Term::Chrome - DSL for colors and other terminal chrome


        use Term::Chrome qw<Red Blue Bold Reset Underline Green color>;
        # Base color constant and attribute
        say Red, 'red text', Reset;
        # Composition, using operator overloading
        say Red/Blue+Bold, 'red on blue', Reset;
        # Undo
        say Bold, 'bold', !Bold, 'not bold';
        # Extended xterm-256 colors
        say color(125) + Underline, 'Purple', Reset;
        # Define your own constants
        use constant Pink => color 213;
        # Use ${} around Chrome expression inside strings
        say "normal ${ Red+Bold } RED ${ +Reset } normal";
        # Extract components
        say( (Red/Blue)->bg, "blue text", (Green+Reset)->flags );

    Chromizer: get a closure that applies given chrome before, and undo
    after the argument.

        # Get an efficient chromizer
        my $boldifier = \&{ +Bold };
        # Use the chromizer
        say $boldifier->("bold text");
        # Same as:
        say Bold, "bold text", !Bold;
        # Short lived chromizers using color literals:
        say(&{ Red/Blue + Bold }('red on blue'));
        # Same, but requires perl 5.21.4+
        #say(( Red/Blue + Bold )->('red on blue'));


    Term::Chrome is a domain-specific language (DSL) for terminal
    decoration (colors and other attributes).

    In the current implementation stringification to ANSI sequences for
    xterm and xterm-256 is hard-coded (which means it doesn't use the
    terminfo(5) database), but this gives optimized (short) strings.

    Colors and attributes are exposed as objects that have overloading for
    arithmetic operators.




    Build a Term::Chrome object with the given color number. You can use
    this constructor to create your own set of color constants.

    For example, color(0) gives the same result as Black (but not the same


    Each of these function return a Chrome object.

      * Black: color 0

      * Red: color 1

      * Green: color 2

      * Yellow: color 3

      * Blue: color 4

      * Magenta: color 5

      * Cyan: color 6

      * White: color 7

 Decoration flags

    The exact rendering of each flag is dependent on how the terminal
    implements them. For example Underline and Blink may do nothing.

      * Bold

      * Underline

      * Blink

      * Reverse

 Special flags

      * Reset: reset all colors and flags

      * ResetFlags: reset (undo) all chrome flags (Bold, Underline, Blink,

      * ResetFg: reset (undo) foreground color

      * ResetBg: reset (undo) background color


    Here are the methods on Term::Chrome objects:


      Extract the Chrome object of just the foreground color. Maybe undef.


      Extract the Chrome object of the just background color. Maybe undef.


      Extract a Chrome object of just the decoration flags. Maybe undef.


    / (mnemonic: "over")

      Combine a foreground color (on the left) with a background color.


          my $red_on_black = Red / Black;


      Add decoration flags (on the right) to colors (on the left).


          my $bold_red = Red + Bold;

    ! (negation)

      Returns a chrome which is the reverse of chrome to which negation is

          my $reset_foreground = ! Red;
          my $reset_colors = ! (Red / Black);

      The reverse of Reset, ResetFg, ResetBg, ResetFlags is nothing.

    "" (stringification)

      Transform the object into a string of ANSI sequences. This is
      particularly useful to directly use a Chrome object in a double
      quoted string.

    ${} (scalar dereference)

      Same result as "" (stringification). This operator is overloaded
      because it is convenient to interpolate Chrome expressions in
      double-quoted strings.


          say "normal ${ +Red } red ${ +Reset }";
          say "normal ${ Red + Bold } red ${ +Reset }";

      Note that you must force expression parsing context when a Chrome
      constant is used alone inside ${ }: ${ +Red } or ${ (Red) } or ${
      Red() }. use strict 'vars'; will detect those cases, but you may miss
      them in one-liners.

    &{} (code dereference, or codulation)

      Wrap some text with the given chrome and Reset.


          say Red->("red text");
          # Same result as:
          say Red, "red text", Reset;

      Unfortunately perl had a bug (perl RT#122607
      <>) that makes this
      feature not much usable in practice when applied to constants. That
      bug is fixed in perl 5.21.4+. On perl < 5.21.4 you have to wrap the
      chrome constant in a do {} or use &{}():

          say do{ Red }->("red text");
          say &{ +Red }("red text");

      Codulation can also be used to extract a colorizer sub that will be
      more efficient if you use it multiple times:

          my $redifier = \&{ Red };
          say $redifier->("red text");


    See the warnings about ${} and &{} above.


      * ISO 6429 / ECMA 48:
      (reference for SGR is at page 61, numbered 75 in PDF)

      * XTerm Control Sequences:


    Comments on each modules are opinions of the author.

      * Term::ANSIColor: the same basic features (and the others should not
      be in Term::ANSIColor itself but in an extension), but with an awful
      API I could never even consider to use while keeping my sanity.

      * Term::ScreenColor

      * PerlIO::via::ANSIColor

      * AngelPS1 or "The Angel's
      Prompt" is the project for which Term::Chrome has been built.
      AngelPS1::Compiler, the angel-PS1 compiler has special support for
      Term::Chrome values.


    Did you know that chartreuse is one of the favorite colors of Larry


    Olivier Mengué <>


    Copyright © 2013-2018 Olivier Mengué.

    This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    under the same terms as Perl 5 itself.