package Crypt::Rijndael::PP::GF;

use strict;
use warnings;

use Smart::Comments -ENV;
use Carp;

use Exporter 'import';
our @EXPORT_OK = qw( gf_multiply );

our $VERSION = '0.3.0'; # VERSION
# ABSTRACT: Constants and Methods for Galois Field

use Readonly;
#<<< Don't Tidy the Precomputed Values
Readonly my $PRECOMPUTED => {
    0x02 => [
        0x00, 0x02, 0x04, 0x06, 0x08, 0x0a, 0x0c, 0x0e, 0x10, 0x12, 0x14, 0x16, 0x18, 0x1a, 0x1c, 0x1e, 0x20, 0x22,
        0x24, 0x26, 0x28, 0x2a, 0x2c, 0x2e, 0x30, 0x32, 0x34, 0x36, 0x38, 0x3a, 0x3c, 0x3e, 0x40, 0x42, 0x44, 0x46,
        0x48, 0x4a, 0x4c, 0x4e, 0x50, 0x52, 0x54, 0x56, 0x58, 0x5a, 0x5c, 0x5e, 0x60, 0x62, 0x64, 0x66, 0x68, 0x6a,
        0x6c, 0x6e, 0x70, 0x72, 0x74, 0x76, 0x78, 0x7a, 0x7c, 0x7e, 0x80, 0x82, 0x84, 0x86, 0x88, 0x8a, 0x8c, 0x8e,
        0x90, 0x92, 0x94, 0x96, 0x98, 0x9a, 0x9c, 0x9e, 0xa0, 0xa2, 0xa4, 0xa6, 0xa8, 0xaa, 0xac, 0xae, 0xb0, 0xb2,
        0xb4, 0xb6, 0xb8, 0xba, 0xbc, 0xbe, 0xc0, 0xc2, 0xc4, 0xc6, 0xc8, 0xca, 0xcc, 0xce, 0xd0, 0xd2, 0xd4, 0xd6,
        0xd8, 0xda, 0xdc, 0xde, 0xe0, 0xe2, 0xe4, 0xe6, 0xe8, 0xea, 0xec, 0xee, 0xf0, 0xf2, 0xf4, 0xf6, 0xf8, 0xfa,
        0xfc, 0xfe, 0x1b, 0x19, 0x1f, 0x1d, 0x13, 0x11, 0x17, 0x15, 0x0b, 0x09, 0x0f, 0x0d, 0x03, 0x01, 0x07, 0x05,
        0x3b, 0x39, 0x3f, 0x3d, 0x33, 0x31, 0x37, 0x35, 0x2b, 0x29, 0x2f, 0x2d, 0x23, 0x21, 0x27, 0x25, 0x5b, 0x59,
        0x5f, 0x5d, 0x53, 0x51, 0x57, 0x55, 0x4b, 0x49, 0x4f, 0x4d, 0x43, 0x41, 0x47, 0x45, 0x7b, 0x79, 0x7f, 0x7d,
        0x73, 0x71, 0x77, 0x75, 0x6b, 0x69, 0x6f, 0x6d, 0x63, 0x61, 0x67, 0x65, 0x9b, 0x99, 0x9f, 0x9d, 0x93, 0x91,
        0x97, 0x95, 0x8b, 0x89, 0x8f, 0x8d, 0x83, 0x81, 0x87, 0x85, 0xbb, 0xb9, 0xbf, 0xbd, 0xb3, 0xb1, 0xb7, 0xb5,
        0xab, 0xa9, 0xaf, 0xad, 0xa3, 0xa1, 0xa7, 0xa5, 0xdb, 0xd9, 0xdf, 0xdd, 0xd3, 0xd1, 0xd7, 0xd5, 0xcb, 0xc9,
        0xcf, 0xcd, 0xc3, 0xc1, 0xc7, 0xc5, 0xfb, 0xf9, 0xff, 0xfd, 0xf3, 0xf1, 0xf7, 0xf5, 0xeb, 0xe9, 0xef, 0xed,
        0xe3, 0xe1, 0xe7, 0xe5,
    0x03 => [
        0x00, 0x03, 0x06, 0x05, 0x0c, 0x0f, 0x0a, 0x09, 0x18, 0x1b, 0x1e, 0x1d, 0x14, 0x17, 0x12, 0x11, 0x30, 0x33,
        0x36, 0x35, 0x3c, 0x3f, 0x3a, 0x39, 0x28, 0x2b, 0x2e, 0x2d, 0x24, 0x27, 0x22, 0x21, 0x60, 0x63, 0x66, 0x65,
