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Peter Rabbitson

NAME

Class::Accessor::Grouped - Lets you build groups of accessors

SYNOPSIS

 use base 'Class::Accessor::Grouped';

 # make basic accessors for objects
 __PACKAGE__->mk_group_accessors(simple => qw(id name email));

 # make accessor that works for objects and classes
 __PACKAGE__->mk_group_accessors(inherited => 'awesome_level');

 # make an accessor which calls a custom pair of getters/setters
 sub get_column { ... this will be called when you do $obj->name() ... }
 sub set_column { ... this will be called when you do $obj->name('foo') ... }
 __PACKAGE__->mk_group_accessors(column => 'name');

DESCRIPTION

This class lets you build groups of accessors that will call different getters and setters. The documentation of this module still requires a lot of work (volunteers welcome >.>), but in the meantime you can refer to this post for more information.

Notes on accessor names

In general method names in Perl are considered identifiers, and as such need to conform to the identifier specification of qr/\A[A-Z_a-z][0-9A-Z_a-z]*\z/. While it is rather easy to invoke methods with non-standard names ($obj->${\"anything goes"}), it is not possible to properly declare such methods without the use of Sub::Name. Since this module must be able to function identically with and without its optional dependencies, starting with version 0.10008 attempting to declare an accessor with a non-standard name is a fatal error (such operations would silently succeed since version 0.08004, as long as Sub::Name is present, or otherwise would result in a syntax error during a string eval).

Unfortunately in the years since 0.08004 a rather large body of code accumulated in the wild that does attempt to declare accessors with funny names. One notable perpetrator is DBIx::Class::Schema::Loader, which under certain conditions could create accessors of the column group which start with numbers and/or some other punctuation (the proper way would be to declare columns with the accessor attribute set to undef).

Therefore an escape mechanism is provided via the environment variable CAG_ILLEGAL_ACCESSOR_NAME_OK. When set to a true value, one warning is issued per class on attempts to declare an accessor with a non-conforming name, and as long as Sub::Name is available all accessors will be properly created. Regardless of this setting, accessor names containing nulls "\0" are disallowed, due to various deficiencies in perl itself.

If your code base has too many instances of illegal accessor declarations, and a fix is not feasible due to time constraints, it is possible to disable the warnings altogether by setting $ENV{CAG_ILLEGAL_ACCESSOR_NAME_OK} to DO_NOT_WARN (observe capitalization).

METHODS

mk_group_accessors

 __PACKAGE__->mk_group_accessors(simple => 'hair_length', [ hair_color => 'hc' ]);
Arguments: $group, @fieldspec

Returns: none

Creates a set of accessors in a given group.

$group is the name of the accessor group for the generated accessors; they will call get_$group($field) on get and set_$group($field, $value) on set.

If you want to mimic Class::Accessor's mk_accessors $group has to be 'simple' to tell Class::Accessor::Grouped to use its own get_simple and set_simple methods.

@fieldspec is a list of field/accessor names; if a fieldspec is a scalar this is used as both field and accessor name, if a listref it is expected to be of the form [ $accessor, $field ].

mk_group_ro_accessors

 __PACKAGE__->mk_group_ro_accessors(simple => 'birthdate', [ social_security_number => 'ssn' ]);
Arguments: $group, @fieldspec

Returns: none

Creates a set of read only accessors in a given group. Identical to "mk_group_accessors" but accessors will throw an error if passed a value rather than setting the value.

mk_group_wo_accessors

 __PACKAGE__->mk_group_wo_accessors(simple => 'lie', [ subject => 'subj' ]);
Arguments: $group, @fieldspec

Returns: none

Creates a set of write only accessors in a given group. Identical to "mk_group_accessors" but accessors will throw an error if not passed a value rather than getting the value.

get_simple

Arguments: $field

Returns: $value

Simple getter for hash-based objects which returns the value for the field name passed as an argument.

set_simple

Arguments: $field, $new_value

Returns: $new_value

Simple setter for hash-based objects which sets and then returns the value for the field name passed as an argument.

get_inherited

Arguments: $field

Returns: $value

Simple getter for Classes and hash-based objects which returns the value for the field name passed as an argument. This behaves much like Class::Data::Accessor where the field can be set in a base class, inherited and changed in subclasses, and inherited and changed for object instances.

set_inherited

Arguments: $field, $new_value

Returns: $new_value

Simple setter for Classes and hash-based objects which sets and then returns the value for the field name passed as an argument. When called on a hash-based object it will set the appropriate hash key value. When called on a class, it will set a class level variable.

