package HTTP::Status;

# $Id: Status.pm,v 1.28 2003/10/23 18:56:01 uid39246 Exp $

use strict;
require 5.002;   # becase we use prototypes

use vars qw(@ISA @EXPORT @EXPORT_OK $VERSION);

require Exporter;
@ISA = qw(Exporter);
@EXPORT = qw(is_info is_success is_redirect is_error status_message);
@EXPORT_OK = qw(is_client_error is_server_error);
$VERSION = sprintf("%d.%02d", q$Revision: 1.28 $ =~ /(\d+)\.(\d+)/);

# Note also addition of mnemonics to @EXPORT below

my %StatusCode = (
    100 => 'Continue',
    101 => 'Switching Protocols',
    102 => 'Processing',                      # WebDAV
    200 => 'OK',
    201 => 'Created',
    202 => 'Accepted',
    203 => 'Non-Authoritative Information',
    204 => 'No Content',
    205 => 'Reset Content',
    206 => 'Partial Content',
    207 => 'Multi-Status',                    # WebDAV
    300 => 'Multiple Choices',
    301 => 'Moved Permanently',
    302 => 'Found',
    303 => 'See Other',
    304 => 'Not Modified',
    305 => 'Use Proxy',
    307 => 'Temporary Redirect',
    400 => 'Bad Request',
    401 => 'Unauthorized',
    402 => 'Payment Required',
    403 => 'Forbidden',
    404 => 'Not Found',
    405 => 'Method Not Allowed',
    406 => 'Not Acceptable',
    407 => 'Proxy Authentication Required',
    408 => 'Request Timeout',
    409 => 'Conflict',
    410 => 'Gone',
    411 => 'Length Required',
    412 => 'Precondition Failed',
    413 => 'Request Entity Too Large',
    414 => 'Request-URI Too Large',
    415 => 'Unsupported Media Type',
    416 => 'Request Range Not Satisfiable',
    417 => 'Expectation Failed',
    422 => 'Unprocessable Entity',            # WebDAV
    423 => 'Locked',                          # WebDAV
    424 => 'Failed Dependency',               # WebDAV
    500 => 'Internal Server Error',
    501 => 'Not Implemented',
    502 => 'Bad Gateway',
    503 => 'Service Unavailable',
    504 => 'Gateway Timeout',
    505 => 'HTTP Version Not Supported',
    507 => 'Insufficient Storage',            # WebDAV
);

my $mnemonicCode = '';
my ($code, $message);
while (($code, $message) = each %StatusCode) {
    # create mnemonic subroutines
    $message =~ tr/a-z \-/A-Z__/;
    $mnemonicCode .= "sub RC_$message () { $code }\t";
    # make them exportable
    $mnemonicCode .= "push(\@EXPORT, 'RC_$message');\n";
}
# warn $mnemonicCode; # for development
eval $mnemonicCode; # only one eval for speed
die if $@;

# backwards compatibility
*RC_MOVED_TEMPORARILY = \&RC_FOUND;  # 302 was renamed in the standard
push(@EXPORT, "RC_MOVED_TEMPORARILY");


sub status_message  ($) { $StatusCode{$_[0]}; }

sub is_info         ($) { $_[0] >= 100 && $_[0] < 200; }
sub is_success      ($) { $_[0] >= 200 && $_[0] < 300; }
sub is_redirect     ($) { $_[0] >= 300 && $_[0] < 400; }
sub is_error        ($) { $_[0] >= 400 && $_[0] < 600; }
sub is_client_error ($) { $_[0] >= 400 && $_[0] < 500; }
sub is_server_error ($) { $_[0] >= 500 && $_[0] < 600; }

1;


__END__

=head1 NAME

HTTP::Status - HTTP Status code processing

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 use HTTP::Status;

 if ($rc != RC_OK) {
     print status_message($rc), "\n";
 }

 if (is_success($rc)) { ... }
 if (is_error($rc)) { ... }
 if (is_redirect($rc)) { ... }

=head1 DESCRIPTION

I<HTTP::Status> is a library of routines for defining and
classifying HTTP status codes for libwww-perl.  Status codes are
used to encode the overall outcome of a HTTP response message.  Codes
correspond to those defined in RFC 2616 and RFC 2518.

