use strict; use warnings;
package Inline::C;
our $VERSION = '0.80';

use Inline 0.56;
use Config;
use Data::Dumper;
use Carp;
use Cwd qw(cwd abs_path);
use File::Spec;
use constant IS_WIN32 => $^O eq 'MSWin32';
use if !IS_WIN32, Fcntl => ':flock';
use if IS_WIN32, 'Win32::Mutex';

our @ISA = qw(Inline);

#==============================================================================
# Register this module as an Inline language support module
#==============================================================================
sub register {
    return {
        language => 'C',
        # XXX Breaking this on purpose; let's see who screams
        # aliases => ['c'],
        type => 'compiled',
        suffix => $Config{dlext},
    };
}

#==============================================================================
# Validate the C config options
#==============================================================================
sub usage_validate {
    my $key = shift;
    return <<END;
The value of config option '$key' must be a string or an array ref

END
}

sub validate {
    my $o = shift;

    print STDERR "validate Stage\n" if $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_NOISY};
    $o->{ILSM} ||= {};
    $o->{ILSM}{XS} ||= {};
    $o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE} ||= {};
    if (not $o->UNTAINT) {
        require FindBin;
        if (not defined $o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{INC}) {
            # detect Microsoft Windows OS, and either Microsoft Visual Studio compiler "cl.exe", "clarm.exe", or Intel C compiler "icl.exe"
            if (($Config{osname} eq 'MSWin32') and ($Config{cc} =~ /\b(cl\b|clarm|icl)/)) {
                warn "\n   Any header files specified relative to\n",
                     "   $FindBin::Bin\n",
                     "   will be included only if no file of the same relative path and\n",
                     "   name is found elsewhere in the search locations (including those\n",
                     "   specified in \$ENV{INCLUDE}).\n",
                     "   Otherwise, that header file \"found elsewhere\" will be included.\n";
                warn "  ";    # provide filename and line number.
                $ENV{INCLUDE} .= qq{;"$FindBin::Bin"};
            }
            # detect Oracle Solaris/SunOS OS, and Oracle Developer Studio compiler "cc" (and double check it is not GCC)
            elsif ((($Config{osname} eq 'solaris') or ($Config{osname} eq 'sunos')) and ($Config{cc} eq 'cc') and (not $Config{gccversion})) {
                $o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{INC} = "-I\"$FindBin::Bin\" -I-";   # angle-bracket includes will NOT incorrectly search -I dirs given before -I-
                warn q{NOTE: Oracle compiler detected, unable to utilize '-iquote' compiler option, falling back to '-I-' which should produce correct results for files included in angle brackets}, "\n";
            }
            else {
                $o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{INC} = qq{-iquote"$FindBin::Bin"};  # angle-bracket includes will NOT incorrectly search -iquote dirs
            }
        }
    }
    $o->{ILSM}{AUTOWRAP} = 0 if not defined $o->{ILSM}{AUTOWRAP};
    $o->{ILSM}{XSMODE} = 0 if not defined $o->{ILSM}{XSMODE};
    $o->{ILSM}{AUTO_INCLUDE} ||= <<END;
#include "EXTERN.h"
#include "perl.h"
#include "XSUB.h"
#include "INLINE.h"
END
    $o->{ILSM}{FILTERS} ||= [];
    $o->{STRUCT} ||= {
        '.macros' => '',
        '.xs' => '',
        '.any' => 0,
        '.all' => 0,
    };

