=pod

=head1 NAME

IUP::Manual::02_Elements - GUI elements guide, methods common for all IUP elements

=head1 IUP MANUAL

=over

=item * L<IUP::Manual::01_Introduction|IUP::Manual::01_Introduction>

=item * IUP::Manual::02_Elements E<nbsp>E<nbsp>E<nbsp>E<nbsp>E<nbsp> B<E<lt>E<lt>E<lt> this document>

=item * L<IUP::Manual::03_Attributes|IUP::Manual::03_Attributes>

=item * L<IUP::Manual::04_Callbacks|IUP::Manual::04_Callbacks>

=item * L<IUP::Manual::06_HandlingKeyboard|IUP::Manual::06_HandlingKeyboard>

=item * L<IUP::Manual::05_DialogLayout|IUP::Manual::05_DialogLayout>

=item * L<IUP::Manual::07_UsingImageLibrary|IUP::Manual::07_UsingImageLibrary>

=item * L<IUP::Manual::08_DragAndDrop|IUP::Manual::08_DragAndDrop>

=back

=head1 INTRODUCTION

This document is intended as a reference list for common methods used by all IUP elements.

For more information about using elemets see L<Elements Concept|IUP::Manual::01_Introduction/"Elements Concept">
in L<IUP::Manual::01_Introduction|IUP::Manual::01_Introduction>.

Currently available interface elements can be categorized as follows:

=over

=item * B<Primitives> (effective user interaction): B<dialog, label,
button, text, multi-line, list, toggle, canvas, frame, image>.

=item * B<Composition> (ways to show the elements): B<hbox, vbox,>
B<zbox, fill>.

=item * B<Grouping> (definition of a common functionality for a group
of elements): B<radio>.

=item * B<Menu> (related both to menu bars and to pop-up menus):
B<menu, submenu, item, separator>.

=item * Additional (elements built outside the main library): B<dial,
gauge, matrix, tabs, valuator, OpenGL canvas, color chooser, color
browser>.

=item * B<Dialogs> (useful predefined dialogs): B<file selection,
message, alarm, data input, list selection>.

=back

=head1 CREATING ELEMENTS

=head3 new()

Basic method for creating new element (constructor):

 $elem = IUP::Button->new();
 
 #or you can specify also some attribute values:
 $elem = IUP::Button->new( TITLE=>"b1", SIZE=>"30x30");

 #or you can specify also some callback handlers:
 $elem = IUP::Button->new( TITLE=>"b1", SIZE=>"30x30",
                           ACTION=>\&func1, BUTTON_CB=>\&func2 );

 #some elements accept 'child' (lowercase!!) parameter
 $elem = IUP::Vbox->new( MARGIN=>10, child=>[$elem1, $elem2] );

 #you can also assign a name (alias) to created element via 'name' parameter
 $elem = IUP::Button->new( TITLE=>"b1", name=>"mybutton");
 #...later in your code
 $button = IUP->GetByName("mybutton");

=head3 new_no_ihandle()

 $elem = IUP::Button->new_no_ihandle();
 
BEWARE: just for experts, you very likely do not need this at all!

=head3 new_from_ihandle()

 $elem = IUP::Button->new_from_ihandle($ihandle);
 
BEWARE: just for experts, you very likely do not need this at all!

=head1 COMMON METHODS

=head3 Append()

=over

Inserts an interface element at the end of the container, B<after> the
last element of the container. Valid for any element that contains
other elements like dialog, frame, hbox, vbox, zbox or menu.

 $element->Append($new_child);

B<$ih:> Identifier of a container like hbox, vbox, zbox and menu.

B<$new_child>: Identifier of the element to be inserted.

B<Returns:> the actual B<parent> if the interface element was successfully
inserted. Otherwise returns C<undef>. Notice that the desired
parent can contains a set of elements and containers where the child
will be actually attached so the function returns the actual parent of
the element.

B<Notes:>

This function can be used when elements that will compose a container
are not known a priori and should be dynamically constructed.

The new child can NOT be mapped. It will NOT map the new child into the
native system. If the parent is already mapped you must explicitly call
L<Map|/"Map()">, for the appended child.

If the actual parent is a layout box (L<IUP::Vbox|IUP::Vbox>, L<IUP::Hbox|IUP::Hbox>
or L<IUP::Zbox|IUP::Zbox>) and you try to append a child that it is already at the
parent child list, then the child is moved to the last child position.

The elements are NOT immediately repositioned. Call L<Refresh|/"Refresh()"> for
the container (or any other element in the dialog) to update the dialog
layout.

B<See Also:>
L<Detach|/"Detach()">,
L<Insert|/"Insert()">,
L<Map|/"Map()">,
L<Unmap|/"Unmap()">,
L<Refresh|/"Refresh()">,
L<IUP::Hbox|IUP::Hbox>,
L<IUP::Vbox|IUP::Vbox>,
L<IUP::Zbox|IUP::Zbox>,
L<IUP::Menu|IUP::Menu>.

