package Perl6::Export::Attrs;

our $VERSION = '0.000006';

use warnings;
use strict;
use Carp;
use Attribute::Handlers;
use PadWalker qw( var_name peek_my );

my %IMPORT_for;

sub import {
    my $caller = caller;
    no strict 'refs';
    *{$caller.'::import'} = \&_generic_import;
    *{$caller.'::IMPORT'} = sub (&) { $IMPORT_for{$caller} = shift };
    for my $var_type (qw( SCALAR ARRAY HASH CODE )) {
        *{$caller.'::MODIFY_'.$var_type.'_ATTRIBUTES'} = \&_generic_handler;
    }
    return;
}

my %tagsets_for;
my %is_exported_from;
my %named_tagsets_for;
my %decl_loc_for;
my %name_of;

my $IDENT = '[^\W\d]\w*';

sub _generic_handler {
    my ($package, $referent, @attrs) = @_;

    ATTR:
    for my $attr (@attrs) {

        ($attr||=q{}) =~ s/\A Export (?: \( (.*) \) )? \z/$1||q{}/exms
            or next ATTR;

        my @tagsets = grep {length $_} split m/ \s+,?\s* | ,\s* /xms, $attr;

        my (undef, $file, $line) = caller(1);
        $file =~ s{.*/}{}xms;

        if (my @bad_tags = grep {!m/\A :$IDENT \z/xms} @tagsets) {
            die 'Bad tagset',
                (@bad_tags==1?' ':'s '),
                "in :Export attribute at '$file' line $line: [@bad_tags]\n";
        }

        my $tagsets = $tagsets_for{$package} ||= {};

        for my $tagset (@tagsets) {
            push @{ $tagsets->{$tagset} }, $referent;
        }
        push @{ $tagsets->{':ALL'} }, $referent;

        $is_exported_from{$package}{$referent} = 1;
        $decl_loc_for{$referent} = "$file line $line";
        $name_of{$referent} = _get_lexical_name($referent);

        undef $attr;

    }

    return grep {defined $_} @attrs;
}

my %desc_for = (
    SCALAR => 'lexical scalar variable',
    ARRAY  => 'lexical array variable',
    HASH   => 'lexical hash variable',
    CODE   => 'anonymous subroutine',
);

my %hint_for = (
    SCALAR => "(declare the variable with 'our' instead of 'my')",
    ARRAY  => "(declare the variable with 'our' instead of 'my')",
    HASH   => "(declare the variable with 'our' instead of 'my')",
    CODE   => "(specify a name after the 'sub' keyword)",
);

sub _get_lexical_name {
    my ($var_ref) = @_;
    return if ref $var_ref eq 'CODE';

    SEARCH:
    for my $up_level (1..(~0>>1)-1) {
        my $sym_tab_ref = eval { peek_my($up_level) }
            or last SEARCH;

        for my $var_name (keys %{$sym_tab_ref}) {
            return $var_name if $var_ref == $sym_tab_ref->{$var_name};
        }
    }
    return;
}

sub _invert_tagset {
    my ($package, $tagset) = @_;
    my %inverted_tagset;

    for my $tag (keys %{$tagset}) {
        for my $sub_ref (@{$tagset->{$tag}}) {
            my $type = ref $sub_ref;
            my $sym = Attribute::Handlers::findsym($package, $sub_ref, $type)
                   || $name_of{$sub_ref}
                or die "Can't export $desc_for{$type} ",
                       "at $decl_loc_for{$sub_ref}\n$hint_for{$type}\n";
            if (ref $sym) {
                $sym = *{$sym}{NAME};
            }
            $inverted_tagset{$tag}{$sym} = $sub_ref;
        }
    }

    return \%inverted_tagset;
}

my %type_for = qw( $ SCALAR   @ ARRAY   % HASH );

