package Net::IP::Minimal;
{
  $Net::IP::Minimal::VERSION = '0.06';
}

#ABSTRACT: Minimal functions from Net::IP

use strict;
use warnings;

require Exporter;

our @ISA = qw(Exporter);
our @EXPORT_OK = qw(ip_get_version ip_is_ipv4 ip_is_ipv6);
our %EXPORT_TAGS = ( 'PROC' => [ @EXPORT_OK ] );

sub ip_get_version {
    my $ip = shift;

    # If the address does not contain any ':', maybe it's IPv4
    $ip !~ /:/ and ip_is_ipv4($ip) and return '4';

    # Is it IPv6 ?
    ip_is_ipv6($ip) and return '6';

    return;
}

sub ip_is_ipv4 {
    my $ip = shift;

    # Check for invalid chars
    unless ($ip =~ m/^[\d\.]+$/) {
        return 0;
    }

    if ($ip =~ m/^\./) {
        return 0;
    }

    if ($ip =~ m/\.$/) {
        return 0;
    }

    # Single Numbers are considered to be IPv4
    if ($ip =~ m/^(\d+)$/ and $1 < 256) { return 1 }

    # Count quads
    my $n = ($ip =~ tr/\./\./);

    # IPv4 must have from 1 to 4 quads
    unless ($n >= 0 and $n < 4) {
        return 0;
    }

    # Check for empty quads
    if ($ip =~ m/\.\./) {
        return 0;
    }

    foreach (split /\./, $ip) {

        # Check for invalid quads
        unless ($_ >= 0 and $_ < 256) {
            return 0;
        }
    }
    return 1;
}

sub ip_is_ipv6 {
    my $ip = shift;

    # Count octets
    my $n = ($ip =~ tr/:/:/);
    return 0 unless ($n > 0 and $n < 8);

    # $k is a counter
    my $k;

    foreach (split /:/, $ip) {
        $k++;

        # Empty octet ?
        next if ($_ eq '');

        # Normal v6 octet ?
        next if (/^[a-f\d]{1,4}$/i);

        # Last octet - is it IPv4 ?
        if ( ($k == $n + 1) && ip_is_ipv4($_) ) {
            $n++; # ipv4 is two octets
            next;
        }

        return 0;
    }

    # Does the IP address start with : ?
    if ($ip =~ m/^:[^:]/) {
        return 0;
    }

    # Does the IP address finish with : ?
    if ($ip =~ m/[^:]:$/) {
        return 0;
    }

    # Does the IP address have more than one '::' pattern ?
    if ($ip =~ s/:(?=:)/:/g > 1) {
        return 0;
    }

    # number of octets
    if ($n != 7 && $ip !~ /::/) {
        return 0;
    }

    # valid IPv6 address
    return 1;
}

qq[IP freely];

__END__

=pod

=head1 NAME

Net::IP::Minimal - Minimal functions from Net::IP

=head1 VERSION

version 0.06

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Net::IP::Minimal qw[:PROC];

  my $ip = '172.16.0.216';

  ip_is_ipv4( $ip ) and print "$ip is IPv4";

  $ip = 'dead:beef:89ab:cdef:0123:4567:89ab:cdef';

  ip_is_ipv6( $ip ) and print "$ip is IPv6";

  print ip_get_version( $ip );

=head1 DESCRIPTION

L<Net::IP> is very feature complete, but I found I was only using three of its functions
and it uses quite a bit of memory L<https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Bug/Display.html?id=24525>.

This module only provides the minimal number of functions that I use in my modules.

=head1 FUNCTIONS

The same as L<Net::IP> these functions are not exported by default. You may import them explicitly
or use C<:PROC> to import them all.

=over

=item C<ip_get_version>

Try to guess the IP version of an IP address.

    Params  : IP address
    Returns : 4, 6, undef(unable to determine)

C<$version = ip_get_version ($ip)>

=item C<ip_is_ipv4>

Check if an IP address is of type 4.

    Params  : IP address
    Returns : 1 (yes) or 0 (no)

C<ip_is_ipv4($ip) and print "$ip is IPv4";>

=item C<ip_is_ipv6>

Check if an IP address is of type 6.

    Params            : IP address
    Returns           : 1 (yes) or 0 (no)

C<ip_is_ipv6($ip) and print "$ip is IPv6";>

=back

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<Net::IP>

=head1 AUTHOR

Chris Williams <chris@bingosnet.co.uk>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2012 by Chris Williams and RIPE-NCC.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut