Email::MIME::RFC2047::Encoder - Encoding of non-ASCII MIME headers


version 0.97


    use Email::MIME::RFC2047::Encoder;

    my $encoder = Email::MIME::RFC2047::Encoder->new(
        encoding => 'utf-8',
        method   => 'Q',

    my $encoded_text   = $encoder->encode_text($string);
    my $encoded_phrase = $encoder->encode_phrase($string);


This module encodes non-ASCII text for MIME email message headers according to RFC 2047.



    my $encoder = Email::MIME::RFC2047::Encoder->new(
        encoding => $encoding,
        method   => $method,

Creates a new encoder object.

encoding specifies the encoding ("character set" in the RFC) to use. This is passed to Encode. See Encode::Supported for supported encodings.

method specifies the encoding method ("encoding" in the RFC). Must be either 'B' or 'Q'.

If both encoding and method are omitted, encoding defaults to 'utf-8' and method to 'Q'. If only encoding is omitted, it defaults to 'utf-8'. If only method is omitted, it defaults to 'B'.



    my $encoded_text = $encoder->encode_text($string);

Encodes a string for use in any Subject or Comments header field, any extension message header field, or any MIME body part field for which the field body is defined as unstructured (RFC 2822) or *text (RFC 822). $string is expected to be an unencoded Perl string.

This method tries to use the MIME encoding for as few characters of the input string as possible. So the result may consist of a mix of encoded and unencoded words.

The source string is trimmed and any whitespace is collapsed. The words in the result are separated by single space characters without folding of long lines.


    my $encoded_phrase = $encoder->encode_phrase($string);

Encodes a string that may replace a phrase token (as defined by RFC 2822), for example, one that precedes an address in a From, To, or Cc header.

This method works like encode_text but additionally converts remaining text that contains special characters to quoted-strings.


Nick Wellnhofer <>


This software is copyright (c) 2017 by Nick Wellnhofer.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.