=back

=head3 ConvertXYToPos()

=over

Converts a (x,y) coordinate in an item position.

 my $position = $element->ConvertXYToPos($x, $y);

B<$ih:> Identifier of the element.

B<$x:> X coordinate of the left corner of the interface element.

B<$y:> Y coordinate of the upper part of the interface element.

B<Returns:> the position starting at 0 (except for L<IUP::List|IUP::List> that starts
at 1). If fails returns -1.

B<Notes:>

It can be used for L<IUP::Text|IUP::Text> (returns a position in the string),
L<IUP::List|IUP::List> (returns an item) or L<IUP::Tree|IUP::Tree> (returns a node identifier).

B<See Also:>
L<IUP::Text|IUP::Text>,
L<IUP::List|IUP::List>,
L<IUP::Tree|IUP::Tree>.

=back

=head3 Destroy()

=over

Destroys an interface element and all its children. Only dialogs,
timers, popup menus and images should be normally destroyed, but
B<detached> controls can also be destroyed.

 $element->Destroy();

B<Notes:>

It will automatically B<unmap> and B<detach> the element if necessary,
and then B<destroy> the element.

This function also deletes the main names associated to the interface
element being destroyed, but if it has more than one name then some
names may be left behind.

B<Menu> bars associated with dialogs are automatically destroyed when
the dialog is destroyed.

B<Images> associated with controls are NOT automatically destroyed,
because images can be reused in several controls the application must
destroy them when they are not used anymore.

All dialogs and all elements that have names are automatically
destroyed in L<Close|IUP/"Close()">.

B<See Also:>
L<Append|/"Append()">,
L<Detach|/"Detach()">,
L<Map|/"Map()">,
L<Unmap|/"Unmap()">,
L<Create|/"Create()">.

=back

=head3 Detach()

=over

B<Detaches> an interface element from its parent.

 $element->Detach();

B<Notes:>

It will automatically call L<Unmap|/"Unmap()"> to B<unmap> the element if
necessary, and then B<detach> the element.

If left B<detached> it is still necessary to call L<Destroy|/"Destroy()"> to B<destroy> the IUP element.

The elements are NOT immediately repositioned. Call L<Refresh|/"Refresh()"> for
the container (or any other element in the dialog) to update the dialog
layout.

When the element is mapped some attributes are stored only in the
native system. If the element is B<unmaped> those attributes are lost.
Use the function L<SaveClassAttributes|/"SaveClassAttributes()">
when you want to B<unmap> the element and keep its attributes.

B<See Also:>
L<Append|/"Append()">,
L<Insert|/"Insert()">,
L<Refresh|/"Refresh()">,
L<Unmap|/"Unmap()">,
L<Create|/"Create()">,
L<Destroy|/"Destroy()">.

=back

=head3 GetAllAttributes()

=over

Returns the names of all attributes of an element that are defined in
its internal hash table only.

 my @attr_names1 = $element->GetAllAttributes();
 #or
 my @attr_names2 = $element->GetAllAttributes($max_n);

B<$max_n:> maximum number of names the table can receive. Can be omitted.

B<Returns:> reference to array with names. If $max_n is C<undef> or $max_n is 0 then returns all names.

B<See Also:>
L<GetAttribute|/"GetAttribute()">,
L<SetAttribute|/"SetAttribute()">.

=back

=head3 GetAttribute()

=over

Returns the value of an interface element attribute.

 my $val = $element->GetAttribute($name);
 #or
 my @values = $element->GetAttribute(@names);

B<$name:> name of the attribute.

B<$id:> used when the attribute has an additional id.

B<Returns:> the attribute value or C<undef> if the attribute is
not defined or does not exist.

B<Notes:>

B<Examples:>

L<Browse for Example Files|../../examples/>

B<See Also:>

L<SetAttribute|/"SetAttribute()">.

=back

=head3 GetAttributeAsElement()

=over

Returns the reference to IUP element stored into an attribute of given name.

 my $elem = $element->GetAttribute($name);
 #or
 my @elems = $element->GetAttribute(@names);

B<$name:> name of the attribute.

B<Returns:> reference to iup element

=back

=head3 GetAttributeId()

=over

 my $val = $element->GetAttributeId($name, $id);
 
Equivalent (just little bit faster) to:

  my $val = $element->GetAttribute("$name$id");

=back

=head3 GetAttributeId2()

=over

 my $val = $element->GetAttributeId2($name, $lin, $col);

Equivalent (just little bit faster) to:

 my $val = $element->GetAttribute("$name$lin$col");

=back

=head3 GetAttributes()

=over

Returns all attributes of a given element that are in the internal hash
table. The known attributes that are pointers (not strings) are
returned as integers.

The internal attributes are not returned (attributes prefixed with
"_IUP").

Before calling this function the application must ensure that there is
no pointer attributes set for that element, although some known
pointers are handled.

This function should be avoided. Use L<GetAllAttributes|/"GetAllAttributes()"> instead.

 my $attr = $element->GetAttributes();
 #later on
 print "Title=", $attr->{TITLE}, "\n";
 print "Color=", $attr->{FGCOLOR}, "\n";

B<Returns:> a hash of C<< ATTRIBUTE => VALUE >> pairs for all attributes of given element.

