "Additional %s" is controlled by the message C<form_grow_default>.

=head2 Support for C<CGI::FastTemplate>

Thanks once again to Peter Eichman (busy guy), the module C<CGI::FormBuilder::Template::Fast>
has been included. This adds the template type C<Fast> as an interface
to C<CGI::FastTemplate>:

    my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(
                    template => {
                        type => 'Fast',
                        define => {
                            form  => 'form.tmpl',
                            field => 'field.tmpl',
                        }
                    }

See L<CGI::FormBuilder::Template::Fast> for more details. Thanks again
Peter!

=head2 Subclassable Templates and tmpl_param()

The 2.x C<tmpl_param()> method has been reimplemented finally. In
addition, the included template modules are now completely subclassable,
meaning that you can create an entire template engine with something
like this:

    package My::HTML::Template;

    use CGI::FormBuilder::Template::HTML;
    use base 'CGI::FormBuilder::Template::HTML';

    # new() is inherited

    sub render {
        my $self = shift;
        my $form = shift;   # complete form object

        # do any special actions here

        $self->SUPER::render;
    }

For more details, see L<CGI::FormBuilder::Template>.

=head2 Message Changes

All messages were reworded to make them shorter and easier to read.
The phrase "You must" was removed from all of them. To see the
new messages, cut-and-paste this code:

    perl -MCGI::FormBuilder::Messages \
         -e 'CGI::FormBuilder::Messages->messages'

In addition, the C<form_submit_default> and C<form_reset_default>
messages were not even being used, and field labels were not being
properly highlighted on error. These problems have been fixed.

=head2 Autoloaded Fields

The 2.x feature of C<< $form->$fieldname() >> has been reimplemented,
but using it requires the C<fieldsubs> option:

    my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(fields => \@f, fieldsubs => 1);

Read the docs for some caveats.

=head2 Disabled Form

Similar to a static form, you can set C<< disabled => 1 >> in C<new()>
or C<render()> to display a form with grayed-out input boxes. You can
also set this on a per-field basis using C<field()>.

=head2 Verbatim HTML Options

If you want to include HTML in your field options, set C<cleanopts>
to 0 in C<field()> (for one field) or C<new()> (for all fields).

=head2 Compatibility Methods

For compatibility with other modules, B<FormBuilder> now includes
C<param()>, C<query_string()>, C<self_url()>, and C<script_name()>.

=head1 VERSION 3.01

This was a bugfix release, including the following changes:

    - fixed major problems with keepextras, including a reversed ismember test
    - added debug messages to keepextras and changed a few other debugs
    - added patch from Peter Eichman to fix scalar $field->tag and $field->tag_value
    - converted most all XHTML generation methods to only returning scalars
    - fixed the columns option which was totally broken for radio buttons
    - added a feature to plop in {border => 0} in columns as well
    - added the 2.x 'override' alias for field() 'force' which was missing
    - also added a 'defaults' alias for field() 'value' for CGI.pm happiness
    - more tests since there were way too many bugs

In addition there were many documentation updates and changes.

=head1 VERSION 3.00

=head2 Internals

The internals have been completely rewritten, nearly from the ground up.
All of the major functions have been split into methods, and objects have
been created for the form, fields, messages, CGI params, and so on. Several
new sub-modules have been created, including:

    CGI::FormBuilder::Field
    CGI::FormBuilder::Messages
    CGI::FormBuilder::Template
    CGI::FormBuilder::Template::HTML
    CGI::FormBuilder::Template::Text
    CGI::FormBuilder::Template::TT2

Many of these modules can be subclassed and overridden if desired. In 
addition, the template engine has been rewritten to allow "plugging in"
of additional template modules, simply by specifying the name of the
module to the 'template' option in new().

For more details, see the man pages for the individual modules above.

=head2 Style Sheets

Stylesheets are now generated if the C<stylesheet> option is specified
to B<FormBuilder>. This can either be C<1> to turn it on, or a full
path to a style sheet to include. When used, all tags are then output
with a C<class> attribute, named C<styleclass> plus the name of
the tag:

    my $form = CGI::FormBuilder->new(
                    fields => [qw/name email/],
                    styleclass => 'myFB',   # default is "fb_"
                    stylesheet => 1,        # turn on style
               );
                
    print $form->render;

    # HTML will include
    #   <input class="myFBname" id="name" name="name" type="text" />
    #   <input class="myFBemail" id="email" name="email" type="text" />

=head2 Compliant XHTML

The output should be fully-compliant XHTML finally. Really. Maybe.

=head2 Attributes and Field Objects

Individual accessors have been added for every attribute that FormBuilder
maintains. For example, here's a snippet of code to demonstrate:

    if ($form->stylesheet) {
        # loop thru fields, changing class
        for ($form->fields) {
            next if /_date$/;   # skip fields named "XXX_date"

            # each field is a stringifiable object with accessors
            if ($_->options) {
                # has options
                $_->class('my_opt_style');
            } else {
                # plain text box
                $_->class('my_text_style');
            }
        }
    }

This code checks to see if the C<stylesheet> property has been set on
the main C<$form>. If so, then it loops thru all the fields, skipping
those named C<XXX_date>. Of the remaining fields, those that have options
have their C<class> attribute changed to C<my_opt_style>, and those 
without options have it set to C<my_text_style>.

In addition, you can individually render every part of the form yourself.
by calling the appropriate method. For example:

    print $form->header;      # just the header
    print $form->script;      # opening JavaScript
    print $form->title;       # form title
    print $form->start;       # opening <form> tag
    for ($form->fields) {
        print $_->label;      # each field's human label
        print $_->tag;        # each field's <input> tag
    }
    print $form->end;         # closing </form> tag

For a complete list of accessors, see the documentation for both
L<CGI::FormBuilder> and L<CGI::FormBuilder::Field>.

=head2 Messages

Many messages have been reworded, and several new messages were added to
make it easier to customize individual text. In addition, you can now
specify messages to individual fields:

    $form->field(name => 'email',
                 message => 'Please enter a valid email address');

For more details, see C<CGI::FormBuilder::Messages>.

=head2 HTML::Entities encoding

HTML character encoding is now dispatched to C<HTML::Entities>, if available.
This can be downloaded as part of the C<HTML::Parser> module set on CPAN.

=head2 Documentation

Documentation has been updated and somewhat reorganized, which was long
overdue.

=head1 AUTHOR

Copyright (c) L<Nate Wiger|http://nateware.com>. All Rights Reserved.

This module is free software; you may copy this under the terms of
the GNU General Public License, or the Artistic License, copies of
which should have accompanied your Perl kit.