package Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API;
$Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::VERSION = '2.007002';
#ABSTRACT: Provides a DBIx::Class web service automagically
use Moose;
BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller'; }

use CGI::Expand ();
use DBIx::Class::ResultClass::HashRefInflator;
use JSON::MaybeXS ();
use Test::Deep::NoTest('eq_deeply');
use MooseX::Types::Moose(':all');
use Moose::Util;
use Scalar::Util( 'blessed', 'reftype' );
use Try::Tiny;
use Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::Request;
use namespace::autoclean;

has '_json' => (
    is         => 'ro',
    isa        => JSON::MaybeXS::JSON(),
    lazy_build => 1,
);

sub _build__json {

    # no ->utf8 here because the request params get decoded by Catalyst
    return JSON::MaybeXS->new;
}

with 'Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::StoredResultSource',
    'Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::StaticArguments';

with 'Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::RequestArguments' => { static => 1 };

__PACKAGE__->config();



sub begin : Private {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    Moose::Util::ensure_all_roles( $c->req,
        'Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::Request' );
}


sub setup : Chained('specify.in.subclass.config') : CaptureArgs(0) :
    PathPart('specify.in.subclass.config') { }


sub deserialize : Chained('setup') : CaptureArgs(0) : PathPart('') :
    ActionClass('Deserialize') {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;
    my $req_params;

    if ( $c->req->data && scalar( keys %{ $c->req->data } ) ) {
        $req_params = $c->req->data;
    }
    else {
        $req_params = CGI::Expand->expand_hash( $c->req->params );

        foreach my $param (
            @{  [   $self->search_arg,     $self->count_arg,
                    $self->page_arg,       $self->offset_arg,
                    $self->ordered_by_arg, $self->grouped_by_arg,
                    $self->prefetch_arg
                ]
            }
            )
        {
            # these params can also be composed of JSON
            # but skip if the parameter is not provided
            next if not exists $req_params->{$param};

            # find out if CGI::Expand was involved
            if ( ref $req_params->{$param} eq 'HASH' ) {
                for my $key ( keys %{ $req_params->{$param} } ) {

                    # copy the value because JSON::XS will alter it
                    # even if decoding failed
                    my $value = $req_params->{$param}->{$key};
                    try {
                        my $deserialized = $self->_json->decode($value);
                        $req_params->{$param}->{$key} = $deserialized;
                    }
                    catch {
                        $c->log->debug(
                            "Param '$param.$key' did not deserialize appropriately: $_"
                        ) if $c->debug;
                    }
                }
            }
            else {
                try {
                    my $value        = $req_params->{$param};
                    my $deserialized = $self->_json->decode($value);
                    $req_params->{$param} = $deserialized;
                }
                catch {
                    $c->log->debug(
                        "Param '$param' did not deserialize appropriately: $_"
                    ) if $c->debug;
                }
            }
        }
    }

    $self->inflate_request( $c, $req_params );
}


sub generate_rs {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    return $c->model( $c->stash->{class} || $self->class );
}


sub inflate_request {
    my ( $self, $c, $params ) = @_;

    try {
        # set static arguments
        $c->req->_set_controller($self);

        # set request arguments
        $c->req->_set_request_data($params);

        # set the current resultset
        $c->req->_set_current_result_set( $self->generate_rs($c) );

    }
    catch {
        $c->log->error($_);
        $self->push_error( $c, { message => $_ } );
        $c->detach();
    }
}


sub object_with_id : Chained('deserialize') : CaptureArgs(1) : PathPart('') {
    my ( $self, $c, $id ) = @_;

    my $vals = $c->req->request_data->{ $self->data_root };
    unless ( defined($vals) ) {

        # no data root, assume the request_data itself is the payload
        $vals = $c->req->request_data;
    }

    try {
        # there can be only one set of data
        $c->req->add_object( [ $self->object_lookup( $c, $id ), $vals ] );
    }
    catch {
        $c->log->error($_);
        $self->push_error( $c, { message => $_ } );
        $c->detach();
    }
}


sub objects_no_id : Chained('deserialize') : CaptureArgs(0) : PathPart('') {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    if ( $c->req->has_request_data ) {
        my $data = $c->req->request_data;
        my $vals;

        if ( exists( $data->{ $self->data_root } )
            && defined( $data->{ $self->data_root } ) )
        {
            my $root = $data->{ $self->data_root };
            if ( reftype($root) eq 'ARRAY' ) {
                $vals = $root;
            }
            elsif ( reftype($root) eq 'HASH' ) {
                $vals = [$root];
            }
            else {
                $c->log->error('Invalid request data');
                $self->push_error( $c,
                    { message => 'Invalid request data' } );
                $c->detach();
            }
        }
        else {
            # no data root, assume the request_data itself is the payload
            $vals = [ $c->req->request_data ];
        }