    while (@_) {
        my ($key, $value) = (shift, shift);
        if ($key eq 'PRE_HEAD') {
            unless( -f $value) {
                $o->{ILSM}{AUTO_INCLUDE} = $value . "\n" .
                $o->{ILSM}{AUTO_INCLUDE};
            }
            else {
                my $insert;
                open RD, '<', $value
                    or die "Couldn't open $value for reading: $!";
                while (<RD>) {$insert .= $_}
                close RD
                    or die "Couldn't close $value after reading: $!";
                $o->{ILSM}{AUTO_INCLUDE} =
                    $insert . "\n" . $o->{ILSM}{AUTO_INCLUDE};
            }
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'MAKE' or
            $key eq 'AUTOWRAP' or
            $key eq 'XSMODE'
        ) {
            $o->{ILSM}{$key} = $value;
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'CC' or
            $key eq 'LD'
        ) {
            $o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{$key} = $value;
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'LIBS') {
            $o->add_list($o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}, $key, $value, []);
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'INC') {
            $o->add_string(
                $o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE},
                $key,
                quote_space($value),
                '',
            );
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'MYEXTLIB' or
            $key eq 'OPTIMIZE' or
            $key eq 'CCFLAGS' or
            $key eq 'LDDLFLAGS'
        ) {
            $o->add_string($o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}, $key, $value, '');
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'CCFLAGSEX') {
            $o->add_string(
                $o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE},
                'CCFLAGS',
                $Config{ccflags} . ' ' . $value, '',
            );
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'TYPEMAPS') {
            unless(ref($value) eq 'ARRAY') {
                croak "TYPEMAPS file '$value' not found"
                    unless -f $value;
                $value = File::Spec->rel2abs($value);
            }
            else {
                for (my $i = 0; $i < scalar(@$value); $i++) {
                    croak "TYPEMAPS file '${$value}[$i]' not found"
                        unless -f ${$value}[$i];
                    ${$value}[$i] = File::Spec->rel2abs(${$value}[$i]);
                }
            }
            $o->add_list($o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}, $key, $value, []);
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'AUTO_INCLUDE') {
            $o->add_text($o->{ILSM}, $key, $value, '');
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'BOOT') {
            $o->add_text($o->{ILSM}{XS}, $key, $value, '');
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'PREFIX') {
            croak "Invalid value for 'PREFIX' option"
              unless ($value =~ /^\w*$/ and
                      $value !~ /\n/);
            $o->{ILSM}{XS}{PREFIX} = $value;
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'FILTERS') {
            next if $value eq '1' or $value eq '0'; # ignore ENABLE, DISABLE
            $value = [$value] unless ref($value) eq 'ARRAY';
            my %filters;
            for my $val (@$value) {
                if (ref($val) eq 'CODE') {
                    $o->add_list($o->{ILSM}, $key, $val, []);
                }
                elsif (ref($val) eq 'ARRAY') {
                    my ($filter_plugin, @args) = @$val;

                    croak "Bad format for filter plugin name: '$filter_plugin'"
                        unless $filter_plugin =~ m/^[\w:]+$/;

                    eval "require Inline::Filters::${filter_plugin}";
                    croak "Filter plugin Inline::Filters::$filter_plugin not installed"
                        if $@;

                    croak "No Inline::Filters::${filter_plugin}::filter sub found"
                        unless defined &{"Inline::Filters::${filter_plugin}::filter"};

                    my $filter_factory = \&{"Inline::Filters::${filter_plugin}::filter"};

                    $o->add_list($o->{ILSM}, $key, $filter_factory->(@args), []);
                }
                else {
                    eval { require Inline::Filters };
                    croak "'FILTERS' option requires Inline::Filters to be installed."
                        if $@;
                    %filters = Inline::Filters::get_filters($o->{API}{language})
                        unless keys %filters;
                    if (defined $filters{$val}) {
                        my $filter = Inline::Filters->new(
                            $val,
                                                          $filters{$val});
                        $o->add_list($o->{ILSM}, $key, $filter, []);
                    }
                    else {
                        croak "Invalid filter $val specified.";
                    }
                }
            }
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'STRUCTS') {
            # A list of struct names
            if (ref($value) eq 'ARRAY') {
                for my $val (@$value) {
                    croak "Invalid value for 'STRUCTS' option"
                        unless ($val =~ /^[_a-z][_0-9a-z]*$/i);
                    $o->{STRUCT}{$val}++;
                }
            }
            # Enable or disable
            elsif ($value =~ /^\d+$/) {
                $o->{STRUCT}{'.any'} = $value;
            }
            # A single struct name
            else {
                croak "Invalid value for 'STRUCTS' option"
                    unless ($value =~ /^[_a-z][_0-9a-z]*$/i);
                $o->{STRUCT}{$value}++;
            }
            eval { require Inline::Struct };
            croak "'STRUCTS' option requires Inline::Struct to be installed."
                if $@;
            $o->{STRUCT}{'.any'} = 1;
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'PROTOTYPES') {
            $o->{CONFIG}{PROTOTYPES} = $value;
            next if $value eq 'ENABLE';
            next if $value eq 'DISABLE';
            die "PROTOTYPES can be only either 'ENABLE' or 'DISABLE' - not $value";
        }
        if ($key eq 'PROTOTYPE') {
            die "PROTOTYPE configure arg must specify a hash reference"
                unless ref($value) eq 'HASH';
            $o->{CONFIG}{PROTOTYPE} = $value;
            next;
        }
        if ($key eq 'CPPFLAGS') {
            # C preprocessor flags, used by Inline::Filters::Preprocess()
            next;
        }

        my $class = ref $o; # handles subclasses correctly.
        croak "'$key' is not a valid config option for $class\n";
    }
}

