Perl::Syntax -- Syntax Check Perl files and strings
This module syntax checks Perl files and strings. It is identical to running perl -c ..., but output doesn't go by default to STDOUT.
perl -c ...
You run his like this from a command line:
$ perl -MPerl::Syntax perl-program.pl
$ perl -MPerl::Syntax -e 'your perl code'
which is like:
$ perl -c perl-program.pl 2>/dev/null
$ perl -MPerl::Syntax -e 'your perl code' 2>/dev/null
Or from inside Perl:
system($^X, '-M', 'Perl::Syntax', $perl_program);
system("$^X -M Perl::Syntax $perl_program");
# check $?
By default, no output is produced. You will get a zero return code if everything checks out or nonzero if there was a syntax error.
To capture output to a file, you can specify a file name by adding an equal sign after "Perl::Syntax" like this:
perl -MPerl::Syntax=/tmp/output-file.txt perl-program.pl
or inside PerL:
system($^X, '-M', 'Perl::Syntax=/tmp/outfile-file.txt', $perl_program);
File /tmp/output-file.txt will have either the messages Perl normally produces on STDERR:
XXXX syntax OK
syntax error at XXXX line DDDD ...
my @prefix = ($EXECUTABLE_NAME, '-MPerl::Syntax');
# test this Perl code to see if it is syntactically correct;
print "Yep, we're good" unless $? >> 8;
# test of invalid Perl code:
system(@prefix, '-e', '$Incomplete + $Expression +';
print "Try again" if $? >> 8;
# Show capturing output
system($EXECUTABLE_NAME, '-MPerl::Syntax=/tmp/Syntax.log', __FILE__);
# results are in /tmp/Syntax.log
There doesn't seem to be much benefit here over using perl -c with STDERR redirected. What I really want is a kind of eval that just does the syntax checking.
-c switch from perlrun#Command-Switches
Copyright (C) 2012 Rocky Bernstein <firstname.lastname@example.org>
This program is distributed WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
The program is free software. You may distribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation (either version 2 or any later version) and the Perl Artistic License as published by O'Reilly Media, Inc. Please open the files named gpl-2.0.txt and Artistic for a copy of these licenses.
To install Perl::Syntax, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.