package Win32::PerfLib;

use strict;
use Carp;
use vars qw($VERSION @ISA @EXPORT @EXPORT_OK $AUTOLOAD);

require Exporter;
require DynaLoader;
require AutoLoader;

@ISA = qw(Exporter DynaLoader);

@EXPORT = qw(
	     PERF_100NSEC_MULTI_TIMER
	     PERF_100NSEC_MULTI_TIMER_INV
	     PERF_100NSEC_TIMER
	     PERF_100NSEC_TIMER_INV
	     PERF_AVERAGE_BASE
	     PERF_AVERAGE_BULK
	     PERF_AVERAGE_TIMER
	     PERF_COUNTER_BASE
	     PERF_COUNTER_BULK_COUNT
	     PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER
	     PERF_COUNTER_DELTA
	     PERF_COUNTER_ELAPSED
	     PERF_COUNTER_FRACTION
	     PERF_COUNTER_HISTOGRAM
	     PERF_COUNTER_HISTOGRAM_TYPE
	     PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_DELTA
	     PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_QUEUELEN_TYPE
	     PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_RAWCOUNT
	     PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_RAWCOUNT_HEX
	     PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_BASE
	     PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_TIMER
	     PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_TIMER_INV
	     PERF_COUNTER_NODATA
	     PERF_COUNTER_QUEUELEN
	     PERF_COUNTER_QUEUELEN_TYPE
	     PERF_COUNTER_RATE
	     PERF_COUNTER_RAWCOUNT
	     PERF_COUNTER_RAWCOUNT_HEX
	     PERF_COUNTER_TEXT
	     PERF_COUNTER_TIMER
	     PERF_COUNTER_TIMER_INV
	     PERF_COUNTER_VALUE
	     PERF_DATA_REVISION
	     PERF_DATA_VERSION
	     PERF_DELTA_BASE
	     PERF_DELTA_COUNTER
	     PERF_DETAIL_ADVANCED
	     PERF_DETAIL_EXPERT
	     PERF_DETAIL_NOVICE
	     PERF_DETAIL_WIZARD
	     PERF_DISPLAY_NOSHOW
	     PERF_DISPLAY_NO_SUFFIX
	     PERF_DISPLAY_PERCENT
	     PERF_DISPLAY_PER_SEC
	     PERF_DISPLAY_SECONDS
	     PERF_ELAPSED_TIME
	     PERF_INVERSE_COUNTER
	     PERF_MULTI_COUNTER
	     PERF_NO_INSTANCES
	     PERF_NO_UNIQUE_ID
	     PERF_NUMBER_DECIMAL
	     PERF_NUMBER_DEC_1000
	     PERF_NUMBER_HEX
	     PERF_OBJECT_TIMER
	     PERF_RAW_BASE
	     PERF_RAW_FRACTION
	     PERF_SAMPLE_BASE
	     PERF_SAMPLE_COUNTER
	     PERF_SAMPLE_FRACTION
	     PERF_SIZE_DWORD
	     PERF_SIZE_LARGE
	     PERF_SIZE_VARIABLE_LEN
	     PERF_SIZE_ZERO
	     PERF_TEXT_ASCII
	     PERF_TEXT_UNICODE
	     PERF_TIMER_100NS
	     PERF_TIMER_TICK
	     PERF_TYPE_COUNTER
	     PERF_TYPE_NUMBER
	     PERF_TYPE_TEXT
	     PERF_TYPE_ZERO
	    );

$VERSION = '0.07';

sub AUTOLOAD {
   
    my $constname;
    ($constname = $AUTOLOAD) =~ s/.*:://;
    local $! = 0;
    my $val = constant($constname);
    if ($! != 0) {
	if ($! =~ /Invalid/) {
	    $AutoLoader::AUTOLOAD = $AUTOLOAD;
	    goto &AutoLoader::AUTOLOAD;
	}
	else {
	    croak "Your vendor has not defined Win32::PerfLib macro $constname";
	}
    }
    eval "sub $AUTOLOAD { $val }";
    goto &$AUTOLOAD;
}

bootstrap Win32::PerfLib $VERSION;

# Preloaded methods go here.

sub new
{
    my $proto = shift;
    my $class = ref($proto) || $proto;
    my $comp = shift;
    my $handle;
    my $self = {};
    if(PerfLibOpen($comp,$handle))
    {
	$self->{handle} = $handle;
	bless $self, $class;
	return $self;
    }
    else
    {
	return undef;
    }
    
