#define PERL_NO_GET_CONTEXT
#include "EXTERN.h"
#include "perl.h"
#include "XSUB.h"
#ifdef PERLIO_LAYERS

#include "perliol.h"

typedef struct
{
 struct _PerlIO base;       /* Base "class" info */
 HV *		stash;
 SV *		obj;
 SV *		var;
 SSize_t	cnt;
 IO *		io;
 SV *		fh;
 CV *PUSHED;
 CV *POPPED;
 CV *OPEN;
 CV *FDOPEN;
 CV *SYSOPEN;
 CV *GETARG;
 CV *FILENO;
 CV *READ;
 CV *WRITE;
 CV *FILL;
 CV *CLOSE;
 CV *SEEK;
 CV *TELL;
 CV *UNREAD;
 CV *FLUSH;
 CV *SETLINEBUF;
 CV *CLEARERR;
 CV *mERROR;
 CV *mEOF;
 CV *BINMODE;
 CV *UTF8;
} PerlIOVia;

static const MGVTBL PerlIOVia_tag = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };

#define MYMethod(x) #x,&s->x

static CV *
PerlIOVia_fetchmethod(pTHX_ PerlIOVia * s, const char *method, CV ** save)
{
    GV *gv = gv_fetchmeth(s->stash, method, strlen(method), 0);
#if 0
    Perl_warn(aTHX_ "Lookup %s::%s => %p", HvNAME_get(s->stash), method, gv);
#endif
    if (gv) {
	return *save = GvCV(gv);
    }
    else {
	return *save = (CV *) - 1;
    }
}

/*
 * Try and call method, possibly via cached lookup.
 * If method does not exist return Nullsv (caller may fallback to another approach
 * If method does exist call it with flags passing variable number of args
 * Last arg is a "filehandle" to layer below (if present)
 * Returns scalar returned by method (if any) otherwise sv_undef
 */

static SV *
PerlIOVia_method(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, const char *method, CV ** save, int flags,
		 ...)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *result = Nullsv;
    CV *cv =
	(*save) ? *save : PerlIOVia_fetchmethod(aTHX_ s, method, save);
    if (cv != (CV *) - 1) {
	IV count;
	dSP;
	SV *arg;
        va_list ap;

        va_start(ap, flags);
	PUSHSTACKi(PERLSI_MAGIC);
	ENTER;
	PUSHMARK(sp);
	XPUSHs(s->obj);
	while ((arg = va_arg(ap, SV *))) {
	    XPUSHs(arg);
	}
        va_end(ap);
	if (*PerlIONext(f)) {
	    if (!s->fh) {
		GV *gv;
		char *package = HvNAME_get(s->stash);

                if (!package)
                    return Nullsv; /* can this ever happen? */
		gv = newGVgen(package);
		GvIOp(gv) = newIO();
		s->fh = newRV((SV *) gv);
		s->io = GvIOp(gv);
		if (gv) {
		    /* shamelessly stolen from IO::File's new_tmpfile() */
		    (void) hv_delete(GvSTASH(gv), GvNAME(gv), GvNAMELEN(gv), G_DISCARD);
		}
	    }
	    IoIFP(s->io) = PerlIONext(f);
	    IoOFP(s->io) = PerlIONext(f);
	    XPUSHs(s->fh);
	}
	else {
	    PerlIO_debug("No next\n");
	    /* FIXME: How should this work for OPEN etc? */
	}
	PUTBACK;
	count = call_sv((SV *) cv, flags);
	if (count) {
	    SPAGAIN;
	    result = POPs;
	    PUTBACK;
	}
	else {
	    result = &PL_sv_undef;
	}
	LEAVE;
	POPSTACK;
    }
    return result;
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_pushed(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, const char *mode, SV * arg,
		 PerlIO_funcs * tab)
{
    IV code = PerlIOBase_pushed(aTHX_ f, mode, Nullsv, tab);