        foreach my $val (@$vals) {
            unless ( exists( $val->{id} ) ) {
                $c->req->add_object(
                    [ $c->req->current_result_set->new_result( {} ), $val ] );
                next;
            }

            try {
                $c->req->add_object(
                    [ $self->object_lookup( $c, $val->{id} ), $val ] );
            }
            catch {
                $c->log->error($_);
                $self->push_error( $c, { message => $_ } );
                $c->detach();
            }
        }
    }
}


sub object_lookup {
    my ( $self, $c, $id ) = @_;

    die 'No valid ID provided for look up' unless defined $id and length $id;
    my $object = $c->req->current_result_set->find($id);
    die "No object found for id '$id'" unless defined $object;
    return $object;
}


sub list {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    $self->list_munge_parameters($c);
    $self->list_perform_search($c);
    $self->list_format_output($c);

    # make sure there are no objects lingering
    $c->req->clear_objects();
}


sub list_munge_parameters { }    # noop by default


sub list_perform_search {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    try {
        my $req = $c->req;

        my $rs =
            $req->current_result_set->search( $req->search_parameters,
            $req->search_attributes );

        $req->_set_current_result_set($rs);

        $req->_set_search_total_entries(
            $req->current_result_set->pager->total_entries )
            if $req->has_search_attributes
            && ( exists( $req->search_attributes->{page} )
            && defined( $req->search_attributes->{page} )
            && length( $req->search_attributes->{page} ) );
    }
    catch {
        $c->log->error($_);
        $self->push_error( $c,
            { message => 'a database error has occured.' } );
        $c->detach();
    }
}


sub list_format_output {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    my $rs = $c->req->current_result_set->search;
    $rs->result_class( $self->result_class ) if $self->result_class;

    try {
        my $output    = {};
        my $formatted = [];

        foreach my $row ( $rs->all ) {
            push( @$formatted, $self->row_format_output( $c, $row ) );
        }

        $output->{ $self->data_root } = $formatted;

        if ( $c->req->has_search_total_entries ) {
            $output->{ $self->total_entries_arg } =
                $c->req->search_total_entries + 0;
        }

        $c->stash->{ $self->stash_key } = $output;
    }
    catch {
        $c->log->error($_);
        $self->push_error( $c,
            { message => 'a database error has occured.' } );
        $c->detach();
    }
}


sub row_format_output {

    #my ($self, $c, $row) = @_;
    my ( $self, undef, $row ) = @_;
    return $row;    # passthrough by default
}


sub item {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    if ( $c->req->count_objects != 1 ) {
        $c->log->error($_);
        $self->push_error( $c,
            { message => 'No objects on which to operate' } );
        $c->detach();
    }
    else {
        $c->stash->{ $self->stash_key }->{ $self->item_root } =
            $self->each_object_inflate( $c, $c->req->get_object(0)->[0] );
    }
}


sub update_or_create {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    if ( $c->req->has_objects ) {
        $self->validate_objects($c);
        $self->transact_objects( $c, sub { $self->save_objects( $c, @_ ) } );
    }
    else {
        $c->log->error($_);
        $self->push_error( $c,
            { message => 'No objects on which to operate' } );
        $c->detach();
    }
}


sub transact_objects {
    my ( $self, $c, $coderef ) = @_;

    try {
        $self->stored_result_source->schema->txn_do( $coderef,
            $c->req->objects );
    }
    catch {
        $c->log->error($_);
        $self->push_error( $c,
            { message => 'a database error has occured.' } );
        $c->detach();
    }
}


sub validate_objects {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    try {
        foreach my $obj ( $c->req->all_objects ) {
            $obj->[1] = $self->validate_object( $c, $obj );
        }
    }
    catch {
        my $err = $_;
        $c->log->error($err);
        $err =~ s/\s+at\s+.+\n$//g;
        $self->push_error( $c, { message => $err } );
        $c->detach();
    }
}


sub validate_object {
    my ( $self, $c, $obj ) = @_;
    my ( $object, $params ) = @$obj;

    my %values;
    my %requires_map = map { $_ => 1 } @{
          ( $object->in_storage )
        ? []
        : $c->stash->{create_requires} || $self->create_requires
    };

