use 5.008;
use strict;
use warnings;

package MooX::late;
our $AUTHORITY = 'cpan:TOBYINK';
our $VERSION   = '0.100';

use Moo              qw( );
use Carp             qw( carp croak );
use Scalar::Util     qw( blessed );
use Module::Runtime  qw( is_module_name );

BEGIN {
	package MooX::late::DefinitionContext;
	our $AUTHORITY = 'cpan:TOBYINK';
	our $VERSION   = '0.100';
	
	use Moo;
	use overload (
		q[""]    => 'to_string',
		q[bool]  => sub { 1 },
		fallback => 1,
	);
	
	has package  => (is => 'ro');
	has filename => (is => 'ro');
	has line     => (is => 'ro');
	
	sub to_string
	{
		my $self = shift;
		sprintf(
			'%s:%d, package %s',
			$self->filename,
			$self->line,
			$self->package,
		);
	}
	
	sub new_from_caller
	{
		my ($class, $level) = @_;
		$level = 0 unless defined $level;
		
		my ($p, $f, $c) = caller($level + 1);
		return $class->new(
			package  => $p,
			filename => $f,
			line     => $c,
		);
	}
};

# SUBCLASSING
# This is a hook for people subclassing MooX::late.
# It should be easy to tack on your own handlers
# to the end of the list. A handler is only called
# if exists($spec{$handler_name}) in the attribute
# spec.
# 
sub _handlers
{
	qw( isa does lazy_build );
}

# SUBCLASSING
# Not really sure why you'd want to override
# this.
#
sub _definition_context_class
{
	"MooX::late::DefinitionContext";
}

sub import
{
	my $me = shift;
	my $caller = caller;
	
	require Sub::HandlesVia;
	require Sub::HandlesVia::Toolkit::Moo;
	'Sub::HandlesVia::Toolkit::Moo'->setup_for($caller);
	
	my $install_tracked;
	{
		no warnings;
		if ($Moo::MAKERS{$caller})
		{
			$install_tracked = \&Moo::_install_tracked;
		}
		elsif ($Moo::Role::INFO{$caller})
		{
			$install_tracked = \&Moo::Role::_install_tracked;
		}
		else
		{
			croak "MooX::late applied to a non-Moo package"
				. "(need: use Moo or use Moo::Role)";
		}
	}
	
	my $orig = $caller->can('has')  # lolcat
		or croak "Could not locate 'has' function to alter";
	
	my @handlers = $me->_handlers;
	
	# SUBCLASSING
	# MooX::late itself does not provide a
	# `_finalize_attribute` method. Your subclass
	# can, in which case it will be called right
	# before setting up the attribute.
	# 
	my $finalize = $me->can("_finalize_attribute");
	
	$install_tracked->(
		$caller, has => sub
		{
			my ($proto, %spec) = @_;
			my $context = $me->_definition_context_class->new_from_caller(0);
			
			for my $name (ref $proto ? @$proto : $proto)
			{
				my $spec = +{ %spec }; # shallow clone
				
				for my $option (@handlers)
				{
					next unless exists $spec->{$option};
					my $handler = $me->can("_handle_$option");
					
					# SUBCLASSING
					# Note that handlers are called as methods, and
					# get passed:
					# 1. the attribute name
					# 2. the attribute spec (hashref, modifiable)
					# 3. a context object
					# 4. the name of the caller class/role
					#
					$me->$handler($name, $spec, $context, $caller);
				}
				
				$me->$finalize($name, $spec, $context, $caller) if $finalize;
				$orig->($name, %$spec);
			}
			return;
		},
	);
	
	$me->_install_sugar($caller, $install_tracked);
}

# SUBCLASSING
# This can be used to install additional functions
# into the caller package.
#
sub _install_sugar
{
	my $me = shift;
	my ($caller, $installer) = @_;
	$installer->($caller, blessed => \&Scalar::Util::blessed);
	$installer->($caller, confess => \&Carp::confess);
}

sub _handle_isa
{
	my $me = shift;
	my ($name, $spec, $context, $class) = @_;
	return if ref $spec->{isa};
	
	require Type::Utils;
	$spec->{isa} = Type::Utils::dwim_type($spec->{isa}, for => $class);
	
	return;
}

sub _handle_does
{
	my $me = shift;
	my ($name, $spec, $context, $class) = @_;
	return unless defined $spec->{does};
	
	require Types::Standard;
	$spec->{isa} = Types::Standard::ConsumerOf()->of($spec->{does});
	
	return;
}

sub _handle_lazy_build
{
	my $me = shift;
	my ($name, $spec, $context, $class) = @_;
	return unless delete $spec->{lazy_build};
	
