- CREATING YOUR OWN CHIPSET DRIVERS
- SEE ALSO
- COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
Device::I2C - Control and read hardware devices with i2c(SMBus)
use Device::I2C; use Fcntl; $dev = Device::I2C->new('/dev/i2c-1', O_RDWR); $dev->checkDevice(0x4c); print $dev->readByteData(0x20);
This is a perl interface to I2C interface using libi2c-dev library.
For Debian and derivative distros(including raspbian) use the following to install dependencies:
sudo apt-get install libi2c-dev i2c-tools build-essential
If you are using Angstrom Linux use the following:
opkg install i2c-tools opkg install i2c-tools-dev
For ArchLINUX use the following steps:
pacman -S base-devel pacman -S i2c-tools
Special Instructions for enabling the I2C driver on a Raspberry Pi:
You will need to comment out the driver from the blacklist. currently the I2C driver isn't being loaded.
sudo vim /etc/modprobe.d/raspi-blacklist.conf
Replace this line
You now need to edit the modules conf file.
sudo vim /etc/modules
Add these two lines;
Now run this command(replace 1 with 0 for older model Pi)
sudo i2cdetect -y 1
If that doesnt work on your system you may alternatively use this:
sudo i2cdetect -r 1
you should now see the addresses of the i2c devices connected to your i2c bus
returns IO::Handle->error() for the device handle since the last clearerr
This sends a single bit to the device, at the place of the Rd/Wr bit.
This reads a single byte from a device, without specifying a device register. Some devices are so simple that this interface is enough; for others, it is a shorthand if you want to read the same register as in the previous I2C command
This operation is the reverse of readByte: it sends a single byte to a device.
This reads a single byte from a device, from a designated register. The register is specified through the Comm byte.
This writes a single byte to a device, to a designated register. The register is specified through the Comm byte. This is the opposite of the Read Byte operation.
Read together N bytes of Data in linear register order. i.e. to read from 0x28,0x29,0x2a
This operation is very like Read Byte; again, data is read from a device, from a designated register that is specified through the Comm byte. But this time, the data is a complete word (16 bits).
This is the opposite of the Read Word operation. 16 bits of data is written to a device, to the designated register that is specified through the Comm byte.
This command selects a device register (through the Comm byte), sends 16 bits of data to it, and reads 16 bits of data in return.
Writes a maximum of 32 bytes in a single block to the i2c device. The supplied $values should be an array ref containing the bytes to be written.
The register address should be one that is at the beginning of a contiguous block of registers of equal length to the array of values passed. Not adhering to this will almost certainly result in unexpected behaviour in the device.
Read $numBytes form the given register address, data is returned as array
The register address is often 0x00 or the value your device expects
common usage with micro controllers that receive and send large amounts of data: they almost always needs a 'command' to be written to them then they send a response: e.g: 1) send 'command' with writeBlockData, or writeByteData, for example 'get last telegram' 2) read 'response' with readBlockData of size $numBytes, controller is sending the last telegram
Writing your own chipset driver for your own i2c devices is quiet simple. You just need to know the i2c address of your device and the registers that you need to read or write. Example in the Device::I2C::ADV7611.
The SMBus was defined by Intel in 1995. It carries clock, data, and instructions and is based on Philips' I2C serial bus protocol. Its clock frequency range is 10 kHz to 100 kHz. (PMBus extends this to 400 kHz.) Its voltage levels and timings are more strictly defined than those of I2C, but devices belonging to the two systems are often successfully mixed on the same bus. SMBus is used as an interconnect in several platform management standards including: ASF, DASH, IPMI.
This module provides a simplified object oriented interface to the libi2c-dev library for accessing electronic peripherals connected on the I2C bus.
Please report any bugs or feature requests through github at https://github.com/sv99/perl-device-i2c/issues. You will be notified automatically of any progress on your issue.
This is open source software. The code repository is available for public review and contribution under the terms of the license.
git clone git://github.com/sv99/perl-device-i2c.git
Slava Volkov <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Slava Volkov <svolkov att cpan dott org>
This software is copyright (c) 2016 by Slava Volkov.
This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.