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2 PAUSE users
1 non-PAUSE user.

Karen Etheridge 🐾 🌋
and 4 contributors


Dist::Zilla::Plugin::MakeMaker::Awesome - A more awesome MakeMaker plugin for Dist::Zilla


version 0.34


In your dist.ini:

    WriteMakefile_arg = CCFLAGS => `pkg-config --cflags libpng`
    WriteMakefile_arg = LIBS => [ `pkg-config --libs libpng` ]
    header = die 'Unsupported OS' if $^O eq 'MSWin32';
    delimiter = |
    footer = |package MY;
    footer = |sub postamble {
    footer = |    my $self = shift;
    footer = |    return $self->SUPER::postamble . "\n\nfoo: bar\n\t$(CP) bar foo\n";
    footer = |}


    ;; Replace [MakeMaker]


Dist::Zilla's MakeMaker plugin is limited, if you want to stray from the marked path and do something that would normally be done in a package MY section or otherwise run custom code in your Makefile.PL you're out of luck.

This plugin is 100% compatible with Dist::Zilla::Plugin::MakeMaker -- we add additional customization hooks by subclassing it.


Many features can be accessed directly via dist.ini, by setting options. For options where you expect a multi-line string to be inserted into Makefile.PL, use the config option more than once, setting each line separately.


A string, which evaluates to an even-numbered list, which will be included in the call to WriteMakefile. Any code is legal that can be inserted into a list of other key-value pairs, for example:

    WriteMakefile_arg = ( $^O eq 'solaris' ? ( CCFLAGS => '-Wall' ) : ())

Can be used more than once. Available since version 0.21.

Note: you (intentionally) cannot use this mechanism for specifying dynamic prerequisites, as previous occurrences of a top-level key will be overwritten (additionally, you cannot set the fallback prereqs from here). You should take a look at [DynamicPrereqs] for this.

A line of code which is included near the top of Makefile.PL. Can be used more than once. Available since version 0.26.

A line of code which is included at the bottom of Makefile.PL. Can be used more than once. Available since version 0.26.


A string, usually a single character, which is stripped from the beginning of all WriteMakefile_arg, header, and footer lines. This is because the INI file format strips all leading whitespace from option values, so including this character at the front allows you to use leading whitespace in an option string. This is crucial for the formatting of Makefiles, but a nice thing to have when inserting any block of code.

Available since version 0.27.


A glob path given to the test => { TESTS => ... } parameter for "WriteMakefile" in ExtUtils::MakeMaker. Can be used more than once. Defaults to .t files under t/. NOT a directory name, despite the name.

Available since version 0.21.


The file given to the EXE_FILES parameter for "WriteMakefile" in ExtUtils::MakeMaker. Can be used more than once. Defaults to using data from :ExecDir plugins.

Available since version 0.21.


You can further customize the content of Makefile.PL by subclassing this plugin, Dist::Zilla::Plugin::MakeMaker::Awesome.

As an example, adding a package MY section to your Makefile.PL:

In your dist.ini:

    [=inc::MyDistMakeMaker / MyDistMakeMaker]

Then in your inc/MyDistMakeMaker.pm, real example from Hailo (which has [=inc::HailoMakeMaker / HailoMakeMaker] in its dist.ini):

    package inc::HailoMakeMaker;
    use Moose;

    extends 'Dist::Zilla::Plugin::MakeMaker::Awesome';

    override _build_MakeFile_PL_template => sub {
        my ($self) = @_;
        my $template = super();

        $template .= <<'TEMPLATE';
    package MY;

    sub test {
        my $inherited = shift->SUPER::test(@_);

        # Run tests with Moose and Mouse
        $inherited =~ s/^test_dynamic :: pure_all\n\t(.*?)\n/test_dynamic :: pure_all\n\tANY_MOOSE=Mouse $1\n\tANY_MOOSE=Moose $1\n/m;

        return $inherited;

        return $template;


Or maybe you're writing an XS distro and want to pass custom arguments to WriteMakefile(), here's an example of adding a LIBS argument in re::engine::PCRE (note that you can also achieve this without subclassing, by passing the "WriteMakefile_arg" option):

    package inc::PCREMakeMaker;
    use Moose;

    extends 'Dist::Zilla::Plugin::MakeMaker::Awesome';

    override _build_WriteMakefile_args => sub { +{
        # Add LIBS => to WriteMakefile() args
        %{ super() },
        LIBS => [ '-lpcre' ],
    } };


