package MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast;

use Moose::Role;
use Class::MOP ();
use Scalar::Util ();

use MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast::Meta::Accessor ();

our $VERSION = '0.009032';
$VERSION =~ tr/_//d;

=head1 NAME

MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast - Emulate Class::Accessor::Fast behavior using Moose attributes

=head1 SYNOPSYS

    package MyClass;
    use Moose;

    with 'MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast';


    #fields with readers and writers
    __PACKAGE__->mk_accessors(qw/field1 field2/);
    #fields with readers only
    __PACKAGE__->mk_ro_accessors(qw/field3 field4/);
    #fields with writers only
    __PACKAGE__->mk_wo_accessors(qw/field5 field6/);


=head1 DESCRIPTION

This module attempts to emulate the behavior of L<Class::Accessor::Fast> as
accurately as possible using the Moose attribute system. The public API of
C<Class::Accessor::Fast> is wholly supported, but the private methods are not.
If you are only using the public methods (as you should) migration should be a
matter of switching your C<use base> line to a C<with> line.

While I have attempted to emulate the behavior of Class::Accessor::Fast as closely
as possible bugs may still be lurking in edge-cases.

=head1 BEHAVIOR

Simple documentation is provided here for your convenience, but for more thorough
documentation please see L<Class::Accessor::Fast> and L<Class::Accessor>.

=head2 A note about introspection

Please note that, at this time, the C<is> flag attribute is not being set. To
determine the C<reader> and C<writer> methods using introspection in later versions
of L<Class::MOP> ( > 0.38) please use the C<get_read_method> and C<get_write_method>
methods in L<Class::MOP::Attribute>. Example

    # with Class::MOP <= 0.38
    my $attr = $self->meta->find_attribute_by_name($field_name);
    my $reader_method = $attr->reader || $attr->accessor;
    my $writer_method = $attr->writer || $attr->accessor;

    # with Class::MOP > 0.38
    my $attr = $self->meta->find_attribute_by_name($field_name);
    my $reader_method = $attr->get_read_method;
    my $writer_method = $attr->get_write_method;

=head1 METHODS

=head2 BUILD $self %args

Change the default Moose class building to emulate the behavior of C::A::F and
store arguments in the instance hashref.

=cut

my $locate_metaclass = sub {
  my $class = Scalar::Util::blessed($_[0]) || $_[0];
  return Class::MOP::get_metaclass_by_name($class)
    || Moose::Meta::Class->initialize($class);
};

sub BUILD { }

around 'BUILD' => sub {
  my $orig = shift;
  my $self = shift;
  my %args = %{ $_[0] };
  $self->$orig(\%args);
  my @extra = grep { !exists($self->{$_}) } keys %args;
  @{$self}{@extra} = @args{@extra};
  return $self;
};

=head2 mk_accessors @field_names

Create read-write accessors. An attribute named C<$field_name> will be created.
The name of the c<reader> and C<writer> methods will be determined by the return
value of C<accessor_name_for> and C<mutator_name_for>, which by default return the
name passed unchanged. If the accessor and mutator names are equal the C<accessor>
attribute will be passes to Moose, otherwise the C<reader> and C<writer> attributes
will be passed. Please see L<Class::MOP::Attribute> for more information.

=cut

sub mk_accessors {
  my $self = shift;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($self);
  my $class = $meta->name;
  confess("You are trying to modify ${class}, which has been made immutable, this is ".
    "not supported. Try subclassing ${class}, rather than monkeypatching it")
    if $meta->is_immutable;

  for my $attr_name (@_){
    $meta->remove_attribute($attr_name)
      if $meta->find_attribute_by_name($attr_name);
    my $reader = $self->accessor_name_for($attr_name);
    my $writer = $self->mutator_name_for( $attr_name);

    #dont overwrite existing methods
    if($reader eq $writer){
      my %opts = ( $meta->has_method($reader) ? ( is => 'bare' ) : (accessor => $reader) );
      my $attr = $meta->find_attribute_by_name($attr_name) || $meta->add_attribute($attr_name, %opts,
        traits => ['MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast::Meta::Role::Attribute']
      );
      if($attr_name eq $reader){
        my $alias = "_${attr_name}_accessor";
        next if $meta->has_method($alias);
        $meta->add_method($alias => $attr->get_read_method_ref);
      }
    } else {
      my @opts = ( $meta->has_method($writer) ? () : (writer => $writer) );
      push(@opts, (reader => $reader)) unless $meta->has_method($reader);
      my $attr = $meta->find_attribute_by_name($attr_name) || $meta->add_attribute($attr_name, @opts,
        traits => ['MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast::Meta::Role::Attribute']
      );
    }
  }
}

=head2 mk_ro_accessors @field_names

Create read-only accessors.