sub add_list {
    my $o = shift;
    my ($ref, $key, $value, $default) = @_;
    $value = [$value] unless ref $value eq 'ARRAY';
    for (@$value) {
        if (defined $_) {
            push @{$ref->{$key}}, $_;
        }
        else {
            $ref->{$key} = $default;
        }
    }
}

sub add_string {
    my $o = shift;
    my ($ref, $key, $value, $default) = @_;
    $value = [$value] unless ref $value;
    croak usage_validate($key) unless ref($value) eq 'ARRAY';
    for (@$value) {
        if (defined $_) {
            $ref->{$key} .= ' ' . $_;
        }
        else {
            $ref->{$key} = $default;
        }
    }
}

sub add_text {
    my $o = shift;
    my ($ref, $key, $value, $default) = @_;
    $value = [$value] unless ref $value;
    croak usage_validate($key) unless ref($value) eq 'ARRAY';
    for (@$value) {
        if (defined $_) {
            chomp;
            $ref->{$key} .= $_ . "\n";
        }
        else {
            $ref->{$key} = $default;
        }
    }
}

#==============================================================================
# Return a small report about the C code..
#==============================================================================
sub info {
    my $o = shift;
    return <<END if $o->{ILSM}{XSMODE};
No information is currently generated when using XSMODE.

END
    my $text = '';
    $o->preprocess;
    $o->parse;
    if (defined $o->{ILSM}{parser}{data}{functions}) {
        $text .= "The following Inline $o->{API}{language} function(s) have been successfully bound to Perl:\n";
        my $parser = $o->{ILSM}{parser};
        my $data = $parser->{data};
        for my $function (sort @{$data->{functions}}) {
            my $return_type = $data->{function}{$function}{return_type};
            my @arg_names = @{$data->{function}{$function}{arg_names}};
            my @arg_types = @{$data->{function}{$function}{arg_types}};
            my @args = map {$_ . ' ' . shift @arg_names} @arg_types;
            $text .= "\t$return_type $function(" . join(', ', @args) . ")\n";
        }
    }
    else {
        $text .= "No $o->{API}{language} functions have been successfully bound to Perl.\n\n";
    }
    $text .= Inline::Struct::info($o) if $o->{STRUCT}{'.any'};
    return $text;
}

sub config {
    my $o = shift;
}

#==============================================================================
# Parse and compile C code
#==============================================================================
my $total_build_time;
sub build {
    my $o = shift;

    if ($o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_TIMERS}) {
        eval {require Time::HiRes};
        croak "You need Time::HiRes for BUILD_TIMERS option:\n$@" if $@;
        $total_build_time = Time::HiRes::time();
    }
    my ($file, $lockfh);
    if (IS_WIN32) {
        #this can not look like a file path, or new() fails
        $file = 'Inline__C_' . $o->{API}{directory} . '.lock';
        $file =~ s/\\/_/g; #per CreateMutex on MSDN
        $lockfh = Win32::Mutex->new(0, $file) or die "lockmutex $file: $^E";
        $lockfh->wait(); #acquire, can't use 1 to new(), since if new() opens
        #existing instead of create new Muxtex, it is not acquired
    }
    else {
        $file = File::Spec->catfile($o->{API}{directory}, '.lock');
        open $lockfh, '>', $file or die "lockfile $file: $!";
        flock($lockfh, LOCK_EX) or die "flock: $!\n" if $^O !~ /^VMS|riscos|VOS$/;
    }
    $o->mkpath($o->{API}{build_dir});
    $o->call('preprocess', 'Build Preprocess');
    $o->call('parse', 'Build Parse');
    $o->call('write_XS', 'Build Glue 1');
    $o->call('write_Inline_headers', 'Build Glue 2');
    $o->call('write_Makefile_PL', 'Build Glue 3');
    $o->call('compile', 'Build Compile');
    if (IS_WIN32) {
        $lockfh->release or die "releasemutex $file: $^E";
    }
    else {
        flock($lockfh, LOCK_UN) if $^O !~ /^VMS|riscos|VOS$/;
    }
    if ($o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_TIMERS}) {
        $total_build_time = Time::HiRes::time() - $total_build_time;
        printf STDERR "Total Build Time: %5.4f secs\n", $total_build_time;
    }
}

sub call {
    my ($o, $method, $header, $indent) = (@_, 0);
    my $time;
    my $i = ' ' x $indent;
    print STDERR "${i}Starting $header Stage\n" if $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_NOISY};
    $time = Time::HiRes::time()
        if $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_TIMERS};

    $o->$method();

    $time = Time::HiRes::time() - $time
        if $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_TIMERS};
    print STDERR "${i}Finished $header Stage\n" if $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_NOISY};
    printf STDERR "${i}Time for $header Stage: %5.4f secs\n", $time
        if $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_TIMERS};
    print STDERR "\n" if $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_NOISY};
}

