package Text::Sprintf::Named;
$Text::Sprintf::Named::VERSION = '0.0405';
use warnings;
use strict;

use 5.008;

use Carp;
use warnings::register;

use parent 'Exporter';

use vars qw(@EXPORT_OK);

@EXPORT_OK = (qw( named_sprintf ));

sub new
    my $class = shift;

    my $self = {};
    bless $self, $class;


    return $self;

sub _init
    my ($self, $args) = @_;

    my $fmt = $args->{fmt} or
        confess "The 'fmt format was not specified for Text::Sprintf::Named.";

    return 0;

sub _fmt
    my $self = shift;

    if (@_)
        $self->{_fmt} = shift;

    return $self->{_fmt};

sub format
    my $self = shift;

    my $args = shift || {};

    if ( (scalar keys %{$args}) > 0  && not exists $args->{args} ){
        warnings::warnif( $self, 'Format parameters were specified, but none of them were \'args\', this is probably a mistake.' );

    my $named_params = $args->{args} || {};

    my $format = $self->_fmt;

    $format =~ s/%(%|\(([a-zA-Z_]\w*)\)([\+\-\.\d]*)([DEFGOUXbcdefgiopsux]))/
            format_args => $args,
            named_params => $named_params,
            conv => $1,
            name => $2,
            conv_prefix => $3,
            conv_letter => $4,

    return $format;

sub calc_param
    my ($self, $args) = @_;
    if ( not exists $args->{named_params}->{$args->{name}} ){
        warnings::warnif($self, "Token '$args->{name}' specified in the format '$self->{_fmt}' was not found." );
        return '';
    return $args->{named_params}->{$args->{name}};

sub _conversion
    my ($self, $args) = @_;

    if ($args->{conv} eq "%")
        return "%";
        return $self->_sprintf(
            ("%" . $args->{conv_prefix} . $args->{conv_letter}),

sub _sprintf
    my ($self, $format, @args) = @_;

    return sprintf($format, @args);

sub named_sprintf
    my ($format, @args) = @_;

    my $params;
    if (! @args)
        $params = {};
    elsif (ref($args[0]) eq "HASH")
        $params = shift(@args);
        $params = {@args};

        Text::Sprintf::Named->new({ fmt => $format})
                            ->format({args => $params});

1; # End of Text::Sprintf::Named



=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

Text::Sprintf::Named - sprintf-like function with named conversions

=head1 VERSION

version 0.0405


    use Text::Sprintf::Named;

    my $formatter =
            {fmt => "Hello %(name)s! Today is %(day)s!"}

    # Returns "Hello Ayeleth! Today is Sunday!"
    $formatter->format({args => {'name' => "Ayeleth", 'day' => "Sunday"}});

    # Returns "Hello John! Today is Thursday!"
    $formatter->format({args => {'name' => "John", 'day' => "Thursday"}});

    # Or alternatively using the non-OOP interface:

    use Text::Sprintf::Named qw(named_sprintf);

    # Prints "Hello Sophie!" (and a newline).
    print named_sprintf("Hello %(name)s!\n", { name => 'Sophie' });

    # Same, but with a flattened parameter list (not inside a hash reference)
    print named_sprintf("Hello %(name)s!\n", name => 'Sophie');


Text::Sprintf::Named provides a sprintf equivalent with named conversions.
Named conversions are sprintf field specifiers (like C<"%s"> or C<"%4d>")
only they are associated with the key of an associative array of
parameters. So for example C<"%(name)s"> will emit the C<'name'> parameter
as a string, and C<"%(num)4d"> will emit the C<'num'> parameter
as a variable with a width of 4.


=head2 my $formatter = Text::Sprintf::Named->new({fmt => $format})

Creates a new object which formats according to the C<$format> format.

=head2 $formatter->format({args => \%bindings})

Returns the formatting string as formatted using the named parameters
pointed to by the C<args> parameter.

=head2 $self->calc_param({%args})

This method is used to calculate the parameter for the conversion. It
can be over-rided by subclasses so it will behave differently. An example
can be found in C<t/02-override-param-retrieval.t> where it is used to
call the accessors of an object for values.

%args contains:

=over 4

=item * named_params

The named paramters.

=item * name

The name of the conversion.


=head2 named_sprintf($format, {%parameters})

=head2 named_sprintf($format, %parameters)

This is a convenience function to directly format a string with the named
parameters, which can be specified inside a (non-blessed) hash reference or
as a flattened hash. See the synopsis for an example.

=head1 AUTHOR

Shlomi Fish, C<< >> , L<>


The (possibly ad-hoc) regex for matching the optional digits+symbols
parameters' prefix of the sprintf conversion was originally written by Bart
Lateur (BARTL on CPAN) for his L<String::Sprintf> module.

The syntax was borrowed directly from Python’s "%" operator when used
with its dictionaries as the right-hand argument. A quick web search did
not yield good documentation about it (and I came with the idea of a named
sprintf without knowing that Python had it, only ran into the fact that
Python had it by web-searching).


L<Text::sprintfn> is a newer module which only provides a procedural interface
that allows one to mix positional and named arguments, with some other
interesting features.

L<String::Formatter> is a comprehensive module that allows one to define
custom sprintf-like functions (I’m not sure whether it has named conversions).
Its license is the GNU General Public Licence version 2 (GPLv2), which is both
restrictive, and incompatible with version 3 of the GPL and with many other
open-source licenses.

L<String::Sprintf> appears to allow one to provide custom sprintf/printf
formats (without providing named conversions).

For the lighter side, there is L<Acme::StringFormat>, which provides a
"%" operator to format a string.


Copyright 2006 Shlomi Fish, all rights reserved.

This program is released under the following license: MIT/X11:


=for :stopwords cpan testmatrix url bugtracker rt cpants kwalitee diff irc mailto metadata placeholders metacpan

=head1 SUPPORT

=head2 Websites

The following websites have more information about this module, and may be of help to you. As always,
in addition to those websites please use your favorite search engine to discover more resources.

=over 4

=item *


A modern, open-source CPAN search engine, useful to view POD in HTML format.


=item *

RT: CPAN's Bug Tracker

The RT ( Request Tracker ) website is the default bug/issue tracking system for CPAN.


=item *


The CPANTS is a website that analyzes the Kwalitee ( code metrics ) of a distribution.


=item *

CPAN Testers

The CPAN Testers is a network of smoke testers who run automated tests on uploaded CPAN distributions.


=item *

CPAN Testers Matrix

The CPAN Testers Matrix is a website that provides a visual overview of the test results for a distribution on various Perls/platforms.


=item *

CPAN Testers Dependencies

The CPAN Testers Dependencies is a website that shows a chart of the test results of all dependencies for a distribution.



=head2 Bugs / Feature Requests

Please report any bugs or feature requests by email to C<bug-text-sprintf-named at>, or through
the web interface at L<>. You will be automatically notified of any
progress on the request by the system.

=head2 Source Code

The code is open to the world, and available for you to hack on. Please feel free to browse it and play
with it, or whatever. If you want to contribute patches, please send me a diff or prod me to pull
from your repository :)


  git clone

=head1 AUTHOR

Shlomi Fish <>

=head1 BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a
patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired


This software is Copyright (c) 2020 by Shlomi Fish.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The MIT (X11) License