Note:: This method will die if you try to set an object variable on a non hash-based object.

get_component_class

Arguments: $field

Returns: $value

Gets the value of the specified component class.

 __PACKAGE__->mk_group_accessors('component_class' => 'result_class');

 $self->result_class->method();

 ## same as
 $self->get_component_class('result_class')->method();

set_component_class

Arguments: $field, $class

Returns: $new_value

Inherited accessor that automatically loads the specified class before setting it. This method will die if the specified class could not be loaded.

 __PACKAGE__->mk_group_accessors('component_class' => 'result_class');
 __PACKAGE__->result_class('MyClass');

 $self->result_class->method();

INTERNAL METHODS

These methods are documented for clarity, but are never meant to be called directly, and are not really meant for overriding either.

get_super_paths

Returns a list of 'parent' or 'super' class names that the current class inherited from. This is what drives the traversal done by "get_inherited".

make_group_accessor

 __PACKAGE__->make_group_accessor('simple', 'hair_length', 'hair_length');
 __PACKAGE__->make_group_accessor('simple', 'hc', 'hair_color');
Arguments: $group, $field, $accessor

Returns: \&accessor_coderef ?

Called by mk_group_accessors for each entry in @fieldspec. Either returns a coderef which will be installed at &__PACKAGE__::$accessor, or returns undef if it elects to install the coderef on its own.

make_group_ro_accessor

 __PACKAGE__->make_group_ro_accessor('simple', 'birthdate', 'birthdate');
 __PACKAGE__->make_group_ro_accessor('simple', 'ssn', 'social_security_number');
Arguments: $group, $field, $accessor

Returns: \&accessor_coderef ?

Called by mk_group_ro_accessors for each entry in @fieldspec. Either returns a coderef which will be installed at &__PACKAGE__::$accessor, or returns undef if it elects to install the coderef on its own.

make_group_wo_accessor

 __PACKAGE__->make_group_wo_accessor('simple', 'lie', 'lie');
 __PACKAGE__->make_group_wo_accessor('simple', 'subj', 'subject');
Arguments: $group, $field, $accessor

Returns: \&accessor_coderef ?

Called by mk_group_wo_accessors for each entry in @fieldspec. Either returns a coderef which will be installed at &__PACKAGE__::$accessor, or returns undef if it elects to install the coderef on its own.

PERFORMANCE

To provide total flexibility Class::Accessor::Grouped calls methods internally while performing get/set actions, which makes it noticeably slower than similar modules. To compensate, this module will automatically use the insanely fast Class::XSAccessor to generate the simple-group accessors if this module is available on your system.

Benchmark

This is the benchmark of 200 get/get/set/get/set cycles on perl 5.16.2 with thread support, showcasing how this modules simple (CAG_S), inherited (CAG_INH) and inherited with parent-class data (CAG_INHP) accessors stack up against most popular accessor builders: Moose, Moo, Mo, Mouse (both pure-perl and XS variant), Object::Tiny::RW (OTRW), Class::Accessor (CA), Class::Accessor::Lite (CAL), Class::Accessor::Fast (CAF), Class::Accessor::Fast::XS (CAF_XS) and Class::XSAccessor (XSA)

                      Rate CAG_INHP CAG_INH     CA  CAG_S    CAF  moOse   OTRW    CAL     mo  moUse HANDMADE    moo CAF_XS moUse_XS    XSA

 CAG_INHP  287.021+-0.02/s       --   -0.3% -10.0% -37.1% -53.1% -53.6% -53.7% -54.1% -56.9% -59.0%   -59.6% -59.8% -78.7%   -81.9% -83.5%

 CAG_INH  288.025+-0.031/s     0.3%      --  -9.7% -36.9% -52.9% -53.5% -53.5% -53.9% -56.7% -58.8%   -59.5% -59.7% -78.6%   -81.9% -83.5%