        0x6c, 0x6f, 0x6a, 0x69, 0x78, 0x7b, 0x7e, 0x7d, 0x74, 0x77, 0x72, 0x71, 0x50, 0x53, 0x56, 0x55, 0x5c, 0x5f,
        0x5a, 0x59, 0x48, 0x4b, 0x4e, 0x4d, 0x44, 0x47, 0x42, 0x41, 0xc0, 0xc3, 0xc6, 0xc5, 0xcc, 0xcf, 0xca, 0xc9,
        0xd8, 0xdb, 0xde, 0xdd, 0xd4, 0xd7, 0xd2, 0xd1, 0xf0, 0xf3, 0xf6, 0xf5, 0xfc, 0xff, 0xfa, 0xf9, 0xe8, 0xeb,
        0xee, 0xed, 0xe4, 0xe7, 0xe2, 0xe1, 0xa0, 0xa3, 0xa6, 0xa5, 0xac, 0xaf, 0xaa, 0xa9, 0xb8, 0xbb, 0xbe, 0xbd,
        0xb4, 0xb7, 0xb2, 0xb1, 0x90, 0x93, 0x96, 0x95, 0x9c, 0x9f, 0x9a, 0x99, 0x88, 0x8b, 0x8e, 0x8d, 0x84, 0x87,
        0x82, 0x81, 0x9b, 0x98, 0x9d, 0x9e, 0x97, 0x94, 0x91, 0x92, 0x83, 0x80, 0x85, 0x86, 0x8f, 0x8c, 0x89, 0x8a,
        0xab, 0xa8, 0xad, 0xae, 0xa7, 0xa4, 0xa1, 0xa2, 0xb3, 0xb0, 0xb5, 0xb6, 0xbf, 0xbc, 0xb9, 0xba, 0xfb, 0xf8,
        0xfd, 0xfe, 0xf7, 0xf4, 0xf1, 0xf2, 0xe3, 0xe0, 0xe5, 0xe6, 0xef, 0xec, 0xe9, 0xea, 0xcb, 0xc8, 0xcd, 0xce,
        0xc7, 0xc4, 0xc1, 0xc2, 0xd3, 0xd0, 0xd5, 0xd6, 0xdf, 0xdc, 0xd9, 0xda, 0x5b, 0x58, 0x5d, 0x5e, 0x57, 0x54,
        0x51, 0x52, 0x43, 0x40, 0x45, 0x46, 0x4f, 0x4c, 0x49, 0x4a, 0x6b, 0x68, 0x6d, 0x6e, 0x67, 0x64, 0x61, 0x62,
        0x73, 0x70, 0x75, 0x76, 0x7f, 0x7c, 0x79, 0x7a, 0x3b, 0x38, 0x3d, 0x3e, 0x37, 0x34, 0x31, 0x32, 0x23, 0x20,
        0x25, 0x26, 0x2f, 0x2c, 0x29, 0x2a, 0x0b, 0x08, 0x0d, 0x0e, 0x07, 0x04, 0x01, 0x02, 0x13, 0x10, 0x15, 0x16,
        0x1f, 0x1c, 0x19, 0x1a,
    0x09 => [
        0x00, 0x09, 0x12, 0x1b, 0x24, 0x2d, 0x36, 0x3f, 0x48, 0x41, 0x5a, 0x53, 0x6c, 0x65, 0x7e, 0x77, 0x90, 0x99,
        0x82, 0x8b, 0xb4, 0xbd, 0xa6, 0xaf, 0xd8, 0xd1, 0xca, 0xc3, 0xfc, 0xf5, 0xee, 0xe7, 0x3b, 0x32, 0x29, 0x20,
        0x1f, 0x16, 0x0d, 0x04, 0x73, 0x7a, 0x61, 0x68, 0x57, 0x5e, 0x45, 0x4c, 0xab, 0xa2, 0xb9, 0xb0, 0x8f, 0x86,
        0x9d, 0x94, 0xe3, 0xea, 0xf1, 0xf8, 0xc7, 0xce, 0xd5, 0xdc, 0x76, 0x7f, 0x64, 0x6d, 0x52, 0x5b, 0x40, 0x49,
        0x3e, 0x37, 0x2c, 0x25, 0x1a, 0x13, 0x08, 0x01, 0xe6, 0xef, 0xf4, 0xfd, 0xc2, 0xcb, 0xd0, 0xd9, 0xae, 0xa7,
        0xbc, 0xb5, 0x8a, 0x83, 0x98, 0x91, 0x4d, 0x44, 0x5f, 0x56, 0x69, 0x60, 0x7b, 0x72, 0x05, 0x0c, 0x17, 0x1e,
