package Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA;

use strict;
use warnings;

use Carp;    # Removing carp will break the XS code.

our $VERSION = '0.31';

our $AUTOLOAD;
use AutoLoader 'AUTOLOAD';

use XSLoader;
XSLoader::load 'Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA', $VERSION;

BEGIN {
    eval { require Crypt::OpenSSL::Bignum };
}            ## no critic qw(RequireCheckingReturnValueOfEval);

1;

__END__

=head1 NAME

Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA - RSA encoding and decoding, using the openSSL libraries

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Crypt::OpenSSL::Random;
  use Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA;

  # not necessary if we have /dev/random:
  Crypt::OpenSSL::Random::random_seed($good_entropy);
  Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA->import_random_seed();
  $rsa_pub = Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA->new_public_key($key_string);
  $rsa_pub->use_sslv23_padding(); # use_pkcs1_oaep_padding is the default
  $ciphertext = $rsa->encrypt($plaintext);

  $rsa_priv = Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA->new_private_key($key_string);
  $plaintext = $rsa->encrypt($ciphertext);

  $rsa = Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA->generate_key(1024); # or
  $rsa = Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA->generate_key(1024, $prime);

  print "private key is:\n", $rsa->get_private_key_string();
  print "public key (in PKCS1 format) is:\n",
        $rsa->get_public_key_string();
  print "public key (in X509 format) is:\n",
        $rsa->get_public_key_x509_string();

  $rsa_priv->use_md5_hash(); # insecure. use_sha256_hash or use_sha1_hash are the default
  $signature = $rsa_priv->sign($plaintext);
  print "Signed correctly\n" if ($rsa->verify($plaintext, $signature));

=head1 DESCRIPTION

C<Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA> provides the ability to RSA encrypt strings which are
somewhat shorter than the block size of a key.  It also allows for decryption,
signatures and signature verification.

I<NOTE>: Many of the methods in this package can croak, so use C<eval>, or
Error.pm's try/catch mechanism to capture errors.  Also, while some
methods from earlier versions of this package return true on success,
this (never documented) behavior is no longer the case.

=head1 Class Methods

=over

=item new_public_key

Create a new C<Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA> object by loading a public key in
from a string containing Base64/DER-encoding of either the PKCS1 or
X.509 representation of the key.  The string should include the
C<-----BEGIN...-----> and C<-----END...-----> lines.

The padding is set to PKCS1_OAEP, but can be changed with the
C<use_xxx_padding> methods.

=cut
sub new_public_key {
    my ( $proto, $p_key_string ) = @_;
    if ( $p_key_string =~ /^-----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY-----/ ) {
        return $proto->_new_public_key_pkcs1($p_key_string);
    }
    elsif ( $p_key_string =~ /^-----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY-----/ ) {
        return $proto->_new_public_key_x509($p_key_string);
    }
    else {
        croak "unrecognized key format";
    }
}

=item new_private_key

Create a new C<Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA> object by loading a private key in
from an string containing the Base64/DER encoding of the PKCS1
representation of the key.  The string should include the
C<-----BEGIN...-----> and C<-----END...-----> lines.  The padding is set to
PKCS1_OAEP, but can be changed with C<use_xxx_padding>.

=item generate_key

Create a new C<Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA> object by constructing a
private/public key pair.  The first (mandatory) argument is the key
size, while the second optional argument specifies the public exponent
(the default public exponent is 65537).  The padding is set to
C<PKCS1_OAEP>, but can be changed with use_xxx_padding methods.

=item new_key_from_parameters

Given L<Crypt::OpenSSL::Bignum> objects for n, e, and optionally d, p,
and q, where p and q are the prime factors of n, e is the public
exponent and d is the private exponent, create a new
Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA object using these values.  If p and q are
provided and d is undef, d is computed.  Note that while p and q are
not necessary for a private key, their presence will speed up
computation.

=cut
sub new_key_from_parameters {
    my ( $proto, $n, $e, $d, $p, $q ) = @_;
    return $proto->_new_key_from_parameters( map { $_ ? $_->pointer_copy() : 0 } $n, $e, $d, $p, $q );
}

=item import_random_seed

Import a random seed from L<Crypt::OpenSSL::Random>, since the OpenSSL
libraries won't allow sharing of random structures across perl XS
modules.

=cut
sub import_random_seed {
    until ( _random_status() ) {
        _random_seed( Crypt::OpenSSL::Random::random_bytes(20) );
    }
}

=back

=head1 Instance Methods

=over

=item DESTROY

Clean up after ourselves.  In particular, erase and free the memory
occupied by the RSA key structure.

