package Cloudinary;
use Mojo::Base -base;
use File::Basename;
use Mojo::UserAgent;
use Mojo::Util qw(sha1_sum url_escape);
use Scalar::Util 'weaken';

our $VERSION = '0.16';
our (%SHORTER, %LONGER);
my @SIGNATURE_KEYS = qw(callback eager format public_id tags timestamp transformation type);

{
  %LONGER = (
    a => 'angle',
    b => 'background',
    c => 'crop',
    d => 'default_image',
    e => 'effect',
    f => 'fetch_format',
    g => 'gravity',
    h => 'height',
    l => 'overlay',
    p => 'prefix',
    q => 'quality',
    r => 'radius',
    t => 'named_transformation',
    w => 'width',
    x => 'x',
    y => 'y',
  );
  %SHORTER = reverse %LONGER;
}

has cloud_name  => sub { die 'cloud_name is required in constructor' };
has api_key     => sub { die 'api_key is required in constructor' };
has api_secret  => sub { die 'api_secret is required in constructor' };
has private_cdn => sub { die 'private_cdn is required in constructor' };
has _api_url    => 'http://api.cloudinary.com/v1_1';
has _public_cdn => 'http://res.cloudinary.com';
has _ua         => sub {
  my $ua = Mojo::UserAgent->new;

  $ua->on(
    start => sub {
      my ($ua, $tx) = @_;

      for my $part (@{$tx->req->content->parts}) {
        my $content_type = $part->headers->content_type || '';
        $part->headers->remove('Content-Type') if $content_type eq 'text/plain';
      }
    }
  );

  return $ua;
};

sub upload {
  my ($self, $args, $cb) = @_;

  # TODO: transformation, eager
  $args = {file => $args} if ref $args ne 'HASH';
  $args->{resource_type} ||= 'image';
  $args->{timestamp} ||= time;

  die "Usage: \$self->upload({ file => ... })" unless defined $args->{file};

  if (ref $args->{tags} eq 'ARRAY') {
    $args->{tags} = join ',', @{$args->{tags}};
  }
  if (UNIVERSAL::isa($args->{file}, 'Mojo::Asset')) {
    $args->{file}
      = {file => $args->{file}, filename => $args->{filename} || basename($args->{file}->path)};
  }
  elsif (UNIVERSAL::isa($args->{file}, 'Mojo::Upload')) {
    $args->{file} = {file => $args->{file}->asset, filename => $args->{file}->filename};
  }

  $self->_call_api(
    upload => $args,
    {
      timestamp => time,
      (map { ($_, $args->{$_}) } grep { defined $args->{$_} } @SIGNATURE_KEYS),
      file => $args->{file},
    },
    $cb,
  );
}

sub destroy {
  my ($self, $args, $cb) = @_;

  $args = {public_id => $args} unless ref $args eq 'HASH';

  die "Usage: \$self->destroy({ public_id => ... })" unless defined $args->{public_id};

  $args->{resource_type} ||= 'image';

  $self->_call_api(
    destroy => $args,
    {
      public_id => $args->{public_id},
      timestamp => $args->{timestamp} || time,
      type      => $args->{type} || 'upload',
    },
    $cb,
  );
}

sub _call_api {
  my ($self, $action, $args, $post, $cb) = @_;
  my $url = join '/', $self->_api_url, $self->cloud_name, $args->{resource_type}, $action;
  my $headers = {'Content-Type' => 'multipart/form-data'};

  $post->{api_key}   = $self->api_key;
  $post->{signature} = $self->_api_sign_request($post);

  Scalar::Util::weaken($self);
  my $tx = $self->_ua->post(
    $url, $headers,
    form => $post,
    $cb ? sub { $self->$cb($_[1]->res->json || {error => $_[1]->error || 'Unknown error'}) } : (),
  );

  return $self if $cb;    # non-blocking
  my $res = $tx->error;
  die $res->{message} || 'Unknown error' if $res;
  $res = $tx->res->json;
  die $res->{error} if $res->{error};
  return $res;
}

sub _api_sign_request {
  my ($self, $args) = @_;
  my @query;

  for my $k (@SIGNATURE_KEYS) {
    next unless defined $args->{$k};
    my $v = $k eq 'public_id' ? url_escape($args->{$k}, '^A-Za-z0-9\-._~/') : $args->{$k};
    push @query, "$k=$v";
  }

  $query[-1] .= $self->api_secret;

  sha1_sum join '&', @query;
}

sub url_for {
  my $self      = shift;
  my $public_id = shift or die 'Usage: $self->url_for($public_id, ...)';
  my $args      = shift || {};
  my $format    = $public_id =~ s/\.(\w+)// ? $1 : 'jpg';
  my $url       = Mojo::URL->new(delete $args->{secure} ? $self->private_cdn : $self->_public_cdn);

  $url->path(
    join '/',
    grep {length} $self->cloud_name,
    $args->{resource_type} || 'image',
    $args->{type}          || 'upload',
    join(',',
      map { ($SHORTER{$_} || $_) . '_' . $args->{$_} }
      grep { $_ ne 'resource_type' and $_ ne 'type' } sort keys %$args),
    "$public_id.$format",
  );

  return $url;
}

1;

