++ed by:
EGOR RRWO NGLENN MIXAS SYP
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Author image Ed J
and 1 contributors

NAME

Graph::UnionFind - union-find data structures

SYNOPSIS

    use Graph::UnionFind;
    my $uf = Graph::UnionFind->new;

    # Add the vertices to the data structure.
    $uf->add($u);
    $uf->add($v);

    # Join the partitions of the vertices.
    $uf->union( $u, $v );

    # Find the partitions the vertices belong to
    # in the union-find data structure.  If they
    # are equal, they are in the same partition.
    # If the vertex has not been seen,
    # undef is returned.
    my $pu = $uf->find( $u );
    my $pv = $uf->find( $v );
    $uf->same($u, $v) # Equal to $pu eq $pv. 

    # Has the union-find seen this vertex?
    $uf->has( $v )

DESCRIPTION

Union-find is a special data structure that can be used to track the partitioning of a set into subsets (a problem also known as disjoint sets).

Graph::UnionFind is used for "connected_components" in Graph, "connected_component" in Graph, and "same_connected_components" in Graph if you specify a true unionfind parameter when you create an undirected graph.

Union-find is one way: you cannot (easily) 'ununion' vertices once you have 'unioned' them. This is why Graph throws an exception if you try to delete edges from a union-find graph.

API

add
    $uf->add(@v)

Add the vertices to the union-find.

union
    $uf->union([$u, $v], [$w, $x], ...)

Add the edge u-v to the union-find. Also implicitly adds the vertices.

find
    @partitions = $uf->find(@v)

For each given vertex, return the union-find partition it belongs to, or undef if it has not been added.

new
    $uf = Graph::UnionFind->new()

The constructor.

same
    $uf->same($u, $v)

Return true of the vertices belong to the same union-find partition the vertex v belongs to, false otherwise.

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

Jarkko Hietaniemi jhi@iki.fi

LICENSE

This module is licensed under the same terms as Perl itself.