 CA       318.967+-0.047/s    11.1%   10.7%     -- -30.1% -47.9% -48.5% -48.5% -49.0% -52.1% -54.4%   -55.1% -55.3% -76.3%   -79.9% -81.7%

 CAG_S    456.107+-0.054/s    58.9%   58.4%  43.0%     -- -25.4% -26.3% -26.4% -27.0% -31.5% -34.8%   -35.8% -36.1% -66.1%   -71.3% -73.9%

 CAF      611.745+-0.099/s   113.1%  112.4%  91.8%  34.1%     --  -1.2%  -1.2%  -2.1%  -8.1% -12.6%   -14.0% -14.3% -54.5%   -61.5% -64.9%

 moOse    619.051+-0.059/s   115.7%  114.9%  94.1%  35.7%   1.2%     --  -0.1%  -1.0%  -7.0% -11.6%   -12.9% -13.3% -54.0%   -61.0% -64.5%

 OTRW       619.475+-0.1/s   115.8%  115.1%  94.2%  35.8%   1.3%   0.1%     --  -0.9%  -6.9% -11.5%   -12.9% -13.2% -54.0%   -61.0% -64.5%

 CAL      625.106+-0.085/s   117.8%  117.0%  96.0%  37.1%   2.2%   1.0%   0.9%     --  -6.1% -10.7%   -12.1% -12.5% -53.5%   -60.6% -64.2%

 mo         665.44+-0.12/s   131.8%  131.0% 108.6%  45.9%   8.8%   7.5%   7.4%   6.5%     --  -4.9%    -6.4%  -6.8% -50.5%   -58.1% -61.9%

 moUse       699.9+-0.15/s   143.9%  143.0% 119.4%  53.5%  14.4%  13.1%  13.0%  12.0%   5.2%     --    -1.6%  -2.0% -48.0%   -55.9% -59.9%

 HANDMADE   710.98+-0.16/s   147.7%  146.8% 122.9%  55.9%  16.2%  14.9%  14.8%  13.7%   6.8%   1.6%       --  -0.4% -47.2%   -55.2% -59.2%

 moo        714.04+-0.13/s   148.8%  147.9% 123.9%  56.6%  16.7%  15.3%  15.3%  14.2%   7.3%   2.0%     0.4%     -- -46.9%   -55.0% -59.1%

 CAF_XS   1345.55+-0.051/s   368.8%  367.2% 321.8% 195.0% 120.0% 117.4% 117.2% 115.3% 102.2%  92.2%    89.3%  88.4%     --   -15.3% -22.9%

 moUse_XS    1588+-0.036/s   453.3%  451.3% 397.9% 248.2% 159.6% 156.5% 156.3% 154.0% 138.6% 126.9%   123.4% 122.4%  18.0%       --  -9.0%

 XSA      1744.67+-0.052/s   507.9%  505.7% 447.0% 282.5% 185.2% 181.8% 181.6% 179.1% 162.2% 149.3%   145.4% 144.3%  29.7%     9.9%     --

Benchmarking program is available in the root of the repository:

Notes on Class::XSAccessor

You can force (or disable) the use of Class::XSAccessor before creating a particular simple accessor by either manipulating the global variable $Class::Accessor::Grouped::USE_XS to true or false (preferably with localization, or you can do so before runtime via the CAG_USE_XS environment variable.

Since Class::XSAccessor has no knowledge of "get_simple" and "set_simple" this module does its best to detect if you are overriding one of these methods and will fall back to using the perl version of the accessor in order to maintain consistency. However be aware that if you enable use of Class::XSAccessor (automatically or explicitly), create an object, invoke a simple accessor on that object, and then manipulate the symbol table to install a get/set_simple override - you get to keep all the pieces.

AUTHORS

Matt S. Trout <mst@shadowcatsystems.co.uk>

Christopher H. Laco <claco@chrislaco.com>

CONTRIBUTORS

Caelum: Rafael Kitover <rkitover@cpan.org>

frew: Arthur Axel "fREW" Schmidt <frioux@gmail.com>

groditi: Guillermo Roditi <groditi@cpan.org>

Jason Plum <jason.plum@bmmsi.com>

ribasushi: Peter Rabbitson <ribasushi@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2006-2010 Matt S. Trout <mst@shadowcatsystems.co.uk>

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as perl itself.




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