=item get_public_key_string

Return the Base64/DER-encoded PKCS1 representation of the public
key.  This string has
header and footer lines:

  -----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY------
  -----END RSA PUBLIC KEY------

=item get_public_key_x509_string

Return the Base64/DER-encoded representation of the "subject
public key", suitable for use in X509 certificates.  This string has
header and footer lines:

  -----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY------
  -----END PUBLIC KEY------

and is the format that is produced by running C<openssl rsa -pubout>.

=item get_private_key_string

Return the Base64/DER-encoded PKCS1 representation of the private
key.  This string has
header and footer lines:

  -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY------
  -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY------

=item encrypt

Encrypt a binary "string" using the public (portion of the) key.

=item decrypt

Decrypt a binary "string".  Croaks if the key is public only.

=item private_encrypt

Encrypt a binary "string" using the private key.  Croaks if the key is
public only.

=item public_decrypt

Decrypt a binary "string" using the public (portion of the) key.

=item sign

Sign a string using the secret (portion of the) key.

=item verify

Check the signature on a text.

=item use_no_padding

Use raw RSA encryption. This mode should only be used to implement
cryptographically sound padding modes in the application code.
Encrypting user data directly with RSA is insecure.

=item use_pkcs1_padding

Use PKCS #1 v1.5 padding. This currently is the most widely used mode
of padding.

=item use_pkcs1_oaep_padding

Use C<EME-OAEP> padding as defined in PKCS #1 v2.0 with SHA-1, MGF1 and
an empty encoding parameter. This mode of padding is recommended for
all new applications.  It is the default mode used by
C<Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA>.

=item use_sslv23_padding

Use C<PKCS #1 v1.5> padding with an SSL-specific modification that
denotes that the server is SSL3 capable.

=item use_md5_hash

Use the RFC 1321 MD5 hashing algorithm by Ron Rivest when signing and
verifying messages.

Note that this is considered B<insecure>.

=item use_sha1_hash

Use the RFC 3174 Secure Hashing Algorithm (FIPS 180-1) when signing
and verifying messages. This is the default, when use_sha256_hash is
not available.

=item use_sha224_hash, use_sha256_hash, use_sha384_hash, use_sha512_hash

These FIPS 180-2 hash algorithms, for use when signing and verifying
messages, are only available with newer openssl versions (>= 0.9.8).

use_sha256_hash is the default hash mode when available.

=item use_ripemd160_hash

Dobbertin, Bosselaers and Preneel's RIPEMD hashing algorithm when
signing and verifying messages.

=item use_whirlpool_hash

Vincent Rijmen und Paulo S. L. M. Barreto ISO/IEC 10118-3:2004
WHIRLPOOL hashing algorithm when signing and verifying messages.

=item size

Returns the size, in bytes, of the key.  All encrypted text will be of
this size, and depending on the padding mode used, the length of
the text to be encrypted should be:

=over

=item pkcs1_oaep_padding

at most 42 bytes less than this size.

=item pkcs1_padding or sslv23_padding

at most 11 bytes less than this size.

=item no_padding

exactly this size.

=back

=item check_key

This function validates the RSA key, returning a true value if the key
is valid, and a false value otherwise.  Croaks if the key is public only.

=item get_key_parameters

Return C<Crypt::OpenSSL::Bignum> objects representing the values of C<n>,
C<e>, C<d>, C<p>, C<q>, C<d mod (p-1)>, C<d mod (q-1)>, and C<1/q mod p>,
where C<p> and C<q> are the prime factors of C<n>, C<e> is the public
exponent and C<d> is the private exponent.  Some of these values may return
as C<undef>; only C<n> and C<e> will be defined for a public key.  The
C<Crypt::OpenSSL::Bignum> module must be installed for this to work.

=item is_private

Return true if this is a private key, and false if it is private only.

=cut
sub get_key_parameters {
    return map { $_ ? Crypt::OpenSSL::Bignum->bless_pointer($_) : undef } shift->_get_key_parameters();
}

=back

=head1 BUGS

There is a small memory leak when generating new keys of more than 512 bits.

=head1 AUTHOR

Ian Robertson, C<iroberts@cpan.org>.  For support, please email
C<perl-openssl-users@lists.sourceforge.net>.

=head1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

=head1 LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2001-2011 Ian Robertson.  Crypt::OpenSSL::RSA is free
software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
terms as Perl itself.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<perl(1)>, L<Crypt::OpenSSL::Random(3)>, L<Crypt::OpenSSL::Bignum(3)>,
L<rsa(3)>, L<RSA_new(3)>, L<RSA_public_encrypt(3)>, L<RSA_size(3)>,
L<RSA_generate_key(3)>, L<RSA_check_key(3)>

=cut