package File::NCopy;
require 5.004; # just because I think you should upgrade :)

=head1 NAME

B<File::NCopy> - Copy file, file
              Copy file[s] | dir[s], dir

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use File::NCopy qw(copy);

    copy "file","other_file";
    copy "file1","file2","file3","directory";

    # we want to copy the directory recursively
    copy \1,"directory1","directory2";
    copy \1,"file1","file2","directory1","file3","directory2","file4",
        "directory";

    # can also use references to file handles, this is for backward
    # compatibility with File::Copy
    copy \*FILE1,\*FILE2;
    copy \*FILE1,"file";
    copy "file1",\*FILE2;


    # we don't specify \1 as the first argument because we don't want to
    # copy directories recursively
    copy "*.c","*.pl","programs";
    copy "*", "backup";

    use File::NCopy;

    # the below are the default config values
    $file = File::NCopy->new(
            'recursive'      => 0,
            'preserve'       => 0,
            'follow_links'   => 0,
            'force_write'   => 0,
            'set_permission' => \&File::NCopy::u_chmod,
            'file_check'     => \&File::NCopy::f_check,
            'set_times'      => \&File::NCopy::s_times,
    );

    set_permission will take two file names, the original to get the
    file permissions from and the new file to set the file permissions
    for.

    file_check takes two parameters, the file names to check the file to
    copy from and the file to copy to. I am using flock for Unix
    systems.
    Default for this is \&File::NCopy::f_check.  On Unix you can also use
    \&File::NCopy::unix_check.  This one compares the inode and device
    numbers.

    set_times is used if the preserve attribute is true.  It preserves
    the access and modification time of the file and also attempts to
    set the owner of the file to the original owner.  This can be useful
    in a script used by root, though enyone can preserve the access and
    modification times. This also takes two arguments.  The file to get
    the stats from and apply the stats to.

    On Unix boxes you shouldn't need to worry.  On other system you may
    want to supply your own sub references.

    $file = File::NCopy->new(recursive => 1);
    $file->copy "file","other_file";
    $file->copy "directory1","directory2";

    $file = File::NCopy->new(u_chmod => \&my_chmod,f_check => \&my_fcheck);
    $file->copy "directory1","directory2";


=head1 DESCRIPTION

B<File::NCopy::copy> copies files to directories, or a single file to
another file.  You can also use a reference to a file handle if you wish
whem doing a file to file copy.  The functionality is very similar to
B<cp>.  If the argument is a directory to directory copy and the
recursive flag is set then it is done recursively like B<cp -R>.
In fact it behaves like cp on Unix for the most part.
If called in array context, an array of successful copies is returned,
otherwise the number of succesful copies is returned.  If passed a file
handle, it's difficult to make sure the file we are copying isn't the
same that we are copying to, since by opening the file in write mode it
gets pooched.  To avoid this use file names instead, if at all possible,
especially for the to file.  If passed a file handle, it is not closed
when copy returns, files opened by copy are closed.

=over 4

=item B<copy>

Copies a file to another file.  Or a file to a directory.  Or multiple
files and directories to another directory.  Or a directory to another
directory.  Wildcard arguments are expanded, except for the last
argument which should not be expanded.  The file and directory
permissions are set to the orginating file's permissions and if preserve
is set the access and modification times are also set.  If preserve is
set then the uid and gid will also be attempted to be set, though this
may only for for the men in white hats.
In list context it returns all the names of the files/directories that
were successfully copied.  In scalar context it returns the number of
successful copies made.  A directory argument is considerd a single
successful copy if it manages to copy anything at all.  To make a
directory to directory copy the recursive flag must be set.

=item B<cp>

Just calls copy.  It's there to be compatible with File::Copy.

=item B<new>

If used then you can treat this as an object oriented module with some
configuration abilities.

=item B<recursive>

If used as an object then you can use this to set the recursive
attribute.  It can also be set when instantiating with new.  The other
attributes must all be set when instantiating the object.  If it isn't
specified then directories are not followed.

