++ed by:
FLORIAN MIKKOI
1 non-PAUSE user
Author image Andy Lester

NAME

Carp::Assert::More - Convenience assertions for common situations

VERSION

Version 2.0.1

SYNOPSIS

A set of convenience functions for common assertions.

    use Carp::Assert::More;

    my $obj = My::Object;
    assert_isa( $obj, 'My::Object', 'Got back a correct object' );

DESCRIPTION

Carp::Assert::More is a convenient set of assertions to make the habit of writing assertions even easier.

Everything in here is effectively syntactic sugar. There's no technical difference between calling one of these functions:

    assert_datetime( $foo );
    assert_isa( $foo, 'DateTime' );

that are provided by Carp::Assert::More and calling these assertions from Carp::Assert

    assert( defined $foo );
    assert( ref($foo) eq 'DateTime' );

My intent here is to make common assertions easy so that we as programmers have no excuse to not use them.

SIMPLE ASSERTIONS

assert_is( $string, $match [,$name] )

Asserts that $string matches $match.

assert_isnt( $string, $unmatch [,$name] )

Asserts that $string does NOT match $unmatch.

assert_like( $string, qr/regex/ [,$name] )

Asserts that $string matches qr/regex/.

The assertion fails either the string or the regex are undef.

assert_unlike( $string, qr/regex/ [,$name] )

Asserts that $string matches qr/regex/.

The assertion fails if the regex is undef.

assert_defined( $this [, $name] )

Asserts that $this is defined.

assert_undefined( $this [, $name] )

Asserts that $this is not defined.

assert_nonblank( $this [, $name] )

Asserts that $this is not a reference and is not an empty string.

NUMERIC ASSERTIONS

assert_numeric( $n [, $name] )

Asserts that $n looks like a number, according to Scalar::Util::looks_like_number. undef will always fail.

assert_integer( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that $this is an integer, which may be zero or negative.

    assert_integer( 0 );      # pass
    assert_integer( 14 );     # pass
    assert_integer( -14 );    # pass
    assert_integer( '14.' );  # FAIL

assert_nonzero( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that the numeric value of $this is defined and is not zero.

    assert_nonzero( 0 );    # FAIL
    assert_nonzero( -14 );  # pass
    assert_nonzero( '14.' );  # pass

assert_positive( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that $this is defined, numeric and greater than zero.

    assert_positive( 0 );    # FAIL
    assert_positive( -14 );  # FAIL
    assert_positive( '14.' );  # pass

assert_nonnegative( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that $this is defined, numeric and greater than or equal to zero.

    assert_nonnegative( 0 );      # pass
    assert_nonnegative( -14 );    # FAIL
    assert_nonnegative( '14.' );  # pass
    assert_nonnegative( 'dog' );  # pass

assert_negative( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that the numeric value of $this is defined and less than zero.

    assert_negative( 0 );       # FAIL
    assert_negative( -14 );     # pass
    assert_negative( '14.' );   # FAIL

assert_nonzero_integer( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that the numeric value of $this is defined, an integer, and not zero.

    assert_nonzero_integer( 0 );      # FAIL
    assert_nonzero_integer( -14 );    # pass
    assert_nonzero_integer( '14.' );  # FAIL

assert_positive_integer( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that the numeric value of $this is defined, an integer and greater than zero.

    assert_positive_integer( 0 );     # FAIL
    assert_positive_integer( -14 );   # FAIL
    assert_positive_integer( '14.' ); # FAIL
    assert_positive_integer( '14' );  # pass

assert_nonnegative_integer( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that the numeric value of $this is defined, an integer, and not less than zero.

    assert_nonnegative_integer( 0 );      # pass
    assert_nonnegative_integer( -14 );    # FAIL
    assert_nonnegative_integer( '14.' );  # FAIL

assert_negative_integer( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that the numeric value of $this is defined, an integer, and less than zero.

    assert_negative_integer( 0 );      # FAIL
    assert_negative_integer( -14 );    # pass
    assert_negative_integer( '14.' );  # FAIL

REFERENCE ASSERTIONS

assert_isa( $this, $type [, $name ] )

Asserts that $this is an object of type $type.

assert_isa_in( $obj, \@types [, $description] )

Assert that the blessed $obj isa one of the types in \@types.

    assert_isa_in( $obj, [ 'My::Foo', 'My::Bar' ], 'Must pass either a Foo or Bar object' );

assert_empty( $this [, $name ] )

$this must be a ref to either a hash or an array. Asserts that that collection contains no elements. Will assert (with its own message, not $name) unless given a hash or array ref. It is OK if $this has been blessed into objecthood, but the semantics of checking an object to see if it does not have keys (for a hashref) or returns 0 in scalar context (for an array ref) may not be what you want.

    assert_empty( 0 );       # FAIL
    assert_empty( 'foo' );   # FAIL
    assert_empty( undef );   # FAIL
    assert_empty( {} );      # pass
    assert_empty( [] );      # pass
    assert_empty( {foo=>1} );# FAIL
    assert_empty( [1,2,3] ); # FAIL

assert_nonempty( $this [, $name ] )