B<See Also:>
L<GetAttribute|/"GetAttribute()">,
L<GetAllAttributes|/"GetAllAttributes()">,
L<SetAttribute|/"SetAttribute()">.

=back

=head3 GetBrother()

=over

Returns the brother of a control or C<undef> if there is none.

 my $brother_elem = $element->GetBrother();

B<Returns:> reference to iup element

B<See Also:>
L<GetChild|/"GetChild()">,
L<GetNextChild|/"GetNextChild()">,
L<GetParent|/"GetParent()">.

=back

=head3 GetChild()

=over

Returns the a child of the given control given its position.

 my $child_elem = $element->GetChild($position);

B<$position:> position of the desire child.

B<Notes:>

This function will return the children of the control in the exact same
order in which they were assigned.

B<See Also:>
L<GetChildPos|/"GetChildPos()">,
L<GetNextChild|/"GetNextChild()">,
L<GetBrother|/"GetBrother()">,
L<GetParent|/"GetParent()">.

=back

=head3 GetChildCount()

=over

Returns the number of children of the given control.

 my $count = $element->GetChildCount();

B<See Also:>
L<GetChildPos|/"GetChildPos()">,
L<GetChild|/"GetChild()">,
L<GetNextChild|/"GetNextChild()">,
L<GetBrother|/"GetBrother()">,
L<GetParent|/"GetParent()">.

=back

=head3 GetChildPos()

=over

Returns the position of a child of the given control.

 my $position = $elmenet->GetChildPos($child_element);

B<$child_element:> reference to child element

B<Returns:> position of the desire child or -1 if child not found.

B<Notes:>

This function will return the children of the control in the exact same
order in which they were assigned.

B<See Also:>
L<GetChild|/"GetChild()">,
L<GetChildCount|/"GetChildCount()">,
L<GetNextChild|/"GetNextChild()">,
L<GetBrother|/"GetBrother()">,
L<GetParent|/"GetParent()">.

=back

=head3 GetClassName()

=over

Returns the name of the class of an interface element.

 my $name = $element->GetClassName();

B<Notes:>

The following names are known:

 "image"
 "button"
 "canvas"
 "dialog"
 "fill"
 "frame" 
 "hbox"
 "item"
 "separator"
 "submenu"
 "label"
 "list"
 "menu"
 "radio"
 "text" 
 "toggle"
 "vbox"
 "zbox"
 "multiline"
 "user"
 "matrix"
 "tree"
 "dial"
 "gauge"
 "val"
 "glcanvas"
 "tabs"
 "cells"
 "colorbrowser"
 "colorbar"
 "spin"
 "sbox"
 "cbox"
 "progressbar"
 "olecontrol"

B<See Also:>
L<GetClassType|/"GetClassType()">,
L<GetClassAttributes|IUP/"GetClassAttributes()">.

=back

=head3 GetClassType()

=over

Returns the name of the native type of an interface element.

 my $type = $element->GetClassType();

B<Notes:>

There are only a few pre-defined class types:

 "void" - No native representation - HBOX, VBOX, ZBOX, FILL, RADIO
 "control" - Native controls - BUTTON, LABEL, TOGGLE, LIST, TEXT, MULTILINE, ITEM, SEPARATOR, SUBMENU, FRAME, others
 "canvas" - Drawing canvas, also used as a base control for custom controls.
 "dialog"
 "image"
 "menu"

B<See Also:>
L<GetClassName|/"GetClassName()">,
L<GetClassAttributes|IUP/"GetClassAttributes()">.

=back

=head3 GetDialog()

=over

Returns the handle of the dialog that contains that interface element.
Works also for children of a menu that is associated with a dialog.

 my $dialog = $element->GetDialog();

B<$ih:> Identifier of an interface element.

B<Returns:> the handle of the dialog or C<undef> if not found.

=back

=head3 GetDialogChild()

=over

Returns the identifier of the child element that has the NAME attribute
equals to the given value on the same dialog hierarchy. Works also for
children of a menu that is associated with a dialog.

 my $child_elem = $element->GetDialogChild($name);

B<$ih:> Identifier of an interface element that belongs to the
hierarchy.

B<$name:> name of the control to be found

B<Returns:> reference to iup element, C<undef> if not found

B<Notes:>

This function will only found the child if the NAME attribute is set at
the control.

Before the dialog is mapped the function searches the hierarchy, even
if the hierarchy does not belongs to a dialog yet, but after the child
is mapped the result is immediate (the hierarchy is not searched).

B<See Also:>
L<NAME|IUP::Manual::03_Attributes/NAME>.

=back

=head3 GetName()

=over

Returns the name of an interface element, if the element has an associated name using 
L<SetName|/"SetName()"> or by C<< name=>'ElemName' >> named parameter of L<new()|/"new()"> constructor or using LED.

 my $name = $element->GetName();

B<Returns:> the name.

