Debian::Dpkg::Version - handling and comparing dpkg-style version numbers
The Debian::Dpkg::Version module provides pure-Perl routines to compare dpkg-style version numbers (as used in Debian packages) and also an object oriented interface overriding perl operators to do the right thing when you compare Debian::Dpkg::Version object between them.
- my $v = Debian::Dpkg::Version->new($version, %opts)
Create a new Debian::Dpkg::Version object corresponding to the version indicated in the string (scalar) $version. By default it will accepts any string and consider it as a valid version. If you pass the option "check => 1", it will return undef if the version is invalid (see version_check for details).
You can always call $v->is_valid() later on to verify that the version is valid.
Returns true if the version is valid, false otherwise.
- $v->epoch(), $v->version(), $v->revision()
Returns the corresponding part of the full version string.
- $v1 <=> $v2, $v1 < $v2, $v1 <= $v2, $v1 > $v2, $v1 >= $v2
Numerical comparison of various versions numbers. One of the two operands needs to be a Debian::Dpkg::Version, the other one can be anything provided that its string representation is a version number.
- "$v" =item $v->as_string()
Returns the string representation of the version number.
All the functions are exported by default.
- version_compare($a, $b)
Returns -1 is $a is smaller than $b, 0 if they are equal and 1 if $a is bigger than $b.
If $a or $b are not valid version numbers, it dies with an error.
- version_compare_relation($a, $rel, $b)
Returns the result (0 or 1) of the given comparison operation. This function is implemented on top of version_compare().
Allowed values for $rel are the exported constants REL_GT, REL_GE, REL_EQ, REL_LE, REL_LT. Use version_normalize_relation() if you have an input string containing the operator.
- my $rel = version_normalize_relation($rel_string)
Returns the normalized constant of the relation $rel (a value among REL_GT, REL_GE, REL_EQ, REL_LE and REL_LT). Supported relations names in input are: "gt", "ge", "eq", "le", "lt", ">>", ">=", "=", "<=", "<<". ">" and "<" are also supported but should not be used as they are obsolete aliases of ">=" and "<=".
- version_compare_string($a, $b)
String comparison function used for comparing non-numerical parts of version numbers. Returns -1 is $a is smaller than $b, 0 if they are equal and 1 if $a is bigger than $b.
The "~" character always sort lower than anything else. Digits sort lower than non-digits. Among remaining characters alphabetic characters (A-Za-z) sort lower than the other ones. Within each range, the ASCII decimal value of the character is used to sort between characters.
- version_compare_part($a, $b)
Compare two corresponding sub-parts of a version number (either upstream version or debian revision).
Each parameter is split by version_split_digits() and resulting items are compared together.in digits and non-digits items that are compared together. As soon as a difference happens, it returns -1 if $a is smaller than $b, 0 if they are equal and 1 if $a is bigger than $b.
- my @items = version_split_digits($version)
Splits a string in items that are each entirely composed either of digits or of non-digits. For instance for "1.024~beta1+svn234" it would return ("1", ".", "024", "~beta", "1", "+svn", "234").
- my ($ok, $msg) = version_check($version) =item my $ok = version_check($version)
Checks the validity of $version as a version number. Returns 1 in $ok if the version is valid, 0 otherwise. In the latter case, $msg contains a description of the problem with the $version scalar.
Don Armstrong <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Colin Watson <email@example.com> and Raphaël Hertzog <firstname.lastname@example.org>, based on the implementation in
dpkg/lib/vercmp.c by Ian Jackson and others.
1 POD Error
The following errors were encountered while parsing the POD:
- Around line 388:
Non-ASCII character seen before =encoding in 'Raphaël'. Assuming UTF-8