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DO NOT EDIT. This Pod was generated by Swim v0.1.41.
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=head1 NAME

pQuery - A port of jQuery.js to Perl

=for html
<a href="https://travis-ci.org/ingydotnet/pquery-pm"><img src="https://travis-ci.org/ingydotnet/pquery-pm.png" alt="pquery-pm"></a>

=head1 VERSION

This document describes L<pQuery> version B<0.24>.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

    use pQuery;

    pQuery("http://google.com/search?q=pquery")
        ->find("h2")
        ->each(sub {
            my $i = shift;
            print $i + 1, ") ", pQuery($_)->text, "\n";
        });

=head1 DESCRIPTION

pQuery is a pragmatic attempt to port the jQuery JavaScript framework to Perl.
It is pragmatic in the sense that it switches certain JavaScript idioms for
Perl ones, in order to make the use of it concise. A primary goal of jQuery is
to "Find things and do things, concisely". pQuery has the same goal.

pQuery exports a single function called C<pQuery>. (Actually, it also exports
the special C<PQUERY> function. Read below.) This function acts a constructor
and does different things depending on the arguments you give it. This is
discussed in the C<CONSTRUCTORS> section below.

A pQuery object acts like an array reference (because, in fact, it is).
Typically it is an array of pQuery::DOM elements, but it can be an array
of anything.

pQuery::DOM is roughly an attempt to duplicate JavaScript's DOM in Perl. It
subclasses HTML::TreeBuilder/HTML::Element so there are a few differences to
be aware of. See the C<pQuery::DOM> documentation for details.

Like jQuery, pQuery methods return a pQuery object; either the original object
or a new derived object. All pQuery C<METHODS> are described below.

=head1 THE ROYAL PQUERY

The power of jQuery is that single method calls can apply to many DOM objects.
pQuery does the exact same thing but can take this one step further. A single
PQUERY object can contain several DOMs!

Consider this example:

    > perl -MpQuery -le 'PQUERY(\
        map "http://search.cpan.org/~$_/", qw(ingy gugod miyagawa))\
        ->find("table")->eq(1)->find("tr")\
        ->EACH(sub{\
            printf("%40s - %s Perl distributions\n", $_->url, $_->length - 1)\
        })'
               http://search.cpan.org/~ingy/ - 88 Perl distributions
              http://search.cpan.org/~gugod/ - 86 Perl distributions
           http://search.cpan.org/~miyagawa/ - 138 Perl distributions

The power lies in C<PQUERY>, a special constructor that creates a wrapper
object for many pQuery objects, and applies all methods called on it to all
the pQuery objects it contains.

=head1 CONSTRUCTORS

The pQuery constructor is an exported function called C<pQuery>. It does
different things depending on the arguments you pass it.

=head2 URL

If you pass pQuery a URL, it will attempt to get the page and use its HTML to
create a pQuery::DOM object. The pQuery object will contain the top level
pQuery::DOM object.

    pQuery("http://google.com");

It will also set the global variable C<$pQuery::document> to the resulting
DOM object. Future calls to pQuery methods will use this document if none
other is supplied.

=head2 HTML

If you already have an HTML string, pass it to pQuery and it will create a
pQuery::DOM object. The pQuery object will contain the top level
pQuery::DOM object.

    pQuery("<p>Hello <b>world</b>.</p>");

=head2 FILE

If you pass pQuery a string that ends with .html and contains no whitespace,
pQuery will assume it is the name of a file containing html and will read the
contents and parse the HTML into a new DOM.

    pQuery("my/webpage.html");

=head2 Selector String

You can create a pQuery object with a selector string just like in jQuery. The
problem is that Perl doesn't have a global document object lying around like
JavaScript does.

One thing you can do is set the global variable, C<$pQuery::document>, to a
pQuery::DOM document. This will be used by future selectors.

