package File::CheckTree;

use 5.006;
use Cwd;
use Exporter;
use File::Spec;
use warnings;
use strict;

use if $] > 5.017, 'deprecate';

our $VERSION = '4.42';
our @ISA     = qw(Exporter);
our @EXPORT  = qw(validate);

=head1 NAME

File::CheckTree - run many filetest checks on a tree

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use File::CheckTree;

    $num_warnings = validate( q{
        /vmunix                 -e || die
        /boot                   -e || die
        /bin                    cd
            csh                 -ex
            csh                 !-ug
            sh                  -ex
            sh                  !-ug
        /usr                    -d || warn "What happened to $file?\n"
    });

=head1 DESCRIPTION

The validate() routine takes a single multiline string consisting of
directives, each containing a filename plus a file test to try on it.
(The file test may also be a "cd", causing subsequent relative filenames
to be interpreted relative to that directory.)  After the file test
you may put C<|| die> to make it a fatal error if the file test fails.
The default is C<|| warn>.  The file test may optionally have a "!' prepended
to test for the opposite condition.  If you do a cd and then list some
relative filenames, you may want to indent them slightly for readability.
If you supply your own die() or warn() message, you can use $file to
interpolate the filename.

Filetests may be bunched:  "-rwx" tests for all of C<-r>, C<-w>, and C<-x>.
Only the first failed test of the bunch will produce a warning.

The routine returns the number of warnings issued.

=head1 AUTHOR

File::CheckTree was derived from lib/validate.pl which was
written by Larry Wall.
Revised by Paul Grassie <F<grassie@perl.com>> in 2002.

=head1 HISTORY

File::CheckTree used to not display fatal error messages.
It used to count only those warnings produced by a generic C<|| warn>
(and not those in which the user supplied the message).  In addition,
the validate() routine would leave the user program in whatever
directory was last entered through the use of "cd" directives.
These bugs were fixed during the development of perl 5.8.
The first fixed version of File::CheckTree was 4.2.

=cut

my $Warnings;

sub validate {
    my ($starting_dir, $file, $test, $cwd, $oldwarnings);

    $starting_dir = cwd;

    $cwd = "";
    $Warnings = 0;

    foreach my $check (split /\n/, $_[0]) {
        my ($testlist, @testlist);

        # skip blanks/comments
        next if $check =~ /^\s*#/ || $check =~ /^\s*$/;

        # Todo:
        # should probably check for invalid directives and die
        # but earlier versions of File::CheckTree did not do this either

        # split a line like "/foo -r || die"
        # so that $file is "/foo", $test is "-r || die"
        # (making special allowance for quoted filenames).
        if ($check =~ m/^\s*"([^"]+)"\s+(.*?)\s*$/ or
            $check =~ m/^\s*'([^']+)'\s+(.*?)\s*$/ or
            $check =~ m/^\s*(\S+?)\s+(\S.*?)\s*$/)
        {
            ($file, $test) = ($1,$2);
        }
        else {
            die "Malformed line: '$check'";
        };

        # change a $test like "!-ug || die" to "!-Z || die",
        # capturing the bundled tests (e.g. "ug") in $2
        if ($test =~ s/ ^ (!?-) (\w{2,}) \b /$1Z/x) {
            $testlist = $2;
            # split bundled tests, e.g. "ug" to 'u', 'g'
            @testlist = split(//, $testlist);
        }
        else {
            # put in placeholder Z for stand-alone test
            @testlist = ('Z');
        }

        # will compare these two later to stop on 1st warning w/in a bundle
        $oldwarnings = $Warnings;

        foreach my $one (@testlist) {
            # examples of $test: "!-Z || die" or "-w || warn"
            my $this = $test;

            # expand relative $file to full pathname if preceded by cd directive
            $file = File::Spec->catfile($cwd, $file)
                    if $cwd && !File::Spec->file_name_is_absolute($file);

            # put filename in after the test operator
            $this =~ s/(-\w\b)/$1 "\$file"/g;

            # change the "-Z" representing a bundle with the $one test
            $this =~ s/-Z/-$one/;

            # if it's a "cd" directive...
            if ($this =~ /^cd\b/) {
                # add "|| die ..."
                $this .= ' || die "cannot cd to $file\n"';
                # expand "cd" directive with directory name
                $this =~ s/\bcd\b/chdir(\$cwd = '$file')/;
            }
            else {
                # add "|| warn" as a default disposition
                $this .= ' || warn' unless $this =~ /\|\|/;

                # change a generic ".. || die" or ".. || warn"
                # to call valmess instead of die/warn directly
                # valmess will look up the error message from %Val_Message
                $this =~ s/ ^ ( (\S+) \s+ \S+ ) \s* \|\| \s* (die|warn) \s* $
                          /$1 || valmess('$3', '$2', \$file)/x;
            }

            {
                # count warnings, either from valmess or '-r || warn "my msg"'
                # also, call any pre-existing signal handler for __WARN__
                my $orig_sigwarn = $SIG{__WARN__};
                local $SIG{__WARN__} = sub {
                    ++$Warnings;
                    if ( $orig_sigwarn ) {
                        $orig_sigwarn->(@_);
                    }
                    else {
                        warn "@_";
                    }
                };

                # do the test
                eval $this;

                # re-raise an exception caused by a "... || die" test
                if (my $err = $@) {
                    # in case of any cd directives, return from whence we came
                    if ($starting_dir ne cwd) {
                        chdir($starting_dir) || die "$starting_dir: $!";
                    }
                    die $err;
                }
            }

            # stop on 1st warning within a bundle of tests
            last if $Warnings > $oldwarnings;
        }
    }

    # in case of any cd directives, return from whence we came
    if ($starting_dir ne cwd) {
        chdir($starting_dir) || die "chdir $starting_dir: $!";
    }

    return $Warnings;
}

my %Val_Message = (
    'r' => "is not readable by uid $>.",
    'w' => "is not writable by uid $>.",
    'x' => "is not executable by uid $>.",
    'o' => "is not owned by uid $>.",
    'R' => "is not readable by you.",
    'W' => "is not writable by you.",
    'X' => "is not executable by you.",
    'O' => "is not owned by you.",
    'e' => "does not exist.",
    'z' => "does not have zero size.",
    's' => "does not have non-zero size.",
    'f' => "is not a plain file.",
    'd' => "is not a directory.",
    'l' => "is not a symbolic link.",
    'p' => "is not a named pipe (FIFO).",
    'S' => "is not a socket.",
    'b' => "is not a block special file.",
    'c' => "is not a character special file.",
    'u' => "does not have the setuid bit set.",
    'g' => "does not have the setgid bit set.",
    'k' => "does not have the sticky bit set.",
    'T' => "is not a text file.",
    'B' => "is not a binary file."
);

sub valmess {
    my ($disposition, $test, $file) = @_;
    my $ferror;

    if ($test =~ / ^ (!?) -(\w) \s* $ /x) {
        my ($neg, $ftype) = ($1, $2);

        $ferror = "$file $Val_Message{$ftype}";

        if ($neg eq '!') {
            $ferror =~ s/ is not / should not be / ||
            $ferror =~ s/ does not / should not / ||
            $ferror =~ s/ not / /;
        }
    }
    else {
        $ferror = "Can't do $test $file.\n";
    }

    die "$ferror\n" if $disposition eq 'die';
    warn "$ferror\n";
}

1;