    if (arg && SvTYPE(arg) >= SVt_PVMG
        && mg_findext(arg, PERL_MAGIC_ext, &PerlIOVia_tag)) {
	return code;
    }

    if (code == 0) {
        PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	if (!arg) {
	    if (ckWARN(WARN_LAYER))
		Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_LAYER),
			    "No package specified");
	    errno = EINVAL;
	    code = -1;
	}
	else {
	    STRLEN pkglen = 0;
	    const char *pkg = SvPV(arg, pkglen);
	    s->obj =
		newSVpvn(Perl_form(aTHX_ "PerlIO::via::%s", pkg),
			 pkglen + 13);
	    s->stash = gv_stashpvn(SvPVX_const(s->obj), pkglen + 13, 0);
	    if (!s->stash) {
		SvREFCNT_dec(s->obj);
		s->obj = SvREFCNT_inc(arg);
		s->stash = gv_stashpvn(pkg, pkglen, 0);
	    }
	    if (s->stash) {
		char lmode[8];
		SV *modesv;
		SV *result;
		if (!mode) {
		    /* binmode() passes NULL - so find out what mode is */
		    mode = PerlIO_modestr(f,lmode);
		}
		modesv = newSVpvn_flags(mode, strlen(mode), SVs_TEMP);
		result = PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(PUSHED), G_SCALAR,
				     modesv, Nullsv);
		if (result) {
		    if (sv_isobject(result)) {
			SvREFCNT_dec(s->obj);
			s->obj = SvREFCNT_inc(result);
		    }
		    else if (SvIV(result) != 0)
			return SvIV(result);
		}
		else {
		    goto push_failed;
		}
		modesv = (*PerlIONext(f) && (PerlIOBase(PerlIONext(f))->flags & PERLIO_F_UTF8))
                           ? &PL_sv_yes : &PL_sv_no;
		result = PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(UTF8), G_SCALAR, modesv, Nullsv);
		if (result && SvTRUE(result)) {
		    PerlIOBase(f)->flags |= PERLIO_F_UTF8;
		}
		else {
		    PerlIOBase(f)->flags &= ~PERLIO_F_UTF8;
		}
		if (PerlIOVia_fetchmethod(aTHX_ s, MYMethod(FILL)) ==
		    (CV *) - 1)
		    PerlIOBase(f)->flags &= ~PERLIO_F_FASTGETS;
		else
		    PerlIOBase(f)->flags |= PERLIO_F_FASTGETS;
	    }
	    else {
		if (ckWARN(WARN_LAYER))
		    Perl_warner(aTHX_ packWARN(WARN_LAYER),
				"Cannot find package '%.*s'", (int) pkglen,
				pkg);
push_failed:
#ifdef ENOSYS
		errno = ENOSYS;
#else
#ifdef ENOENT
		errno = ENOENT;
#endif
#endif
		code = -1;
	    }
	}
    }
    return code;
}

