package Mojo::Transaction::HTTP;
use Mojo::Base 'Mojo::Transaction';

has 'previous';

sub client_read {
  my ($self, $chunk) = @_;

  # Skip body for HEAD request
  my $res = $self->res;
  $res->content->skip_body(1) if uc $self->req->method eq 'HEAD';
  return undef unless $res->parse($chunk)->is_finished;

  # Unexpected 1xx response
  return $self->completed if !$res->is_info || $res->headers->upgrade;
  $self->res($res->new)->emit(unexpected => $res);
  return undef unless length(my $leftovers = $res->content->leftovers);
  $self->client_read($leftovers);
}

sub client_write { shift->_write(0) }

sub is_empty { !!(uc $_[0]->req->method eq 'HEAD' || $_[0]->res->is_empty) }

sub keep_alive {
  my $self = shift;

  # Close
  my $req      = $self->req;
  my $res      = $self->res;
  my $req_conn = lc($req->headers->connection // '');
  my $res_conn = lc($res->headers->connection // '');
  return undef if $req_conn eq 'close' || $res_conn eq 'close';

  # Keep-alive is optional for 1.0
  return $res_conn eq 'keep-alive' if $res->version eq '1.0';
  return $req_conn eq 'keep-alive' if $req->version eq '1.0';

  # Keep-alive is the default for 1.1
  return 1;
}

sub redirects {
  my $previous = shift;
  my @redirects;
  unshift @redirects, $previous while $previous = $previous->previous;
  return \@redirects;
}

sub resume { ++$_[0]{writing} and return $_[0]->emit('resume') }

sub server_read {
  my ($self, $chunk) = @_;

  # Parse request
  my $req = $self->req;
  $req->parse($chunk) unless $req->error;

  # Generate response
  $self->emit('request') if $req->is_finished && !$self->{handled}++;
}

sub server_write { shift->_write(1) }

sub _body {
  my ($self, $msg, $finish) = @_;

  # Prepare body chunk
  my $buffer = $msg->get_body_chunk($self->{offset});
  $self->{offset} += defined $buffer ? length $buffer : 0;

  # Delayed
  $self->{writing} = 0 unless defined $buffer;

  # Finished
  $finish ? $self->completed : ($self->{writing} = 0)
    if defined $buffer && !length $buffer;

  return $buffer // '';
}

sub _headers {
  my ($self, $msg, $head) = @_;

  # Prepare header chunk
  my $buffer  = $msg->get_header_chunk($self->{offset});
  my $written = defined $buffer ? length $buffer : 0;
  $self->{write} -= $written;
  $self->{offset} += $written;

  # Switch to body
  if ($self->{write} <= 0) {
    @$self{qw(http_state offset)} = ('body', 0);

    # Response without body
    $self->completed->{http_state} = 'empty' if $head && $self->is_empty;
  }

  return $buffer;
}

sub _start_line {
  my ($self, $msg) = @_;

  # Prepare start-line chunk
  my $buffer  = $msg->get_start_line_chunk($self->{offset});
  my $written = defined $buffer ? length $buffer : 0;
  $self->{write} -= $written;
  $self->{offset} += $written;

  # Switch to headers
  @$self{qw(http_state write offset)} = ('headers', $msg->header_size, 0)
    if $self->{write} <= 0;

  return $buffer;
}

sub _write {
  my ($self, $server) = @_;

  # Client starts writing right away
  return '' unless $server ? $self->{writing} : ($self->{writing} //= 1);

  # Nothing written yet
  $self->{$_} ||= 0 for qw(offset write);
  my $msg = $server ? $self->res : $self->req;
  @$self{qw(http_state write)} = ('start_line', $msg->start_line_size)
    unless $self->{http_state};

  # Start-line
  my $chunk = '';
  $chunk .= $self->_start_line($msg) if $self->{http_state} eq 'start_line';

  # Headers
  $chunk .= $self->_headers($msg, $server) if $self->{http_state} eq 'headers';

  # Body
  $chunk .= $self->_body($msg, $server) if $self->{http_state} eq 'body';

  return $chunk;
}

1;