#==============================================================================
# Apply any
#==============================================================================
sub preprocess {
    my $o = shift;
    return if $o->{ILSM}{parser};
    $o->get_maps;
    $o->get_types;
    $o->{ILSM}{code} = $o->filter(@{$o->{ILSM}{FILTERS}});
}

#==============================================================================
# Parse the function definition information out of the C code
#==============================================================================
sub parse {
    my $o = shift;
    return if $o->{ILSM}{parser};
    return if $o->{ILSM}{XSMODE};
    my $parser = $o->{ILSM}{parser} = $o->get_parser;
    $parser->{data}{typeconv} = $o->{ILSM}{typeconv};
    $parser->{data}{AUTOWRAP} = $o->{ILSM}{AUTOWRAP};
    Inline::Struct::parse($o) if $o->{STRUCT}{'.any'};
    $parser->code($o->{ILSM}{code})
        or croak <<END;
Bad $o->{API}{language} code passed to Inline at @{[caller(2)]}
END
}

# Create and initialize a parser
sub get_parser {
    my $o = shift;
    Inline::C::_parser_test($o->{CONFIG}{DIRECTORY}, "Inline::C::get_parser called\n")
        if $o->{CONFIG}{_TESTING};
    require Inline::C::Parser::RecDescent;
    Inline::C::Parser::RecDescent::get_parser($o);
}

#==============================================================================
# Gather the path names of all applicable typemap files.
#==============================================================================
sub get_maps {
    my $o = shift;

    print STDERR "get_maps Stage\n" if $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_NOISY};
    my $typemap = '';
    my $file;
    $file = File::Spec->catfile(
        $Config::Config{installprivlib},
        "ExtUtils",
        "typemap",
    );
    $typemap = $file if -f $file;
    $file = File::Spec->catfile(
        $Config::Config{privlibexp}
        ,"ExtUtils","typemap"
    );
    $typemap = $file
        if (not $typemap and -f $file);
    warn "Can't find the default system typemap file"
        if (not $typemap and $^W);

    unshift(@{$o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{TYPEMAPS}}, $typemap) if $typemap;

    if (not $o->UNTAINT) {
        require FindBin;
        $file = File::Spec->catfile($FindBin::Bin,"typemap");
        if ( -f $file ) {
           push(@{$o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{TYPEMAPS}}, $file);
        }
    }
}

#==============================================================================
# This routine parses XS typemap files to get a list of valid types to create
# bindings to. This code is mostly hacked out of Larry Wall's xsubpp program.
#==============================================================================
sub get_types {
    my (%type_kind, %proto_letter, %input_expr, %output_expr);
    my $o = shift;
    local $_;
    croak "No typemaps specified for Inline C code"
        unless @{$o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{TYPEMAPS}};

    my $proto_re = "[" . quotemeta('\$%&*@;') . "]";
    foreach my $typemap (@{$o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{TYPEMAPS}}) {
        next unless -e $typemap;
        # skip directories, binary files etc.
        warn("Warning: ignoring non-text typemap file '$typemap'\n"), next
            unless -T $typemap;
        open(TYPEMAP, $typemap)
            or warn ("Warning: could not open typemap file '$typemap': $!\n"),
            next;
        my $mode = 'Typemap';
        my $junk = "";
        my $current = \$junk;
        while (<TYPEMAP>) {
            next if /^\s*\#/;
            my $line_no = $. + 1;
            if (/^INPUT\s*$/)   {$mode = 'Input';   $current = \$junk;  next}
            if (/^OUTPUT\s*$/)  {$mode = 'Output';  $current = \$junk;  next}
            if (/^TYPEMAP\s*$/) {$mode = 'Typemap'; $current = \$junk;  next}
            if ($mode eq 'Typemap') {
                chomp;
                my $line = $_;
                TrimWhitespace($_);
                # skip blank lines and comment lines
                next if /^$/ or /^\#/;
                my ($type,$kind, $proto) =
                    /^\s*(.*?\S)\s+(\S+)\s*($proto_re*)\s*$/ or
                    warn("Warning: File '$typemap' Line $. '$line' TYPEMAP entry needs 2 or 3 columns\n"), next;
                $type = TidyType($type);
                $type_kind{$type} = $kind;
                # prototype defaults to '$'
                $proto = "\$" unless $proto;
                warn("Warning: File '$typemap' Line $. '$line' Invalid prototype '$proto'\n")
                    unless ValidProtoString($proto);
                $proto_letter{$type} = C_string($proto);
            }
            elsif (/^\s/) {
                $$current .= $_;
            }
            elsif ($mode eq 'Input') {
                s/\s+$//;
                $input_expr{$_} = '';
                $current = \$input_expr{$_};
            }
            else {
                s/\s+$//;
                $output_expr{$_} = '';
                $current = \$output_expr{$_};
            }
        }
        close(TYPEMAP);
    }

    my %valid_types = map {($_, 1)} grep {
        defined $input_expr{$type_kind{$_}}
    } keys %type_kind;

    my %valid_rtypes = map {($_, 1)} (
        grep {
            defined $output_expr{$type_kind{$_}}
        } keys %type_kind
    ), 'void';