=item B<preserve>

Attempt to preserve the last modification and access time as well as
user and group id's.  This is a useful feature for sysadmins, though the
access and modification time should always be preservable, the uid and
gid may not.

=item B<follow_links>

If the link is to a directory and this attribute is true then the
directory is followed and recursively copied.  Otherwise a link is made
to the root directory the link points to. eg.

/sys/ is a link to /usr/src/sys/ is a link to /usr/src/i386/sys
then the link /sys/ is actually created in the source directory as a
link to /usr/src/i386/sys/ rather than /usr/src/sys/ since if the link
/usr/src/sys/ is removed then we lost the link even though the directory
we originally intended to link to still exists.

=item B<force_write>

Force the writing of a file even if the permissions are read only on it.

=back

=head1 EXAMPLE

See SYNOPSIS.

=head1 BUGS

When following links the target directory might not exactly the same as
the source directory.  The reason is that we have to make sure we don't
follow circular or dead links.  This is really a feature though the
result may not quite resemble the source dir, the overall content will
be the same. :)

=head1 AUTHOR

Gabor Egressy B<gabor@vmunix.com>

Copyright (c) 1998 Gabor Egressy.  All rights reserved.  All wrongs
reversed.  This program is free software; you can redistribute and/or
modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Some ideas gleaned from File::Copy by Aaron Sherman & Charles Bailey,
but the code was written from scratch.

Patch at version 0.33 added by MZSANFORD.

=cut

use Cwd ();
use File::Spec;
use strict;
use vars qw(@EXPORT_OK @ISA $VERSION);
@ISA = qw(Exporter);
# we export nothing by default :)
@EXPORT_OK = qw(copy cp);

$VERSION = '0.33';

# this works on Unix
sub u_chmod($$)
{
    my ($file_from,$file_to) = @_;

    my ($mode) = (stat $file_from)[2];
    chmod $mode & 0777,$file_to
        unless ref $file_to eq 'GLOB' || ref $file_to eq 'FileHandle';
    1;
}

# this also works on Unix
sub f_check($$)
{
    my ($file_from,$file_to) = @_;

    # get a shared lock on file to copy from
    flock $file_from,5
        or return 0;
    # try and get an exclusive lock on the file to copy to
    flock $file_to,6
        or do {
            flock $file_from,8;
            return 0;
        };
    flock $file_from,8;
    flock $file_to,8;

    1;
}

# this also works on Unix, it's not the default but you can easily use
# it by using the module in an object oriented way
# $copy = File::NCopy->new('file_check' => \&File::NCopy::unix_check);
sub unix_check($$)
{
    my ($file_from,$file_to) = @_;

    my ($fdev,$fino) = (stat $file_from)[0,1];
    my ($tdev,$tino) = (stat $file_to)[0,1];

    return 0
        if $fdev == $tdev && $fino == $tino;
    1;
}

sub s_times($$)
{
    my ($file_from,$file_to) = @_;

    my ($uid,$gid,$atime,$mtime) = (stat $file_from)[4,5,8,9];

    utime $atime,$mtime,$file_to
        unless ref $file_to eq 'GLOB' || ref $file_to eq 'FileHandle';

    # this may only work for men in white hats; on Unix
    chown $uid,$gid,$file_to
        unless ref $file_to eq 'GLOB' || ref $file_to eq 'FileHandle';
    1;
}

# all the actual copying is done here, folks ;)
sub _docopy_file_file($$$)
{
    my $this = shift;
    my ($file_from,$file_to) = @_;
    local (*FILE_FROM,*FILE_TO);
    my ($was_handle);

