package Web::Microformats2;

use Web::Microformats2::Parser;
use Web::Microformats2::Document;

our $VERSION = '0.501';

1;

=pod

=head1 NAME

Web::Microformats2 - Read Microformats2 metadata from HTML or JSON

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 use Web::Microformats2;
 use v5.10;

 my $mf2_parser = Web::Microformats2::Parser->new;
 my $mf2_doc    = $mf2_parser->parse( $string_full_of_tasty_html );

 for my $item ( $mf2_doc->all_top_level_items ) {
    # Each $item is a Web::Microformats2::Item object.
    my @types = $item->all_types;
    say "I see an MF2 item with these types set: @types";

    my $name = $item->get_property( 'name' );
    say "The value of the item's 'name' property is: '$name'";
 }

 my $serialized_mf2_doc = $mf2_doc->as_json;

 my $other_mf2_doc = Web::Microformats2::Document->new_from_json(
    $serialized_mf2_doc_from_somewhere_else
 );

=head1 DESCRIPTION

The Web::Microformats2 modules provide Perl programs with a way to parse
and analyze HTML documents containing Microformats2 metadata. They can
pull Microformats2 information from a given HTML document, representing
it as a queryable in-memory object. They can also serialize this object
as JSON (using the Microformats2 rules for this), or read an already
JSON-serialized Microformats2 structure for further analysis.

See L<"ABOUT MICROFORMATS2">, below, for arguments about why this might
be interesting to you.

=head1 CLASSES

=over

=item L<Web::Microformats2::Parser>

Parses HTML for Microformats2 metadata. Returns what it finds as a
Web::Microformats2::Document object.

=item L<Web::Microformats2::Document>

Objects are queryable structures of parsed Microformats2 metadata. Each
came either fresh from HTML, or re-inflated from its JSON serialization
format.

=item L<Web::Microformats2::Item>

Each document object contains one or more objects of this class. Each
item represents a single, "h-"prefixed microformat substructure,
defining what we in the Perl world might call some I<thingy>: an
article, a person, an invitation, and so on. Each item has some number
of properties, and possibly a parent item and a list of child items.

=back

=head1 STATUS

These modules provide a I<reasonably complete> implementation of L<the
Microformats2 Living
Specification|http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2-parsing>. They
pass all of L<the official MF2 baseline test
cases|https://github.com/microformats/tests>, a copy of which is
included with these modules' own test suite.

The author considers this software B<beta>. Its public interface may
still change, but not without some effort at supporting its current API.

=head1 ABOUT MICROFORMATS2

Microformats2 allows the attachment of semantic metadata to arbitrary
HTML elements, in a way that neither hinders the human readability of
the underlying HTML document nor strictly prescribes any set vocabulary
to this metadata.

For example, an HTML page containing several recent blog entries might
use Microformats2 to identify the title, date, and content of each
entry, as well as its author. It could furthermore define not just the
author's name, but also their contact information, homepage URL, and
avatar-graphic. It might even identify some entries as public responses
to other articles found elsewhere on the web. Since all this metadata
exists quietly within the "class" attributes found within the HTML
page's ordinary markup, its presence does not affect or interfere with
the web page's rendering or readability to humans.

A Microfomats2 parser can read these special attribute values --
identifiable by their conspicuous use of prefixes, such as "h-entry" and
"p-name" -- and turn them into data structures that use this metadata to
give additional order, structure, and semantic labeling to the content
found within. These data structures can then be passed (usually as JSON
strings) to other processors, which can make all sorts of interesting
things happen.

Microformats2 is the successor to Microformats. While similar in intent
and execution, their implementations are very different. Rather than
using the pre-defined vocabularies of its predecessor, Microformats2
uses a relatively simple set of rules that allow for limitless
user-definable labels for metadata items and their constituent
properties.

For more information about Microformats2, please see
L<https://microformats.io>. For a deep dive into the MF2 specification,
see L<http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2>.

=head1 SUPPORT

To file issues or submit pull requests, please see L<this module's
repository on GitHub|https://github.com/jmacdotorg/microformats2-perl>.

The author also welcomes any direct questions about this module via email.

=head1 AUTHOR

Jason McIntosh (jmac@jmac.org)

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2018 by Jason McIntosh.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The MIT (X11) License

=head1 A PERSONAL REQUEST

My ability to share and maintain free, open-source software like this
depends upon my living in a society that allows me the free time and
personal liberty to create work benefiting people other than just myself
or my immediate family. I recognize that I got a head start on this due
to an accident of birth, and I strive to convert some of my unclaimed
time and attention into work that, I hope, gives back to society in some
small way.

Worryingly, I find myself today living in a country experiencing a
profound and unwelcome political upheaval, with its already flawed
democracy under grave threat from powerful authoritarian elements. These
powers wish to undermine this society, remolding it according to their
deeply cynical and strictly zero-sum philosophies, where nobody can gain
without someone else losing.

Free and open-source software has no place in such a world. As such,
these autocrats' further ascension would have a deleterious effect on my
ability to continue working for the public good.

Therefore, if you would like to financially support my work, I would ask
you to consider a donation to one of the following causes. It would mean
a lot to me if you did. (You can tell me about it if you'd like to, but
you don't have to.)

=over

=item *

L<The American Civil Liberties Union|https://aclu.org>

=item *

L<The Democratic National Committee|https://democrats.org>

=item *

L<Earthjustice|https://earthjustice.org>

=back