    my %allows_map = map { ( ref $_ ) ? %{$_} : ( $_ => 1 ) } (
        keys %requires_map,
        @{    ( $object->in_storage )
            ? ( $c->stash->{update_allows} || $self->update_allows )
            : ( $c->stash->{create_allows} || $self->create_allows )
        }
    );

    foreach my $key ( keys %allows_map ) {

        # check value defined if key required
        my $allowed_fields = $allows_map{$key};

        if ( ref $allowed_fields ) {
            my $related_source = $object->result_source->related_source($key);
            my $related_params = $params->{$key};
            my %allowed_related_map = map { $_ => 1 } @$allowed_fields;
            my $allowed_related_cols =
                  ( $allowed_related_map{'*'} )
                ? [ $related_source->columns ]
                : $allowed_fields;

            foreach my $related_col ( @{$allowed_related_cols} ) {
                if (defined(
                        my $related_col_value =
                            $related_params->{$related_col}
                    )
                    )
                {
                    $values{$key}{$related_col} = $related_col_value;
                }
            }
        }
        else {
            my $value = $params->{$key};

            if ( $requires_map{$key} ) {
                unless ( defined($value) ) {

                    # if not defined look for default
                    $value = $object->result_source->column_info($key)
                        ->{default_value};
                    unless ( defined $value ) {
                        die "No value supplied for ${key} and no default";
                    }
                }
            }

            # check for multiple values
            if ( ref($value) && !( reftype($value) eq reftype(JSON::MaybeXS::true) ) )
            {
                require Data::Dumper;
                die
                    "Multiple values for '${key}': ${\Data::Dumper::Dumper($value)}";
            }

            # check exists so we don't just end up with hash of undefs
            # check defined to account for default values being used
            $values{$key} = $value
                if exists $params->{$key} || defined $value;
        }
    }

    unless ( keys %values || !$object->in_storage ) {
        die 'No valid keys passed';
    }

    return \%values;
}


sub delete {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    if ( $c->req->has_objects ) {
        $self->transact_objects( $c,
            sub { $self->delete_objects( $c, @_ ) } );
        $c->req->clear_objects;
    }
    else {
        $c->log->error($_);
        $self->push_error( $c,
            { message => 'No objects on which to operate' } );
        $c->detach();
    }
}


sub save_objects {
    my ( $self, $c, $objects ) = @_;

    foreach my $obj (@$objects) {
        $self->save_object( $c, $obj );
    }
}


sub save_object {
    my ( $self, $c, $obj ) = @_;

    my ( $object, $params ) = @$obj;

    if ( $object->in_storage ) {
        $self->update_object_from_params( $c, $object, $params );
    }
    else {
        $self->insert_object_from_params( $c, $object, $params );
    }

}


sub update_object_from_params {
    my ( $self, $c, $object, $params ) = @_;

    foreach my $key ( keys %$params ) {
        my $value = $params->{$key};
        if ( ref($value) && !( reftype($value) eq reftype(JSON::MaybeXS::true) ) ) {
            $self->update_object_relation( $c, $object,
                delete $params->{$key}, $key );
        }

        # accessor = colname
        elsif ( $object->can($key) ) {
            $object->$key($value);
        }

        # accessor != colname
        else {
            my $accessor =
                $object->result_source->column_info($key)->{accessor};
            $object->$accessor($value);
        }
    }

    $object->update();
}


sub update_object_relation {
    my ( $self, $c, $object, $related_params, $relation ) = @_;
    my $row = $object->find_related( $relation, {}, {} );

    if ($row) {
        foreach my $key ( keys %$related_params ) {
            my $value = $related_params->{$key};
            if ( ref($value) && !( reftype($value) eq reftype(JSON::MaybeXS::true) ) )
            {
                $self->update_object_relation( $c, $row,
                    delete $related_params->{$key}, $key );
            }

            # accessor = colname
            elsif ( $row->can($key) ) {
                $row->$key($value);
            }

            # accessor != colname
            else {
                my $accessor =
                    $row->result_source->column_info($key)->{accessor};
                $row->$accessor($value);
            }
        }
        $row->update();
    }
    else {
        $object->create_related( $relation, $related_params );
    }
}


sub insert_object_from_params {

    #my ($self, $c, $object, $params) = @_;
    my ( $self, undef, $object, $params ) = @_;

    my %rels;
    while ( my ( $key, $value ) = each %{$params} ) {
        if ( ref($value) && !( reftype($value) eq reftype(JSON::MaybeXS::true) ) ) {
            $rels{$key} = $value;
        }