    # did we get a file handle ?
    unless(ref $file_from eq 'GLOB' || ref $file_from eq 'FileHandle') {
        open FILE_FROM,"<$file_from"
            or do {
                print "*** Couldn\'t open from file <$!> ==> $file_from\n"
                    if $this->{'_debug'};
                return 0;
            };
    }
    else {
        *FILE_FROM = *$file_from;
    }

    unless(ref $file_to eq 'GLOB' || ref $file_to eq 'FileHandle') {
        # we must open in update mode since on some systems exclusive
        # locks are only granted to files that are going to be written;
        open FILE_TO,"+<$file_to"
            or goto NO_FILE; # no file, so file can't be the same :)
    }
    else {
        *FILE_TO = *$file_to;
        $was_handle = 1;
    }

    unless(-t FILE_FROM || -t FILE_TO) {
        $this->{'file_check'}->(\*FILE_FROM,\*FILE_TO)
            or return 0;
    }

NO_FILE:
    # files aren't the same; now open for writing unless we got a
    # filehandle
    if(! $was_handle && ! $this->{test}) {
        open FILE_TO,">$file_to"
            or chmod 0644, "$file_to"
                if $this->{'force_write'};
        open FILE_TO,">$file_to"
            or do {
                print "*** Couldn\'t open to file <$!> ==> $file_to\n"
                    if $this->{'_debug'};
                return 0;
            };
    }

    # and now for the braindead OS's
    binmode FILE_FROM unless ($this->{test});
    binmode FILE_TO   unless ($this->{test});

    my $buf = '';
    my ($len,$write_n);
    # read file and write to new file, recover from write errors and
    # read errors; we accept however much we read and try to write it
    # 8K is a nice buffer size for most file systems
    while(! $this->{test} && 1) {
        $len = sysread(FILE_FROM,$buf,8192);
        return 0
            unless defined $len;
        last
            unless $len > 0;
        while($len) {
            $write_n = syswrite(FILE_TO,$buf,$len);
            return 0
                unless defined $write_n;
            $len -= $write_n;
        }
    }

    $this->{'set_permission'}->($file_from,$file_to);
    $this->{'set_times'}->($file_from,$file_to)
        if $this->{'preserve'};

    # we only close files we opened
    unless ($this->{test}) {
    close FILE_FROM
        unless ref $file_from eq 'GLOB' || ref $file_from eq 'FileHandle';
    close FILE_TO
        unless ref $file_to eq 'GLOB' || ref $file_to eq 'FileHandle';
    }

    print "$file_from ==> $file_to\n"
        if $this->{'_debug'};

    1;
}

sub get_path($)
{
    my $dir = shift;

    my $save_dir = Cwd::cwd;
    chdir $dir
        or return undef;
    $dir = Cwd::cwd;
    chdir $save_dir;

    $dir;
}

sub _recurse_from_dir($$$);

# we never actually change the directory :)
sub _recurse_from_dir($$$)
{
    my $this = shift;
    my ($from_dir,$to_dir) = @_;
    local (*DIR);
    # MZS - v0.39 - Changed from slash to File::Spec;
    my $dir_sep = File::Spec->catfile('a','b');
    $dir_sep =~ s/^a(.+)b$/$1/;


    opendir DIR,$from_dir
        or do {
            print "*** Couldn\'t opendir <$!> ==> $from_dir\n"
                if $this->{'_debug'};
            return 0;
        };
    my @files = readdir DIR
        or do {
            print "*** Couldn\'t read dir <$!> ==> $from_dir\n"
                if $this->{'_debug'};
            return 0;
        };
    closedir DIR;

    my $made_dir;
    unless(-e $to_dir && ! $this->{test}) {
        mkdir $to_dir,0777
            or return 0;
        $made_dir = 1;
    }

    my ($retval,$ret,$link,$save_link);

