# $Id$

=head1 NAME

Calendar::Simple - Perl extension to create simple calendars


  use Calendar::Simple;

  my @curr      = calendar;             # get current month
  my @this_sept = calendar(9);          # get 9th month of current year
  my @sept_2002 = calendar(9, 2002);    # get 9th month of 2002
  my @monday    = calendar(9, 2002, 1); # get 9th month of 2002,
                                        # weeks start on Monday

  my @span      = date_span(mon   => 10,  # returns span of dates
                            year  => 2006,
                            begin => 15,
                            end   => 28);


package Calendar::Simple;

use 5.006;
use strict;
use warnings;

use base 'Exporter';

our @EXPORT = qw(calendar);
our @EXPORT_OK = qw(date_span);
our $VERSION = '2.0.1';

use Time::Local;
use Carp;

eval 'use DateTime';
my $dt = ! $@;
$dt = 0 if $ENV{CAL_SIMPLE_NO_DT};

my @days = qw(31 xx 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31);


A very simple module that exports one function called C<calendar>.

=head2 calendar

This function returns a data structure representing the dates in a month.
The data structure returned is an array of array references. The first
level array represents the weeks in the month. The second level array
contains the actual days. By default, each week starts on a Sunday and
the value in the array is the date of that day. Any days at the beginning
of the first week or the end of the last week that are from the previous or
next month have the value C<undef>.

If the month or year parameters are omitted then the current month or
year are assumed.

A third, optional parameter, start_day, allows you to set the day each
week starts with, with the same values as localtime sets for wday
(namely, 0 for Sunday, 1 for Monday and so on).


sub calendar {
  my ($mon, $year, $start_day) = _validate_params(@_);

  my $first = _get_first($mon, $year, $start_day);

  my @mon = (1 .. _days($mon, $year));

  my @first_wk = (undef) x 7;
  @first_wk[$first .. 6] = splice @mon, 0, 6 - $first + 1;

  my @month = (\@first_wk);

  while (my @wk = splice @mon, 0, 7) {
    push @month, \@wk;

  $#{$month[-1]} = 6;

  return wantarray ? @month : \@month;

=head2 date_span

This function returns a cut-down version of a month data structure which
begins and ends on dates other than the first and last dates of the month.
Any weeks that fall completely outside of the date range are removed from
the structure and any days within the remaining weeks that fall outside
of the date range are set to C<undef>.

As there are a number of parameters to this function, they are passed
using a named parameter interface. The parameters are as follows:

=over 4

=item year

The required year. Defaults to the current year if omitted.

=item mon

The required month. Defaults to the current month if omitted.

=item begin

The first day of the required span. Defaults to the first if omitted.

=item end

The last day of the required span. Defaults to the last day of the month
if omitted.

=item start_day

Indicates the day of the week that each week starts with. This takes the same
values as the optional third parameter to C<calendar>. The default is 1
(for Monday).

B<NOTE:> As of version 2.0.0, the default C<start_day> has changed. Previously,
it was Sunday; now, it is Monday. This is so the default behaviour matches
that of the standard Unix C<cal> command.


This function isn't exported by default, so in order to use it in your
program you need to use the module like this:

  use Calendar::Simple 'date_span';


sub date_span {
  my %params = @_;

  my ($mon, $year, $start_day) = _validate_params(
    @params{ qw[mon year start_day] },

  my $begin = $params{begin} || 1;
  my $end   = $params{end}   || _days($mon, $year);

  my @cal = calendar($mon, $year, $start_day);

  shift @cal while $cal[0][6] < $begin;

  my $i = 0;
  while (defined $cal[0][$i] and $cal[0][$i] < $begin) {
    $cal[0][$i++] = undef;

  pop @cal while $cal[-1][0] > $end;

  $i = -1;
  while (defined $cal[-1][$i] and $cal[-1][$i] > $end) {
    $cal[-1][$i--] = undef;

  return @cal;

sub _get_first {
  my ($mon, $year, $start_day) = @_;

  my $first;

  if ($dt) {
    $first = DateTime->new(year => $year,
      month => $mon,
      day => 1)->day_of_week % 7;
  } else {
    $first = (localtime timelocal 0, 0, 0, 1, $mon -1, $year)[6];

  $first -= $start_day;
  $first += 7 if ($first < 0);

  return $first;

sub _days {
  my ($mon, $yr) = @_;

  return $days[$mon - 1] unless $mon == 2;
  return _isleap($yr) ? 29 : 28;

sub _isleap {
  return 1 unless $_[0] % 400;
  return   unless $_[0] % 100;
  return 1 unless $_[0] % 4;

sub _validate_params {
  my ($mon, $year, $start_day) = @_;

  my @now = (localtime)[4, 5];

  $mon = ($now[0] + 1) unless $mon;
  $year = ($now[1] + 1900) unless $year;
  $start_day = 1 unless defined $start_day;

  croak "Year $year out of range" if $year < 1970 && !$dt;
  croak "Month $mon out of range" if ($mon  < 1 || $mon > 12);
  croak "Start day $start_day out of range"
    if ($start_day < 0 || $start_day > 6);

  return ($mon, $year, $start_day);


=head2 EXAMPLE

A simple C<cal> replacement would therefore look like this:


  use strict;
  use warnings;
  use Calendar::Simple;

  my @months = qw(January February March April May June July August
                  September October November December);

  my $mon = shift || (localtime)[4] + 1;
  my $yr  = shift || (localtime)[5] + 1900;

  my @month = calendar($mon, $yr);

  print "\n$months[$mon -1] $yr\n\n";
  print "Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa\n";
  foreach (@month) {
    print map { $_ ? sprintf "%2d ", $_ : '   ' } @$_;
    print "\n";

A version of this example, called C<pcal>, is installed when you install this

=head2 Date Range

This module will make use of L<DateTime> if it is installed. By using
L<DateTime> it can use any date that C<DateTime> can represent. If L<DateTime>
is not installed it uses Perl's built-in date handling and therefore
can't deal with dates before 1970 and it will also have problems with dates
after 2038 on a 32-bit machine.

=head2 EXPORT


=head1 AUTHOR

Dave Cross <dave@mag-sol.com>


With thanks to Paul Mison <cpan@husk.org> for the start day patch.


Copyright (C) 2002-2008, Magnum Solutions Ltd.  All Rights Reserved.

=head1 LICENSE

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<perl>, L<localtime>, L<DateTime>