        0x21, 0x28, 0x33, 0x3a, 0xdd, 0xd4, 0xcf, 0xc6, 0xf9, 0xf0, 0xeb, 0xe2, 0x95, 0x9c, 0x87, 0x8e, 0xb1, 0xb8,
        0xa3, 0xaa, 0xec, 0xe5, 0xfe, 0xf7, 0xc8, 0xc1, 0xda, 0xd3, 0xa4, 0xad, 0xb6, 0xbf, 0x80, 0x89, 0x92, 0x9b,
        0x7c, 0x75, 0x6e, 0x67, 0x58, 0x51, 0x4a, 0x43, 0x34, 0x3d, 0x26, 0x2f, 0x10, 0x19, 0x02, 0x0b, 0xd7, 0xde,
        0xc5, 0xcc, 0xf3, 0xfa, 0xe1, 0xe8, 0x9f, 0x96, 0x8d, 0x84, 0xbb, 0xb2, 0xa9, 0xa0, 0x47, 0x4e, 0x55, 0x5c,
        0x63, 0x6a, 0x71, 0x78, 0x0f, 0x06, 0x1d, 0x14, 0x2b, 0x22, 0x39, 0x30, 0x9a, 0x93, 0x88, 0x81, 0xbe, 0xb7,
        0xac, 0xa5, 0xd2, 0xdb, 0xc0, 0xc9, 0xf6, 0xff, 0xe4, 0xed, 0x0a, 0x03, 0x18, 0x11, 0x2e, 0x27, 0x3c, 0x35,
        0x42, 0x4b, 0x50, 0x59, 0x66, 0x6f, 0x74, 0x7d, 0xa1, 0xa8, 0xb3, 0xba, 0x85, 0x8c, 0x97, 0x9e, 0xe9, 0xe0,
        0xfb, 0xf2, 0xcd, 0xc4, 0xdf, 0xd6, 0x31, 0x38, 0x23, 0x2a, 0x15, 0x1c, 0x07, 0x0e, 0x79, 0x70, 0x6b, 0x62,
        0x5d, 0x54, 0x4f, 0x46,
    0x0b => [
        0x00, 0x0b, 0x16, 0x1d, 0x2c, 0x27, 0x3a, 0x31, 0x58, 0x53, 0x4e, 0x45, 0x74, 0x7f, 0x62, 0x69, 0xb0, 0xbb,
        0xa6, 0xad, 0x9c, 0x97, 0x8a, 0x81, 0xe8, 0xe3, 0xfe, 0xf5, 0xc4, 0xcf, 0xd2, 0xd9, 0x7b, 0x70, 0x6d, 0x66,
        0x57, 0x5c, 0x41, 0x4a, 0x23, 0x28, 0x35, 0x3e, 0x0f, 0x04, 0x19, 0x12, 0xcb, 0xc0, 0xdd, 0xd6, 0xe7, 0xec,
        0xf1, 0xfa, 0x93, 0x98, 0x85, 0x8e, 0xbf, 0xb4, 0xa9, 0xa2, 0xf6, 0xfd, 0xe0, 0xeb, 0xda, 0xd1, 0xcc, 0xc7,
        0xae, 0xa5, 0xb8, 0xb3, 0x82, 0x89, 0x94, 0x9f, 0x46, 0x4d, 0x50, 0x5b, 0x6a, 0x61, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x1e, 0x15,
        0x08, 0x03, 0x32, 0x39, 0x24, 0x2f, 0x8d, 0x86, 0x9b, 0x90, 0xa1, 0xaa, 0xb7, 0xbc, 0xd5, 0xde, 0xc3, 0xc8,
        0xf9, 0xf2, 0xef, 0xe4, 0x3d, 0x36, 0x2b, 0x20, 0x11, 0x1a, 0x07, 0x0c, 0x65, 0x6e, 0x73, 0x78, 0x49, 0x42,
        0x5f, 0x54, 0xf7, 0xfc, 0xe1, 0xea, 0xdb, 0xd0, 0xcd, 0xc6, 0xaf, 0xa4, 0xb9, 0xb2, 0x83, 0x88, 0x95, 0x9e,
        0x47, 0x4c, 0x51, 0x5a, 0x6b, 0x60, 0x7d, 0x76, 0x1f, 0x14, 0x09, 0x02, 0x33, 0x38, 0x25, 0x2e, 0x8c, 0x87,
        0x9a, 0x91, 0xa0, 0xab, 0xb6, 0xbd, 0xd4, 0xdf, 0xc2, 0xc9, 0xf8, 0xf3, 0xee, 0xe5, 0x3c, 0x37, 0x2a, 0x21,