Another thing you can do is pass the document to select on as the second
parameter. (jQuery also has this second, context parameter).

    pQuery("table.mygrid > td:eq(7)", $dom);

=head2 pQuery Object

You can create a new pQuery object from another pQuery object. The new object
will be a shallow copy.

    my $pquery2 = pQuery($pquery1);

=head2 Array Reference

You can create a pQuery object as an array of anything you want; not just
pQuery::DOM elements. This can be useful to use the C<each> method to iterate
over the array.

    pQuery(\ @some_array);

=head2 No Arguments

Calling pQuery with no arguments will return a pQuery object that is just an
empty array reference. This is useful for using it to call class methods that
don't need a DOM object.

    my $html = pQuery->get("http://google.com")->content;

=head2 PQUERY(@list_of_pQuery_constructor_args)

The PQUERY constructor takes a list of any of the above pQuery forms and
creates a PQUERY object with one pQuery object per argument.

=head1 METHODS

This is a reference of all the methods you can call on a pQuery object. They
are almost entirely ported from jQuery.

=over

=item C<pquery()>

Returns the version number of the pQuery module.

=item C<size()>

Returns the number of elements in the pQuery object.

=item C<length()>

Also returns the number of elements in the pQuery object.

=item C<each($sub)>

This method takes a subroutine reference and calls the subroutine once for
each member of the pQuery object that called C<each>. When the subroutine is
called it is passed an integer count starting at 0 at incremented once for
each call. It is also passed the current member of the pQuery object in C<$_>.

    pQuery("td", $dom)->each(sub {
        my $i = shift;
        print $i, " => ", pQuery($_)->text(), "\n";
    });

The C<each> method returns the pQuery object that called it.

=item C<EACH($sub)>

This method can only be called on PQUERY objects. The sub is called once for
every pQuery object within the PQUERY object. If you call C<each()> on a
PQUERY object, it iterates on all the DOM objects of each pQuery object (as
you would expect).

=item C<find($selector)>

This method will search all the pQuery::DOM elements of the its caller for all
sub elements that match the selector string. It will return a new pQuery
object containing all the elements found.

    my $pquery2 = $pquery1->find("h1,h2,h3");

=item C<html() html($html)>

This method is akin to the famous JavaScript/DOM function C<innerHTML>.

If called with no arguments, this will return the the B<inner> HTML string of
the B<first> DOM element in the pQuery object.

If called with an HTML string argument, this will set the inner HTML of all
the DOM elements in the pQuery object.

=item C<toHtml()>

This extremely handy method is not ported from jQuery. Maybe jQuery will port
it back some day. :)

This function takes no arguments, and returns the B<outer> HTML of the first
DOM object in the pQuery object. Outer HTML means the HTML of the current
object and its inner HTML.

For example:

    pQuery('<p>I <b>like</b> pie</p>')->toHtml;

returns:

    <p>I <b>like</b> pie</p>

while:

    pQuery('<p>I <b>like</b> pie</p>')->html();

returns:

    I <b>like</b> pie

=item C<end()>

Revert the most recent 'destructive' operation, changing the set of matched
elements to its previous state (right before the destructive operation).
This method is useful for getting back to a prior context when chaining
pQuery methods.

    pQuery("table", $dom)     # Select all the tables
        ->find("td")          # Select all the tds
        ->each(sub { ... })   # Do something with the tds
        ->end()               # Go back to the tables selection
        ->each(sub { ... });  # Do something with the tables

=item C<get($index) get($url)>

If this method is passed an integer, it will return that specific element from
the array of elements in the pQuery object.

Given a URL, this method will fetch the HTML content of the URL and return a
HTML::Response object.

    my $html = pQuery->get("http://google.com")->content;

=item C<index($elem)>

This method returns the index number of its argument if the elem is in the
current pQuery object. Otherwise it returns -1.

=item C<reset()>

This method releases resources associated with pQuery and prevents
memory leaks.

=back

=head1 UNDER CONSTRUCTION

This module is still being written. The documented methods all work as
documented (but may not be completed ports of their jQuery counterparts yet).

The selector syntax is still very limited. (Single tags, IDs and
classes only).

Version 0.02 added the pQuery::DOM class which is a huge improvement, and
should facilitate making the rest of the porting easy.

But there is still much more code to port. Stay tuned...

=head1 AUTHOR

Ingy döt Net <ingy@cpan.org>

=head1 COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright 2008-2016. Ingy döt Net.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the same terms as Perl itself.

See L<http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html>

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