Class::Object - each object is its own class


    use Class::Object;

    # Generate an object, give it a method called 'foo'
    my $obj = Class::Object->new;
    $obj->sub('foo', sub { return "FOO, I SAY!\n" });

    # Generate another object, give it a different method called 'foo'.
    my $another_obj = Class::Object->new;
    $another_obj->sub('foo', sub { return "UNFOO!\n" });

    # Get copies of those methods back out, just like any other.
    my $obj_foo = $obj->can('foo');
    my $another_foo = $another_obj->can('foo');

    # Same names, same classes, different methods!
    print $obj->foo;            # "FOO, I SAY!"
    print &$obj_foo;            # "FOO, I SAY!"
    print $another_obj->foo;    # "UNFOO!"
    print &$another_foo;        # "UNFOO!"

    print "Yep\n" if $obj->isa('Class::Object');            # Yep
    print "Yep\n" if $another_obj->isa('Class::Object');    # Yep

    # $obj->new clones itself, so $same_obj->foo comes out as $obj->foo
    my $same_obj = $obj->new;
    print $same_obj->foo;       # "FOO, I SAY!"


Traditionally in OO, objects belong to a class and that class as methods. $poodle is an object of class Dog and Dog might have methods like bark(), fetch() and nose_crotch(). What if instead of the methods belonging to the Dog class, they belonged to the $poodle object itself?

That's what Class::Object does.


For the most part, these objects work just like any other. Things like can() and isa() work as expected.

    my $obj = Class::Object->new;

Generates a new object which is its own class.

    my $clone_obj = $obj->new;

Generates a new object which is in the same class as $obj. They share their methods.

  $obj->sub($meth_name, sub { ...code... });

This is how you declare a new method for an object, almost exactly like how you do it normally.

Normally you'd do this:

  package Foo;
  sub wibble {
      my($self) = shift;
      return $self->{wibble};

In Class::Object, you do this:

  my $foo = Class::Object->new;
  $foo->sub('wibble', sub {
      my($self) = shift;
      return $self->{wibble};

Only $foo (and its clones) have access to wibble().


This is just a proof-of-concept module. The docs stink, there's no real inheritance model... totally incomplete. Drop me a line if you'd like to see it completed.

DO NOT rebless a Class::Object object. Bad Things will happen.


Michael G Schwern <>


Class::Classless is another way to do the same thing (and much more complete).