use strict;
use warnings;
package App::Cmd::Tester 0.334;

# ABSTRACT: for capturing the result of running an app

#pod =head1 SYNOPSIS
#pod
#pod   use Test::More tests => 4;
#pod   use App::Cmd::Tester;
#pod
#pod   use YourApp;
#pod
#pod   my $result = test_app(YourApp => [ qw(command --opt value) ]);
#pod
#pod   like($result->stdout, qr/expected output/, 'printed what we expected');
#pod
#pod   is($result->stderr, '', 'nothing sent to sderr');
#pod
#pod   is($result->error, undef, 'threw no exceptions');
#pod
#pod   my $result = test_app(YourApp => [ qw(command --opt value --quiet) ]);
#pod
#pod   is($result->output, '', 'absolutely no output with --quiet');
#pod
#pod =head1 DESCRIPTION
#pod
#pod One of the reasons that user-executed programs are so often poorly tested is
#pod that they are hard to test.  App::Cmd::Tester is one of the tools App-Cmd
#pod provides to help make it easy to test App::Cmd-based programs.
#pod
#pod It provides one routine: test_app.
#pod
#pod =method test_app
#pod
#pod B<Note>: while C<test_app> is a method, it is by default exported as a
#pod subroutine into the namespace that uses App::Cmd::Tester.  In other words: you
#pod probably don't need to think about this as a method unless you want to subclass
#pod App::Cmd::Tester.
#pod
#pod   my $result = test_app($app_class => \@argv_contents);
#pod
#pod This will locally set C<@ARGV> to simulate command line arguments, and will
#pod then call the C<run> method on the given application class (or application).
#pod Output to the standard output and standard error filehandles  will be captured.
#pod
#pod C<$result> is an App::Cmd::Tester::Result object, which has methods to access
#pod the following data:
#pod
#pod   stdout - the output sent to stdout
#pod   stderr - the output sent to stderr
#pod   output - the combined output of stdout and stderr
#pod   error  - the exception thrown by running the application, or undef
#pod   run_rv - the return value of the run method (generally irrelevant)
#pod   exit_code - the numeric exit code that would've been issued (0 is 'okay')
#pod
#pod The output is captured using L<IO::TieCombine>, which I<can> ensure that the
#pod ordering is preserved in the combined output, but I<can't> capture the output
#pod of external programs.  You can reverse these tradeoffs by using
#pod L<App::Cmd::Tester::CaptureExternal> instead.
#pod
#pod =cut

use Sub::Exporter::Util qw(curry_method);
use Sub::Exporter -setup => {
  exports => { test_app => curry_method },
  groups  => { default  => [ qw(test_app) ] },
};

our $TEST_IN_PROGRESS;
BEGIN {
  *CORE::GLOBAL::exit = sub {
    my ($rc) = @_;
    return CORE::exit($rc) unless $TEST_IN_PROGRESS;
    App::Cmd::Tester::Exited->throw($rc);
  };
}

#pod =for Pod::Coverage result_class
#pod
#pod =cut

sub result_class { 'App::Cmd::Tester::Result' }

sub test_app {
  my ($class, $app, $argv) = @_;

  local $App::Cmd::_bad = 0;

  $app = $app->new unless ref($app) or $app->isa('App::Cmd::Simple');

  my $result = $class->_run_with_capture($app, $argv);

  my $error = $result->{error};

  my $exit_code = defined $error ? ((0+$!)||-1) : 0;

  if ($error and eval { $error->isa('App::Cmd::Tester::Exited') }) {
    $exit_code = $$error;
  }

  $exit_code =1 if $App::Cmd::_bad && ! $exit_code;

  $class->result_class->new({
    app    => $app,
    exit_code => $exit_code,
    %$result,
  });
}

sub _run_with_capture {
  my ($class, $app, $argv) = @_;

  require IO::TieCombine;
  my $hub = IO::TieCombine->new;

  my $stdout = tie local *STDOUT, $hub, 'stdout';
  my $stderr = tie local *STDERR, $hub, 'stderr';

  my $run_rv;

  my $ok = eval {
    local $TEST_IN_PROGRESS = 1;
    local @ARGV = @$argv;
    $run_rv = $app->run;
    1;
  };

  my $error = $ok ? undef : $@;

  return {
    stdout => $hub->slot_contents('stdout'),
    stderr => $hub->slot_contents('stderr'),
    output => $hub->combined_contents,
    error  => $error,
    run_rv => $run_rv,
  };
}

{
  package App::Cmd::Tester::Result 0.334;

  sub new {
    my ($class, $arg) = @_;
    bless $arg => $class;
  }

  for my $attr (qw(app stdout stderr output error run_rv exit_code)) {
    Sub::Install::install_sub({
      code => sub { $_[0]->{$attr} },
      as   => $attr,
    });
  }
}

{
  package App::Cmd::Tester::Exited 0.334;

  sub throw {
    my ($class, $code) = @_;
    $code = 0 unless defined $code;
    my $self = (bless \$code => $class);
    die $self;
  }
}

1;

__END__

=pod

=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

App::Cmd::Tester - for capturing the result of running an app

=head1 VERSION

version 0.334

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Test::More tests => 4;
  use App::Cmd::Tester;

  use YourApp;

  my $result = test_app(YourApp => [ qw(command --opt value) ]);

  like($result->stdout, qr/expected output/, 'printed what we expected');

  is($result->stderr, '', 'nothing sent to sderr');

  is($result->error, undef, 'threw no exceptions');

  my $result = test_app(YourApp => [ qw(command --opt value --quiet) ]);

  is($result->output, '', 'absolutely no output with --quiet');

=head1 DESCRIPTION

One of the reasons that user-executed programs are so often poorly tested is
that they are hard to test.  App::Cmd::Tester is one of the tools App-Cmd
provides to help make it easy to test App::Cmd-based programs.

It provides one routine: test_app.

=head1 PERL VERSION SUPPORT

This module has a long-term perl support period.  That means it will not
require a version of perl released fewer than five years ago.

Although it may work on older versions of perl, no guarantee is made that the
minimum required version will not be increased.  The version may be increased
for any reason, and there is no promise that patches will be accepted to lower
the minimum required perl.

=head1 METHODS

=head2 test_app

B<Note>: while C<test_app> is a method, it is by default exported as a
subroutine into the namespace that uses App::Cmd::Tester.  In other words: you
probably don't need to think about this as a method unless you want to subclass
App::Cmd::Tester.

  my $result = test_app($app_class => \@argv_contents);

This will locally set C<@ARGV> to simulate command line arguments, and will
then call the C<run> method on the given application class (or application).
Output to the standard output and standard error filehandles  will be captured.

C<$result> is an App::Cmd::Tester::Result object, which has methods to access
the following data:

  stdout - the output sent to stdout
  stderr - the output sent to stderr
  output - the combined output of stdout and stderr
  error  - the exception thrown by running the application, or undef
  run_rv - the return value of the run method (generally irrelevant)
  exit_code - the numeric exit code that would've been issued (0 is 'okay')

The output is captured using L<IO::TieCombine>, which I<can> ensure that the
ordering is preserved in the combined output, but I<can't> capture the output
of external programs.  You can reverse these tradeoffs by using
L<App::Cmd::Tester::CaptureExternal> instead.

=for Pod::Coverage result_class

=head1 AUTHOR

Ricardo Signes <rjbs@semiotic.systems>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2021 by Ricardo Signes.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

=cut