=head1 NAME

CPAN::Changes::Spec - Specification for CPAN Changes files

=head1 VERSION

version 0.04


    Revision history for perl module Foo::Bar

    0.02 2009-07-17

     - Added more foo() tests

    0.01 2009-07-16

     - Initial release


This document describes version 0.03 of the specification for Changes files
included in a CPAN distribution.

It is intended as a guide for module authors to encourage them to write 
meaningful changelogs as well as provide a programmatic interface to 
reliably read and write Changes files.


=head2 Version

Versions should be formatted as described in L<CPAN::Meta::Spec/Version-Formats>.

=head2 Date

A date/time in the format specified by L<http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTE-datetime> 
aka W3CDTF. B<Note:> The "T" marker before the time portion is optional.

In order to satisfy release events not made to the public, or dates 
that are historically unknown, the following strings are also available:

=over 4

=item * Unknown Release Date

=item * Unknown

=item * Not Released

=item * Development Release 

=item * Development

=item * Developer Release



=head2 Required Elements

In its simplest form, the only required elements are a C<Version>, a C<Date> and
the noted changes. Blank lines between the C<Version> line and the first 
C<Change> line are optional. Blank lines between C<Change> lines are also

    <Version>(whitespace/non-"word" characters)<Date>

B<NOTE:> The characters between a C<Version> and a C<Date> must start with 
whitespace, but may subsquently contain any combination of whitespace and 
non-"word" characters. Example:

    0.01 - 2013-12-11 

C<Change> lines have no specific format. Commonly, authors will use a dash
C<-> followed by a space to start a new change, and indent subsequent lines
for multi-line changes. Example

    - Simple Change
    - This is a very very very long
      change line

Although there is no limit on line length, authors generally wrap each line 
at 78 columns.

=head2 Optional Elements

=head3 Release Note

Any text following the C<Date> portion of the C<Version> line will be 
considered the C<Release Note>. Example:

    0.01 2013-04-01 Codename: April Fool
      - First Release

=head2 Preamble

Any amount of text before the first C<Version> line will be considered part 
of the preamble. Most existing distributions include something along the
lines of:

    Revision history for perl module My::Module


    Revision history for perl distribution My-Distribution

=head2 Groups

Changelog entries may be grouped under headings. Heading lines begin with an
opening square bracket (C<[>), and end with a matching square bracket (C<]>). 
When parsing group headings, leading and trailing whitespace inside the 
brackets should be discarded.

    (whitespace)[Grouping Name]

Since empty lines hold no special meaning, all C<Change> lines will fall 
under the current group until a new group heading is found. Example:

    [ First Group ]
    - First Change
    - Second Change; in first group

    [ Second Group ]
    - First Change; in second group


=head2 Basic Example

    0.01 2009-07-16
     - Initial release

=head2 Example with a preamble

    Revision history for perl module Foo::Bar

    0.02 2009-07-17

     - Added more foo() tests

    0.01 2009-07-16

     - Initial release

=head2 Example with groups

    Revision history for perl module Foo::Bar

    0.03 2009-07-18

     [Important Security Information]
     - This release fixes critical bug RT #1234

     [Other Changes]
     - Added some feature

    0.02 2009-07-17

     - Added more foo() tests

    0.01 2009-07-16T19:20:30+01:00

     - Initial release

=head1 SEE ALSO

=over 4

=item * L<CPAN::Changes>

=item * L<Test::CPAN::Changes>


=head1 AUTHOR

Brian Cassidy E<lt>bricas@cpan.orgE<gt>


Copyright 2011-2013 by Brian Cassidy

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.