}

sub Close
{
    my $self = shift;
    return PerfLibClose($self->{handle});
}

sub DESTROY
{
    my $self = shift;
    if(!PerfLibClose($self->{handle}))
    {
	croak "Error closing handle!\n";
    }
}

sub GetCounterNames
{
    my($machine,$href) = @_;
    if(ref $href ne "HASH")
    {
	croak("usage: Win32::PerfLib::GetCounterNames(machine,hashRef)\n");
    }
    my($data,@data,$num,$name);
    my $retval = PerfLibGetNames($machine,$data);
    if($retval)
    {
	@data = split(/\0/, $data);
	while(@data)
	{
	    $num = shift @data;
	    $name = shift @data;
	    $href->{$num} = $name;
	}
    }
    $retval;
}

sub GetCounterHelp
{
    my($machine,$href) = @_;
    if(ref $href ne "HASH")
    {
	croak("usage: Win32::PerfLib::GetCounterHelp(machine,hashRef)\n");
    }
    my($data,@data,$num,$name);
    my $retval = PerfLibGetHelp($machine,$data);
    if($retval)
    {
	@data = split(/\0/, $data);
	while(@data)
	{
	    $num = shift @data;
	    $name = shift @data;
	    $href->{$num} = $name;
	}
    }
    $retval;
}

sub GetObjectList
{
    my $self = shift;
    my $object = shift;
    my $data = shift;
    if(ref $data ne "HASH")
    {
	croak("reference isn't a hash reference!\n");
    }
    return PerfLibGetObjects($self->{handle}, $object, $data);
}

sub GetCounterType
{
    my $type = shift;
    my $retval;
    if( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_100NSEC_MULTI_TIMER == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_100NSEC_MULTI_TIMER";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_100NSEC_MULTI_TIMER_INV == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_100NSEC_MULTI_TIMER_INV";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_100NSEC_TIMER == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_100NSEC_TIMER";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_100NSEC_TIMER_INV == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_100NSEC_TIMER_INV";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_AVERAGE_BASE == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_AVERAGE_BASE";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_AVERAGE_BULK == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_AVERAGE_BULK";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_AVERAGE_TIMER == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_AVERAGE_TIMER";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_BULK_COUNT == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_BULK_COUNT";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_COUNTER";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_DELTA == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_DELTA";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_DELTA == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_DELTA";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_QUEUELEN_TYPE == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_QUEUELEN_TYPE";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_RAWCOUNT == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_RAWCOUNT";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_RAWCOUNT_HEX == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_LARGE_RAWCOUNT_HEX";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_BASE == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_BASE";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_TIMER == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_TIMER";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_TIMER_INV == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_MULTI_TIMER_INV";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_NODATA == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_NODATA";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_QUEUELEN_TYPE == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_QUEUELEN_TYPE";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_RAWCOUNT == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_RAWCOUNT";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_RAWCOUNT_HEX == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_RAWCOUNT_HEX";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_TEXT == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_TEXT";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_TIMER == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_TIMER";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_COUNTER_TIMER_INV == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_COUNTER_TIMER_INV";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_ELAPSED_TIME == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_ELAPSED_TIME";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_RAW_BASE == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_RAW_BASE";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_RAW_FRACTION == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_RAW_FRACTION";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_SAMPLE_BASE == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_SAMPLE_BASE";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_SAMPLE_COUNTER == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_SAMPLE_COUNTER";
    }
    elsif( &Win32::PerfLib::PERF_SAMPLE_FRACTION == $type )
    {
	$retval = "PERF_SAMPLE_FRACTION";
    }
    $retval;
}



1;
__END__

=head1 NAME

Win32::PerfLib - Accessing the Windows NT Performance Counter

=head1 SYNOPSIS

  use Win32::PerfLib;
  my $server = "";
  Win32::PerfLib::GetCounterNames($server, \%counter);
  %r_counter = map { $counter{$_} => $_ } keys %counter;
  # retrieve the id for process object
  $process_obj = $r_counter{Process};
  # retrieve the id for the process ID counter
  $process_id = $r_counter{'ID Process'};

  # create connection to $server
  $perflib = new Win32::PerfLib($server);
  $proc_ref = {};
  # get the performance data for the process object
  $perflib->GetObjectList($process_obj, $proc_ref);
  $perflib->Close();
  $instance_ref = $proc_ref->{Objects}->{$process_obj}->{Instances};
  foreach $p (sort keys %{$instance_ref})
  {
      $counter_ref = $instance_ref->{$p}->{Counters};
      foreach $i (keys %{$counter_ref})
      {
	  if($counter_ref->{$i}->{CounterNameTitleIndex} == $process_id)
	  {
	      printf( "% 6d %s\n", $counter_ref->{$i}->{Counter},
		      $instance_ref->{$p}->{Name}
		    );
	  }
      }
  }

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This module allows to retrieve the performance counter of any computer
(running Windows NT) in the network.

