NAME

Simple::Factory - a simple factory to create objects easily, with cache, autoderef and fallback supports

SYNOPSYS

```perl use Simple::Factory;

my $factory = Simple::Factory->new(
    'My::Class' => {
        first  => { value => 1 },
        second => [ value => 2 ],
    },
    fallback => { value => undef }, # optional. in absent, will die if find no key
);

my $first  = $factory->resolve('first');  # will build a My::Class instance with arguments 'value => 1'
my $second = $factory->resolve('second'); # will build a My::Class instance with arguments 'value => 2'
my $last   = $factory->resolve('last');   # will build a My::Class instance with fallback arguments

```

DESCRIPTION

This is one way to implement the Factory Pattern. The main objective is substitute one hashref of objects ( or coderefs who can build/return objects ) by something more intelligent, who can support caching and fallbacks. If the creation rules are simple we can use Simple::Factory to help us to build instances.

We create instances with resolve method. It is lazy. If you need build all instances (to store in the cache) consider try to resolve them first.

If you need something more complex, consider some framework of Inversion of Control (IoC).

For example, we can create a simple factory to create DateTime objects, using CHI as cache: ```perl my $factory = Simple::Factory->new( build_class => 'DateTime', build_method => 'from_epoch', build_conf => { one => { epoch => 1 }, two => { epoch => 2 }, thousand => { epoch => 1000 } }, fallback => sub { epoch => $_[0] }, # fallback can receive the key cache => CHI->new( driver => 'Memory', global => 1), );

$factory->resolve( 1024 )->epoch # returns 1024

`` IMPORTANT: if the creation fails ( like some excetion from the constructor ), we will **not** call thefallback`. Check "on_error" attribute to change the default behavior.

ATTRIBUTES

build_class

Specify the perl package ( class ) used to create instances. Using Method::Runtime, will die if can't load the package.

This argument is required. You can omit by using the build_class as a first argument of the constructor.

build_args

Specify the mapping of key => arguments, storing in a hashref.

This argument is required. You can omit by using the build_class and build_args as a first pair of arguments.

Important: if autoderef is true, we will try to deref the value before use to create an instance.

fallback

The default behavior is die if we try to resolve an instance using one non-existing key.

But if fallback is present, we will use this on the constructor.

If autoderef is true and fallback is a code reference, we will call the code and pass the key as an argument.

build_method

By default the Simple::Factory calls the method new but you can override and specify your own build method.

Will croak if the build_class does not support the method on resolve.

autoderef

If true ( default ), we will try to deref the argument present in the build_conf only if it follow this rules:

  • will deref only references
  • if the reference is an array, we will call the build_method with @$array.
  • if the reference is a hash, we will call the build_method with %$hash.
  • if the reference is a scalar or other ref, we will call the build_method with $$ref.
  • if the reference is a glob, we will call the build_method with *$glob.
  • if the reference is a code, we will call the build_method with $code->( $key ) ( same thinf for the fallback )
  • other cases (like Regexes) we will carp if it is not in silence mode.

silence

If true ( default is false ), we will omit the carp message if we can't autoderef.

cache

If present, we will cache the result of the method resolve. The cache should responds to get, set and remove like CHI.

We will also cache fallback cases. The key used on the cache is build_class:key, to be possible share the same cache with many factories.

If we need add a new build_conf via add_build_conf_for, and override one existing configuration, we will remove it from the cache if possible.

default: not present

inline

Experimental feature. useful to create multiple inline definitions. See "resolve" method.

This feature can change in the future.

eager

If true, will force resolve all configure keys when build the object. Useful to force caching all of them.

default: false.

on_error

Change the default behavior of what happens if build one instance throws on error.

Accepts a coderef. You can also use three initial shortcuts ( will be coerce to coderef ): croak, carp, confess, fallback and undef.

  • croak will croak the exception + extra message about the key ( default ).
  • confess will confess, instead croak the exception.
  • carp will just carp instead croak and return undef.
  • fallback will resolve the fallback ( but in case of exception will die - to avoid one potential deadlock ).
  • undef will return an undefined value.

Example: perl my $factory = Simple::Factory->new( Foo => { ... }, fallback => -1, on_error => "fallback" # in case of some exception, call the fallback ); If one coderef was used, it will be called with one hashref as argument with three fields:

  • key with the value of the key
  • factory one reference for the factory itself
  • exception with the error message

Example: ```perl my $factory = Simple::Factory->new( Foo => { a => 1 }, on_error => sub { $logger->warn("error while resolve key '$[0]->{key}' : '$[0]->{exception}'; undef }, );

$factory->resolve("b"); # will call 'on_error', log the exception and return undef

```

METHODS

add_build_conf_for

usage: add_build_conf_for( key => configuration [, options ])

Can add a new build configuration for one specific key. It is possible add new or just override.

You can change the behavior using an hash of options.

Options: you can avoid override one existing configuration with not_override and a true value.

Will remove cache if possible.

Example: perl $factory->add_build_conf_for( last => { foo => 1, bar => 2 }); # can override $factory->add_build_conf_for( last => { ... }, not_override => 1); # will croak instead override

resolve

usage: resolve( key [, keys ] )

The main method. Will build one instance of build_class using the build_conf and build_method.

Should receive a key and if does not exist a build_conf will try use the fallback if specified, or will die ( confess ).

If the cache attribute is present, will try to return first one object from the cache using the key, or will resolve and store in the cache for the next call.

You can pass multiple keys. If the instance responds to resolve method, we will call with the rest of the keys. It is useful for inline many factories.

Example: ```perl my $factory = Simple::Factory->new( 'Simple::Factory' => { Foo => { build_class => 'Foo', build_conf => { one => 1, two => 2, } }, Bar => { Bar => { first => { ... }, last => { ... }, } } } );

my $object = $factory->resolve('Foo', 'one'); # shortcut to ->resolve('Foo')->resolve('one');

Or, using `inline` experimental option. perl my $factory = Simple::Factory->new( 'Simple::Factory'=> { Foo => { one => 1, two => 2 }, Bar => { first => 0, last => -1}, }, inline => 1, ); `` If we have some exception when we try to create an instance for one particular key, we will not call thefallback. We usefallbackwhen we can't find thebuild_conf` based on the key.

To change the behavior check the attr on_error.

get_fallback_for_key

this method will try to resolve the fallback. can be useful on on_error coderefs. accept the same argument as resolve.

SEE ALSO

  • Bread::Board

    A solderless way to wire up your application components.

  • IOC

    A lightweight IOC (Inversion of Control) framework

LICENSE

The MIT License

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person
obtaining a copy of this software and associated
documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software
without restriction, including without limitation the rights to
use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,
and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to
whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the
following conditions:

 The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall
 be included in all copies or substantial portions of the
 Software.

  THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT
  WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
  INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
  MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
  PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
  SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE
  LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
  LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
  TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
  CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
  OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

AUTHOR

Tiago Peczenyj

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website https://github.com/peczenyj/simple-factory-p5/issues