static PerlIO *
PerlIOVia_open(pTHX_ PerlIO_funcs * self, PerlIO_list_t * layers,
	       IV n, const char *mode, int fd, int imode, int perm,
	       PerlIO * f, int narg, SV ** args)
{
    if (!f) {
	f = PerlIO_push(aTHX_ PerlIO_allocate(aTHX), self, mode,
			PerlIOArg);
    }
    else {
	/* Reopen */
	if (!PerlIO_push(aTHX_ f, self, mode, PerlIOArg))
	    return NULL;
    }
    if (f) {
	PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	SV *result = Nullsv;
	if (fd >= 0) {
	    SV *fdsv = sv_2mortal(newSViv(fd));
	    result =
		PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(FDOPEN), G_SCALAR, fdsv,
				 Nullsv);
	}
	else if (narg > 0) {
	    if (*mode == '#') {
		SV *imodesv = sv_2mortal(newSViv(imode));
		SV *permsv = sv_2mortal(newSViv(perm));
		result =
		    PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(SYSOPEN), G_SCALAR,
				     *args, imodesv, permsv, Nullsv);
	    }
	    else {
		result =
		    PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(OPEN), G_SCALAR,
				     *args, Nullsv);
	    }
	}
	if (result) {
	    if (sv_isobject(result))
		s->obj = SvREFCNT_inc(result);
	    else if (!SvTRUE(result)) {
		return NULL;
	    }
	}
	else {
	    /* Required open method not present */
	    PerlIO_funcs *tab = NULL;
	    IV m = n - 1;
	    while (m >= 0) {
		PerlIO_funcs *t =
		    PerlIO_layer_fetch(aTHX_ layers, m, NULL);
		if (t && t->Open) {
		    tab = t;
		    break;
		}
		m--;
	    }
	    if (tab) {
		if ((*tab->Open) (aTHX_ tab, layers, m, mode, fd, imode,
				  perm, PerlIONext(f), narg, args)) {
		    PerlIO_debug("Opened with %s => %p->%p\n", tab->name,
				 PerlIONext(f), *PerlIONext(f));
		    if (m + 1 < n) {
			/*
			 * More layers above the one that we used to open -
			 * apply them now
			 */
			if (PerlIO_apply_layera
			    (aTHX_ PerlIONext(f), mode, layers, m + 1,
			     n) != 0) {
			    /* If pushing layers fails close the file */
			    PerlIO_close(f);
			    f = NULL;
			}
		    }
		    /* FIXME - Call an OPENED method here ? */
		    return f;
		}
		else {
		    PerlIO_debug("Open fail %s => %p->%p\n", tab->name,
				 PerlIONext(f), *PerlIONext(f));
		    /* Sub-layer open failed */
		}
	    }
	    else {
	         PerlIO_debug("Nothing to open with");
		/* Nothing to do the open */
	    }
	    PerlIO_pop(aTHX_ f);
	    return NULL;
	}
    }
    return f;
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_popped(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(POPPED), G_VOID, Nullsv);
    if (s->var) {
	SvREFCNT_dec(s->var);
	s->var = Nullsv;
    }

    if (s->io) {
	IoIFP(s->io) = NULL;
	IoOFP(s->io) = NULL;
    }
    if (s->fh) {
	SvREFCNT_dec(s->fh);
	s->fh = Nullsv;
	s->io = NULL;
    }
    if (s->obj) {
	SvREFCNT_dec(s->obj);
	s->obj = Nullsv;
    }
    return 0;
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_close(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    IV code = PerlIOBase_close(aTHX_ f);
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(CLOSE), G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
    if (result && SvIV(result) != 0)
	code = SvIV(result);
    PerlIOBase(f)->flags &= ~(PERLIO_F_RDBUF | PERLIO_F_WRBUF);
    return code;
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_fileno(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(FILENO), G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
    return (result) ? SvIV(result) : PerlIO_fileno(PerlIONext(f));
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_binmode(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(BINMODE), G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
    if (!result || !SvOK(result)) {
	PerlIO_pop(aTHX_ f);
	return 0;
    }
    return SvIV(result);
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_seek(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, Off_t offset, int whence)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *offsv = sv_2mortal(sizeof(Off_t) > sizeof(IV)
			   ? newSVnv((NV)offset) : newSViv((IV)offset));
    SV *whsv = sv_2mortal(newSViv(whence));
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(SEEK), G_SCALAR, offsv, whsv,
			 Nullsv);
#if Off_t_size == 8 && defined(CONDOP_SIZE) && CONDOP_SIZE < Off_t_size
    if (result)
	return (Off_t) SvIV(result);
    else
	return (Off_t) -1;
#else
    return (result) ? SvIV(result) : -1;
#endif
}

static Off_t
PerlIOVia_tell(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(TELL), G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
    return (result)
	   ? (SvNOK(result) ? (Off_t)SvNV(result) : (Off_t)SvIV(result))
	   : (Off_t) - 1;
}

static SSize_t
PerlIOVia_unread(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, const void *vbuf, Size_t count)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *buf = newSVpvn_flags((char *) vbuf, count, SVs_TEMP);
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(UNREAD), G_SCALAR, buf, Nullsv);
    if (result)
	return (SSize_t) SvIV(result);
    else {
	return PerlIOBase_unread(aTHX_ f, vbuf, count);
    }
}

static SSize_t
PerlIOVia_read(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, void *vbuf, Size_t count)
{
    SSize_t rd = 0;
    if (PerlIOBase(f)->flags & PERLIO_F_CANREAD) {
	if (PerlIOBase(f)->flags & PERLIO_F_FASTGETS) {
	    rd = PerlIOBase_read(aTHX_ f, vbuf, count);
	}
	else {
	    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	    SV *buf = sv_2mortal(newSV(count));
	    SV *n = sv_2mortal(newSViv(count));
	    SV *result =
		PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(READ), G_SCALAR, buf, n,
				 Nullsv);
	    if (result) {
		rd = (SSize_t) SvIV(result);
		Move(SvPVX(buf), vbuf, rd, char);
		return rd;
	    }
	}
    }
    return rd;
}

static SSize_t
PerlIOVia_write(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, const void *vbuf, Size_t count)
{
    if (PerlIOBase(f)->flags & PERLIO_F_CANWRITE) {
	PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	SV *buf = newSVpvn((char *) vbuf, count);
	SV *result =
	    PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(WRITE), G_SCALAR, buf,
			     Nullsv);
	SvREFCNT_dec(buf);
	if (result)
	    return (SSize_t) SvIV(result);
	return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_fill(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    if (PerlIOBase(f)->flags & PERLIO_F_CANREAD) {
	PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	SV *result =
	    PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(FILL), G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
	if (s->var) {
	    SvREFCNT_dec(s->var);
	    s->var = Nullsv;
	}
	if (result && SvOK(result)) {
	    STRLEN len = 0;
	    const char *p = SvPV(result, len);
	    s->var = newSVpvn(p, len);
	    s->cnt = SvCUR(s->var);
	    return 0;
	}
	else
	    PerlIOBase(f)->flags |= PERLIO_F_EOF;
    }
    return -1;
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_flush(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(FLUSH), G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
    if (s->var && s->cnt > 0) {
	SvREFCNT_dec(s->var);
	s->var = Nullsv;
    }
    return (result) ? SvIV(result) : 0;
}

static STDCHAR *
PerlIOVia_get_base(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    if (PerlIOBase(f)->flags & PERLIO_F_CANREAD) {
	PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	if (s->var) {
	    return (STDCHAR *) SvPVX(s->var);
	}
    }
    return (STDCHAR *) NULL;
}

static STDCHAR *
PerlIOVia_get_ptr(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    if (PerlIOBase(f)->flags & PERLIO_F_CANREAD) {
	PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	if (s->var) {
	    STDCHAR *p = (STDCHAR *) (SvEND(s->var) - s->cnt);
	    return p;
	}
    }
    return (STDCHAR *) NULL;
}

static SSize_t
PerlIOVia_get_cnt(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    if (PerlIOBase(f)->flags & PERLIO_F_CANREAD) {
	PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	if (s->var) {
	    return s->cnt;
	}
    }
    return 0;
}

static Size_t
PerlIOVia_bufsiz(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    if (PerlIOBase(f)->flags & PERLIO_F_CANREAD) {
	PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
	if (s->var)
	    return SvCUR(s->var);
    }
    return 0;
}

static void
PerlIOVia_set_ptrcnt(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, STDCHAR * ptr, SSize_t cnt)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    PERL_UNUSED_ARG(ptr);
    s->cnt = cnt;
}

static void
PerlIOVia_setlinebuf(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(SETLINEBUF), G_VOID, Nullsv);
    PerlIOBase_setlinebuf(aTHX_ f);
}