# Reusable import() subroutine for all packages...
sub _generic_import {
    my $package = shift;

    my $tagset
        = $named_tagsets_for{$package}
        ||= _invert_tagset($package, $tagsets_for{$package});

    my $is_exported = $is_exported_from{$package};

    my $errors;

    my %request;
    my $subs_ref;

    my $args_supplied = @_;

    my $argno = 0;
    REQUEST:
    while ($argno < @_) {
        my $request = $_[$argno];
        if (my ($sub_name) = $request =~ m/\A &? ($IDENT) (?:\(\))? \z/xms) {
            if (exists $request{$sub_name}) {
                splice @_, $argno, 1;
                next REQUEST;
            }
            no strict 'refs';
            no warnings 'once';
            if (my $sub_ref = *{$package.'::'.$sub_name}{CODE}) {
                if ($is_exported->{$sub_ref}) {
                    $request{$sub_name} = $sub_ref;
                    splice @_, $argno, 1;
                    next REQUEST;
                }
            }
        }
        elsif (my ($sigil, $name) = $request =~ m/\A ([\$\@%])($IDENT) \z/xms) {
            next REQUEST if exists $request{$sigil.$name};
            no strict 'refs';
            no warnings 'once';
            if (my $var_ref = *{$package.'::'.$name}{$type_for{$sigil}}) {
                if ($is_exported->{$var_ref}) {
                    $request{$sigil.$name} = $var_ref;
                    splice @_, $argno, 1;
                    next REQUEST;
                }
            }
        }
        elsif ($request =~ m/\A :$IDENT \z/xms
               and $subs_ref = $tagset->{$request}) {
            @request{keys %{$subs_ref}} = values %{$subs_ref};
            splice @_, $argno, 1;
            next REQUEST;
        }
        $errors .= " $request";
        $argno++;
    }

    # Report unexportable requests...
    my $real_import = $IMPORT_for{$package};
    
    croak "$package does not export:$errors\nuse $package failed"
        if $errors && !$real_import;

    if (!$args_supplied) {
        %request = %{$tagset->{':DEFAULT'}||={}}
    }

    my $mandatory = $tagset->{':MANDATORY'} ||= {};
    @request{ keys %{$mandatory} } = values %{$mandatory};

    my $caller = caller;

    for my $sub_name (keys %request) {
        no strict 'refs';
        my ($sym_name) = $sub_name =~ m{\A [\$\@&%]? (.*)}xms;
        *{$caller.'::'.$sym_name} = $request{$sub_name};
    }

    if ($real_import) {
        my $idx=0;
        while ($idx < @_) {
            if (defined $_[$idx]) { $idx++             }
            else                  { splice @_, $idx, 1 }
        }
        goto &{$real_import};
    }
    return;
}

1; # Magic true value required at end of module
__END__

=head1 NAME

Perl6::Export::Attrs - The Perl 6 'is export(...)' trait as a Perl 5 attribute


=head1 VERSION

This document describes Perl6::Export::Attrs version 0.000006


=head1 SYNOPSIS

    package Some::Module;
    use Perl6::Export::Attrs;

    # Export &foo by default, when explicitly requested,
    # or when the ':ALL' export set is requested...

    sub foo :Export(:DEFAULT) {
        print "phooo!";
    }


    # Export &var by default, when explicitly requested,
    # or when the ':bees', ':pubs', or ':ALL' export set is requested...
    # the parens after 'is export' are like the parens of a qw(...)

    sub bar :Export(:DEFAULT :bees :pubs) {
        print "baaa!";
    }


    # Export &baz when explicitly requested
    # or when the ':bees' or ':ALL' export set is requested...

    sub baz :Export(:bees) {
        print "baassss!";
    }


    # Always export &qux 
    # (no matter what else is explicitly or implicitly requested)

    sub qux :Export(:MANDATORY) {
        print "quuuuuuuuux!";
    }


    # Allow the constant $PI to be exported when requested...

    use Readonly;
    Readonly our $PI :Export => 355/113;


    # Allow the variable $EPSILON to be always exported...

    our $EPSILON :Export( :MANDATORY ) = 0.00001;


    sub IMPORT {
        # This subroutine is called when the module is used (as usual),
        # but it is called after any export requests have been handled.
    };


=head1 DESCRIPTION

Implements a Perl 5 native version of what the Perl 6 symbol export mechanism
will look like (with some unavoidable restrictions).