    # make sure we don't end up with a recursive, circular link
    # this isn't totally foolproof, though it does prevent circular
    # links
    if($this->{'follow_links'}) {
        if(defined($save_link = get_path $from_dir)) {
            $this->{'_links'}->{$save_link} = 1;
        }
    }

    for (@files) {
        next
            if /^\.\.?$/;
        if(-f "$from_dir/$_") {
            $ret = _docopy_file_file $this, $from_dir . $dir_sep . $_ ,
                    $to_dir . $dir_sep . $_;
        }
        elsif(-d "$from_dir$dir_sep$_") {
            if($this->{'follow_links'} && -l "$from_dir$dir_sep$_") {
                $link = get_path "$from_dir$dir_sep$_";
            }
            if(! -l "$from_dir$dir_sep$_" || $this->{'follow_links'}
                    && defined $link
                    && ! exists $this->{'_links'}->{$link}) {
                $ret = _recurse_from_dir
                        $this,$from_dir . $dir_sep . $_ ,$to_dir . $dir_sep . $_;
            }
            else {
                if(defined($link = get_path "$from_dir$dir_sep$_")) {
                    $ret = symlink $link, "$to_dir$dir_sep$_";
                }
            }
        }
        $retval = $retval || $ret;
    }

    if($made_dir) {
        $this->{'set_permission'}->($from_dir,$to_dir);
        $this->{'set_times'}->($from_dir,$to_dir)
            if $this->{'preserve'};
    }

    # remove the name so that there can be link to it from other dirs
    # that are not subdirs of this one
    if($this->{'follow_links'}) {
        delete $this->{'_links'}->{$save_link};
    }

    $retval;
}

sub _docopy_dir_dir($$$)
{
    my $this = shift;
    my ($dir_from,$dir_to) = @_;
    my ($from_name);
    # MZS - v0.39 - Changed from slash to File::Spec;
    my $dir_sep = File::Spec->catfile('a','b');
    $dir_sep =~ s/^a(.+)b$/$1/;

    $dir_from =~ s/$dir_sep$//; # remove trailing slash, if any
    if($dir_from =~ tr/$dir_sep//) {
        $from_name = substr $dir_from,rindex($dir_from,$dir_sep) + 1;
    }
    else {
        $from_name = $dir_from;
        if($from_name =~ /^\.\.?$/) {
            $from_name = '';
        }
    }

    unless($dir_to =~ /$dir_sep$/) {
        $dir_to .= $dir_sep;
    }
    $dir_to .= $from_name;

    $this->{'_links'} = {};

    _recurse_from_dir $this, $dir_from,$dir_to;
}

sub _docopy_file_dir($$$)
{
    my $this = shift;
    my ($file,$dir) = @_;
    my $file_to;
    # MZS - v0.39 - Changed from slash to File::Spec;
    my $dir_sep = File::Spec->catfile('a','b');
    $dir_sep =~ s/^a(.+)b$/$1/;

    if($file =~ tr/$dir_sep//) {
        $file_to = substr $file,rindex($file,$dir_sep) + 1;
    }
    else {
        $file_to = $file;
    }
    
    $dir =~ s/$dir_sep$//; # remove trailing slash 

    _docopy_file_file $this, $file,$dir.'/'.$file_to;
}

# this just redirects calls, like copy ;)
sub _docopy_files_dir($$@)
{
    my $this = shift;
    my $copies = shift;
    my $dir = pop;

    for (@_) {
        if(-d $_ && $this->{'recursive'}) {
            if ($this->{test}) {
                push @$copies, $_;
            } else {
            _docopy_dir_dir $this, $_, $dir
                and push @$copies, $_;
            }
        }
        elsif(-f $_) {
            if ($this->{test}) {
                push @$copies, $_;
            } else {
            _docopy_file_dir $this, $_, $dir
                and push @$copies, $_;
            }
        }
    }
    1;
}

# does glob work on all systems?
sub expand(@)
{
    my @args;

    return 
        if @_ < 2;

    for (my $i = 0;$i < $#_;++$i) {
        push @args,glob $_[$i];
    }
    push @args,$_[$#_];

    @args;
}

sub new(@);