B<See Also:>
L<SetName|/"SetName()"> (element method),
L<GetByName|IUP/"GetByName()"> (global function),
L<GetAllNames|IUP/"GetAllNames()"> (global function).

=back

=head3 GetNextChild()

=over

Returns the a child of the given control given its brother.

 my $child_elem = $element->GetNextChild($child);

B<$child:> Identifier of the child brother to be used as reference. To
get the first child use C<undef>.

B<Returns:> the handle of the child or C<undef>.

B<Notes:>

This function will return the children of the control in the exact same
order in which they were assigned. If child in not C<undef> then it returns
exactly the same result as L<GetBrother|/"GetBrother()">.

B<Examples:>

 my $bt = IUP::Button->new( TITLE=>"Button" );
 my $lb = IUP::Label->new( TITLE=>"Label" );
 my $vbox = IUP::Vbox->new( child=>[$bt, $lb] );
 my $dialog = IUP::Dialog->new( child=>$vbox );
 
 $dialog->Show();
 
 my $child = undef; #passing undef to GetNextChild gives the first child
 
 while($child = $vbox->GetNextChild($child)) {
   print "vbox has a child of type ", ref($child), "\n";
 }
 
 IUP->MainLoop;
 return 0;

B<See Also:>
L<GetBrother|/"GetBrother()">,
L<GetParent|/"GetParent()">,
L<GetChild|/"GetChild()">.

=back

=head3 GetParamParam()

=over

To retrieve a parameter of IUP->GetParam dialog 
you must use the following function:

 my $element = $dialog->GetParamParam($param_index);

B<$dialog:> Reference to IUP::Dialog object.

B<$param_index:> Parameter to be retrieved.

=back

=head3 GetParamValue()

=over

Helper method related to GetParamParam, nicer way for getting item values than calling GetParamParam()

  $value = $self->GetParamValue($index)

GetParamValue can be also used as a setter:

  $self->GetParamValue($index, $value)

=back

=head3 GetParent()

=over

Returns the parent of a control.

 my $parent_elem = $element->GetParent();

B<Returns:> the handle of the parent or C<undef> if does not have a parent.

B<See Also:>
L<GetChild|/"GetChild()">,
L<GetNextChild|/"GetNextChild()">,
L<GetBrother|/"GetBrother()">.

=back

=head3 HasValidClassName()

=over

 $element->HasValidClassName()

Checks whether internal iup classname of given element is consistent with perl class name - e.g. C<button> vs. C<IUP::Button>

B<Returns:> 1 (if element internal iup classname corresponds to perl class), 0 otherwise

=back

=head3 Insert()

=over

Inserts an interface element B<before> another child of the container.
Valid for any element that contains other elements like dialog, frame,
hbox, vbox, zbox, menu, etc.

 my $parent = $element->Insert($ref_child, $new_child);

B<$ih:> Identifier of a container like hbox, vbox, zbox and menu.

B<$ref_child:> Identifier of the element to be used as reference. Can be
C<undef> to insert as the first element.

B<$new_child:> Identifier of the element to be inserted before the
reference.

B<Returns:> the actual B<parent> if the interface element was successfully
inserted. Otherwise returns C<undef>. Notice that the desired
parent can contains a set of elements and containers where the child
will be actually attached so the function returns the actual parent of
the element.

B<Notes:>

This function can be used when elements that will compose a container
are not known I<a priori> and should be dynamically constructed.

The new child can NOT be mapped. It will NOT map the new child into the
native system. If the parent is already mapped you must explicitly call
L<Map|/"Map()"> for the appended child.

If the actual parent is a layout box (L<IUP::Vbox|IUP::Vbox>, L<IUP::Hbox|IUP::Hbox> or
L<IUP::Zbox|IUP::Zbox>) and you try to insert a child that it is already at the
parent child list, then the child is moved to the insert position.

The elements are NOT immediately repositioned. Call L<Refresh|/"Refresh()"> for
the container* to update the dialog layout (* or any other element in
the dialog).

B<See Also:>
L<Append|/"Append()">,
L<Detach|/"Detach()">,
L<IUP::Hbox|IUP::Hbox>,
L<IUP::Vbox|IUP::Vbox>,
L<IUP::Zbox|IUP::Zbox>,
L<IUP::Menu|IUP::Menu>,
L<Map|/"Map()">,
L<Unmap|/"Unmap()">,
L<Refresh|/"Refresh()">.

=back

=head3 IsValidCallbackName()

=over

Checks whether callback_name is valid for given element.

 $element->IsValidCallbackName($callback_name);

B<$callback_name:> call back name - e.g. "ACTION"
 
B<Returns:> 1 (valid) or 0 (invalid)
 
=back

=head3 Map()

=over

Creates (B<maps>) the native interface objects corresponding to the
given IUP interface elements.

It will also create the native element of all the children in the
element's tree.

The element must be already B<attached> to a container if not a dialog.

 my $retval = $element->Map();

B<Returns:> IUP_NOERROR if successful. If the element was already mapped
returns IUP_NOERROR. If the native creation failed returns IUP_ERROR.