=cut

sub mk_ro_accessors {
  my $self = shift;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($self);
  my $class = $meta->name;
  confess("You are trying to modify ${class}, which has been made immutable, this is ".
    "not supported. Try subclassing ${class}, rather than monkeypatching it")
    if $meta->is_immutable;
  for my $attr_name (@_){
    $meta->remove_attribute($attr_name)
      if $meta->find_attribute_by_name($attr_name);
    my $reader = $self->accessor_name_for($attr_name);
    my @opts = ($meta->has_method($reader) ? (is => 'bare') : (reader => $reader) );
    my $attr = $meta->add_attribute($attr_name, @opts,
      traits => ['MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast::Meta::Role::Attribute']
    ) if scalar(@opts);
    if($reader eq $attr_name && $reader eq $self->mutator_name_for($attr_name)){
      $meta->add_method("_${attr_name}_accessor" => $attr->get_read_method_ref)
        unless $meta->has_method("_${attr_name}_accessor");
    }
  }
}

=head2 mk_ro_accessors @field_names

Create write-only accessors.

=cut

#this is retarded.. but we need it for compatibility or whatever.
sub mk_wo_accessors {
  my $self = shift;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($self);
  my $class = $meta->name;
  confess("You are trying to modify ${class}, which has been made immutable, this is ".
    "not supported. Try subclassing ${class}, rather than monkeypatching it")
    if $meta->is_immutable;
  for my $attr_name (@_){
    $meta->remove_attribute($attr_name)
      if $meta->find_attribute_by_name($attr_name);
    my $writer = $self->mutator_name_for($attr_name);
    my @opts = ($meta->has_method($writer) ? () : (writer => $writer) );
    my $attr = $meta->add_attribute($attr_name, @opts,
      traits => ['MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast::Meta::Role::Attribute']
    ) if scalar(@opts);
    if($writer eq $attr_name && $writer eq $self->accessor_name_for($attr_name)){
      $meta->add_method("_${attr_name}_accessor" => $attr->get_write_method_ref)
        unless $meta->has_method("_${attr_name}_accessor");
    }
  }
}

=head2 follow_best_practices

Preface readers with 'get_' and writers with 'set_'.
See original L<Class::Accessor> documentation for more information.

=cut

sub follow_best_practice {
  my $self = shift;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($self);

  $meta->remove_method('mutator_name_for');
  $meta->remove_method('accessor_name_for');
  $meta->add_method('mutator_name_for',  sub{ return "set_".$_[1] });
  $meta->add_method('accessor_name_for', sub{ return "get_".$_[1] });
}

=head2 mutator_name_for

=head2 accessor_name_for

See original L<Class::Accessor> documentation for more information.

=cut

sub mutator_name_for  { return $_[1] }
sub accessor_name_for { return $_[1] }

=head2 set

See original L<Class::Accessor> documentation for more information.

=cut

sub set {
  my $self = shift;
  my $k = shift;
  confess "Wrong number of arguments received" unless scalar @_;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($self);

  confess "No such attribute  '$k'"
    unless ( my $attr = $meta->find_attribute_by_name($k) );
  my $writer = $attr->get_write_method;
  $self->$writer(@_ > 1 ? [@_] : @_);
}

=head2 get

See original L<Class::Accessor> documentation for more information.

=cut

sub get {
  my $self = shift;
  confess "Wrong number of arguments received" unless scalar @_;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($self);
  my @values;

  for( @_ ){
    confess "No such attribute  '$_'"
      unless ( my $attr = $meta->find_attribute_by_name($_) );
    my $reader = $attr->get_read_method;
    @_ > 1 ? push(@values, $self->$reader) : return $self->$reader;
  }

  return @values;
}

sub make_accessor {
  my($class, $field) = @_;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($class);
  my $attr = $meta->find_attribute_by_name($field) || $meta->add_attribute($field,
      traits => ['MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast::Meta::Role::Attribute'],
     is => 'bare',
  );
  my $reader = $attr->get_read_method_ref;
  my $writer = $attr->get_write_method_ref;
  return sub {
    my $self = shift;
    return $reader->($self) unless @_;
    return $writer->($self,(@_ > 1 ? [@_] : @_));
  }
}


sub make_ro_accessor {
  my($class, $field) = @_;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($class);
  my $attr = $meta->find_attribute_by_name($field) || $meta->add_attribute($field,
      traits => ['MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast::Meta::Role::Attribute'],
     is => 'bare',
  );
  return $attr->get_read_method_ref;
}


sub make_wo_accessor {
  my($class, $field) = @_;
  my $meta = $locate_metaclass->($class);
  my $attr = $meta->find_attribute_by_name($field) || $meta->add_attribute($field,
      traits => ['MooseX::Emulate::Class::Accessor::Fast::Meta::Role::Attribute'],
      is => 'bare',
  );
  return $attr->get_write_method_ref;
}

1;

=head2 meta

See L<Moose::Meta::Class>.

=cut

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Moose>, L<Moose::Meta::Attribute>, L<Class::Accessor>, L<Class::Accessor::Fast>,
L<Class::MOP::Attribute>, L<MooseX::Adopt::Class::Accessor::Fast>

=head1 AUTHORS

Guillermo Roditi (groditi) <groditi@cpan.org>

With contributions from:

=over 4

=item Tomas Doran (t0m) <bobtfish@bobtfish.net>

=item Florian Ragwitz (rafl) <rafl@debian.org>

=back

=head1 LICENSE

You may distribute this code under the same terms as Perl itself.

=cut