# this just redirects calls
sub copy(@)
{
    my $this;

    # were we called through an object reference?
    if(ref $_[0] eq 'File::NCopy') {
        $this = shift;
    }
    else {
        # no, so let's make one
        $this = new File::NCopy;
        if(ref $_[0] eq 'SCALAR') {
            my $rec = shift;
            $this->recursive($$rec);
        }
    }

    my @copies;
    my @args = expand @_;

    print "passed args ==> @args\n"
        if $this->{'_debug'};

    # one or more files/directories to a directory
    if(@args >= 2 && -d $args[$#args]) {
        print "Copy to dir started.\n" if ($this->{'_debug'});
        _docopy_files_dir $this, \@copies, @args;
    }
    # file to file
    elsif(@args == 2 && -f $args[0]) {
        if ($this->{test}) {
                push @copies, $args[0];
        } else {
        _docopy_file_file $this, $args[0],$args[1]
            and push @copies, $args[0];
        }
    }

    @copies;
}

sub cp(@) {
    return copy @_;
}

# instantiate our object
sub new(@)
{
    my $this = shift;
    
    my $conf = {
        'test'           => 0,
        'recursive'      => 0,
        'preserve'       => 0,
        'follow_links'   => 0,
        'force_write'    => 0,
        '_debug'         => 0,
        'set_permission' => \&File::NCopy::u_chmod,
        'file_check'     => \&File::NCopy::f_check,
        'set_times'      => \&File::NCopy::s_times,
        '_links'         => {},
    };

    my $ref;
    if(@_ % 2 == 0) {
        my %ref = @_;
        $ref = \%ref;
    }
    elsif(ref $_[0] eq 'HASH') {
        $ref = shift;
    }

    if(ref $ref eq 'HASH') {
        $conf->{'test'} = abs int $ref->{'test'}
            if defined $ref->{'test'};
        $conf->{'recursive'} = abs int $ref->{'recursive'}
            if defined $ref->{'recursive'};
        $conf->{'preserve'} = abs int $ref->{'preserve'}
            if defined $ref->{'preserve'};
        $conf->{'follow_links'} = abs int $ref->{'follow_links'}
            if defined $ref->{'follow_links'};
        $conf->{'force_write'} = abs int $ref->{'force_write'}
            if defined $ref->{'force_write'};
        $conf->{'_debug'} = abs int $ref->{'_debug'}
            if defined $ref->{'_debug'};
        $conf->{'set_permission'} = $ref->{'set_permission'}
            if defined $ref->{'set_permission'}
                && ref $ref->{'set_permission'} eq 'CODE';
        $conf->{'file_check'} = $ref->{'file_check'}
            if defined $ref->{'file_check'}
                && ref $ref->{'file_check'} eq 'CODE';
        $conf->{'set_times'} = $ref->{'set_times'}
            if defined $ref->{'set_times'}
                && ref $ref->{'set_times'} eq 'CODE';
    }

    bless $conf,$this;
}

sub recursive($;$)
{
    return
        if @_ < 1;
    my $this = shift;

    return
        unless ref $this eq 'File::NCopy';

    @_ ? $this->{'recursive'} = abs int shift
       : $this->{'recursive'};
}

sub preserve($;$)
{
    return
        if @_ < 1;
    my $this = shift;

    return
        unless ref $this eq 'File::NCopy';

    @_ ? $this->{'preserve'} = abs int shift
       : $this->{'preserve'};
}

sub follow_links($;$)
{
    return
        if @_ < 1;
    my $this = shift;

    return
        unless ref $this eq 'File::NCopy';

    @_ ? $this->{'follow_links'} = abs int shift
       : $this->{'follow_links'};
}

sub force_write($;$)
{
    return
        if @_ < 1;
    my $this = shift;

    return
        unless ref $this eq 'File::NCopy';

    @_ ? $this->{'force_write'} = abs int shift
       : $this->{'force_write'};
}

1;