Author image Mark Stosberg
and 1 contributors


CGI::Session::Driver::pure_sql - Pure SQL driver with no embedded Perl stored in the database


    use CGI::Session::Driver::pure_sql;
    $session = CGI::Session->new("driver:pure_sql;serializer:sql_abstract", undef, {Handle=>$dbh});

For more examples, consult CGI::Session manual


*Disclaimer* While this software is complete and includes a working test suite, I'm marking it as a development release to leave room for feedback on the interface. Until that happens, it's possible I may make changes that aren't backwards compatible. You can help things along by communicating by providing feedback about the module yourself.

CGI::Session::Driver::pure_sql is a CGI::Session driver to store session data in a SQL table. Unlike the CGI::Session::Driver::postgresql driver, this "pure SQL" driver does not serialize any Perl data structures to the database.

The means that you can access all the data in the session easily using standard SQL syntax.

The downside side is that you have create the columns for any data you want to store, and each field will have just one value: You can't store arbitrary data like you can with the CGI::Session::Driver::postgresql driver. However, you may already be in the habit of writing applications which use standard SQL structures, so this may not be much of a drawback. :)

It currently requires the sql_abstract serializer to work, which is included in the distribution.


To store session data in SQL database, you first need to create a suitable table for it with the following command:

    -- This syntax for for Postgres; flavor to taste
    CREATE TABLE sessions (
        session_id       CHAR(32) NOT NULL,
        remote_addr      inet,
        creation_time    timestamp,
        last_access_time timestamp,
        duration         interval

You can also add any number of additional columns to the table, but the above fields are required.

For any additional columns you add, if you would like to expire that column individually, you need to an additional column to do that. For example, to add a column named order_id which you want to allow to be expired, you would add these two columns:

    order_id            int,
    order_id_exp_secs   int,

If you want to store the session data in other table than "sessions", you will also need to specify TableName attribute as the first argument to new():

    use CGI::Session;

    $session = CGI::Session->new("driver:pure_sql;serializer:sql_abstract", undef,
                        {Handle=>$dbh, TableName=>'my_sessions'});

Every write access to session records is done through PostgreSQL own row locking mechanism, enabled by `FOR UPDATE' clauses in SELECTs or implicitly enabled in UPDATEs and DELETEs.

To write your own drivers for CGI::Session refere CGI::Session manual.


Copyright (C) 2003-2010 Mark Stosberg. All rights reserved.

This library is free software and can be modified and distributed under the same terms as Perl itself.


Patches, questions and feedback are welcome. Please use the bug tracker to submit bugs and patches, and e-mail directly with questions and feedback.


Mark Stosberg <>