It's very straightforward:

=over

=item *

If you want a subroutine or package variable to be capable of being exported
(when explicitly requested in the C<use> arguments), you mark it with
the C<:Export> attribute.

=item *

If you want a subroutine or package variable to be automatically exported when
the module is used (without specific overriding arguments), you mark it
with the C<:Export(:DEFAULT)> attribute.

=item *

If you want a subroutine or package variable to be automatically exported when
the module is used (even if the user specifies overriding arguments),
you mark it with the C<:Export(:MANDATORY)> attribute.

=item * 

If the subroutine or package variable should also be exported when particular
export groups are requested, you add the names of those export groups to
the attribute's argument list.

=back

That's it.

=head2 C<IMPORT> blocks

Perl 6 replaces the C<import> subroutine with an C<IMPORT> block. It's
analogous to a C<BEGIN> or C<END> block, except that it's executed every
time the corresponding module is C<use>'d. 

The C<IMPORT> block is passed the argument list that was specified on
the C<use> line that loaded the corresponding module, minus the
arguments that were used to specify exports.

Note that, due to limitations in Perl 5, the C<IMPORT> block provided by this
module must be terminated by a semi-colon, unless it is the last statement in
the file.

=head1 DIAGNOSTICS

=over

=item %s does not export: %s\nuse %s failed

You tried to import the specified subroutine or package variable, but
the module didn't export it. Often caused by a misspelling, or
forgetting to add an C<:Export> attribute to the definition of the
subroutine or variable in question.

=item Bad tagset in :Export attribute at %s line %s: [%s]

You tried to import a collection of items via a tagset, but the module
didn't export any subroutines under that tagset. Is the tagset name
misspelled (maybe you forgot the colon?).

=item Can't export lexical %s variable at %s

The module can only export package variables. You applied the C<:Export>
marker to a non-package variable (almost certainly to a lexical). Change
the variable's C<my> declarator to an C<our>.

=item Can't export anonymous subroutine at %s

Although you I<can> apply the C<:Export> marker to an anonymous subroutine,
it rarely makes any sense to do so, since that subroutine can't be
exported without a name to export it as. Either give the subroutine a
name, or make sure it's aliased to a named typeglob at compile-time (or,
at least, before it's exported).

=back


=head1 CONFIGURATION AND ENVIRONMENT

Perl6::Export::Attrs requires no configuration files or environment variables.


=head1 DEPENDENCIES

This module requires the Attribute::Handlers module to handle the attributes.


=head1 INCOMPATIBILITIES

This module cannot be used with the Memoize CPAN module,
because memoization replaces the original subroutine
with a wrapper. Because the C<:Export> attribute is 
applied to the original (not the wrapper), the memoized
wrapper is not found by the exporter mechanism.


=head1 BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

No bugs have been reported.

Note that the module does not support exporting lexical variables,
since there is no way for the exporter mechanism to determine the name
of a lexical and hence to export it.

Nor does this module support the numerous addition export modes that
Perl 6 offers, such as export-as-lexical or export-as-state.

Please report any bugs or feature requests to
C<bug-perl6-export-attrs@rt.cpan.org>, or through the web interface at
L<http://rt.cpan.org>.


=head1 AUTHOR

Damian Conway  C<< <DCONWAY@cpan.org> >>


=head1 LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2005, Damian Conway C<< <DCONWAY@cpan.org> >>. All rights reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


=head1 DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY

BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY
FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN
OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES
PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE
ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH
YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL
NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING
WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR
REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENCE, BE
LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL,
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE
THE SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING
RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A
FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF
SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
SUCH DAMAGES.