B<Notes:>

If the element is a dialog then the abstract layout will be updated
even if the element is already mapped. If the dialog is visible the
elements will be immediately repositioned. Calling L<Map|/"Map()"> for an
already mapped dialog is the same as only calling L<Refresh|/"Refresh()"> for the
dialog.

If you add new elements to an already mapped dialog you must call
L<Map|/"Map()"> for that elements. And then call L<Refresh|/"Refresh()"> to update the
dialog layout.

If the WID attribute is C<undef>, it means the element was not already
mapped. Some containers do not have a native element associated, like
VBOX and HBOX. In this case their WID is a fake (-1) value.

A child is only mapped if its parent is already mapped.

This function is automatically called before the dialog is shown in
L<Show|/"Show()">, L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()"> or L<Popup|/"Popup()">.

It is usefull for the application to call L<Map|/"Map()"> when the value of
the WID attribute must be known, or the native element must exist,
before a dialog is made visible.

The MAP_CB callback is called just after the native element is created
and the dialog layout updated, so it can also be used to create other
things that depend on the WID attribute.

B<See Also:>
L<Append|/"Append()">,
L<Detach|/"Detach()">,
L<Unmap|/"Unmap()">,
L<Create|/"Create()">,
L<Destroy|/"Destroy()">,
L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()">,
L<Show|/"Show()">,
L<Popup|/"Popup()">,
L<MAP_CB|IUP::Manual::04_Callbacks/MAP_CB>.

=back

=head3 NextField()

=over

Shifts the focus to the next element that can have the focus. It is
relative to the given element and does not depend on the element
currently with the focus.

It will search for the next element first in the children, then in the
brothers, then in the uncles and their children, and so on.

This sequence is not the same sequence used by the Tab key, which is
dependent on the native system.

 my $next_elem = $element->NextField();

B<Returns:> the element that received the focus or C<undef> if not found.

B<See Also:>
L<PreviousField|/"PreviousField()">.

=back

=head3 PreviousField()

=over

Shifts the focus to the previous element that can have the focus. It is
relative to the given element and does not depend on the element
currently with the focus.

 my $prev_elem = $element->PreviousField();

B<Returns:> the element that received the focus or C<undef> if not found.

B<See Also:>

L<NextField|/"NextField()">.

=back

=head3 Redraw()

=over

Force the element and its children to be redraw immediately.

 $element->Redraw($children);

B<$children:> flag to update its children (0 or 1)

=back

=head3 Refresh()

=over

Updates the size and layout of controls after changing size attributes.
Can be used for any element inside a dialog, the layout of the dialog
will be updated. It can change the layout of all the controls inside
the dialog because of the dynamic layout positioning.

 $element->Refresh();

B<Notes:>

Can be used for any control, but it will always affect the whole
dialog. Can be called even if the dialog is not mapped.

The elements are immediately repositioned, if the dialog is visible
then the change will be immediately reflected on the display.

This function will NOT change the size of the dialog, except when the
SIZE or RASTERSIZE attributes of the dialog where changed before the
call.

If you also want to change the size of the dialog use:

 $dialog->SetAttribute("SIZE", $newsize);
 $dialog->Refresh();

So the dialog will be resized for the new B<User> size, if the new size
is C<undef> the dialog will be resized to the B<Natural> size that include
all the elements.

Changing the size of elements without changing the dialog size may
position some controls outside the dialog area at the left or bottom
borders (the elements will be cropped at the dialog borders by the
native system).

L<Map|/"Map()"> also updates the dialog layout even if the control is already
mapped, so using it or using L<Show|/"Show()">, L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()"> or L<Popup|/"Popup()">
(they all call L<Map|/"Map()">) will also update the dialog layout.

B<See Also:>
L<SIZE|IUP::Manual::03_Attributes/SIZE>,
L<Map|/"Map()">,
L<RefreshChildren|/"RefreshChildren()">.

=back

=head3 RefreshChildren()

=over

Updates the size and layout of controls after changing size attributes.
Can be used for any element inside a dialog, only its children will be
updated. It can change the layout of all the controls inside the given
element because of the dynamic layout positioning.

 $element->RefreshChildren();

B<Notes:>

The given element must be a container. It must be inside a dialog
hierarchy and must be mapped. It can not be a dialog. For dialogs use
L<Refresh|/"Refresh()">.

The children are immediately repositioned, if the dialog is visible
then the change will be immediately reflected on the display.

This function will NOT change the size of the given element, even if
the natural size of its children would increase its natural size.

If your dialog has too many controls and you want to hide or destroy
some, then add some other in the same place, so you actually know that
the dialog layout would not change, this is a much faster function than
L<Refresh|/"Refresh()">.

B<See Also:>
L<Refresh|/"Refresh()">.

=back

=head3 Reparent()

=over

Moves an interface element from one position in the hierarchy tree to
another.

 my $retval = $element->Reparent($new_parent, $ref_child);

B<$element:> Reference to the element to be moved.

