package Test::TCP;
use strict;
use warnings;
use 5.00800;
our $VERSION = '2.22';
use base qw/Exporter/;
use Test::SharedFork 0.12;
use Test::More ();
use Config;
use POSIX;
use Time::HiRes ();
use Carp ();
use Net::EmptyPort qw(empty_port check_port);

our @EXPORT = qw/ empty_port test_tcp wait_port /;

# process does not die when received SIGTERM, on win32.
my $TERMSIG = $^O eq 'MSWin32' ? 'KILL' : 'TERM';

sub test_tcp {
    my %args = @_;
    for my $k (qw/client server/) {
        die "missing mandatory parameter $k" unless exists $args{$k};
    }
    my $server_code = delete $args{server};
    my $client_code = delete $args{client};

    my $server = Test::TCP->new(
        code => $server_code,
        %args,
    );
    $client_code->($server->port, $server->pid);
    undef $server; # make sure
}

sub wait_port {
    my ($host, $port, $max_wait);
    if (@_ && ref $_[0] eq 'HASH') {
        $host = $_[0]->{host};
        $port = $_[0]->{port};
        $max_wait = $_[0]->{max_wait};
    } elsif (@_ == 3) {
        # backward compat
        ($port, (my $sleep), (my $retry)) = @_;
        $max_wait = $sleep * $retry;
    } else {
        ($port, $max_wait) = @_;
    }
    $host = '127.0.0.1'
        unless defined $host;
    $max_wait ||= 10;

    Net::EmptyPort::wait_port({ host => $host, port => $port, max_wait => $max_wait })
        or die "cannot open port: $host:$port";
}

# ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
# OO-ish interface

sub new {
    my $class = shift;
    my %args = @_==1 ? %{$_[0]} : @_;
    Carp::croak("missing mandatory parameter 'code'") unless exists $args{code};
    my $self = bless {
        auto_start => 1,
        max_wait   => 10,
        host       => '127.0.0.1',
        _my_pid    => $$,
        %args,
    }, $class;
    if ($self->{listen}) {
        $self->{socket} ||= Net::EmptyPort::listen_socket({
            host => $self->{host},
            proto => $self->{proto},
        }) or die "Cannot listen: $!";
        $self->{port} = $self->{socket}->sockport;
    }
    else {
        $self->{port} ||= empty_port({ host => $self->{host} });
    }
    $self->start()
      if $self->{auto_start};
    return $self;
}

sub pid  { $_[0]->{pid} }
sub port { $_[0]->{port} }

sub start {
    my $self = shift;
    my $pid = fork();
    die "fork() failed: $!" unless defined $pid;

    if ( $pid ) { # parent process.
        $self->{pid} = $pid;
        Test::TCP::wait_port({ host => $self->{host}, port => $self->port, max_wait => $self->{max_wait} })
            unless $self->{socket};
        return;
    } else { # child process
        $self->{code}->($self->{socket} || $self->port);
        # should not reach here
        if (kill 0, $self->{_my_pid}) { # warn only parent process still exists
            warn("[Test::TCP] Child process does not block(PID: $$, PPID: $self->{_my_pid})");
        }
        exit 0;
    }
}

sub stop {
    my $self = shift;

    return unless defined $self->{pid};
    return unless $self->{_my_pid} == $$;

    # This is a workaround for win32 fork emulation's bug.
    #
    # kill is inherently unsafe for pseudo-processes in Windows
    # and the process calling kill(9, $pid) may be destabilized
    # The call to Sleep will decrease the frequency of this problems
    #
    # SEE ALSO:
    #   http://www.gossamer-threads.com/lists/perl/porters/261805
    #   https://rt.cpan.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=67292
    Win32::Sleep(0) if $^O eq "MSWin32"; # will relinquish the remainder of its time slice

        kill $TERMSIG => $self->{pid};

    Win32::Sleep(0) if $^O eq "MSWin32"; # will relinquish the remainder of its time slice


    local $?; # waitpid modifies original $?.
    LOOP: while (1) {
        my $kid = waitpid( $self->{pid}, 0 );
        if ($^O ne 'MSWin32') { # i'm not in hell
            if (POSIX::WIFSIGNALED($?)) {
                my $signame = (split(' ', $Config{sig_name}))[POSIX::WTERMSIG($?)];
                if ($signame =~ /^(ABRT|PIPE)$/) {
                    Test::More::diag("your server received SIG$signame");
                }
            }
        }
        if ($kid == 0 || $kid == -1) {
            last LOOP;
        }
    }
    undef $self->{pid};
}

sub DESTROY {
    my $self = shift;
    local $@;
    $self->stop();
}

1;
__END__

=for stopwords OO loopback

=encoding utf8

=head1 NAME

Test::TCP - testing TCP program

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use Test::TCP;

    my $server = Test::TCP->new(
        listen => 1,
        code => sub {
            my $socket = shift;
            ...
        },
    );
    my $client = MyClient->new(host => '127.0.0.1', port => $server->port);
    undef $server; # kill child process on DESTROY

If using a server that can only accept a port number, e.g. memcached:

    use Test::TCP;

    my $memcached = Test::TCP->new(
        code => sub {
            my $port = shift;

            exec $bin, '-p' => $port;
            die "cannot execute $bin: $!";
        },
    );
    my $memd = Cache::Memcached->new({servers => ['127.0.0.1:' . $memcached->port]});
    ...

