Apache::TestRunPHP - configure and run a PHP-based test suite
The Apache::TestRunPHP package controls the configuration and running of the test suite for PHP-based tests. It's a subclass of Apache::TestRun and similar in function to Apache::TestRunPerl.
Refer to the Apache::TestRun manpage for information on the available API.
TestRunPHP works almost identially to TestRunPerl, but in case you are new to Apache-Test here is a quick getting started guide. be sure to see the links at the end of this document for places to find additional details.
because Apache-Test is a Perl-based testing framework we start from a Makefile.PL, which should have the following lines (in addition to the standard Makefile.PL parts):
use Apache::TestMM qw(test clean);
use Apache::TestRunPHP ();
generate_script() will create a script named t/TEST, the gateway to the Perl testing harness and what is invoked when you call make test. filter_args() accepts some Apache::Test-specific arguments and passes them along. for example, to point to a specific httpd installation you would invoke Makefile.PL as follows
$ perl Makefile.PL -httpd /my/local/apache/bin/httpd
and /my/local/apache/bin/httpd will be propagated throughout the rest of the process. note that PHP needs to be active within Apache prior to configuring the test framework as shown above, either by virtue of PHP being compiled into the httpd binary statically or through an active LoadModule statement within the configuration located in /my/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf. Other required modules are the (very common) mod_alias and mod_env.
now, like with Apache::TestRun and Apache::TestRunPerl, you can place client-side Perl test scripts under t/, such as t/01basic.t, and Apache-Test will run these scripts when you call make test. however, what makes Apache::TestRunPHP unique is some added magic specifically tailored to a PHP environment. here are the mechanics.
Apache::TestRunPHP will look for PHP test scripts in that match the following pattern
where Foo and bar can be anything you like, and t/response/Test* is case sensitive. when this format is adhered to, Apache::TestRunPHP will create an associated Perl test script called t/foo/bar.t, which will be executed when you call make test. all bar.t does is issue a simple GET to bar.php, leaving the actual testing to bar.php. in essence, you can forget that bar.t even exists.
what does bar.php look like? here is an example:
print "ok 1\n"
if it looks odd, that's ok because it is. I could explain to you exactly what this means, but it isn't important to understand the gory details. instead, it is sufficient to understand that when Apache::Test calls bar.php it feeds the results directly to Test::Harness, a module that comes with every Perl installation, and Test::Harness expects what it receives to be formated in a very specific way. by itself, all of this is pretty useless, so Apache::Test provides PHP testers with something much better. here is a much better example:
# import the Test::More emulation layer
# for Perl's documentation - these functions should behave
# in the same way
# plan() the number of tests
# call ok() for each test you plan
ok ('foo' == 'foo', 'foo is equal to foo');
ok ('foo' != 'foo', 'foo is not equal to foo');
# ok() can be other things as well
is ('bar', 'bar', 'bar is bar');
is ('baz', 'bar', 'baz is baz');
isnt ('bar', 'beer', 'bar is not beer');
like ('bar', '/ar$/', 'bar matches ar$');
diag("printing some debugging information");
# whoops! one too many tests. I wonder what will happen...
is ('biff', 'biff', 'baz is a baz');
the include library test-more.php is automatically generated by Apache::TestConfigPHP and configurations tweaked in such a a way that your PHP scripts can find it without issue. the functions provided by test-more.php are equivalent in name and function to those in Test::More, a standard Perl testing library, so you can see that manpage for details on the syntax and functionality of each.
at this point, we have enough in place to run some tests from PHP-land - a Makefile.PL to configure Apache for us, and a PHP script in t/response/TestFoo/bar.php to send some results out to the testing engine. issuing make test would start Apache, issue the request to bar.php, generate a report, and shut down Apache. the report would look like something like this after running the tests in verbose mode (eg make test TEST_VERBOSE=1):
make test TEST_VERBOSE=1
ok 1 - foo is equal to foo
not ok 2 - foo is not equal to foo
# Failed test (/src/devel/perl-php-test/t/response/TestFoo/bar.php at line 13)
ok 3 - bar is bar
not ok 4 - baz is baz
# Failed test (/src/devel/perl-php-test/t/response/TestFoo/bar.php at line 17)
# got: 'baz'
# expected: 'bar'
ok 5 - bar is not beer
ok 6 - bar matches ar$
# printing some debugging information
ok 7 - baz is a baz
FAILED tests 2, 4, 7
Failed 3/6 tests, 50.00% okay
Failed Test Stat Wstat Total Fail Failed List of Failed
t/php/bar.t 6 3 50.00% 2 4 7
Failed 1/1 test scripts, 0.00% okay. 1/6 subtests failed, 83.33% okay.
note that the actual test file that was run was t/php/bar.t. this file is autogenerated based on the t/response/TestFoo/bar.php pattern of your PHP script. t/php/bar.t happens to be written in Perl, but you really don't need to worry about it too much.
as an interesting aside, if you are using perl-5.8.3 or later you can actually create your own t/foo.php client-side scripts and they will be run via php (using our php.ini). but more on that later...
the best source of information about using Apache-Test with PHP (at this time) is probably the talk given at ApacheCon 2004 (http://xrl.us/phpperl), as well as the code from the talk (http://xrl.us/phpperlcode). there is also the online tutorial http://perl.apache.org/docs/general/testing/testing.html which has all of the mod_perl-specific syntax and features have been ported to PHP with this class.
Apache-Test is a community effort, maintained by a group of dedicated volunteers.
Questions can be asked at the test-dev <at> httpd.apache.org list For more information see: http://httpd.apache.org/test/.
To install Apache::Test, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.