        # accessor = colname
        elsif ( $object->can($key) ) {
            $object->$key($value);
        }

        # accessor != colname
        else {
            my $accessor =
                $object->result_source->column_info($key)->{accessor};
            $object->$accessor($value);
        }
    }

    $object->insert;

    while ( my ( $k, $v ) = each %rels ) {
        $object->create_related( $k, $v );
    }
}


sub delete_objects {
    my ( $self, $c, $objects ) = @_;

    map { $self->delete_object( $c, $_->[0] ) } @$objects;
}


sub delete_object {

    #my ($self, $c, $object) = @_;
    my ( $self, undef, $object ) = @_;

    $object->delete;
}


sub end : Private {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;

    # don't change the http status code if already set elsewhere
    unless ( $c->res->status && $c->res->status != 200 ) {
        if ( $self->has_errors($c) ) {
            $c->res->status(400);
        }
        else {
            $c->res->status(200);
        }
    }

    if ( $c->res->status == 200 ) {
        $c->stash->{ $self->stash_key }->{success} =
            $self->use_json_boolean ? JSON::MaybeXS::true : 'true';
        if ( $self->return_object
            && $c->req->has_objects
            && ! exists $c->stash->{ $self->stash_key }->{ $self->data_root } ) {
            my $returned_objects = [];
            push( @$returned_objects, $self->each_object_inflate( $c, $_ ) )
                for map { $_->[0] } $c->req->all_objects;
            $c->stash->{ $self->stash_key }->{ $self->data_root } =
                scalar(@$returned_objects) > 1
                ? $returned_objects
                : $returned_objects->[0];
        }
    }
    else {
        $c->stash->{ $self->stash_key }->{success} =
            $self->use_json_boolean ? JSON::MaybeXS::false : 'false';
        $c->stash->{ $self->stash_key }->{messages} = $self->get_errors($c)
            if $self->has_errors($c);

        # don't return data for error responses
        delete $c->stash->{ $self->stash_key }->{ $self->data_root };
    }

    $c->forward('serialize');
}


sub each_object_inflate {

    #my ($self, $c, $object) = @_;
    my ( $self, undef, $object ) = @_;

    return { $object->get_columns };
}


# from Catalyst::Action::Serialize
sub serialize : ActionClass('Serialize') { }


sub push_error {
    my ( $self, $c, $params ) = @_;
    die 'Catalyst app object missing'
        unless defined $c;
    my $error = 'unknown error';
    if ( exists $params->{message} ) {
        $error = $params->{message};

        # remove newline from die "error message\n" which is required to not
        # have the filename and line number in the error text
        $error =~ s/\n$//;
    }
    push( @{ $c->stash->{_dbic_crud_errors} }, $error );
}


sub get_errors {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;
    die 'Catalyst app object missing'
        unless defined $c;
    return $c->stash->{_dbic_crud_errors};
}


sub has_errors {
    my ( $self, $c ) = @_;
    die 'Catalyst app object missing'
        unless defined $c;
    return exists $c->stash->{_dbic_crud_errors};
}


1;

__END__

=pod

=head1 NAME

Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API - Provides a DBIx::Class web service automagically

=head1 VERSION

version 2.007002

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  package MyApp::Controller::API::RPC::Artist;
  use Moose;
  BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::RPC' }

  __PACKAGE__->config
    ( # define parent chain action and PathPart
      action => {
          setup => {
              Chained  => '/api/rpc/rpc_base',
              PathPart => 'artist',
          }
      },
      class            => 'MyAppDB::Artist',
      resultset_class  => 'MyAppDB::ResultSet::Artist',
      create_requires  => ['name', 'age'],
      create_allows    => ['nickname'],
      update_allows    => ['name', 'age', 'nickname'],
      update_allows    => ['name', 'age', 'nickname'],
      select           => ['name', 'age'],
      prefetch         => ['cds'],
      prefetch_allows  => [
          'cds',
          { cds => 'tracks' },
          { cds => ['tracks'] },
      ],
      ordered_by       => ['age'],
      search_exposes   => ['age', 'nickname', { cds => ['title', 'year'] }],
      data_root        => 'list',
      item_root        => 'data',
      use_json_boolean => 1,
      return_object    => 1,
      );

  # Provides the following functional endpoints:
  # /api/rpc/artist/create
  # /api/rpc/artist/list
  # /api/rpc/artist/id/[id]/delete
  # /api/rpc/artist/id/[id]/update

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Easily provide common API endpoints based on your L<DBIx::Class> schema classes.
Module provides both RPC and REST interfaces to base functionality.
Uses L<Catalyst::Action::Serialize> and L<Catalyst::Action::Deserialize> to
serialize response and/or deserialise request.

