Bio::SeqIO::entrezgene - Entrez Gene ASN1 parser


version 1.73


   use Bio::SeqIO;

   # don't instantiate directly - instead do
   my $seqio = Bio::SeqIO->new(-format => 'entrezgene',
                               -file => $file);
   my $gene = $seqio->next_seq;


This is EntrezGene ASN bioperl parser. It is built on top of Bio::ASN1::EntrezGene, a low level ASN parser built by Mingyi Liu ( The easiest way to use it is shown above.

You will get most of the Entrez Gene annotation such as gene symbol, gene name and description, accession numbers associated with the gene, etc. Almost all of these are given as Bio::AnnotationI objects.

If you need all the data do:

   my $seqio = Bio::SeqIO->new(-format => 'entrezgene',
                               -file => $file,
                               -debug => 'on' );
   my ($gene,$genestructure,$uncaptured) = $seqio->next_seq;

The second variable returned, $genestructure, is a Bio::Cluster::SequenceFamily object. It contains all Refseqs and the genomic contigs that are associated with the particular gene. The third variable, $uncaptured, is a reference to a plain array.

You can also modify the output to allow back compatibility with the old LocusLink parser:

   my $seqio = Bio::SeqIO->new(-format => 'entrezgene',
                               -file => $file,
                               -locuslink => 'convert');

The -debug and -locuslink options slow down the parser.

Example code which looks for ontology terms:

  my $eio = new Bio::SeqIO(-file => $file,
                           -format => 'entrezgene',
                           -service_record => 'yes');

  while (my $seq = $eio->next_seq) {
    my $gid = $seq->accession_number;
    foreach my $ot ($ann->get_Annotations('OntologyTerm')) {
      next if ($ot->term->authority eq 'STS marker'); # No STS markers
      my $evid = $ot->comment;
      $evid =~ s/evidence: //i;
      my @ref = $ot->term->get_references;
      my $id = $ot->identifier;
      my $fid = 'GO:' . sprintf("%07u",$id);
      print join("\t",$gid, $ot->ontology->name, $ot->name, $evid,
        $fid, @ref?$ref[0]->medline:''), "\n";


To do:


To do: process GO


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rather than to the module maintainer directly. Many experienced and reponsive experts will be able look at the problem and quickly address it. Please include a thorough description of the problem with code and data examples if at all possible.

Reporting bugs

Report bugs to the Bioperl bug tracking system to help us keep track of the bugs and their resolution. Bug reports can be submitted via the web:


Stefan Kirov <>


This software is copyright (c) by Stefan Kirov <>.

This software is available under the same terms as the perl 5 programming language system itself.