=head1 CONSTANTS

The following constant functions can be used as mnemonic status code
names:

   RC_CONTINUE				(100)
   RC_SWITCHING_PROTOCOLS		(101)
   RC_PROCESSING                        (102)

   RC_OK				(200)
   RC_CREATED				(201)
   RC_ACCEPTED				(202)
   RC_NON_AUTHORITATIVE_INFORMATION	(203)
   RC_NO_CONTENT			(204)
   RC_RESET_CONTENT			(205)
   RC_PARTIAL_CONTENT			(206)
   RC_MULTI_STATUS                      (207)

   RC_MULTIPLE_CHOICES			(300)
   RC_MOVED_PERMANENTLY			(301)
   RC_FOUND				(302)
   RC_SEE_OTHER				(303)
   RC_NOT_MODIFIED			(304)
   RC_USE_PROXY				(305)
   RC_TEMPORARY_REDIRECT		(307)

   RC_BAD_REQUEST			(400)
   RC_UNAUTHORIZED			(401)
   RC_PAYMENT_REQUIRED			(402)
   RC_FORBIDDEN				(403)
   RC_NOT_FOUND				(404)
   RC_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED		(405)
   RC_NOT_ACCEPTABLE			(406)
   RC_PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED	(407)
   RC_REQUEST_TIMEOUT			(408)
   RC_CONFLICT				(409)
   RC_GONE				(410)
   RC_LENGTH_REQUIRED			(411)
   RC_PRECONDITION_FAILED		(412)
   RC_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE		(413)
   RC_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE		(414)
   RC_UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE		(415)
   RC_REQUEST_RANGE_NOT_SATISFIABLE     (416)
   RC_EXPECTATION_FAILED		(417)
   RC_UNPROCESSABLE_ENTITY              (422)
   RC_LOCKED                            (423)
   RC_FAILED_DEPENDENCY                 (424)

   RC_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR		(500)
   RC_NOT_IMPLEMENTED			(501)
   RC_BAD_GATEWAY			(502)
   RC_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE		(503)
   RC_GATEWAY_TIMEOUT			(504)
   RC_HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED	(505)
   RC_INSUFFICIENT_STORAGE              (507)

=head1 FUNCTIONS

The following additional functions are provided.  Most of them are
exported by default.

=over 4

=item status_message( $code )

The status_message() function will translate status codes to human
readable strings. The string is the same as found in the constant
names above.  If the $code is unknown, then C<undef> is returned.

=item is_info( $code )

Return TRUE if C<$code> is an I<Informational> status code.  This
class of status code indicates a provisional response which can't have
any content.

=item is_success( $code )

Return TRUE if C<$code> is a I<Successful> status code.

=item is_redirect( $code )

Return TRUE if C<$code> is a I<Redirection> status code. This class of
status code indicates that further action needs to be taken by the
user agent in order to fulfill the request.

=item is_error( $code )

Return TRUE if C<$code> is an I<Error> status code.  The function
return TRUE for both client error or a server error status codes.

=item is_client_error( $code )

Return TRUE if C<$code> is an I<Client Error> status code. This class
of status code is intended for cases in which the client seems to have
erred.

This function is B<not> exported by default.

=item is_server_error( $code )

Return TRUE if C<$code> is an I<Server Error> status code. This class
of status codes is intended for cases in which the server is aware
that it has erred or is incapable of performing the request.

This function is B<not> exported by default.

=back

=head1 BUGS

Wished @EXPORT_OK had been used instead of @EXPORT in the beginning.
Now too much is exported by default.