=head1 OVERVIEW

This document describes base functionlity such as list, create, delete, update
and the setting of config attributes. L<Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::RPC>
and L<Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::REST> describe details of provided
endpoints to those base methods.

You will need to create a controller for each schema class you require API
endpoints for. For example if your schema has Artist and Track, and you want to
provide a RESTful interface to these, you should create
MyApp::Controller::API::REST::Artist and MyApp::Controller::API::REST::Track
which both subclass L<Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::REST>.
Similarly if you wanted to provide an RPC style interface then subclass
L<Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::RPC>. You then configure these individually
as specified in L</CONFIGURATION>.

Also note that the test suite of this module has an example application used to
run tests against. It maybe helpful to look at that until a better tutorial is
written.

=head2 CONFIGURATION

Each of your controller classes needs to be configured to point at the relevant
schema class, specify what can be updated and so on, as shown in the L</SYNOPSIS>.

The class, create_requires, create_allows and update_requires parameters can
also be set in the stash like so:

  sub setup :Chained('/api/rpc/rpc_base') :CaptureArgs(1) :PathPart('any') {
    my ($self, $c, $object_type) = @_;

    if ($object_type eq 'artist') {
      $c->stash->{class} = 'MyAppDB::Artist';
      $c->stash->{create_requires} = [qw/name/];
      $c->stash->{update_allows} = [qw/name/];
    } else {
      $self->push_error($c, { message => "invalid object_type" });
      return;
    }

    $self->next::method($c);
  }

Generally it's better to have one controller for each DBIC source with the
config hardcoded, but in some cases this isn't possible.

Note that the Chained, CaptureArgs and PathPart are just standard Catalyst
configuration parameters and that then endpoint specified in Chained - in this
case '/api/rpc/rpc_base' - must actually exist elsewhere in your application.
See L<Catalyst::DispatchType::Chained> for more details.

Below are explanations for various configuration parameters. Please see
L<Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::StaticArguments> for more details.

=head3 class

Whatever you would pass to $c->model to get a resultset for this class.
MyAppDB::Track for example.

=head3 resultset_class

Desired resultset class after accessing your model. MyAppDB::ResultSet::Track
for example. By default, it's DBIx::Class::ResultClass::HashRefInflator.
Set to empty string to leave resultset class without change.

=head3 stash_key

Controls where in stash request_data should be stored, and defaults to 'response'.

=head3 data_root

By default, the response data of multiple item actions is serialized into
$c->stash->{$self->stash_key}->{$self->data_root} and data_root defaults to
'list' to preserve backwards compatibility. This is now configuable to meet
the needs of the consuming client.

=head3 item_root

By default, the response data of single item actions is serialized into
$c->stash->{$self->stash_key}->{$self->item_root} and item_root default to
'data'.

=head3 use_json_boolean

By default, the response success status is set to a string value of "true" or
"false". If this attribute is true, JSON::MaybeXS's true() and false() will be
used instead. Note, this does not effect other internal processing of boolean
values.

=head3 count_arg, page_arg, select_arg, search_arg, grouped_by_arg, ordered_by_arg, prefetch_arg, as_arg, total_entries_arg

These attributes allow customization of the component to understand requests
made by clients where these argument names are not flexible and cannot conform
to this components defaults.

=head3 create_requires

Arrayref listing columns required to be passed to create in order for the
request to be valid.

=head3 create_allows

Arrayref listing columns additional to those specified in create_requires that
are not required to create but which create does allow. Columns passed to create
that are not listed in create_allows or create_requires will be ignored.

=head3 update_allows

Arrayref listing columns that update will allow. Columns passed to update that
are not listed here will be ignored.

=head3 select

Arguments to pass to L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/select> when performing search for
L</list>.

=head3 as

Complements arguments passed to L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/select> when performing
a search. This allows you to specify column names in the result for RDBMS
functions, etc.

=head3 select_exposes

Columns and related columns that are okay to return in the resultset since
clients can request more or less information specified than the above select
argument.

=head3 prefetch

Arguments to pass to L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/prefetch> when performing search
for L</list>.

=head3 prefetch_allows

Arrayref listing relationships that are allowed to be prefetched.
This is necessary to avoid denial of service attacks in form of
queries which would return a large number of data
and unwanted disclosure of data.