    $o->{ILSM}{typeconv}{type_kind} = \%type_kind;
    $o->{ILSM}{typeconv}{input_expr} = \%input_expr;
    $o->{ILSM}{typeconv}{output_expr} = \%output_expr;
    $o->{ILSM}{typeconv}{valid_types} = \%valid_types;
    $o->{ILSM}{typeconv}{valid_rtypes} = \%valid_rtypes;
}

sub ValidProtoString ($) {
    my $string = shift;
    my $proto_re = "[" . quotemeta('\$%&*@;') . "]";
    return ($string =~ /^$proto_re+$/) ? $string : 0;
}

sub TrimWhitespace {
    $_[0] =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//go;
}

sub TidyType {
    local $_ = shift;
    s|\s*(\*+)\s*|$1|g;
    s|(\*+)| $1 |g;
    s|\s+| |g;
    TrimWhitespace($_);
    $_;
}

sub C_string ($) {
    (my $string = shift) =~ s|\\|\\\\|g;
    $string;
}

#==============================================================================
# Write the XS code
#==============================================================================
sub write_XS {
    my $o = shift;
    my $modfname = $o->{API}{modfname};
    my $module = $o->{API}{module};
    my $file = File::Spec->catfile($o->{API}{build_dir},"$modfname.xs");
    open XS, ">", $file or croak "$file: $!";
    if ($o->{ILSM}{XSMODE}) {
        warn <<END if $^W and  $o->{ILSM}{code} !~ /MODULE\s*=\s*$module\b/;
While using Inline XSMODE, your XS code does not have a line with

  MODULE = $module

You should use the Inline NAME config option, and it should match the
XS MODULE name.

END
        print XS $o->xs_code;
    }
    else {
        print XS $o->xs_generate;
    }
    close XS;
}

#==============================================================================
# Generate the XS glue code (piece together lots of snippets)
#==============================================================================
sub xs_generate {
    my $o = shift;
    return join '', (
        $o->xs_includes,
        $o->xs_struct_macros,
        $o->xs_code,
        $o->xs_struct_code,
        $o->xs_bindings,
        $o->xs_boot,
    );
}

sub xs_includes {
    my $o = shift;
    return $o->{ILSM}{AUTO_INCLUDE};
}

sub xs_struct_macros {
    my $o = shift;
    return $o->{STRUCT}{'.macros'};
}

sub xs_code {
    my $o = shift;
    return $o->{ILSM}{code};
}

sub xs_struct_code {
    my $o = shift;
    return $o->{STRUCT}{'.xs'};
}

sub xs_boot {
    my $o = shift;
    if (defined $o->{ILSM}{XS}{BOOT} and $o->{ILSM}{XS}{BOOT}) {
        return <<END;
BOOT:
$o->{ILSM}{XS}{BOOT}
END
    }
    return '';
}

sub xs_bindings {
    my $o = shift;
    my $dir = $o->{API}{directory};

    if ($o->{CONFIG}{_TESTING}) {
        my $file = "$dir/void_test";
        if (! -f $file) {
            warn "$file: $!" if !open(TEST_FH, '>', $file);
            warn "$file: $!" if !close(TEST_FH);
        }
    }

    my ($pkg, $module) = @{$o->{API}}{qw(pkg module)};
    my $prefix = (
        ($o->{ILSM}{XS}{PREFIX})
        ? "PREFIX = $o->{ILSM}{XS}{PREFIX}"
        : ''
    );

    my $prototypes = defined($o->{CONFIG}{PROTOTYPES})
        ? $o->{CONFIG}{PROTOTYPES}
        : 'DISABLE';

    my $XS = <<END;

MODULE = $module  PACKAGE = $pkg  $prefix

PROTOTYPES: $prototypes

END

    my $parser = $o->{ILSM}{parser};
    my $data = $parser->{data};

    warn(
        "Warning. No Inline C functions bound to Perl in ", $o->{API}{script},
        "\n" .
         "Check your C function definition(s) for Inline compatibility\n\n"
    ) if ((not defined$data->{functions}) and ($^W));

    for my $function (@{$data->{functions}}) {
        my $return_type = $data->{function}->{$function}->{return_type};
        my @arg_names = @{$data->{function}->{$function}->{arg_names}};
        my @arg_types = @{$data->{function}->{$function}->{arg_types}};