        0x10, 0x1b, 0x06, 0x0d, 0x64, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x79, 0x48, 0x43, 0x5e, 0x55, 0x01, 0x0a, 0x17, 0x1c, 0x2d, 0x26,
        0x3b, 0x30, 0x59, 0x52, 0x4f, 0x44, 0x75, 0x7e, 0x63, 0x68, 0xb1, 0xba, 0xa7, 0xac, 0x9d, 0x96, 0x8b, 0x80,
        0xe9, 0xe2, 0xff, 0xf4, 0xc5, 0xce, 0xd3, 0xd8, 0x7a, 0x71, 0x6c, 0x67, 0x56, 0x5d, 0x40, 0x4b, 0x22, 0x29,
        0x34, 0x3f, 0x0e, 0x05, 0x18, 0x13, 0xca, 0xc1, 0xdc, 0xd7, 0xe6, 0xed, 0xf0, 0xfb, 0x92, 0x99, 0x84, 0x8f,
        0xbe, 0xb5, 0xa8, 0xa3,
    0x0d => [
        0x00, 0x0d, 0x1a, 0x17, 0x34, 0x39, 0x2e, 0x23, 0x68, 0x65, 0x72, 0x7f, 0x5c, 0x51, 0x46, 0x4b, 0xd0, 0xdd,
        0xca, 0xc7, 0xe4, 0xe9, 0xfe, 0xf3, 0xb8, 0xb5, 0xa2, 0xaf, 0x8c, 0x81, 0x96, 0x9b, 0xbb, 0xb6, 0xa1, 0xac,
        0x8f, 0x82, 0x95, 0x98, 0xd3, 0xde, 0xc9, 0xc4, 0xe7, 0xea, 0xfd, 0xf0, 0x6b, 0x66, 0x71, 0x7c, 0x5f, 0x52,
        0x45, 0x48, 0x03, 0x0e, 0x19, 0x14, 0x37, 0x3a, 0x2d, 0x20, 0x6d, 0x60, 0x77, 0x7a, 0x59, 0x54, 0x43, 0x4e,
        0x05, 0x08, 0x1f, 0x12, 0x31, 0x3c, 0x2b, 0x26, 0xbd, 0xb0, 0xa7, 0xaa, 0x89, 0x84, 0x93, 0x9e, 0xd5, 0xd8,
        0xcf, 0xc2, 0xe1, 0xec, 0xfb, 0xf6, 0xd6, 0xdb, 0xcc, 0xc1, 0xe2, 0xef, 0xf8, 0xf5, 0xbe, 0xb3, 0xa4, 0xa9,
        0x8a, 0x87, 0x90, 0x9d, 0x06, 0x0b, 0x1c, 0x11, 0x32, 0x3f, 0x28, 0x25, 0x6e, 0x63, 0x74, 0x79, 0x5a, 0x57,
        0x40, 0x4d, 0xda, 0xd7, 0xc0, 0xcd, 0xee, 0xe3, 0xf4, 0xf9, 0xb2, 0xbf, 0xa8, 0xa5, 0x86, 0x8b, 0x9c, 0x91,
        0x0a, 0x07, 0x10, 0x1d, 0x3e, 0x33, 0x24, 0x29, 0x62, 0x6f, 0x78, 0x75, 0x56, 0x5b, 0x4c, 0x41, 0x61, 0x6c,
        0x7b, 0x76, 0x55, 0x58, 0x4f, 0x42, 0x09, 0x04, 0x13, 0x1e, 0x3d, 0x30, 0x27, 0x2a, 0xb1, 0xbc, 0xab, 0xa6,
        0x85, 0x88, 0x9f, 0x92, 0xd9, 0xd4, 0xc3, 0xce, 0xed, 0xe0, 0xf7, 0xfa, 0xb7, 0xba, 0xad, 0xa0, 0x83, 0x8e,
        0x99, 0x94, 0xdf, 0xd2, 0xc5, 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xe6, 0xf1, 0xfc, 0x67, 0x6a, 0x7d, 0x70, 0x53, 0x5e, 0x49, 0x44,
        0x0f, 0x02, 0x15, 0x18, 0x3b, 0x36, 0x21, 0x2c, 0x0c, 0x01, 0x16, 0x1b, 0x38, 0x35, 0x22, 0x2f, 0x64, 0x69,
        0x7e, 0x73, 0x50, 0x5d, 0x4a, 0x47, 0xdc, 0xd1, 0xc6, 0xcb, 0xe8, 0xe5, 0xf2, 0xff, 0xb4, 0xb9, 0xae, 0xa3,