=encoding utf8

=head1 NAME

Cloudinary - Talk with cloudinary.com

=head1 VERSION

0.16

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This module lets you interface to L<http://cloudinary.com>.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

=head2 Standalone

  my $delay = Mojo::IOLoop->delay;
  my $cloudinary = Cloudinary->new(cloud_name => "a", api_key => "b", api_secret => "c");

  $delay->begin;
  $cloudinary->upload({file => {file => $path_to_file}}, sub {
    my ($cloudinary, $res) = @_;
    # ...
    $delay->end;
  },
  });

  # let's you do multiple upload() in parallel
  # just call $delay->begin once pr upload()
  # and $delay->end in each callback given to upload()
  $delay->wait;

=head2 With mojolicious

See L<Mojolicious::Plugin::Cloudinary>.

=head2 Options

As from 0.04 all methods support the short and long option, meaning
the examples below work the same:

  $self->url_for('billclinton.jpg' => { w => 50 });
  $self->url_for('billclinton.jpg' => { width => 50 });

=head2 url_for() examples

  $cloudinary->url_for('billclinton.jpg', { type => 'facebook' });
  $cloudinary->url_for('billclinton.jpg', { type => 'twitter_name', h => 70, w => 100 });
  $cloudinary->url_for('18913373.jpg', { type => 'twitter_name' });
  $cloudinary->url_for('my-uploaded-image.jpg', { h => 50, w => 50 });
  $cloudinary->url_for('myrawid', { resource_type => 'raw' });

=head2 Aliases

This module provides alias for the Cloudinary transformations:

  a = angle
  b = background
  c = crop
  d = default_image
  e = effect
  f = fetch_format
  g = gravity
  h = height
  l = overlay
  p = prefix
  q = quality
  r = radius
  t = named_transformation
  w = width
  x = x
  y = y

=head1 ATTRIBUTES

=head2 cloud_name

Your cloud name from L<https://cloudinary.com/console>

=head2 api_key

Your API key from L<https://cloudinary.com/console>

=head2 api_secret

Your API secret from L<https://cloudinary.com/console>

=head2 private_cdn

Your private CDN url from L<https://cloudinary.com/console>.

=head1 METHODS

=head2 upload

  $self->upload(
    {
      file          => $binary_str | $url,    # required
      format        => $str,                  # optional
      public_id     => $str,                  # optional
      resource_type => $str,                  # image or raw. defaults to "image"
      tags          => ['foo', 'bar'],        # optional
      timestamp     => $epoch,                # time()
    },
    sub { my ($cloudinary, $res) = @_ }
  );

Will upload a file to L<http://cloudinary.com> using the parameters given
L</cloud_name>, L</api_key> and L</api_secret>. C<$res> in the callback
will be the json response from cloudinary:

  {
    url        => $str,
    secure_url => $str,
    public_id  => $str,
    version    => $str,
    width      => $int,    # only for images
    height     => $int,    # only for images
  }

C<$res> on error can be either C<undef> if there was an issue
connecting/communicating with cloudinary or a an error data structure:

  {error => {message: $str}}

The C<file> can be:

=over 4

=item * A hash

  { file => 'path/to/image' }

=item * A L<Mojo::Upload> object.

=item * A L<Mojo::Asset> object.

=item * A URL

=back

C<res> in callbacks will be the JSON response from L<http://cloudinary.com>
as a hash ref. It may also be C<undef> if something went wrong with the
actual HTTP POST.

See also L<https://cloudinary.com/documentation/upload_images> and
L<http://cloudinary.com/documentation/upload_images#raw_uploads>.

=head2 destroy

  $self->destroy(
    {
      public_id     => $public_id,
      resource_type => $str,         # image or raw. defaults to "image"
    },
    sub { my ($cloudinary, $res) = @_; }
  );

Will delete an image from cloudinary, identified by C<$public_id>.
The callback will be called when the image got deleted or if an error occur.

On error, look for:

  {error => {message: $str}}

See also L<https://cloudinary.com/documentation/upload_images#deleting_images>.

=head2 url_for

  $url_obj = $self->url_for("$public_id.$format", \%args);

This method will return a public URL to the image at L<http://cloudinary.com>.
It will use L</private_cdn> or the public CDN and L</cloud_name> to construct
the URL. The return value is a L<Mojo::URL> object.

Example C<%args>:

  {
    h             => 150,      # height of image
    w             => 100,      # width of image
    resource_type => $str,     # image or raw. defaults to "image"
    secure        => $bool,    # use private_cdn or public cdn
    type          => $str,     # upload, facebook. defaults to "upload"
  }

See also L<http://cloudinary.com/documentation/upload_images#accessing_uploaded_images>
and L<http://cloudinary.com/documentation/image_transformations>.

=head1 COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

This library is free software. You can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=head1 AUTHOR

Jan Henning Thorsen - jhthorsen@cpan.org

=cut