=head3 grouped_by

Arguments to pass to L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/group_by> when performing search
for L</list>.

=head3 ordered_by

Arguments to pass to L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/order_by> when performing search
for L</list>.

=head3 search_exposes

Columns and related columns that are okay to search on. For example if only the
position column and all cd columns were to be allowed

 search_exposes => [qw/position/, { cd => ['*'] }]

You can also use this to allow custom columns should you wish to allow them
through in order to be caught by a custom resultset. For example:

  package RestTest::Controller::API::RPC::TrackExposed;

  ...

  __PACKAGE__->config
    ( ...,
      search_exposes => [qw/position title custom_column/],
    );

and then in your custom resultset:

  package RestTest::Schema::ResultSet::Track;

  use base 'RestTest::Schema::ResultSet';

  sub search {
    my $self = shift;
    my ($clause, $params) = @_;

    # test custom attrs
    if (my $pretend = delete $clause->{custom_column}) {
      $clause->{'cd.year'} = $pretend;
    }
    my $rs = $self->SUPER::search(@_);
  }

=head3 count

Arguments to pass to L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/rows> when performing search for
L</list>.

=head3 page

Arguments to pass to L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/page> when performing search for
L</list>.

=head1 PROTECTED_METHODS

=head2 setup

 :Chained('specify.in.subclass.config') :CaptureArgs(0) :PathPart('specify.in.subclass.config')

This action is the chain root of the controller. It must either be overridden or
configured to provide a base PathPart to the action and also a parent action.
For example, for class MyAppDB::Track you might have

  package MyApp::Controller::API::RPC::Track;
  use Moose;
  BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::RPC'; }

  __PACKAGE__->config
    ( action => { setup => { PathPart => 'track', Chained => '/api/rpc/rpc_base' } },
	...
  );

  # or

  sub setup :Chained('/api/rpc/rpc_base') :CaptureArgs(0) :PathPart('track') {
    my ($self, $c) = @_;

    $self->next::method($c);
  }

This action does nothing by default.

=head2 deserialize

 :Chained('setup') :CaptureArgs(0) :PathPart('') :ActionClass('Deserialize')

Absorbs the request data and transforms it into useful bits by using
CGI::Expand->expand_hash and a smattering of JSON->decode for a handful of
arguments.

Current only the following arguments are capable of being expressed as JSON:

    search_arg
    count_arg
    page_arg
    ordered_by_arg
    grouped_by_arg
    prefetch_arg

It should be noted that arguments can used mixed modes in with some caveats.
Each top level arg can be expressed as CGI::Expand with their immediate child
keys expressed as JSON when sending the data application/x-www-form-urlencoded.
Otherwise, you can send content as raw json and it will be deserialized as is
with no CGI::Expand expasion.

=head2 generate_rs

generate_rs is used by inflate_request to get a resultset for the current
request. It receives $c as its only argument.
By default it returns a resultset of the controller's class.
Override this method if you need to manipulate the default implementation of
getting a resultset.

=head2 inflate_request

inflate_request is called at the end of deserialize to populate key portions of
the request with the useful bits.

=head2 object_with_id

 :Chained('deserialize') :CaptureArgs(1) :PathPart('')

This action is the chain root for all object level actions (such as delete and
update) that operate on a single identifer. The provided identifier will be used
to find that particular object and add it to the request's store ofobjects.

Please see L<Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::Request::Context> for more
details on the stored objects.

=head2 objects_no_id

 :Chained('deserialize') :CaptureArgs(0) :PathPart('')

This action is the chain root for object level actions (such as create, update,
or delete) that can involve more than one object. The data stored at the
data_root of the request_data will be interpreted as an array of hashes on which
to operate. If the hashes are missing an 'id' key, they will be considered a
new object to be created. Otherwise, the values in the hash will be used to
perform an update. As a special case, a single hash sent will be coerced into
an array.

Please see L<Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::Request::Context> for more
details on the stored objects.

=head2 object_lookup

This method provides the look up functionality for an object based on 'id'.
It is passed the current $c and the id to be used to perform the lookup.
Dies if there is no provided id or if no object was found.

=head2 list

list's steps are broken up into three distinct methods:

=over

=item L</list_munge_parameters>

=item L</list_perform_search>

=item L</list_format_output>.

=back

The goal of this method is to call ->search() on the current_result_set,
change the resultset class of the result (if needed), and return it in
$c->stash->{$self->stash_key}->{$self->data_root}.

Please see the individual methods for more details on what actual processing
takes place.