=encoding utf8

=head1 NAME

Mojo::Transaction::HTTP - HTTP transaction

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Mojo::Transaction::HTTP;

  # Client
  my $tx = Mojo::Transaction::HTTP->new;
  $tx->req->method('GET');
  $tx->req->url->parse('http://example.com');
  $tx->req->headers->accept('application/json');
  say $tx->res->code;
  say $tx->res->headers->content_type;
  say $tx->res->body;
  say $tx->remote_address;

  # Server
  my $tx = Mojo::Transaction::HTTP->new;
  say $tx->req->method;
  say $tx->req->url->to_abs;
  say $tx->req->headers->accept;
  say $tx->remote_address;
  $tx->res->code(200);
  $tx->res->headers->content_type('text/plain');
  $tx->res->body('Hello World!');

=head1 DESCRIPTION

L<Mojo::Transaction::HTTP> is a container for HTTP transactions, based on
L<RFC 7230|http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7230> and
L<RFC 7231|http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7231>.

=head1 EVENTS

L<Mojo::Transaction::HTTP> inherits all events from L<Mojo::Transaction> and
can emit the following new ones.

=head2 request

  $tx->on(request => sub {
    my $tx = shift;
    ...
  });

Emitted when a request is ready and needs to be handled.

  $tx->on(request => sub {
    my $tx = shift;
    $tx->res->headers->header('X-Bender' => 'Bite my shiny metal ass!');
  });

=head2 resume

  $tx->on(resume => sub {
    my $tx = shift;
    ...
  });

Emitted when transaction is resumed.

=head2 unexpected

  $tx->on(unexpected => sub {
    my ($tx, $res) = @_;
    ...
  });

Emitted for unexpected C<1xx> responses that will be ignored.

  $tx->on(unexpected => sub {
    my $tx = shift;
    $tx->res->on(finish => sub { say 'Follow-up response is finished.' });
  });

=head1 ATTRIBUTES

L<Mojo::Transaction::HTTP> inherits all attributes from L<Mojo::Transaction>
and implements the following new ones.

=head2 previous

  my $previous = $tx->previous;
  $tx          = $tx->previous(Mojo::Transaction::HTTP->new);

Previous transaction that triggered this follow-up transaction, usually a
L<Mojo::Transaction::HTTP> object.

  # Paths of previous requests
  say $tx->previous->previous->req->url->path;
  say $tx->previous->req->url->path;

=head1 METHODS

L<Mojo::Transaction::HTTP> inherits all methods from L<Mojo::Transaction> and
implements the following new ones.

=head2 client_read

  $tx->client_read($bytes);

Read data client-side, used to implement user agents such as L<Mojo::UserAgent>.

=head2 client_write

  my $bytes = $tx->client_write;

Write data client-side, used to implement user agents such as
L<Mojo::UserAgent>.

=head2 is_empty

  my $bool = $tx->is_empty;

Check transaction for C<HEAD> request and C<1xx>, C<204> or C<304> response.

=head2 keep_alive

  my $bool = $tx->keep_alive;

Check if connection can be kept alive.

=head2 redirects

  my $redirects = $tx->redirects;

Return an array reference with all previous transactions that preceded this
follow-up transaction.

  # Paths of all previous requests
  say $_->req->url->path for @{$tx->redirects};

=head2 resume

  $tx = $tx->resume;

Resume transaction.

=head2 server_read

  $tx->server_read($bytes);

Read data server-side, used to implement web servers such as
L<Mojo::Server::Daemon>.

=head2 server_write

  my $bytes = $tx->server_write;

Write data server-side, used to implement web servers such as
L<Mojo::Server::Daemon>.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Mojolicious>, L<Mojolicious::Guides>, L<https://mojolicious.org>.

=cut