B<new_parent:> Identifier of the new parent.

B<ref_child:> Identifier of the element to be used as reference, where
the child will be inserted before it. Can be C<undef>.

B<Returns:> IUP_NOERROR if successfully, IUP_ERROR if failed.

Both B<$new_parent> and B<$element> must be mapped or unmapped at the same
time.

If B<$ref_child> is C<undef>, then it will B<append> the B<$child> to the
B<$new_parent>. If B<$ref_child> is NOT C<undef> then it will B<insert>
B<$element> before B<$ref_child> inside the B<$new_parent>.

B<Notes:>

This function is faster and easier than doing the sequence B<unmap>, B<detach>, B<append/insert> and B<map>.

The elements are NOT immediately repositioned. Call L<Refresh|/"Refresh()"> for
the container (or any other element in the dialog) to update the dialog
layout.

Motif does not support the re-parent function, but we simulate a
re-parent doing a B<unmap>/B<map> sequence. But some attributes may be
lost during the operation, mostly attributes that are id dependent.

B<See Also:>
L<Append|/"Append()">,
L<Insert|/"Insert()">,
L<Detach|/"Detach()">,
L<Map|/"Map()">,
L<Unmap|/"Unmap()">,
L<Refresh|/"Refresh()">

=back

=head3 ResetAttribute()

=over

Removes an attribute from the hash table of the element, and its
children if the attribute is inheritable. It is useful to reset the
state of inheritable attributes in a tree of elements.

 $element->ResetAttribute($name);

B<$name:> name of the attribute.

B<See Also:>
L<GetAttribute|/"GetAttribute()">,
L<SetAttribute|/"SetAttribute()">.

=back

=head3 SaveClassAttributes()

=over

Saves all registered attributes on the internal hash table.

 $element->SaveClassAttributes();

B<Notes:>

When the element is mapped some attributes are stored only in the
native system. If the element is B<unmaped> those attributes are lost.
So this function is useful when you want to B<unmap> the element and
keep its attributes.

It will not save id dependent attributes, like those which has a
complementary number. For example: items in a L<IUP::List|IUP::List>, L<IUP::Tree|IUP::Tree>
or L<IUP::Matrix|IUP::Matrix>.

B<See Also:>
L<GetClassAttributes|IUP/"GetClassAttributes()">,
L<GetClassName|/"GetClassName()">,
L<GetClassType|/"GetClassType()">,
L<GetAllAttributes|/"GetAllAttributes()">,
L<CopyClassAttributes|IUP/"CopyClassAttributes()">.

=back

=head3 SetAttribute()

=over

Defines an attribute for an interface element. See also the
L<Attributes Guide|../attrib_guide.html> section.

 $element->SetAttribute($name, $value);
 #or
 $element->SetAttribute( $name1=>$value1, $name2=>$value2, $name3=>$value3 );
 #or
 my %attr_values = ( $name1=>$value1, $name2=>$value2, $name3=>$value3 );
 $element->SetAttribute( %attr_values );

B<$name:> name of the attribute.

B<$value:> value of the attribute. If C<undef>, the default value will be used.

=back

=head3 SetAttributeId()

=over

 $element->SetAttributeId($name, $id, $value);
 
Equivalent (just little bit faster) to:

 $element->GetAttribute("$name$id", $value);

=back

=head3 SetAttributeId2()

=over

 $element->SetAttributeId2($name, $lin, $col, $value);

Equivalent (just little bit faster) to:

 $element->GetAttribute("$name$lin$col", $value);

=back

=head3 SetCallback()

=over

Associates a callback to an event.

B<Callback handler prototype:>

 sub cb_handler {
   #...
 }
 
 $element->SetCallback($cb_name, \&cb_handler);
 #or
 $element->SetCallback( $cb_name1=>\&cb_handler, $cb_name2=>\&cb_handler, $cb_name3=>\&cb_handler );
 #or
 my %callbacks = ( $cb_name1=>\&cb_handler, $cb_name2=>\&cb_handler, $cb_name3=>\&cb_handler );
 $element->SetCallback( %callbacks );
 

B<$cb_name:> attribute name of the callback.

B<$cb_handler:> reference to perl function. If C<undef> removes the association.

=back

=head3 SetFocus()

=over

Defines the interface element that will receive the keyboard focus,
i.e., the element that will receive keyboard events. But this will be
processed only after the con

 my $focused_elem = $element->SetFocus();

B<$element:> identifier of the interface element that will receive the
keyboard focus. Only elements that can have the keyboard focus, are
mapped, active and visible can be used, other elements are ignored.

B<Returns:> reference to iup element that previously had the keyboard focus.

B<Notes:>

The value returned by L<GetFocus|IUP/"GetFocus()"> will be updated only after the
main loop regain the control and the control actually receive the
focus. So if you call L<GetFocus|IUP/"GetFocus()"> right after L<SetFocus|/"SetFocus()"> the
return value will be different. You could call L<Flush|/"Flush()Flush()"> between the
two functions to obtain the same value.