And another example from re::engine::Plan9, which determines the arguments dynamically at build time:

    package inc::Plan9MakeMaker;
    use Moose;

    extends 'Dist::Zilla::Plugin::MakeMaker::Awesome';

    override _build_WriteMakefile_args => sub {
        my ($self) = @_;

        our @DIR = qw(libutf libfmt libregexp);
        our @OBJ = map { s/\.c$/.o/; $_ }
                   grep { ! /test/ }
                   glob "lib*/*.c";

        return +{
            %{ super() },
            DIR           => [ @DIR ],
            INC           => join(' ', map { "-I$_" } @DIR),

            # This used to be '-shared lib*/*.o' but that doesn't work on Win32
            LDDLFLAGS     => "-shared @OBJ",


If you have custom code in your ExtUtils::MakeMaker-based Makefile.PL that Dist::Zilla can't replace via its default facilities you'll be able to replace it by using this module.

Even if your Makefile.PL isn't ExtUtils::MakeMaker-based you should be able to override it. You'll just have to provide a new "_build_MakeFile_PL_template".


These are the methods you can currently override or method-modify in your custom inc/ module. The work that this module does is entirely done in small modular methods that can be overridden in your subclass. Here are some of the highlights:


Returns a Text::Template string used to construct the Makefile.PL.

If you need to insert some additional code to the beginning or end of Makefile.PL (without modifying the existing content, you should use an around method modifier, something like this:

    around _build_MakeFile_PL_template => sub {
        my $orig = shift;
        my $self = shift;

        my $NEW_CONTENT = ...;

        # insert new content near the beginning of the file, preserving the
        # existing header content
        my $string = $self->$orig(@_);
        $string =~ m/use warnings;\n\n/g;
        return substr($string, 0, pos($string)) . $NEW_CONTENT . substr($string, pos($string));


A HashRef of arguments that will be passed to ExtUtils::MakeMaker's WriteMakefile function.


Takes the return value of "_build_WriteMakefile_args" and constructs a Str that will be included in the Makefile.PL by "_build_MakeFile_PL_template".


A Str of code that will be included near the top of Makefile.PL.

A Str of code that will be included at the bottom of Makefile.PL.


The glob paths given to the test => { TESTS => ... } parameter for "WriteMakefile" in ExtUtils::MakeMaker. Defaults to .t files under t/. NOT directories, despite the name.


The files given to the EXE_FILES parameter for "WriteMakefile" in ExtUtils::MakeMaker. Defaults to using data from :ExecDir plugins.


Extracts from the distribution prerequisite object the minimum version of perl required; used for the MIN_PERL_VERSION parameter for "WriteMakefile" in ExtUtils::MakeMaker.




The test/bin/share dirs and exe_files. These will all be passed to /"_build_WriteMakefile_args" later.


An ArrayRef[Str] with two elements to be used by "_build_MakeFile_PL_template". The first will declare your sharedir and the second will add a magic package MY section to install it. Deep magic.


The main entry point is setup_installer via the Dist::Zilla::Role::InstallTool role. There are also other magic Dist::Zilla roles, check the source for more info.


attempt to add Makefile.PL multiple times

This error from Dist::Zilla means that you've used both [MakeMaker] and [MakeMaker::Awesome]. You've either included MakeMaker directly in dist.ini, or you have plugin bundle that includes it. See @Filter for how to filter it out.


This plugin would suck less if Dist::Zilla didn't use a INI-based config system so you could add a stuff like this in your main configuration file like you can with Module::Install.

The .ini file format can only support key-value pairs whereas any complex use of ExtUtils::MakeMaker requires running custom Perl code and passing complex data structures to WriteMakefile.


    < everything is AWESOME! >
        \                                  ___-------___
         \                             _-~~             ~~-_
          \                         _-~                    /~-_
                 /^\__/^\         /~  \                   /    \
               /|  O|| O|        /      \_______________/        \
              | |___||__|      /       /                \          \
              |          \    /      /                    \          \
              |   (_______) /______/                        \_________ \
              |         / /         \                      /            \
               \         \^\\         \                  /               \     /
                 \         ||           \______________/      _-_       //\__//
                   \       ||------_-~~-_ ------------- \ --/~   ~\    || __/
                     ~-----||====/~     |==================|       |/~~~~~
                      (_(__/  ./     /                    \_\      \.
                             (_(___/                         \_____)_)


  • Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avar@cpan.org>

  • Karen Etheridge <ether@cpan.org>


This software is copyright (c) 2015 by Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.


  • Jesse Luehrs <doy@tozt.net>

  • Robin Smidsrød <robin@smidsrod.no>

  • Vladimir Timofeev <vovkasm@gmail.com>