#   Copyright Martin Hosken <Martin_Hosken@sil.org>
#   No warranty or expression of effectiveness, least of all regarding
#   anyone's safety, is implied in this software or documentation.
#   This specific module is licensed under the Perl Artistic License.
package PDF::API2::Basic::PDF::Objind;

use strict;
use warnings;

our $VERSION = '2.037'; # VERSION

=head1 NAME

PDF::API2::Basic::PDF::Objind - PDF indirect object reference. Also acts as an abstract
superclass for all elements in a PDF file.


Instance variables differ from content variables in that they all start with
a space.


=item parent

For an object which is a reference to an object in some source, this holds the
reference to the source object, so that should the reference have to be
de-referenced, then we know where to go and get the info.

=item objnum (R)

The object number in the source (only for object references)

=item objgen (R)

The object generation in the source

There are other instance variables which are used by the parent for file control.

=item isfree

This marks whether the object is in the free list and available for re-use as
another object elsewhere in the file.

=item nextfree

Holds a direct reference to the next free object in the free list.


=head1 METHODS


use Scalar::Util qw(blessed reftype weaken);

use vars qw($uidc @inst %inst);
$uidc = "pdfuid000";

# protected keys during emptying and copying, etc.
@inst = qw(parent objnum objgen isfree nextfree uid realised);
$inst{" $_"} = 1 for @inst;

=head2 PDF::API2::Basic::PDF::Objind->new()

Creates a new indirect object


sub new {
    my ($class) = @_;

    bless {}, ref $class || $class;

=head2 uid

Returns a Unique id for this object, creating one if it didn't have one before


sub uid {
    $_[0]->{' uid'} || ($_[0]->{' uid'} = $uidc++);

=head2 $r->release

Releases ALL of the memory used by this indirect object, and all of
its component/child objects.  This method is called automatically by
'C<PDF::API2::Basic::PDF::File-E<gt>release>' (so you don't have to
call it yourself).

B<Note:> it is important that this method get called at some point
prior to the actual destruction of the object.  Internally, PDF files
have an enormous amount of cross-references and this causes circular
references within our own internal data structures.  Calling
'C<release()>' forces these circular references to be cleaned up and
the entire internal data structure purged.


# Maintainer's Question: Couldn't this be handled by a DESTROY method
# instead of requiring an explicit call to release()?
sub release {
    my ($self) = @_;

    my @tofree = values %$self;
    %$self = ();

    while (my $item = shift @tofree) {
        # common case: value is not reference
        my $ref = ref($item) || next;

        if (blessed($item) and $item->can('release')) {
        elsif ($ref eq 'ARRAY') {
            push @tofree, @$item;
        elsif (defined(reftype($ref)) and reftype($ref) eq 'HASH') {

=head2 $r->val

Returns the value of this object or reads the object and then returns
its value.

Note that all direct subclasses *must* make their own versions of this
subroutine otherwise we could be in for a very deep loop!


sub val {
    my ($self) = @_;

    $self->{' parent'}->read_obj(@_)->val unless $self->{' realised'};

=head2 $r->realise

Makes sure that the object is fully read in, etc.


sub realise {
    my $self = shift();
    return $self if $self->{' realised'};
    return $self->{' parent'}->read_obj($self, @_) if $self->{' objnum'};
    return $self;

=head2 $r->outobjdeep($fh, $pdf)

If you really want to output this object, then you must need to read it first.
This also means that all direct subclasses must subclass this method or loop forever!


sub outobjdeep {
    my ($self, $fh, $pdf) = @_;

    $self->{' parent'}->read_obj($self)->outobjdeep($fh, $pdf) unless $self->{' realised'};

=head2 $r->outobj($fh)

If this is a full object then outputs a reference to the object, otherwise calls
outobjdeep to output the contents of the object at this point.


sub outobj {
    my ($self, $fh, $pdf) = @_;

    if (defined $pdf->{' objects'}{$self->uid}) {
        $fh->printf("%d %d R", @{$pdf->{' objects'}{$self->uid}}[0..1]);
    else {
        $self->outobjdeep($fh, $pdf);

=head2 $r->elements

Abstract superclass function filler. Returns self here but should return
something more useful if an array.


sub elementsof { return elements(@_) }

sub elements {
    my ($self) = @_;

    if ($self->{' realised'}) {
        return $self;
    else {
        return $self->{' parent'}->read_obj($self)->elements();

=head2 $r->empty

Empties all content from this object to free up memory or to be read to pass
the object into the free list. Simplistically undefs all instance variables
other than object number and generation.


sub empty {
    my ($self) = @_;

    for my $k (keys %$self) {
        undef $self->{$k} unless $inst{$k};

    return $self;

=head2 $r->merge($objind)

This merges content information into an object reference place-holder.
This occurs when an object reference is read before the object definition
and the information in the read data needs to be merged into the object


sub merge {
    my ($self, $other) = @_;

    for my $k (keys %$other) {
        next if $inst{$k};
        $self->{$k} = $other->{$k};

        # This doesn't seem like the right place to do this, but I haven't
        # yet found all of the places where Parent is being set
        weaken $self->{$k} if $k eq 'Parent';
    $self->{' realised'} = 1;
    bless $self, ref($other);

=head2 $r->is_obj($pdf)

Returns whether this object is a full object with its own object number or
whether it is purely a sub-object. $pdf indicates which output file we are
concerned that the object is an object in.


sub is_obj {
    return defined $_[1]->{' objects'}{$_[0]->uid};

=head2 $r->copy($pdf, $res)

Returns a new copy of this object. The object is assumed to be some kind
of associative array and the copy is a deep copy for elements which are
not PDF objects, according to $pdf, and shallow copy for those that are.
Notice that calling C<copy> on an object forces at least a one level
copy even if it is a PDF object. The returned object loses its PDF
object status though.

If $res is defined then the copy goes into that object rather than creating a
new one. It is up to the caller to bless $res, etc. Notice that elements from
$self are not copied into $res if there is already an entry for them existing
in $res.


sub copy {
    my ($self, $pdf, $res) = @_;

    unless (defined $res) {
        $res = {};
        bless $res, ref($self);
    foreach my $k (keys %$self) {
        next if $inst{$k};
        next if defined $res->{$k};
        if (blessed($self->{$k}) and $self->{$k}->can('is_obj') and not $self->{$k}->is_obj($pdf)) {
            $res->{$k} = $self->{$k}->copy($pdf);
        else {
            $res->{$k} = $self->{$k};
    return $res;