$this must be a ref to either a hash or an array. Asserts that that collection contains at least 1 element. Will assert (with its own message, not $name) unless given a hash or array ref. It is OK if $this has been blessed into objecthood, but the semantics of checking an object to see if it has keys (for a hashref) or returns >0 in scalar context (for an array ref) may not be what you want.

    assert_nonempty( 0 );       # FAIL
    assert_nonempty( 'foo' );   # FAIL
    assert_nonempty( undef );   # FAIL
    assert_nonempty( {} );      # FAIL
    assert_nonempty( [] );      # FAIL
    assert_nonempty( {foo=>1} );# pass
    assert_nonempty( [1,2,3] ); # pass

assert_nonref( $this [, $name ] )

Asserts that $this is not undef and not a reference.

assert_hashref( $ref [,$name] )

Asserts that $ref is defined, and is a reference to a (possibly empty) hash.

NB: This method returns false for objects, even those whose underlying data is a hashref. This is as it should be, under the assumptions that:

(a)

you shouldn't rely on the underlying data structure of a particular class, and

(b)

you should use assert_isa instead.

assert_hashref_nonempty( $ref [,$name] )

Asserts that $ref is defined and is a reference to a hash with at least one key/value pair.

assert_arrayref( $ref [, $name] )

assert_listref( $ref [,$name] )

Asserts that $ref is defined, and is a reference to an array, which may or may not be empty.

NB: The same caveat about objects whose underlying structure is a hash (see assert_hashref) applies here; this method returns false even for objects whose underlying structure is an array.

assert_listref is an alias for assert_arrayref and may go away in the future. Use assert_arrayref instead.

assert_arrayref_nonempty( $ref [, $name] )

Asserts that $ref is reference to an array that has at least one element in it.

assert_aoh( $ref [, $name ] )

Verifies that $array is an arrayref, and that every element is a hashref.

The array $array can be an empty arraref and the assertion will pass.

assert_coderef( $ref [,$name] )

Asserts that $ref is defined, and is a reference to a closure.

TYPE-SPECIFIC ASSERTIONS

assert_datetime( $date )

Asserts that $date is a DateTime object.

SET AND HASH MEMBERSHIP

assert_in( $string, \@inlist [,$name] );

Asserts that $string matches one of the elements of \@inlist. $string may be undef.

\@inlist must be an array reference of non-ref strings. If any element is a reference, the assertion fails.

assert_exists( \%hash, $key [,$name] )

assert_exists( \%hash, \@keylist [,$name] )

Asserts that %hash is indeed a hash, and that $key exists in %hash, or that all of the keys in @keylist exist in %hash.

    assert_exists( \%custinfo, 'name', 'Customer has a name field' );

    assert_exists( \%custinfo, [qw( name addr phone )],
                            'Customer has name, address and phone' );

assert_lacks( \%hash, $key [,$name] )

assert_lacks( \%hash, \@keylist [,$name] )

Asserts that %hash is indeed a hash, and that $key does NOT exist in %hash, or that none of the keys in @keylist exist in %hash. The list @keylist cannot be empty.

    assert_lacks( \%users, 'root', 'Root is not in the user table' );

    assert_lacks( \%users, [qw( root admin nobody )], 'No bad usernames found' );

assert_all_keys_in( \%hash, \@names [, $name ] )

Asserts that each key in %hash is in the list of @names.

This is used to ensure that there are no extra keys in a given hash.

    assert_all_keys_in( $obj, [qw( height width depth )], '$obj can only contain height, width and depth keys' );

You can pass an empty list of @names.

assert_keys_are( \%hash, \@keys [, $name ] )

Asserts that the keys for %hash are exactly @keys, no more and no less.

CONTEXT ASSERTIONS

assert_context_nonvoid( [$name] )

Verifies that the function currently being executed has not been called in void context. This is to ensure the calling function is not ignoring the return value of the executing function.

Given this function:

    sub something {
        ...

        assert_context_scalar();

        return $important_value;
    }

These calls to something will pass:

    my $val = something();
    my @things = something();

but this will fail:

    something();

assert_context_scalar( [$name] )

Verifies that the function currently being executed has been called in scalar context. This is to ensure the calling function is not ignoring the return value of the executing function.

Given this function:

    sub something {
        ...

        assert_context_scalar();

        return $important_value;
    }

This call to something will pass:

    my $val = something();

but these will fail:

    something();
    my @things = something();

UTILITY ASSERTIONS

assert_fail( [$name] )

Assertion that always fails. assert_fail($msg) is exactly the same as calling assert(0,$msg), but it eliminates that case where you accidentally use assert($msg), which of course never fires.

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright 2005-2021 Andy Lester.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License version 2.0.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Eric A. Zarko, Bob Diss, Pete Krawczyk, David Storrs, Dan Friedman, Allard Hoeve, Thomas L. Shinnick, and Leland Johnson for code and fixes.