B<N.B.>: This is vulnerable to race conditions, if another process binds
to the same port after L<Net::EmptyPort> found it available.

And functional interface is available:

    use Test::TCP;
    test_tcp(
        listen => 1,
        client => sub {
            my ($port, $server_pid) = @_;
            # send request to the server
        },
        server => sub {
            my $socket = shift;
            # run server, calling $socket->accept
        },
    );

    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            my ($port, $server_pid) = @_;
            # send request to the server
        },
        server => sub {
            my $port = shift;
            # run server, binding to $port
        },
    );

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Test::TCP is a test utility to test TCP/IP-based server programs.

=head1 METHODS

=over 4

=item test_tcp

Functional interface.

    test_tcp(
        listen => 1,
        client => sub {
            my $port = shift;
            # send request to the server
        },
        server => sub {
            my $socket = shift;
            # run server
        },
        # optional
        host => '127.0.0.1', # specify '::1' to test using IPv6
        port => 8080,
        max_wait => 3, # seconds
    );

If C<listen> is false, C<server> is instead passed a port number that
was free before it was called.

=item wait_port

    wait_port(8080);

Waits for a particular port is available for connect.

=back

=head1 Object Oriented interface

=over 4

=item my $server = Test::TCP->new(%args);

Create new instance of Test::TCP.

Arguments are following:

=over 4

=item $args{auto_start}: Boolean

Call C<< $server->start() >> after create instance.

Default: true

=item $args{code}: CodeRef

The callback function. Argument for callback function is:
C<< $code->($socket) >> or C<< $code->($port) >>,
depending on the value of C<listen>.

This parameter is required.

=item $args{max_wait} : Number

Will wait for at most C<$max_wait> seconds before checking port.

See also L<Net::EmptyPort>.

I<Default: 10>

=item $args{listen} : Boolean

If true, open a listening socket and pass this to the callback.
Otherwise find a free port and pass the number of it to the callback.

=back

=item $server->start()

Start the server process. Normally, you don't need to call this method.

=item $server->stop()

Stop the server process.

=item my $pid = $server->pid();

Get the pid of child process.

=item my $port = $server->port();

Get the port number of child process.

=back

=head1 FAQ

=over 4

=item How to invoke two servers?

You can call test_tcp() twice!

    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            my $port1 = shift;
            test_tcp(
                client => sub {
                    my $port2 = shift;
                    # some client code here
                },
                server => sub {
                    my $port2 = shift;
                    # some server2 code here
                },
            );
        },
        server => sub {
            my $port1 = shift;
            # some server1 code here
        },
    );

Or use the OO interface instead.

    my $server1 = Test::TCP->new(code => sub {
        my $port1 = shift;
        ...
    });
    my $server2 = Test::TCP->new(code => sub {
        my $port2 = shift;
        ...
    });

    # your client code here.
    ...

=item How do you test server program written in other languages like memcached?

You can use C<exec()> in child process.

    use strict;
    use warnings;
    use utf8;
    use Test::More;
    use Test::TCP 1.08;
    use File::Which;

    my $bin = scalar which 'memcached';
    plan skip_all => 'memcached binary is not found' unless defined $bin;

    my $memcached = Test::TCP->new(
        code => sub {
            my $port = shift;

            exec $bin, '-p' => $port;
            die "cannot execute $bin: $!";
        },
    );

    use Cache::Memcached;
    my $memd = Cache::Memcached->new({servers => ['127.0.0.1:' . $memcached->port]});
    $memd->set(foo => 'bar');
    is $memd->get('foo'), 'bar';

    done_testing;

=item How do I use address other than "127.0.0.1" for testing?

You can use the C<< host >> parameter to specify the bind address.

    # let the server bind to "0.0.0.0" for testing
    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            ...
        },
        server => sub {
            ...
        },
        host => '0.0.0.0',
    );

=item How should I write IPv6 tests?

You should use the L<Net::EmptyPort/can_bind> function to check if the program can bind to the loopback address of IPv6, as well as the C<host> parameter of the L</test_tcp> function to specify the same address as the bind address.

    use Net::EmptyPort qw(can_bind);

    plan skip_all => "IPv6 not available"
        unless can_bind('::1');

    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            ...
        },
        server => sub {
            ...
        },
        host => '::1',
    );

=back

=head1 AUTHOR

Tokuhiro Matsuno E<lt>tokuhirom@gmail.comE<gt>

=head1 THANKS TO

kazuhooku

dragon3

charsbar

Tatsuhiko Miyagawa

lestrrat

=head1 SEE ALSO

=head1 LICENSE

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the same terms as Perl itself.

=cut