B<See Also:>
L<GetFocus|IUP/"GetFocus()">. 

=back

=head3 SetName()

=over

Associates a name with an interface element. This name can be later used for
element lookup via global function L<GetByName|IUP/"GetByName()">.

 $element->SetName($name);

B<$name:> name of the interface element.

B<Returns:> reference to iup element previously associated to the parameter B<$name>.

B<Notes:>

Also L<SetName|/"SetName()"> can be called several times with the same element
and different names. There is no restriction for the number of names a
element can have, but L<GetName|/"GetName()"> will return the first name found.

B<See Also:>
L<GetName|/"GetName()"> (element method),
L<GetByName|IUP/"GetByName()"> (global function).

=back

=head3 Unmap()

=over

B<Unmap> the element from the native system. It will also unmap all its
children.

It will NOT B<detach> the element from its parent, , and it will NOT
B<destroy> the IUP element.

 $element->Unmap();

B<$ih:> Identifier of an interface element.

B<Notes:>

When the element is mapped some attributes are stored only in the
native system. If the element is B<unmaped> those attributes are lost.
Use the function L<SaveClassAttributes|/"SaveClassAttributes()">
when you want to B<unmap> the element and keep its attributes.

B<See Also:>
L<Append|/"Append()">,
L<Detach|/"Detach()">,
L<Map|/"Map()">,
L<Create|/"Create()">,
L<Destroy|/"Destroy()">.

=back

=head3 Update()

=head3 UpdateChildren()

=over

Mark the element to be redraw when the control returns to the system.

 $element->Update;

=back

=head3 UpdateChildren()

=over

Mark the element or its children to be redraw when the control returns
to the system.

 $element->UpdateChildren;

=back

=head3 Hide()

=over

Hides an interface element. This function has the same effect as
attributing value "NO" to the interface element's VISIBLE
attribute.

 $element->Hide();

B<Returns:> IUP_NOERROR always.

B<Notes:>

Once a dialog is hidden, either by means of L<Hide|/"Hide()"> method or by changing
the VISIBLE attribute or by means of a click in the window close
button, the elements inside this dialog are not destroyed, so that you
can show them again. To destroy dialogs, the L<Destroy|/"Destroy()"> method
must be called.

B<See Also:>
L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()">,
L<Show|/"Show()">,
L<Popup|/"Popup()">,
L<Destroy|/"Destroy()">.
 
=back

=head3 Popup()

=over

Shows a dialog or menu and restricts user interaction only to the
specified element. It is equivalent of creating a Modal dialog is some
tooklits.

If another dialog is shown after L<Popup|/"Popup()"> using L<Show|/"Show()">, then its
interaction will not be inhibited. Every L<Popup|/"Popup()"> call creates a new
popup level that inhibits all previous dialogs interactions, but does
not disable new ones. IMPORTANT: The popup levels must be closed in the
reverse order they were created or unpredictable results will occur.

For a dialog this function will only return the control to the
application after a callback returns IUP_CLOSE, L<ExitLoop|IUP/"ExitLoop()"> is
called, or when the popup dialog is hidden, for exemple using
L<Hide|/"Hide()">. For a menu it returns automatically after a menu item is
selected. IMPORTANT: If a menu item callback returns IUP_CLOSE, it will
ends the current popup level dialog.

 $dialog->Popup($x, $y);
 #or
 $dialog->Popup();

B<$ih:> Identifier of a dialog or a menu.

B<$x>: horizontal position of the dialog or menu relative to the origin
of the main screen. The following constants (see L<IUP::Constants|IUP::Constants>)
are valid:

=over

=item * IUP_LEFT: Positions the element on the left corner of the
screen

=item * IUP_CENTER: Centers the element on the screen

=item * IUP_RIGHT: Positions the element on the right corner of the
screen

=item * IUP_MOUSEPOS: Positions the element on the mouse cursor

=item * IUP_CENTERPARENT: Horizontally centralizes the dialog relative
to its parent. Not valid for menus.

=item * IUP_CURRENT: use the current position of the dialog. This is
the B<default value> if the parameter is not defined. Not valid for
menus.

=back

B<$y:> vertical position of the dialog or menu relative to the origin of
the main screen. The following constants (see L<IUP::Constants|IUP::Constants>)
are valid:

=over

=item * IUP_TOP: Positions the element on the top of the screen

=item * IUP_CENTER: Vertically centers the element on the screen

=item * IUP_BOTTOM: Positions the element on the base of the screen

=item * IUP_MOUSEPOS: Positions the element on the mouse cursor

=item * IUP_CENTERPARENT: Vertically centralizes the dialog relative to
its parent. Not valid for menus.

=item * IUP_CURRENT: use the current position of the dialog. This is
the B<default value> if the parameter is not defined. Not valid for
menus.

=back

B<Returns:> IUP_NOERROR if sucessful. Returns IUP_INVALID if not a dialog
or menu. If there was an error returns IUP_ERROR.

B<Notes:>

Will call L<Map|/"Map()"> for the element.

