NAME

Data::CSel::WrapStruct - Wrap data structure into a tree of objects suitable for use with Data::CSel

VERSION

This document describes version 0.007 of Data::CSel::WrapStruct (from Perl distribution Data-CSel-WrapStruct), released on 2020-04-09.

SYNOPSIS

 use Data::CSel qw(csel);
 use Data::CSel::WrapStruct qw(wrap_struct unwrap_tree);

 my $data = [
     0,
     1,
     [2, ["two","dua"], {url=>"http://example.com/two.jpg"}, ["even","prime"]],
     3,
     [4, ["four","empat"], {}, ["even"]],
 ];

 my $tree = wrap_struct($data);
 my @nodes = csel(":root > * > *:nth-child(4) > *", $tree);
 my @tags = map { $_->value } @nodes; # -> ("even", "prime", "even")

Scalars are wrapped using Data::CSel::WrapStruct::Scalar class, scalarrefs are wrapped using Data::CSel::WrapStruct::ScalarRef class, arrays are wrapped using Data::CSel::WrapStruct::Array class, and hashes are wrapped using Data::CSel::WrapStruct::Hash class. For convenience, when you load Data::CSel::WrapStruct, it adds Data::CSel::WrapStruct to @Data::CSel::CLASS_PREFIXES so you don't have to specify {class_prefixes=>["Data::CSel::WrapStruct"]} csel() option everytime.

 my @hashes = map {$_->value} csel("Hash", $tree);
 # -> ({url=>"http://example.com/two.jpg"}, {})

The wrapper objects provide some methods, e.g.:

 my @empty_hashes = map {$_->value} csel("Hash[length=0]", $tree);
 # -> ({})

 my @hashes_that_have_url_key = map {$_->value} csel("Hash[has_key('url')]", $tree);
 # -> ({url=>"http://example.com/two.jpg"})

 my @larger_scalars = [map {$_->value} csel("Scalar[value >= 3]", $tree)]
 # -> (3, 4)

See "NODE METHODS", "SCALAR NODE METHODS", "SCALARREF NODE METHODS", "ARRAY NODE METHODS", "HASH NODE METHODS" for more details on the provided methods.

You can replace the value of nodes using "value":

 my @posint_scalar_nodes = csel("Scalar[value > 0]", $tree);
 for (@posint_scalar_nodes) { $_->value( $_->value * 10 ) }
 use Data::Dump;
 dd unwrap_tree($data);
 # => [
 #     0,
 #     10,
 #     [20, ["two","dua"], {url=>"http://example.com/two.jpg"}, ["even","prime"]],
 #     30,
 #     [40, ["four","empat"], {}, ["even"]],
 # ];

DESCRIPTION

This module provides wrap_struct() which creates a tree of objects from a generic data structure. You can then perform node selection using Data::CSel's csel().

You can retrieve the original value of data items by calling value() method on the tree nodes.

NODE METHODS

parent

children

value

Usage:

 my $val = $node->value; # get node value
 $node->value(1);        # set node value

Get or set node value.

Note that when setting node value, the new node value is not automatically wrapped for you. If you want to set new node value and expect to select it or part of it again with csel(), you will have to wrap the new value first with "wrap_struct".

remove

Usage:

 $node->remove;

Remove node from parent.

SCALAR NODE METHODS

In addition to methods listed in "NODE METHODS", Scalar nodes also have the following methods.

SCALARREF NODE METHODS

In addition to methods listed in "NODE METHODS", ScalarRef nodes also have the following methods.

ARRAY NODE METHODS

In addition to methods listed in "NODE METHODS", Array nodes also have the following methods.

length

Get array length. Can be used to select an array based on its length, e.g.:

 @nodes = csel('Array[length > 0]');

HASH NODE METHODS

In addition to methods listed in "NODE METHODS", Hash nodes also have the following methods.

length

Get the number of keys. Can be used to select a hash based on its number of keys, e.g.:

 @nodes = csel('Hash[length > 0]');

has_key

Usage:

 my $bool = $node->has_key("foo");

Check whether hash has a certain key. Can be used to select a hash, e.g.:

 @nodes = csel('Hash[has_key("foo")]');

key

Usage:

 my $key_val = $node->key("foo");

Get a hash key's value. Can be used to select a hash based on the value of one of its keys, e.g.:

 @nodes = csel('Hash[key("name") = "lisa"]');

FUNCTIONS

None exported by default, but exportable.

wrap_struct

Usage:

 my $tree = wrap_struct($data);

Wrap a data structure into a tree of objects.

Currently cannot handle recursive structure.

unwrap_tree

Usage:

 my $data = unwrap_tree($wrapped_data);

Unwrap a tree produced by "wrap_tree" back into unwrapped data structure.

FAQ

Changing the node value doesn't work!

 my $data = [0, 1, 2];
 my @nodes = csel("Scalar[value > 0]", wrap_struct($data));
 for (@nodes) { $_->[0] = "x" }
 use Data::Dump;
 dd $data;

still prints [0,1,2] instead of [0,'x','x']. Why?

To set node value, you have to use the value() node method with an argument:

 ...
 for (@nodes) { $->value("x") }
 ...

will then print the expected [0,'x','x'].

HOMEPAGE

Please visit the project's homepage at https://metacpan.org/release/Data-CSel-WrapStruct.

SOURCE

Source repository is at https://github.com/perlancar/perl-Data-CSel-WrapStruct.

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=Data-CSel-WrapStruct

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.

SEE ALSO

Data::CSel

AUTHOR

perlancar <perlancar@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2020, 2016 by perlancar@cpan.org.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.