        $XS .= join '', (
            "\n$return_type\n$function (",
            join(', ', @arg_names), ")\n"
        );

        for my $arg_name (@arg_names) {
            my $arg_type = shift @arg_types;
            last if $arg_type eq '...';
            $XS .= "\t$arg_type\t$arg_name\n";
        }

        my %h;
        if (defined($o->{CONFIG}{PROTOTYPE})) {
            %h = %{$o->{CONFIG}{PROTOTYPE}};
        }

        if (defined($h{$function})) {
            $XS .= "  PROTOTYPE: $h{$function}\n";
        }

        my $listargs = '';
        $listargs = pop @arg_names
            if (@arg_names and $arg_names[-1] eq '...');
        my $arg_name_list = join(', ', @arg_names);

        if ($return_type eq 'void') {
            if ($o->{CONFIG}{_TESTING}) {
                $XS .= <<END;
        PREINIT:
        PerlIO* stream;
        I32* temp;
        PPCODE:
        temp = PL_markstack_ptr++;
        $function($arg_name_list);
      stream = PerlIO_open(\"$dir/void_test\", \"a\");
      if (stream == NULL) warn(\"%s\\n\", \"Unable to open $dir/void_test for appending\");
        if (PL_markstack_ptr != temp) {
          PerlIO_printf(stream, \"%s\\n\", \"TRULY_VOID\");
          PerlIO_close(stream);
          PL_markstack_ptr = temp;
          XSRETURN_EMPTY; /* return empty stack */
        }
        PerlIO_printf(stream, \"%s\\n\", \"LIST_CONTEXT\");
        PerlIO_close(stream);
        return; /* assume stack size is correct */
END
            }
            else {
                $XS .= <<END;
        PREINIT:
        I32* temp;
        PPCODE:
        temp = PL_markstack_ptr++;
        $function($arg_name_list);
        if (PL_markstack_ptr != temp) {
          /* truly void, because dXSARGS not invoked */
          PL_markstack_ptr = temp;
          XSRETURN_EMPTY; /* return empty stack */
        }
        /* must have used dXSARGS; list context implied */
        return; /* assume stack size is correct */
END
            }
        }
        elsif ($listargs) {
            $XS .= <<END;
        PREINIT:
        I32* temp;
        CODE:
        temp = PL_markstack_ptr++;
        RETVAL = $function($arg_name_list);
        PL_markstack_ptr = temp;
        OUTPUT:
        RETVAL
END
        }
    }
    $XS .= "\n";
    return $XS;
}

#==============================================================================
# Generate the INLINE.h file.
#==============================================================================
sub write_Inline_headers {
    my $o = shift;

    open HEADER, "> ".File::Spec->catfile($o->{API}{build_dir},"INLINE.h")
        or croak;

    print HEADER <<'END';
#define Inline_Stack_Vars dXSARGS
#define Inline_Stack_Items items
#define Inline_Stack_Item(x) ST(x)
#define Inline_Stack_Reset sp = mark
#define Inline_Stack_Push(x) XPUSHs(x)
#define Inline_Stack_Done PUTBACK
#define Inline_Stack_Return(x) XSRETURN(x)
#define Inline_Stack_Void XSRETURN(0)

#define INLINE_STACK_VARS Inline_Stack_Vars
#define INLINE_STACK_ITEMS Inline_Stack_Items
#define INLINE_STACK_ITEM(x) Inline_Stack_Item(x)
#define INLINE_STACK_RESET Inline_Stack_Reset
#define INLINE_STACK_PUSH(x) Inline_Stack_Push(x)
#define INLINE_STACK_DONE Inline_Stack_Done
#define INLINE_STACK_RETURN(x) Inline_Stack_Return(x)
#define INLINE_STACK_VOID Inline_Stack_Void