See the L<PLACEMENT|IUP::Manual::03_Attributes/PLACEMENT> attribute for other position and show options.

When IUP_CENTERPARENT is used but PARENTDIALOG is not defined then it
is replaced by IUP_CENTER.

When IUP_CURRENT is used at the first time the dialog is shown then it
will be replaced by IUP_CENTERPARENT.

The main screen size does not include additional monitors.

L<Popup|/"Popup()"> works just like L<Show|/"Show()"> and L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()">, but it
inhibits interaction with other dialogs and interrupts the processing
until IUP_CLOSE is returned in a callback or the dialog is hidden.
Althougth it interrupts the processing, it does not destroy the dialog
when it ends. To destroy the dialog, L<Destroy|/"Destroy()"> must be called.

IMPORTANT: Calling L<Popup|/"Popup()"> for an already visible dialog will only
update its position and/or size on screen, will NOT change its modal
state and will NOT interrupt processing.

In GTK and Motif the inactive dialogs will still be able to move,
resize and change their Z-order. Although their contents will be
inactive, keyboard will be disabled, and they can not be closed from
the close box.

B<See Also:>
L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()">,
L<Show|/"Show()">,
L<Hide|/"Hide()">,
L<Map|/"Map()">.

=back

=head3 Show()

=over

Displays a dialog in the current position, or changes a control VISIBLE
attribute. If the dialog needs to be mapped and the current position is
not known then the dialog is centered.

For a dialog to set the attribute VISIBLE=YES is the same as calling
L<Show|"/Show()">. For other controls, to call IUP::Show is the same as setting
VISIBLE=YES.

 $dialog->Show();

B<Returns:> IUP_NOERROR if sucessful. If there was an error returns IUP_ERROR.

B<Notes:>

For dialogs it is equivalent to L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()"> using IUP_CURRENT (or
IUP_CENTER if not mapped).

Will call L<Map|/"Map()"> for the element.

See the L<PLACEMENT|IUP::Manual::03_Attributes/PLACEMENT> attribute for other position and show options.

This function can be executed more than once for the same dialog. This
will make the dialog be placed above all other dialogs in the
application, changing its Z-order, and update its position and/or size
on screen.

IMPORTANT: Calling L<Show|/"Show()"> for a visible dialog shown with
L<Popup|/"Popup()"> does nothing.

B<See Also:>
L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()">,
L<Hide|/"Hide()">,
L<Popup|/"Popup()">,
L<Map|/"Map()">.

=back

=head3 ShowXY()

=over

Displays a dialog in a given position on the screen.

 $dialog->ShowXY($x, $y);
 #or
 $dialog->ShowXY();

B<$ih:> identifier of the dialog.

B<$x:> horizontal position of the dialog relative to the origin of the
main screen. The following constants (see L<IUP::Constants|IUP::Constants>)
are valid:

=over

=item * IUP_LEFT: Positions the dialog on the left corner of the screen

=item * IUP_CENTER: Horizontally centralizes the dialog on the screen

=item * IUP_RIGHT: Positions the dialog on the right corner of the
screen

=item * IUP_MOUSEPOS: Positions the dialog on the mouse position

=item * IUP_CENTERPARENT: Horizontally centralizes the dialog relative
to its parent

=item * IUP_CURRENT: use the current position of the dialog. This is
the B<default value> if the parameter is not defined.

=back

B<$y:> vertical position of the dialog relative to the origin of the
main screen. The following constants (see L<IUP::Constants|IUP::Constants>)
are valid:

=over

=item * IUP_TOP: Positions the dialog on the top of the screen

=item * IUP_CENTER: Vertically centralizes the dialog on the screen

=item * IUP_BOTTOM: Positions the dialog on the base of the screen

=item * IUP_MOUSEPOS: Positions the dialog on the mouse position

=item * IUP_CENTERPARENT: Vertically centralizes the dialog relative to
its parent

=item * IUP_CURRENT: use the current position of the dialog. This is
the B<default value> if the parameter is not defined.

=back

B<Returns:> IUP_NOERROR if sucessful. Returns IUP_INVALID if not a dialog.
If there was an error returns IUP_ERROR.

B<Notes:>

Will call L<Map|/"Map()"> for the element.

See the L<PLACEMENT|IUP::Manual::03_Attributes/PLACEMENT> attribute for other position and show options.

When IUP_CENTERPARENT is used but PARENTDIALOG is not defined then it
is replaced by IUP_CENTER.

When IUP_CURRENT is used at the first time the dialog is shown then it
will be replaced by IUP_CENTERPARENT.

The main screen size does not include additional monitors.

This function can be executed more than once for the same dialog. This
will make the dialog be placed above all other dialogs in the
application, changing its Z-order, and update its position and/or size
on screen.

IMPORTANT: Calling L<ShowXY|/"ShowXY()"> for a visible dialog shown with
L<Popup|/"Popup()"> does nothing.

B<See Also:>
L<Show|/"Show()">,
L<Hide|/"Hide()">,
L<Popup|/"Popup()">,
L<Map|/"Map()">.

=back