        0x80, 0x8d, 0x9a, 0x97,
    0x0e => [
        0x00, 0x0e, 0x1c, 0x12, 0x38, 0x36, 0x24, 0x2a, 0x70, 0x7e, 0x6c, 0x62, 0x48, 0x46, 0x54, 0x5a, 0xe0, 0xee,
        0xfc, 0xf2, 0xd8, 0xd6, 0xc4, 0xca, 0x90, 0x9e, 0x8c, 0x82, 0xa8, 0xa6, 0xb4, 0xba, 0xdb, 0xd5, 0xc7, 0xc9,
        0xe3, 0xed, 0xff, 0xf1, 0xab, 0xa5, 0xb7, 0xb9, 0x93, 0x9d, 0x8f, 0x81, 0x3b, 0x35, 0x27, 0x29, 0x03, 0x0d,
        0x1f, 0x11, 0x4b, 0x45, 0x57, 0x59, 0x73, 0x7d, 0x6f, 0x61, 0xad, 0xa3, 0xb1, 0xbf, 0x95, 0x9b, 0x89, 0x87,
        0xdd, 0xd3, 0xc1, 0xcf, 0xe5, 0xeb, 0xf9, 0xf7, 0x4d, 0x43, 0x51, 0x5f, 0x75, 0x7b, 0x69, 0x67, 0x3d, 0x33,
        0x21, 0x2f, 0x05, 0x0b, 0x19, 0x17, 0x76, 0x78, 0x6a, 0x64, 0x4e, 0x40, 0x52, 0x5c, 0x06, 0x08, 0x1a, 0x14,
        0x3e, 0x30, 0x22, 0x2c, 0x96, 0x98, 0x8a, 0x84, 0xae, 0xa0, 0xb2, 0xbc, 0xe6, 0xe8, 0xfa, 0xf4, 0xde, 0xd0,
        0xc2, 0xcc, 0x41, 0x4f, 0x5d, 0x53, 0x79, 0x77, 0x65, 0x6b, 0x31, 0x3f, 0x2d, 0x23, 0x09, 0x07, 0x15, 0x1b,
        0xa1, 0xaf, 0xbd, 0xb3, 0x99, 0x97, 0x85, 0x8b, 0xd1, 0xdf, 0xcd, 0xc3, 0xe9, 0xe7, 0xf5, 0xfb, 0x9a, 0x94,
        0x86, 0x88, 0xa2, 0xac, 0xbe, 0xb0, 0xea, 0xe4, 0xf6, 0xf8, 0xd2, 0xdc, 0xce, 0xc0, 0x7a, 0x74, 0x66, 0x68,
        0x42, 0x4c, 0x5e, 0x50, 0x0a, 0x04, 0x16, 0x18, 0x32, 0x3c, 0x2e, 0x20, 0xec, 0xe2, 0xf0, 0xfe, 0xd4, 0xda,
        0xc8, 0xc6, 0x9c, 0x92, 0x80, 0x8e, 0xa4, 0xaa, 0xb8, 0xb6, 0x0c, 0x02, 0x10, 0x1e, 0x34, 0x3a, 0x28, 0x26,
        0x7c, 0x72, 0x60, 0x6e, 0x44, 0x4a, 0x58, 0x56, 0x37, 0x39, 0x2b, 0x25, 0x0f, 0x01, 0x13, 0x1d, 0x47, 0x49,
        0x5b, 0x55, 0x7f, 0x71, 0x63, 0x6d, 0xd7, 0xd9, 0xcb, 0xc5, 0xef, 0xe1, 0xf3, 0xfd, 0xa7, 0xa9, 0xbb, 0xb5,
        0x9f, 0x91, 0x83, 0x8d,

sub gf_multiply {
    my $left_factor  = shift;
    my $right_factor = shift;

    #### Left Factor  : ( unpack( "H2", pack( "C", $left_factor ) ) )
    #### Right Factor : ( unpack( "H2", pack( "C", $right_factor ) ) )
    #### Result       : ( unpack( "H2", pack( "C", $PRECOMPUTED->{$left_factor}[$right_factor] ) ) )

    if( !exists $PRECOMPUTED->{$left_factor} ) {
        croak "Left Factor not precomputed";

    return $PRECOMPUTED->{$left_factor}[$right_factor];