#define inline_stack_vars Inline_Stack_Vars
#define inline_stack_items Inline_Stack_Items
#define inline_stack_item(x) Inline_Stack_Item(x)
#define inline_stack_reset Inline_Stack_Reset
#define inline_stack_push(x) Inline_Stack_Push(x)
#define inline_stack_done Inline_Stack_Done
#define inline_stack_return(x) Inline_Stack_Return(x)
#define inline_stack_void Inline_Stack_Void
END

    close HEADER;
}

#==============================================================================
# Generate the Makefile.PL
#==============================================================================
sub write_Makefile_PL {
    my $o = shift;
    $o->{ILSM}{xsubppargs} = '';
    my $i = 0;
    for (@{$o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}{TYPEMAPS}}) {
        $o->{ILSM}{xsubppargs} .= "-typemap \"$_\" ";
    }

    my %options = (
        VERSION => $o->{API}{version} || '0.00',
        %{$o->{ILSM}{MAKEFILE}},
        NAME => $o->{API}{module},
    );

    open MF, "> ".File::Spec->catfile($o->{API}{build_dir},"Makefile.PL")
        or croak;

    print MF <<END;
use ExtUtils::MakeMaker;
my %options = %\{
END

    local $Data::Dumper::Terse = 1;
    local $Data::Dumper::Indent = 1;
    print MF Data::Dumper::Dumper(\ %options);

    print MF <<END;
\};
WriteMakefile(\%options);

# Remove the Makefile dependency. Causes problems on a few systems.
sub MY::makefile { '' }
END
    close MF;
}

#==============================================================================
# Run the build process.
#==============================================================================
sub compile {
    my $o = shift;

    my $build_dir = $o->{API}{build_dir};
    my $cwd = &cwd;
    ($cwd) = $cwd =~ /(.*)/ if $o->UNTAINT;

    chdir $build_dir;
    # Run these in an eval block, so that we get to chdir back to
    # $cwd if there's a failure. (Ticket #81375.)
    eval {
        $o->call('makefile_pl', '"perl Makefile.PL"', 2);
        $o->call('make', '"make"', 2);
        $o->call('make_install', '"make install"', 2);
    };
    chdir $cwd;
    die if $@; #Die now that we've done the chdir back to $cwd. (#81375)
    $o->call('cleanup', 'Cleaning Up', 2);
}

sub makefile_pl {
    my ($o) = @_;
    my $perl;
    -f ($perl = $Config::Config{perlpath})
        or ($perl = $^X)
        or croak "Can't locate your perl binary";
    $perl = qq{"$perl"} if $perl =~ m/\s/;
    $o->system_call("$perl Makefile.PL", 'out.Makefile_PL');
    $o->fix_make;
}
sub make {
    my ($o) = @_;
    my $make = $o->{ILSM}{MAKE} || $Config::Config{make}
        or croak "Can't locate your make binary";
    local $ENV{MAKEFLAGS} = $ENV{MAKEFLAGS} =~ s/(--jobserver-fds=[\d,]+)//
        if $ENV{MAKEFLAGS};
    $o->system_call("$make", 'out.make');
}
sub make_install {
    my ($o) = @_;
    my $make = $o->{ILSM}{MAKE} || $Config::Config{make}
        or croak "Can't locate your make binary";
    if ($ENV{MAKEFLAGS}) { # Avoid uninitialized warnings
        local $ENV{MAKEFLAGS} = $ENV{MAKEFLAGS} =~
            s/(--jobserver-fds=[\d,]+)//;
    }
    $o->system_call("$make pure_install", 'out.make_install');
}
sub cleanup {
    my ($o) = @_;
    my ($modpname, $modfname, $install_lib) =
        @{$o->{API}}{qw(modpname modfname install_lib)};
    if ($o->{API}{cleanup}) {
        $o->rmpath(
            File::Spec->catdir($o->{API}{directory},'build'),
            $modpname
        );
        my $autodir = File::Spec->catdir($install_lib,'auto',$modpname);
        my @files = ( ".packlist", map "$modfname.$_", qw( bs exp lib ) );
        my @paths = grep { -e } map { File::Spec->catfile($autodir,$_) } @files;
        unlink($_) || die "Can't delete file $_: $!" for @paths;
    }
}

sub system_call {
    my ($o, $cmd, $output_file) = @_;
    my $build_noisy = defined $ENV{PERL_INLINE_BUILD_NOISY}
        ? $ENV{PERL_INLINE_BUILD_NOISY}
        : $o->{CONFIG}{BUILD_NOISY};
    # test this functionality with:
    #perl -MInline=C,Config,BUILD_NOISY,1,FORCE_BUILD,1 -e "use Inline C => q[void inline_warner() { int *x = 2; }]"
    if (not $build_noisy) {
        $cmd = "$cmd > $output_file 2>&1";
    }
    ($cmd) = $cmd =~ /(.*)/ if $o->UNTAINT;
    system($cmd) == 0
        or croak($o->build_error_message($cmd, $output_file, $build_noisy));
}

sub build_error_message {
    my ($o, $cmd, $output_file, $build_noisy) = @_;
    my $build_dir = $o->{API}{build_dir};
    my $output = '';
    if (not $build_noisy and
        open(OUTPUT, $output_file)
    ) {
        local $/;
        $output = <OUTPUT>;
        close OUTPUT;
    }

    my $errcode = $? >> 8;
    $output .= <<END;

A problem was encountered while attempting to compile and install your Inline
$o->{API}{language} code. The command that failed was:
  \"$cmd\" with error code $errcode

The build directory was:
$build_dir

To debug the problem, cd to the build directory, and inspect the output files.