If the L</select> config param is defined then the hashes will contain only
those columns, otherwise all columns in the object will be returned.
L</select> of course supports the function/procedure calling semantics that
L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/select> supports.

In order to have proper column names in the result, provide arguments in L</as>
(which also follows L<DBIx::Class::ResultSet/as> semantics.
Similarly L</count>, L</page>, L</grouped_by> and L</ordered_by> affect the
maximum number of rows returned as well as the ordering and grouping.

Note that if select, count, ordered_by or grouped_by request parameters are
present, these will override the values set on the class with select becoming
bound by the select_exposes attribute.

If not all objects in the resultset are required then it's possible to pass
conditions to the method as request parameters. You can use a JSON string as
the 'search' parameter for maximum flexibility or use L<CGI::Expand> syntax.
In the second case the request parameters are expanded into a structure and
then used as the search condition.

For example, these request parameters:

 ?search.name=fred&search.cd.artist=luke
 OR
 ?search={"name":"fred","cd": {"artist":"luke"}}

Would result in this search (where 'name' is a column of the result class, 'cd'
is a relation of the result class and 'artist' is a column of the related class):

 $rs->search({ name => 'fred', 'cd.artist' => 'luke' }, { join => ['cd'] })

It is also possible to use a JSON string for expandeded parameters:

 ?search.datetime={"-between":["2010-01-06 19:28:00","2010-01-07 19:28:00"]}

Note that if pagination is needed, this can be achieved using a combination of
the L</count> and L</page> parameters. For example:

  ?page=2&count=20

Would result in this search:

 $rs->search({}, { page => 2, rows => 20 })

=head2 list_munge_parameters

list_munge_parameters is a noop by default. All arguments will be passed through
without any manipulation. In order to successfully manipulate the parameters
before the search is performed, simply access
$c->req->search_parameters|search_attributes (ArrayRef and HashRef respectively),
which correspond directly to ->search($parameters, $attributes).
Parameter keys will be in already-aliased form.
To store the munged parameters call $c->req->_set_search_parameters($newparams)
and $c->req->_set_search_attributes($newattrs).

=head2 list_perform_search

list_perform_search executes the actual search. current_result_set is updated to
contain the result returned from ->search. If paging was requested,
search_total_entries will be set as well.

=head2 list_format_output

list_format_output prepares the response for transmission across the wire.
A copy of the current_result_set is taken and its result_class is set to
L<DBIx::Class::ResultClass::HashRefInflator>. Each row in the resultset is then
iterated and passed to L</row_format_output> with the result of that call added
to the output.

=head2 row_format_output

row_format_output is called each row of the inflated output generated from the
search. It receives two arguments, the catalyst context and the hashref that
represents the row. By default, this method is merely a passthrough.

=head2 item

item will return a single object called by identifier in the uri. It will be
inflated via each_object_inflate.

=head2 update_or_create

update_or_create is responsible for iterating any stored objects and performing
updates or creates. Each object is first validated to ensure it meets the
criteria specified in the L</create_requires> and L</create_allows> (or
L</update_allows>) parameters of the controller config. The objects are then
committed within a transaction via L</transact_objects> using a closure around
L</save_objects>.

=head2 transact_objects

transact_objects performs the actual commit to the database via $schema->txn_do.
This method accepts two arguments, the context and a coderef to be used within
the transaction. All of the stored objects are passed as an arrayref for the
only argument to the coderef.

=head2 validate_objects

This is a shortcut method for performing validation on all of the stored objects
in the request. Each object's provided values (for create or update) are updated
to the allowed values permitted by the various config parameters.

=head2 validate_object

validate_object takes the context and the object as an argument. It then filters
the passed values in slot two of the tuple through the create|update_allows
configured. It then returns those filtered values. Values that are not allowed
are silently ignored. If there are no values for a particular key, no valid
values at all, or multiple of the same key, this method will die.

=head2 delete

delete operates on the stored objects in the request. It first transacts the
objects, deleting them in the database using L</transact_objects> and a closure
around L</delete_objects>, and then clears the request store of objects.

=head2 save_objects

This method is used by update_or_create to perform the actual database
manipulations. It iterates each object calling L</save_object>.

=head2 save_object

save_object first checks to see if the object is already in storage. If so, it
calls L</update_object_from_params> otherwise L</insert_object_from_params>.

=head2 update_object_from_params

update_object_from_params iterates through the params to see if any of them are
pertinent to relations. If so it calls L</update_object_relation> with the
object, and the relation parameters. Then it calls ->update on the object.

