Catmandu::Store::Solr - A searchable store backed by Solr


    # From the command line

    # Import data into Solr
    $ catmandu import JSON to Solr  < data.json

    # Export data from ElasticSearch
    $ catmandu export Solr to JSON > data.json

    # Export only one record
    $ catmandu export Solr --id 1234

    # Export using an Solr query
    $ catmandu export Solr --query "name:Recruitment OR name:college"

    # Export using a CQL query (needs a CQL mapping)
    $ catmandu export Solr --q "name any college"

    # From Perl
    use Catmandu::Store::Solr;

    my $store = Catmandu::Store::Solr->new(url => 'http://localhost:8983/solr' );

    my $obj1 = $store->bag->add({ name => 'Patrick' });

    printf "obj1 stored as %s\n" , $obj1->{_id};

    # Force an id in the store
    my $obj2 = $store->bag->add({ _id => 'test123' , name => 'Nicolas' });

    # send all changes to solr (committed automatically)

    #transaction: rollback issued after 'die'
        die("oops, didn't want to do that!");

    my $obj3 = $store->bag->get('test123');



    # All bags are iterators
    $store->bag->each(sub { ... });
    $store->bag->take(10)->each(sub { ... });

    # Search
    # Any extra arguments will be passed on as is to Solr
    my $hits = $store->bag->search(query => 'name:Patrick');


The Solr schema needs to support at least the identifier field (_id by default) and a bag field (_bag by default) to be able to store Catmandu items:

    # In schema.xml
    <field name="_id"  type="string" indexed="true" stored="true" required="true" />
    <field name="_bag" type="string" indexed="true" stored="true" required="true" />

The names of these fields can optionally be changed using the id_field and _bag configuration parameters of Catmandu::Store::Solr.

The _id will contain the record identifier. The _bag field will contain a string to support Catmandu::Bag-s in Solr.



URL of Solr core

Default: http://localhost:8983/solr


Name of unique field in Solr core.

Default: _id

This Solr field is mapped to _id when retrieved


Name of field in Solr we can use to split the core into 'bags'.

Default: _bag

This Solr field is mapped to _bag when retrieved


Action to take when records cannot be saved to Solr. Default: throw. Available: ignore.


new( url => $url )

new( url => $url, id_field => '_id', bag_field => '_bag' )

new( url => $url, bags => { data => { cql_mapping => \%mapping } } )

Creates a new Catmandu::Store::Solr store connected to a Solr core, specificied by $url.

The store supports CQL searches when a cql_mapping is provided. This hash contains a translation of CQL fields into Solr searchable fields.

 # Example mapping
 $cql_mapping = {
      title => {
        op => {
          'any'   => 1 ,
          'all'   => 1 ,
          '='     => 1 ,
          '<>'    => 1 ,
          'exact' => {field => 'mytitle.exact' }
        } ,
        sort  => 1,
        field => 'mytitle',
        cb    => ['Biblio::Search', 'normalize_title']

The CQL mapping above will support for the 'title' field the CQL operators: any, all, =, <> and exact.

For all the operators the 'title' field will be mapping into the Solr field 'mytitle', except for the 'exact' operator. In case of 'exact' we will search the field 'mytitle.exact'.

The CQL has an optional callback field 'cb' which contains a reference to subroutines to rewrite or augment the search query. In this case, in the Biblio::Search package there is a normalize_title subroutine which returns a string or an ARRAY of string with augmented title(s). E.g.

    package Biblio::Search;

    sub normalize_title {
       my ($self,$title) = @_;
       my $new_title =~ s{[^A-Z0-9]+}{}g;



When you issue $bag->commit, all changes made in the buffer are sent to solr, along with a commit. So committing in Catmandu merely means flushing changes;-).

When you wrap your subroutine within 'transaction', this behaviour is disabled temporarily. When you call 'die' within the subroutine, a rollback is sent to solr.

Remember that transactions happen at store level: after the transaction, all buffers of all bags are flushed to solr, and a commit is issued in solr.

    # Record 'test' added
    $bag->add({ _id => "test" });

    # Buffer flushed, and 'commit' sent to solr

        $bag->add({ _id => "test",title => "test" });
        # Call to die: rollback sent to solr
        die("oops, didn't want to do that!");

    # Record is still { _id => "test" }


This Catmandu::Store implements:


Each Catmandu::Bag in this Catmandu::Store implements:



Catmandu::Store, WebService::Solr


Nicolas Steenlant, nicolas.steenlant at

Patrick Hochstenbach, patrick.hochstenbach at

Nicolas Franck, nicolas.franck at

Pieter De Praetere


This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.

See for more information.