	$spec->{is}      ||= "ro";
	$spec->{lazy}    ||= 1;
	$spec->{builder} ||= "_build_$name";
	
	if ($name =~ /^_/)
	{
		$spec->{clearer}   ||= "_clear$name";
		$spec->{predicate} ||= "_has$name";
	}
	else
	{
		$spec->{clearer}   ||= "clear_$name";
		$spec->{predicate} ||= "has_$name";
	}
	
	return;
}

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding utf8

=for stopwords superset MooX

=head1 NAME

MooX::late - easily translate Moose code to Moo

=head1 SYNOPSIS

   package Foo;
   use Moo;
   use MooX::late;
   has bar => (is => "ro", isa => "Str", default => "MacLaren's Pub");

(Examples for Moo roles in section below.)

=head1 DESCRIPTION

L<Moo> is a light-weight object oriented programming framework which aims
to be compatible with L<Moose>. It does this by detecting when Moose has
been loaded, and automatically "inflating" its classes and roles to full
Moose classes and roles. This way, Moo classes can consume Moose roles,
Moose classes can extend Moo classes, and so forth.

However, the surface syntax of Moo differs somewhat from Moose. For example
the C<isa> option when defining attributes in Moose must be either a string
or a blessed L<Moose::Meta::TypeConstraint> object; but in Moo must be a
coderef. These differences in surface syntax make porting code from Moose to
Moo potentially tricky. L<MooX::late> provides some assistance by enabling a
slightly more Moosey surface syntax.

MooX::late does the following:

=over

=item 1.

Supports C<< isa => $stringytype >>.

=item 2.

Supports C<< does => $rolename >> .

=item 3.

Supports C<< lazy_build => 1 >>.

=item 4.

Exports C<blessed> and C<confess> functions to your namespace.

=item 5.

Handles native attribute traits.

=back

Five features. It is not the aim of C<MooX::late> to make every aspect of
Moo behave exactly identically to Moose. It's just going after the low-hanging
fruit. So it does five things right now, and I promise that future versions
will never do more than seven.

Previous releases of MooX::late added support for C<< coerce => 1 >> and
C<< default => $nonref >>. These features have now been added to Moo itself,
so MooX::late no longer has to deal with them.

=head2 Use in Moo::Roles

MooX::late should work in Moo::Roles, with no particular caveats.

   package MyRole;
   use Moo::Role;
   use MooX::late;

L<Package::Variant> can be used to build the Moo equivalent of
parameterized roles. MooX::late should work in roles built with
Package::Variant.

   use Package::Variant
      importing => [ qw( Moo::Role MooX::late ) ],
      subs      => [ qw( has with ) ];

=head2 Type constraints

Type constraint strings are interpreted using L<Type::Parser>, using the
type constraints defined in L<Types::Standard>. This provides a very slight
superset of Moose's type constraint syntax and built-in type constraints.

Any unrecognized string that looks like it might be a class name is
interpreted as a class type constraint.

=head2 Subclassing

MooX::late is designed to be reasonably easy to subclass. There are comments
in the source code explaining hooks for extensibility.

=head1 BUGS

Please report any bugs to
L<http://rt.cpan.org/Dist/Display.html?Queue=MooX-late>.

=head1 SEE ALSO

C<MooX::late> uses L<Types::Standard> to check type constraints.

C<MooX::late> uses L<Sub::HandlesVia> to provide native attribute traits
support.

The following modules bring additional Moose functionality to Moo,
beyond what MooX::late offers:

=over

=item *

L<MooX::Override> - support override/super

=item *

L<MooX::Augment> - support augment/inner

=back

L<MooX> allows you to load Moo plus multiple MooX extension modules in a
single line.

=head1 AUTHOR

Toby Inkster E<lt>tobyink@cpan.orgE<gt>.

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

This software is copyright (c) 2012-2014, 2019 by Toby Inkster.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=head1 DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

THIS PACKAGE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.