static void
PerlIOVia_clearerr(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(CLEARERR), G_VOID, Nullsv);
    PerlIOBase_clearerr(aTHX_ f);
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_error(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, "ERROR", &s->mERROR, G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
    return (result) ? SvIV(result) : PerlIOBase_error(aTHX_ f);
}

static IV
PerlIOVia_eof(pTHX_ PerlIO * f)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *result =
	PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, "EOF", &s->mEOF, G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
    return (result) ? SvIV(result) : PerlIOBase_eof(aTHX_ f);
}

static SV *
PerlIOVia_getarg(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, CLONE_PARAMS * param, int flags)
{
    PerlIOVia *s = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
    SV *arg;
    PERL_UNUSED_ARG(flags);

    /* During cloning, return an undef token object so that _pushed() knows
     * that it should not call methods and wait for _dup() to actually dup the
     * object. */
    if (param) {
	SV *sv = newSV(0);
	sv_magicext(sv, NULL, PERL_MAGIC_ext, &PerlIOVia_tag, 0, 0);
	return sv;
    }

    arg = PerlIOVia_method(aTHX_ f, MYMethod(GETARG), G_SCALAR, Nullsv);
    if (arg) {
        /* arg is a temp, and PerlIOBase_dup() will explicitly free it */
        SvREFCNT_inc(arg);
    }
    else {
        arg = newSVpvn(HvNAME(s->stash), HvNAMELEN(s->stash));
    }

    return arg;
}

static PerlIO *
PerlIOVia_dup(pTHX_ PerlIO * f, PerlIO * o, CLONE_PARAMS * param,
	      int flags)
{
    if ((f = PerlIOBase_dup(aTHX_ f, o, param, flags))) {
#ifdef USE_ITHREADS
        if (param) {
            /* For a non-interpreter dup stash and obj have been set up
               by the implied push.

               But if this is a clone for a new interpreter we need to
               translate the objects to their dups.
            */

            PerlIOVia *fs = PerlIOSelf(f, PerlIOVia);
            PerlIOVia *os = PerlIOSelf(o, PerlIOVia);

            fs->obj = sv_dup_inc(os->obj, param);
            fs->stash = (HV*)sv_dup((SV*)os->stash, param);
            fs->var = sv_dup_inc(os->var, param);
            fs->cnt = os->cnt;

            /* fh, io, cached CVs left as NULL, PerlIOVia_method()
               will reinitialize them if needed */
        }
#endif
        /* for a non-threaded dup fs->obj and stash should be set by _pushed() */
    }

    return f;
}



static PERLIO_FUNCS_DECL(PerlIO_object) = {
 sizeof(PerlIO_funcs),
 "via",
 sizeof(PerlIOVia),
 PERLIO_K_BUFFERED|PERLIO_K_DESTRUCT,
 PerlIOVia_pushed,
 PerlIOVia_popped,
 PerlIOVia_open, /* NULL, */
 PerlIOVia_binmode, /* NULL, */
 PerlIOVia_getarg,
 PerlIOVia_fileno,
 PerlIOVia_dup,
 PerlIOVia_read,
 PerlIOVia_unread,
 PerlIOVia_write,
 PerlIOVia_seek,
 PerlIOVia_tell,
 PerlIOVia_close,
 PerlIOVia_flush,
 PerlIOVia_fill,
 PerlIOVia_eof,
 PerlIOVia_error,
 PerlIOVia_clearerr,
 PerlIOVia_setlinebuf,
 PerlIOVia_get_base,
 PerlIOVia_bufsiz,
 PerlIOVia_get_ptr,
 PerlIOVia_get_cnt,
 PerlIOVia_set_ptrcnt,
};


#endif /* Layers available */

MODULE = PerlIO::via	PACKAGE = PerlIO::via
PROTOTYPES: ENABLE;

BOOT:
{
#ifdef PERLIO_LAYERS
 PerlIO_define_layer(aTHX_ PERLIO_FUNCS_CAST(&PerlIO_object));
#endif
}