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Rocky Bernstein

Name

B::DeparseTree

Synopsis

    use B::DeparseTree;
    my $deparse = B::DeparseTree->new();

    # create a subroutine to deparse...
    sub my_abs($) {
        return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a;
    };

    my $deparse_tree = B::DeparseTree->new();
    my $tree_node = $deparse_tree->coderef2info(\&my_abs);
    print $tree_node->{text};

The above produces:

    ($)
    {
        return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
    }

but the result are reconstructed purely from the OPnode tree. To show parent-child information in the tree:

   use B::DeparseTree::Fragment;
   B::DeparseTree::Fragment::dump_relations($deparse_tree);

which produces:

    0: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x23065a0, parent: 0x23d9720
         op: negate
         text: -$a

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
                    ---
    0: ==================================================
    1: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x23065f0, parent: 0x23065a0
         op: gvsv
         text: $a

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
                     --
    1: ==================================================
    2: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x2306630, parent: 0x23065a0
         op: gvsv
         text: $a

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
                     --
    2: ==================================================
    3: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x2306670, parent: 0x23d9720
         op: lt
         text: $a < 0

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
           ------
    3: ==================================================
    4: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x23066b8, parent: 0x2306670
         op: B::IV=SCALAR(0x2fdb5b8)
         text: 0

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
                -
    4: ==================================================
    5: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x23066f8, parent: 0x2306670
         op: gvsv
         text: $a

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
           --
    5: ==================================================
    6: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x2306738, parent: 0x2306670
         op: gvsv
         text: $a

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
           --
    6: ==================================================
    9: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x23d9600, parent: 0x23d9578
         op: nextstate
         text:

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a

    9: ==================================================
    10: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x23d9660, parent: 0x23d9698
         op: pushmark
         text: return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
    ||||||
    10: ==================================================
    11: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x23d9698, parent: 0x23d9578
         op: return
         text: return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
    ------------------------
    11: ==================================================
    12: ==================================================
    Child info:
         addr: 0x23d96e0, parent: 0x23d9698
         op: cond_expr
         text: $a < 0 ? -$a : $a

    return $a < 0 ? -$a : $a
           -----------------
    12: ==================================================
    ....

The subroutine extract_node_info is what produces the text with its underline.

Description

Perl's B::Deparse but we save abstract tree information and associate that with Perl text fragments. These are fragments accessible by OP address. With this, in Perl you can determine more precisely where you in a program with granularity finer that at a line number boundary.

Uses for this could be in stack trace routines like Carp. It is used in the deparse command extension to Devel::Trepan.

See also: