cpanm - get, unpack build and install modules from CPAN


  cpanm Test::More                                          # install Test::More
  cpanm MIYAGAWA/Plack-0.99_05.tar.gz                       # full distribution path
  cpanm           # install from URL
  cpanm ~/dists/MyCompany-Enterprise-1.00.tar.gz            # install from a local file
  cpanm --interactive Task::Kensho                          # Configure interactively
  cpanm .                                                   # install from local directory
  cpanm --installdeps .                                     # install all the deps for the current directory
  cpanm -L extlib Plack                                     # install Plack and all non-core deps into extlib
  cpanm --mirror DBI           # use the fast-syncing mirror


-i, --install

Installs the modules. This is a default behavior and this is just a compatibility option to make it work like cpan or cpanp.


Upgrades itself. It's just an alias for:

  cpanm App::cpanminus

Displays the distribution information in AUTHOR/Dist-Name-ver.tar.gz format in the standard out.


Installs the dependencies of the target distribution but won't build itself. Handy if you want to try the application from a version controlled repository such as git.

  cpanm --installdeps .

Download and unpack the distribution and then open the directory with your shell. Handy to poke around the source code or do the manual testing.

-h, --help

Displays the help message.

-V, --version

Displays the version number.


You can specify the default options in PERL_CPANM_OPT environment variable.

-f, --force

Force install modules even when testing failed.

-n, --notest

Skip the testing of modules. Use this only when you just want to save time for installing hundreds of distributions to the same perl and architecture you've already tested to make sure it builds fine.

Defaults to false, and you can say --no-notest to override when it is set in the default options in PERL_CPANM_OPT.

-S, --sudo

Switch to the root user with sudo when installing modules. Use this if you want to install modules to the system perl include path.

Defaults to false, and you can say --no-sudo to override when it is set in the default options in PERL_CPANM_OPT.

-v, --verbose

Makes the output verbose. It also enables the interactive configuration. (See --interactive)

-q, --quiet

Makes the output even more quiet than the default. It doesn't print anything to the STDERR.

-l, --local-lib

Sets the local::lib compatible path to install modules to. You don't need to set this if you already configure the shell environment variables using local::lib, but this can be used to override that as well.

-L, --local-lib-contained

Same with --local-lib but when examining the dependencies, it assumes no non-core modules are installed on the system. It's handy if you want to bundle application dependencies in one directory so you can distribute to other machines.

For instance,

  cpanm -L extlib Plack

would install Plack and all of its non-core dependencies into the directory extlib, which can be loaded from your application with:

  use local::lib '/path/to/extlib';

Specifies the base URL for the CPAN mirror to use, such as (you can omit the trailing slash). You can specify multiple mirror URLs by repeating the command line option.

Defaults to which is a geo location aware redirector.


Download the mirror's 02packages.details.txt.gz index file instead of querying the CPAN Meta DB.

Select this option if you are using a local mirror of CPAN, such as minicpan when you're offline, or your own CPAN index (a.k.a darkpan).

Tip: It might be useful if you name these mirror options with your shell aliases, like:

  alias minicpanm='cpanm --mirror ~/minicpan --mirror-only'
  alias darkpan='cpanm --mirror --mirror-only'

Prompts when a test fails so that you can skip, force install, retry or look in the shell to see what's going wrong. It also prompts when one of the dependency failed if you want to proceed the installation.

Defaults to false, and you can say --no-prompt to override if it's set in the default options in PERL_CPANM_OPT.


cpanm, when given a module name in the command line (i.e. cpanm Plack), checks the locally installed version first and skips if it is already installed. This option makes it skip the check, so:

  cpanm --reinstall Plack

would reinstall Plack even if your locally installed version is latest, or even newer (which would happen if you install a developer release from version control repositories).

Defaults to false.


Makes the configuration (such as Makefile.PL and Build.PL) interactive, so you can answer questions in the distribution that requires custom configuration or Task:: distributions.

Defaults to false, and you can say --no-interactive to override when it's set in the default options in PERL_CPANM_OPT.


Uninstalls the shadow files of the distribution that you're installing. This eliminates the confusion if you're trying to install core (dual-life) modules from CPAN against perl 5.10 or older, or modules that used to be XS-based but switched to pure perl at some version.

If you run cpanm as root and use INSTALL_BASE or equivalent to specify custom installation path, you SHOULD disable this option so you won't accidentally uninstall dual-life modules from the core include path.

Defaults to true, and you can disable that with --no-uninst-shadows.


Specifies the number of days in whcih cpanm's work directories expire. Defaults to 7, which means old work directories will be cleaned up in one week.

You can set the value to 0 to make cpan never cleanup those directories.


Uses LWP module to download stuff over HTTP. Defaults to true, and you can say --no-lwp to disable using LWP, when you want to upgrade LWP from CPAN on some broken perl systems.


Uses GNU Wget (if available) to download stuff. Defaults to true, and you can say --no-wget to disable using Wget (versions of Wget older than 1.9 don't support the --retry-connrefused option used by cpanm).


Uses cURL (if available) to download stuff. Defaults to true, and you can say --no-curl to disable using cURL.

Normally with --lwp, --wget and --curl options set to true (which is the default) cpanm tries LWP, Wget, cURL and HTTP::Lite (in that order) and uses the first one available.




Copyright 2010 Tatsuhiko Miyagawa.


Tatsuhiko Miyagawa