=head1 FUNCTIONS

=head2 NOTE

All of the functions return false if they fail, unless otherwise noted.
If the $server argument is undef the local machine is assumed.

=over 10

=item Win32::PerfLib::GetCounterNames($server,$hashref)

Retrieves the counter names and their indices from the registry and stores them
in the hash reference

=item Win32::PerfLib::GetCounterHelp($server,$hashref)

Retrieves the counter help strings and their indices from the registry and
stores them in the hash reference

=item $perflib = Win32::PerfLib->new ($server)

Creates a connection to the performance counters of the given server

=item $perflib->GetObjectList($objectid,$hashref)

retrieves the object and counter list of the given performance object.

=item $perflib->Close($hashref)

closes the connection to the performance counters

=item Win32::PerfLib::GetCounterType(countertype)

converts the counter type to readable string as referenced in L<calc.html> so
that it is easier to find the appropriate formula to calculate the raw counter
data.

=back

=head1 Datastructures

The performance data is returned in the following data structure:

=over 10

=item Level 1

  $hashref = {
      'NumObjectTypes'   => VALUE
      'Objects'          => HASHREF
      'PerfFreq'         => VALUE
      'PerfTime'         => VALUE
      'PerfTime100nSec'  => VALUE
      'SystemName'       => STRING
      'SystemTime'       => VALUE
  }

=item Level 2

The hash reference $hashref->{Objects} has the returned object ID(s) as keys and
a hash reference to the object counter data as value. Even there is only one
object requested in the call to GetObjectList there may be more than one object
in the result.

  $hashref->{Objects} = {
      <object1>  => HASHREF
      <object2>  => HASHREF
      ...
  }

=item Level 3

Each returned object ID has object-specific performance information. If an
object has instances like the process object there is also a reference to
the instance information.

  $hashref->{Objects}->{<object1>} = {
      'DetailLevel'           => VALUE
      'Instances'             => HASHREF
      'Counters'              => HASHREF
      'NumCounters'           => VALUE
      'NumInstances'          => VALUE
      'ObjectHelpTitleIndex'  => VALUE
      'ObjectNameTitleIndex'  => VALUE
      'PerfFreq'              => VALUE
      'PerfTime'              => VALUE
  }

=item Level 4

If there are instance information for the object available they are stored in
the 'Instances' hashref. If the object has no instances there is an 'Counters'
key instead. The instances or counters are numbered.

  $hashref->{Objects}->{<object1>}->{Instances} = {
      <1>     => HASHREF
      <2>     => HASHREF
      ...
      <n>     => HASHREF
  }
  or
  $hashref->{Objects}->{<object1>}->{Counters} = {
      <1>     => HASHREF
      <2>     => HASHREF
      ...
      <n>     => HASHREF
  }

=item Level 5

  $hashref->{Objects}->{<object1>}->{Instances}->{<1>} = {
      Counters               => HASHREF
      Name                   => STRING
      ParentObjectInstance   => VALUE
      ParentObjectTitleIndex => VALUE
  }
  or
  $hashref->{Objects}->{<object1>}->{Counters}->{<1>} = {
      Counter               => VALUE
      CounterHelpTitleIndex => VALUE
      CounterNameTitleIndex => VALUE
      CounterSize           => VALUE
      CounterType           => VALUE
      DefaultScale          => VALUE
      DetailLevel           => VALUE
      Display               => STRING
  }

=item Level 6

  $hashref->{Objects}->{<object1>}->{Instances}->{<1>}->{Counters} = {
      <1>     => HASHREF
      <2>     => HASHREF
      ...
      <n>     => HASHREF
  }

=item Level 7

  $hashref->{Objects}->{<object1>}->{Instances}->{<1>}->{Counters}->{<1>} = {
      Counter               => VALUE
      CounterHelpTitleIndex => VALUE
      CounterNameTitleIndex => VALUE
      CounterSize           => VALUE
      CounterType           => VALUE
      DefaultScale          => VALUE
      DetailLevel           => VALUE
      Display               => STRING
  }

Depending on the B<CounterType> there are calculations to do (see calc.html).

=back

=head1 AUTHOR

Jutta M. Klebe, jmk@bybyte.de

=head1 SEE ALSO

perl(1).

=cut