END
    if ($cmd =~ /^make >/) {
        for (sort keys %ENV) {
            $output .= "Environment $_ = '$ENV{$_}'\n" if /^(?:MAKE|PATH)/;
        }
    }
    return $output;
}

#==============================================================================
# This routine fixes problems with the MakeMaker Makefile.
#==============================================================================
my %fixes = (
    INSTALLSITEARCH => 'install_lib',
    INSTALLDIRS => 'installdirs',
    XSUBPPARGS => 'xsubppargs',
    INSTALLSITELIB => 'install_lib',
);

sub fix_make {
    use strict;
    my (@lines, $fix);
    my $o = shift;

    $o->{ILSM}{install_lib} = $o->{API}{install_lib};
    $o->{ILSM}{installdirs} = 'site';

    open(MAKEFILE, '< Makefile')
        or croak "Can't open Makefile for input: $!\n";
    @lines = <MAKEFILE>;
    close MAKEFILE;

    open(MAKEFILE, '> Makefile')
        or croak "Can't open Makefile for output: $!\n";
    for (@lines) {
        if (/^(\w+)\s*=\s*\S+.*$/ and
            $fix = $fixes{$1}
        ) {
            my $fixed = $o->{ILSM}{$fix};
            print MAKEFILE "$1 = $fixed\n";
        }
        else {
            print MAKEFILE;
        }
    }
    close MAKEFILE;
}

sub quote_space {
    # Do nothing if $ENV{NO_INSANE_DIRNAMES} is set
    return $_[0] if $ENV{NO_INSANE_DIRNAMES};

    # If $_[0] contains one or more doublequote characters, assume
    # that whitespace has already been quoted as required. Hence,
    # do nothing other than immediately return $_[0] as is.
    # We currently don't properly handle tabs either, so we'll
    # do the same if $_[0] =~ /\t/.
    return $_[0] if ($_[0] =~ /"/ || $_[0] =~ /\t/);

    # We want to split on /\s\-I/ not /\-I/
    my @in = split /\s\-I/, $_[0];
    my $s = @in - 1;
    my %s;
    my %q;

    # First up, let's reinstate the ' ' characters that split
    # removed
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $s; $i++) {
        $in[$i] .= ' ';
    }

    # This for{} block dies if it finds that any of the ' -I'
    # occurrences in $_[0] are part of a directory name.
    for (my $i = 1; $i < $s; $i++) {
        my $t = $in[$i + 1];
        while ($t =~ /\s$/) {chop $t}
        die "Found a '", $in[$i], "-I", $t, "' directory.",
            " INC Config argument is ambiguous.",
            " Please use doublequotes to signify your intentions"
                if -d ($in[$i] . "-I" . $t);
    }

    $s++; # Now the same as scalar(@in)

    # Remove (but also Keep track of the amount of) whitespace
    # at the end of each element of @in.
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $s; $i++) {
        my $count = 0;
        while ($in[$i] =~ /\s$/) {
            chop $in[$i];
            $count++;
        }
        $s{$i} = $count;
    }

    # Note which elements of @in still contain whitespace. These
    # (and only these) elements will be quoted
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $s; $i++) {
        $q{$i} = 1 if $in[$i] =~ /\s/;
    }

    # Reinstate the occurrences of '-I' that were removed by split(),
    # insert any quotes that are needed, reinstate the whitespace
    # that was removed earlier, then join() the array back together
    # again.
    for (my $i = 0; $i < $s; $i++) {
        $in[$i] = '-I' . $in[$i] if $i;
        $in[$i] = '"' . $in[$i] . '"' if $q{$i};
        $in[$i] .= ' ' x $s{$i};
    }

    # Note: If there was no whitespace that needed quoting, the
    # original argument should not have changed in any way.

    my $out = join '', @in;
    $out =~ s/"\-I\s+\//"\-I\//g;
    $_[0] = $out;
}

#==============================================================================
# This routine used by C/t/09parser to test that the expected parser is in use
#==============================================================================

sub _parser_test {
    my $dir = shift;
    my $file = "$dir/parser_id";
    warn "$file: $!" if !open(TEST_FH, '>>', $file);
    print TEST_FH $_[0];
    warn "$file: $!" if !close(TEST_FH);
}

1;