=head2 update_object_relation

update_object_relation finds the relation to the object, then calls ->update
with the specified parameters.

=head2 insert_object_from_params

Sets the columns of the object, then calls ->insert.

=head2 delete_objects

Iterates through each object calling L</delete_object>.

=head2 delete_object

Performs the actual ->delete on the object.

=head2 end

end performs the final manipulation of the response before it is serialized.
This includes setting the success of the request both at the HTTP layer and
JSON layer. If configured with return_object true, and there are stored objects
as the result of create or update, those will be inflated according to the
schema and get_inflated_columns

=head2 each_object_inflate

each_object_inflate executes during L</end> and allows hooking into the process
of inflating the objects to return in the response. Receives, the context, and
the object as arguments.

This only executes if L</return_object> if set and if there are any objects to
actually return.

=head2 serialize

multiple actions forward to serialize which uses Catalyst::Action::Serialize.

=head2 push_error

Stores an error message into the stash to be later retrieved by L</end>.
Accepts a Dict[message => Str] parameter that defines the error message.

=head2 get_errors

Returns all of the errors stored in the stash.

=head2 has_errors

Returns true if errors are stored in the stash.

=head1 PRIVATE_METHODS

=head2 begin

 :Private

begin is provided in the base class to setup the Catalyst request object by
applying the DBIC::API::Request role.

=head1 EXTENDING

By default the create, delete and update actions will not return anything apart
from the success parameter set in L</end>, often this is not ideal but the
required behaviour varies from application to application. So normally it's
sensible to write an intermediate class which your main controller classes
subclass from.

For example if you wanted create to return the JSON for the newly created
object you might have something like:

  package MyApp::ControllerBase::DBIC::API::RPC;
  ...
  use Moose;
  BEGIN { extends 'Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::RPC' };
  ...
  sub create :Chained('setup') :Args(0) :PathPart('create') {
    my ($self, $c) = @_;

    # $c->req->all_objects will contain all of the created
    $self->next::method($c);

    if ($c->req->has_objects) {
      # $c->stash->{$self->stash_key} will be serialized in the end action
      $c->stash->{$self->stash_key}->{$self->data_root} = [ map { { $_->get_inflated_columns } } ($c->req->all_objects) ] ;
    }
  }

  package MyApp::Controller::API::RPC::Track;
  ...
  use Moose;
  BEGIN { extends 'MyApp::ControllerBase::DBIC::API::RPC' };
  ...

It should be noted that the return_object attribute will produce the above
result for you, free of charge.

Similarly you might want create, update and delete to all forward to the list
action once they are done so you can refresh your view. This should also be
simple enough.

If more extensive customization is required, it is recommened to peer into the
roles that comprise the system and make use

=head1 NOTES

It should be noted that version 1.004 and above makes a rapid depature from the
status quo. The internals were revamped to use more modern tools such as Moose
and its role system to refactor functionality out into self-contained roles.

To this end, internally, this module now understands JSON boolean values (as
represented by the JSON::MaybeXS module) and will Do The Right Thing in
handling those values. This means you can have ColumnInflators installed that
can covert between JSON booleans and whatever your database wants for boolean
values.

Validation for various *_allows or *_exposes is now accomplished via
Data::DPath::Validator with a lightly simplified, via a subclass of
Data::DPath::Validator::Visitor.

The rough jist of the process goes as follows: Arguments provided to those
attributes are fed into the Validator and Data::DPaths are generated.
Then incoming requests are validated against these paths generated.
The validator is set in "loose" mode meaning only one path is required to match.
For more information, please see L<Data::DPath::Validator> and more specifically
L<Catalyst::Controller::DBIC::API::Validator>.

Since 2.001:
Transactions are used. The stash is put aside in favor of roles applied to the
request object with additional accessors.
Error handling is now much more consistent with most errors immediately detaching.
The internals are much easier to read and understand with lots more documentation.

Since 2.006:
The SQL::Abstract -and, -not and -or operators are supported.

=head1 AUTHORS

=over 4

=item *

Nicholas Perez <nperez@cpan.org>

=item *

Luke Saunders <luke.saunders@gmail.com>

=item *

Alexander Hartmaier <abraxxa@cpan.org>

=item *

Florian Ragwitz <rafl@debian.org>

=item *

Oleg Kostyuk <cub.uanic@gmail.com>

=item *

Samuel Kaufman <sam@socialflow.com>

=back

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2018 by Luke Saunders, Nicholas Perez, Alexander Hartmaier, et al.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut