Mail::Message::Construct::Read - read a Mail::Message from a file handle


 my $msg1 = Mail::Message->read(\*STDIN);
 my $msg2 = Mail::Message->read(\@lines);


When complex methods are called on a Mail::Message object, this package is autoloaded to support the reading of messages directly from any file handle.


Constructing a message


    Read a message from a FILEHANDLE, SCALAR, a reference to a SCALAR, or a reference to an array of LINES. Most OPTIONS are passed to the new() of the message which is created, but a few extra are defined.

    Please have a look at build() and buildFromBody() before thinking about this read method. Use this read only when you have a file-handle like STDIN to parse from, or some external source of message lines. When you already have a separate set of head and body lines, then read is certainly not your best choice.

    Some people use this method in a procmail script: the message arrives at stdin, so we only have a filehandle. In this case, you are stuck with this method. The message is preceeded by a line which can be used as message separator in mbox folders. See the example how to handle that one.

    This method will remove Status and X-Status fields when they appear in the source, to avoid the risk that these fields accidentally interfere with your internal administration, which may have security implications.

     Option               Defined in       Default 
     body_type                             C<undef>
     strip_status_fields                   <true>  

    . body_type CLASS

      Force a body type (any specific implementation of a Mail::Message::Body) to be used to store the message content. When the body is a multipart or nested, this will be overruled.

    . strip_status_fields BOOLEAN

      Remove the Status and X-Status fields from the message after reading, to lower the risk that received messages from external sources interfere with your internal administration. If you want fields not to be stripped (you would like to disable the stripping) you probably process folders yourself, which is a Bad Thing!


     my $msg1 = Mail::Message->read(\*STDIN);
     my $msg2 = Mail::Message->read(\@lines, log => 'PROGRESS');
     $folder->addMessages($msg1, $msg2);
     my $msg3 = Mail::Message->read(<<MSG);
     Subject: hello world
                          # warning: empty line required !!!
     Hi, greetings!
     # promail example
     my $fromline = <STDIN>;
     my $msg      = Mail::Message->read(\*STDIN);
     my $coerced  = $mboxfolder->addMessage($msg);


See the MailBox website at for more details.


Distribution version 2.060. Written by Mark Overmeer ( See the ChangeLog for other contributors.

Copyright (c) 2001-2003 by the author(s). All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.