++ed by:
RRWO DBOOK ILUX DRAKON PABLROD

8 PAUSE users
9 non-PAUSE users.

Graham Ollis 🔥🐉
and 27 contributors

NAME

Alien::Base::Wrapper - Compiler and linker wrapper for Alien

VERSION

version 2.08

SYNOPSIS

From the command line:

 % perl -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo,Alien::Bar -e cc -- -o foo.o -c foo.c
 % perl -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo,Alien::Bar -e ld -- -o foo foo.o

From Makefile.PL (static):

 use ExtUtils::MakeMaker;
 use Alien::Base::Wrapper ();
 
 WriteMakefile(
   Alien::Base::Wrapper->new( 'Alien::Foo', 'Alien::Bar')->mm_args2(
     'NAME'              => 'Foo::XS',
     'VERSION_FROM'      => 'lib/Foo/XS.pm',
   ),
 );

From Makefile.PL (static with wrapper)

 use Alien::Base::Wrapper qw( WriteMakefile);
 
 WriteMakefile(
   'NAME'              => 'Foo::XS',
   'VERSION_FROM'      => 'lib/Foo/XS.pm',
   'alien_requires'    => {
     'Alien::Foo' => 0,
     'Alien::Bar' => 0,
   },
 );

From Makefile.PL (dynamic):

 use Devel::CheckLib qw( check_lib );
 use ExtUtils::MakeMaker 6.52;
 
 my @mm_args;
 my @libs;
 
 if(check_lib( lib => [ 'foo' ] )
 {
   push @mm_args, LIBS => [ '-lfoo' ];
 }
 else
 {
   push @mm_args,
     CC => '$(FULLPERL) -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo -e cc --',
     LD => '$(FULLPERL) -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo -e ld --',
     BUILD_REQUIRES => {
       'Alien::Foo'           => 0,
       'Alien::Base::Wrapper' => 0,
     }
   ;
 }
 
 WriteMakefile(
   'NAME'         => 'Foo::XS',
   'VERSION_FROM' => 'lib/Foo/XS.pm',
   'CONFIGURE_REQUIRES => {
     'ExtUtils::MakeMaker' => 6.52,
   },
   @mm_args,
 );

DESCRIPTION

This module acts as a wrapper around one or more Alien modules. It is designed to work with Alien::Base based aliens, but it should work with any Alien which uses the same essential API.

In the first example (from the command line), this class acts as a wrapper around the compiler and linker that Perl is configured to use. It takes the normal compiler and linker flags and adds the flags provided by the Aliens specified, and then executes the command. It will print the command to the console so that you can see exactly what is happening.

In the second example (from Makefile.PL non-dynamic), this class is used to generate the appropriate ExtUtils::MakeMaker (EUMM) arguments needed to WriteMakefile.

In the third example (from Makefile.PL dynamic), we do a quick check to see if the simple linker flag -lfoo will work, if so we use that. If not, we use a wrapper around the compiler and linker that will use the alien flags that are known at build time. The problem that this form attempts to solve is that compiler and linker flags typically need to be determined at configure time, when a distribution is installed, meaning if you are going to use an Alien module then it needs to be a configure prerequisite, even if the library is already installed and easily detected on the operating system.

The author of this module believes that the third (from Makefile.PL dynamic) form is somewhat unnecessary. Alien modules based on Alien::Base have a few prerequisites, but they are well maintained and reliable, so while there is a small cost in terms of extra dependencies, the overall reliability thanks to reduced overall complexity.

CONSTRUCTOR

new

 my $abw = Alien::Base::Wrapper->new(@aliens);

Instead of passing the aliens you want to use into this modules import you can create a non-global instance of Alien::Base::Wrapper using the OO interface.

FUNCTIONS

cc

 % perl -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo -e cc -- cflags

Invoke the C compiler with the appropriate flags from Alien::Foo and what is provided on the command line.

ld

 % perl -MAlien::Base::Wrapper=Alien::Foo -e ld -- ldflags

Invoke the linker with the appropriate flags from Alien::Foo and what is provided on the command line.

mm_args

 my %args = $abw->mm_args;
 my %args = Alien::Base::Wrapper->mm_args;

Returns arguments that you can pass into WriteMakefile to compile/link against the specified Aliens. Note that this does not set CONFIGURE_REQUIRES. You probably want to use mm_args2 below instead for that reason.

mm_args2

 my %args = $abw->mm_args2(%args);
 my %args = Alien::Base::Wrapper->mm_args2(%args);

Returns arguments that you can pass into WriteMakefile to compile/link against. It works a little differently from mm_args above in that you can pass in arguments. It also adds the appropriate CONFIGURE_REQUIRES for you so you do not have to do that explicitly.

mb_args

 my %args = $abw->mb_args;
 my %args = Alien::Base::Wrapper->mb_args;

Returns arguments that you can pass into the constructor to Module::Build.

WriteMakefile

 use Alien::Base::Wrapper qw( WriteMakefile );
 WriteMakefile(%args, alien_requires => %aliens);
 WriteMakefile(%args, alien_requires => @aliens);

This is a thin wrapper around WriteMakefile from ExtUtils::MakeMaker, which adds the given aliens to the configure requirements and sets the appropriate compiler and linker flags.

If the aliens are specified as a hash reference, then the keys are the module names and the values are the versions. For a list it is just the name of the aliens.

For the list form you can specify a version by appending =version to the name of the Aliens, that is:

 WriteMakefile(
   alien_requires => [ 'Alien::libfoo=1.23', 'Alien::libbar=4.56' ],
 );

The list form is recommended if the ordering of the aliens matter. The aliens are sorted in the hash form to make it consistent, but it may not be the order that you want.

ENVIRONMENT

Alien::Base::Wrapper responds to these environment variables:

ALIEN_BASE_WRAPPER_QUIET

If set to true, do not print the command before executing

SEE ALSO

Alien::Base, Alien::Base

AUTHOR

Author: Graham Ollis <plicease@cpan.org>

Contributors:

Diab Jerius (DJERIUS)

Roy Storey (KIWIROY)

Ilya Pavlov

David Mertens (run4flat)

Mark Nunberg (mordy, mnunberg)

Christian Walde (Mithaldu)

Brian Wightman (MidLifeXis)

Zaki Mughal (zmughal)

mohawk (mohawk2, ETJ)

Vikas N Kumar (vikasnkumar)

Flavio Poletti (polettix)

Salvador Fandiño (salva)

Gianni Ceccarelli (dakkar)

Pavel Shaydo (zwon, trinitum)

Kang-min Liu (劉康民, gugod)

Nicholas Shipp (nshp)

Juan Julián Merelo Guervós (JJ)

Joel Berger (JBERGER)

Petr Pisar (ppisar)

Lance Wicks (LANCEW)

Ahmad Fatoum (a3f, ATHREEF)

José Joaquín Atria (JJATRIA)

Duke Leto (LETO)

Shoichi Kaji (SKAJI)

Shawn Laffan (SLAFFAN)

Paul Evans (leonerd, PEVANS)

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2011-2020 by Graham Ollis.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.